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Procurve Networking

ProCurve Networking
HP Innovation

NetCampus Training Center


www.netcampus.co.id
Alamat : Jl. Cakalang Raya No, 29 Rawamangun, Jakarta Timur
Telp. 021-47862930, Fax : 021-47862926
Email : training@netcampus.co.id

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Penjualan Instalasi Consultasi Training Rental - Outsourcing

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Training Overview
The primary focus of this Training is on LAN switching . The goal is to develop an understanding of
how a switch communicates with other switches and routers in a small- or medium-sized business
network to implement VLAN segmentation.
This Training focuses on Layer 2 switching protocols and concepts used to improve redundancy,
propagate VLAN information, and secure the portion of the network where most users access
network services.

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Content Of Training
Chapter 1 LAN Design the fundamental aspects of designing local area networks. In particular,
hierarchical network design utilizing the core-distribution-access layer model is introduced and
referenced throughout the remainder of the course.
Chapter 2 Basic Switch Concepts and Configuration introduces switch forwarding methods,
symmetric and asymmetric switching, memory buffering, and Layer 2 and Layer 3 switching. An
integral role of a switch administrator is maintain a secure network; to this end, you learn to
configure various passwords on the switch to mitigate common security attacks.
Chapter 3 VLANs Chapter 3 presents the types of VLANs used in modern switched networks. It is
important to understand the role of the default VLAN, user/data VLANs, native VLANs, the
management VLAN, and voice VLANs. VLAN trunks with IEEE 802.1Q tagging facilitate inter-switch
communication with multiple VLANs. You learn to configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs and
trunks using the Procurve IOS CLI.

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Chapter 4 VTP VTP is used to exchange VLAN information across trunk links, reducing VLAN
administration and configuration errors.
Chapter 5 STP STP makes it possible to implement redundant physical links in a switched LAN by
creating a logical loop-free Layer 2 topology. By default Procurve switches implement STP in a perVLAN fashion. IEEE 802.1D defined the original implementation of spanning-tree protocol. IEEE
802.1w defined an improved implementation of spanning tree called rapid spanning tree protocol.
RSTP convergence time is approximately five times faster than convergence with 802.1D. RSTP
introduces several new concepts, such as link types, edge ports, alternate ports, backup ports, and
the discarding state.
Chapter 6 Inter-VLAN Routing Inter-VLAN routing is the process of routing traffic between
different VLANs. You learn the various methods of inter-VLAN routing. You learn to implement
inter-VLAN routing in the router-on-a-stick topology, where a trunk link connects a Layer 2 switch
to a router configured with logical subinterfaces paired in a one-to-one fashion with VLANs.

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LAN Design

LAN Switching Chapter 1

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You want to manage this network?


Hard to support growth
No redundancy
Bad performance
No Security
Very difficult to mange and
troubleshoot

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Help!!!!!!

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Agenda
Benefit of hierarchical network design

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Benefit of Hierarchical Network


Core

 Scalability

Model
Cost

 Performance
Distribution

 Redundancy
 Security

Security Policy

 Manageability
 Maintainability

Config and Model


Access

Port Security

VLAN 5

VLAN 10

VLAN 20

UTP
EtherChannel
Redundancy w/ STP

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Example
Access Layer Switch in
each classroom
Distribution Layer
Switch on each floor
Core Layer Switch in
Data Center
Port Aggregation and
Redundancy are
implement on
distribution and core

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Features, Scalability, Longevity

Feature of Procurve Switch

5400zl series

1810G series

1700 series 2500 series 2600 series

Small

3500 series

Medium - Sized
Organization Size / Density

Large

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Convergence

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Switch Form Factors

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Configure a Switch

LAN Switching Chapter 2

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Basic Switch Configuration


The Command Line Interface Modes
Cisco

Procurve

What is it ?

User EXEC

Operator Privileged

Allows a person to access only


a limited number of basic
monitoring commands.
CLI. is identified by the >
prompt.

Privileged EXEC

Manager Privileged

Allows a person to access all


device commands, such as
those used for configuration
and management, and can be
password-protected to allow
only authorized users to
access the device. Privileged
EXEC mode is identified by the
# prompt.

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Configuration CLI On Procurve


Procurve ( Config ) # Password operator

/ or

# Password operator username name


Procurve ( Config ) # Password Manager / or
# Password Manager username name

Configuration Clock On Procurve


clock set <[MM/DD[/[YY]YY]] [HH:MM[:SS]]> // # show time
Configuration Hostname On Procurve
Procurve # Hostname name
# snmp-server contact Fachrul location Netcampus
# show system-infomation
Configuration Banner Motd On Procurve
Procurve ( config ) # Banner Motd a
# welcome to my network # a

Sebagai penutup kalimat

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Configur Port-Security on Procurve


# port-security [ethernet] PORT-LIST Learn-mode configured mac-address 00-48-54-1e-b4-3c action
send-disable

continuous' is specified, the port continually learns new addresses on the port. ( Default )
'static' is specified, the user can configure addresses that are authorized to use on that port
and let the switch learn the remaining addresses up to the specified address-limit
'configured' is specified, up to address-limit configured addresses are authorized.
'port-access' instructs the device to learn only the MAC addresses authorized by 802.1X or
web/MAC authentication subsystem. After a MAC address is authorized, only traffic from
the authorized MAC address is allowed.
'limited-continuous' is specified, the first 'address-limit' source MAC addresses heard on this port
become the authorized addresses.
# show port-security

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Configure Access-List on Procurve


Procurve ( config) # Access-list 100 deny ip 192.168.10.11 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.10
255.255.255.0
Procurve ( config ) # Interface 7
# access-group in
Configure Telnet Server on Procurve
Procurve (config) # Telnet server

 agar switch bisa di telnet dr PC / Command Prompt

Configure Web Management on Procurve


Procurve (config) # Web-Management

 agar Switch bisa di telnet dr web interface / GUI

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VLANs

LAN Switching Chapter 3

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VLAN configuration
31- Introduction
32- VLAN Configuration on Cisco Catalyst
33- VLAN configuration on HP ProCurve
34- Checking VLANs status and connectivity
35- Additional info about VLANs
a. Native VLAN
b. Configuring a management VLAN other than VLAN 1
c. Changing maximum number of VLANs
d. Configuring ports for IP Phones

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Introduction
This chapter deals with port based VLANs that Cisco and HP ProCurve both support.
Different names are used to describe similar concepts on both platforms.
Cisco

Procurve

What Is it ?

Trunk

Tagged

A port that carries


multiple VLANs using the
802.1q tag, for example an
uplink, an IP phone port.

Access

Untagged

A port that belongs to a


unique VLAN and is
untagged

Native VLAN

Defines the untagged VLAN


of a 802.1q - tagged port.
Defaults to VLAN 1 on HP
and Cisco

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Controlling Broadcast Domain with Vlans

Network Broadcast with no VLAN Segmentation

Network Broadcast with VLAN Segmentation

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Configuration VLAN Between Cisco and Procurve

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VLAN Configuration On Cisco Catalyst


Step 1: VLAN Creation
Cisco( Config ) # Conf t
Cisco ( Config ) # vlan 10, 20, 30, 40
Step 2: Assignment of Access ports to VLANs
# interface range FastEthernet 0/10 - 19
# switchport access vlan 10
# switchport mode access
# interface range FastEthernet 0/20 - 29
# switchport access vlan 20
# switchport mode access
Step 3: Creation of 802.1q links (Cisco Trunk)
# interface FastEthernet 0/1
# switchport mode trunk
# switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
# switchport nonegotiate


Cisco also supports a proprietary negotiation


protocol for the trunk named DTP (Dynamic
Trunk Protocol). When defined in trunk mode
the port generates DTP frames. The following
command disables generation of DTP frames.
This is the recommended configuration when
connected to ProCurve switches.

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Step 4: IP configuration
a unique IP address is usually defined in one VLAN for
management purpose only and a default gateway is
configured for access from remote subnets.
Cisco ( Config ) # interface vlan1
# ip address 10.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown
# ip default-gateway 10.1.1.1
In this sample, for testing connectivity, one IP
address has been defined in each VLAN.
Cisco ( Config ) # interface vlan10
# ip address 10.1.10.2 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown
Cisco ( Config ) # interface vlan20
# ip address 10.1.20.2 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown

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VLAN configuration on HP ProCurve


Step1: VLAN creation and port assignment
VLAN creation
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 10 name Test10
# untagged 1-9
# tagged 45
# Exit
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 20
# untagged 10-19
# tagged 45
# exit
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 30
# untagged 20-29
# tagged 45
# exit

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Step2: IP address
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 1
# ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
# exit
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 10
# ip address 10.1.10.1 255.255.255.0
# exit
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 20
# ip address 10.1.20.1 255.255.255.0
# exit
Procurve ( Conf ig ) # vlan 30
# ip address 10.1.30.1 255.255.255.0
# exit

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Checking VLANs status and connectivity


Cisco

What is it ?

show vlan

The following display shows the access


ports and does not include the Cisco trunk
(802.1q links) ports.

show int fa 0/1 switchport

Checking a Cisco Trunk (802.1q) port status

sh int fa 0/10 switchport

Checking access port status

Procurve

What is it ?

show vlan

Status and Counters - vlan Information

show vlan 10

Status and Counters - vlan Information - Ports


- vlan 10

sh ip

Internet (IP) Service

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The Native VLAN


The concept of native VLAN on Cisco defines the untagged VLAN on a tagged link. It is VLAN
1 by default. It can be changed with the following commands:
Cisco ( Config ) # interface FastEthernet1/0/1
# switchport trunk native vlan 99
On HP ProCurve, when a port is tagged for any number of VLANs, it remains untagged in VLAN
1 by default. To make VLAN 99 the untagged (native) VLAN of a tagged port, enter the following
commands:
Procurve ( Config ) # vlan 99 
vlan 99 is used as Management vlan
# Untagged 45
and define as untagged on 802.1q
# Ip address 10.1.99.1/24
# exit
# Ip default-gateway 10.1.99.1
Procurve ( Config ) # vlan 10
# Tagged 45
# exit
Usually the Native VLAN is used to manage switches.

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Changing the maximum number of VLANs on ProCurve


On ProCurve, the maximum number of VLANs can be increased by entering:
Conf
Max-vlans 48
Write memory
reload

Configuration of ports for IP Phones


To support both an IP Phone and a PC, a port is configured with one tagged VLAN (for
example 200) to carry voice and one untagged VLAN (for example 10) to transport the
data
On Cisco:
On ProCurve:
Interface range fa1/0/1 - 12
vlan 10 name DATA10
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Untagged B1-B12
switchport trunk allowed vlan 10,200
vlan 200 name IPVOICE
switchport mode trunk
Tagged B1-B12
switchport trunk native vlan 10
switchport nonegotiate

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VTP

LAN Switching Chapter 4

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VTP GVRP
Cisco supports the proprietary protocol VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol) that allows propagation of
created, deleted or modified VLANs through multiple Cisco switches. ProCurve switches do not
support it.
On the other hand, HP supports the IEEE GVRP standard (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol)
which combines automatic creation of VLANs and automatic tagging of uplinks. GVRP is
supported on some Cisco switches running the CatOS software and interacts properly with
ProCurve switches. But its that GVRP support as been removed in the IOS for Catalyst switches
Procurve ( Config ) # [ no ] gvrp
Description: Enable/disable GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP).

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STP

LAN Switching Chapter 5

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STP / Spanning Tree Protocols


switches are capable of detecting loops on a network. The Spanning Tree Protocol
(STP) eliminates Network From :
- Routing Loop
- Broadcast Storm
- Duplicate unicast Frame
STP uses the Spanning Tree Algorithm (STA) to determine which switch ports on a network
need to be configured for blocking to prevent loops from occurring. The STA designates a
single switch as the root bridge and uses it as the reference point for all path calculations.
All switches participating in STP exchange BPDU frames to determine which switch has the
lowest bridge ID (BID) on the network. The switch with the lowest BID automatically becomes
the root bridge for the STA calculations.

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STP Algorithm
When the STA has determined which paths
are to be left available, it configures the
switch ports into distinct port roles. The port
roles describe their relation in the network
to the root bridge and whether they are
Non - Design Ports
allowed to forward traffic.
Root ports - Switch ports closest to the root
bridge. In the example, the root port on switch
S2 is F0/1 configured for the trunk link
between switch S2 and switch S1. The root
port on switch S3 is F0/1, configured for the
trunk link between switch S3 and switch S1.
Designated ports - All non-root ports that are
still permitted to forward traffic on the
network. In the example, switch ports F0/1
and F0/2 on switch S1 are designated ports.
Switch S2 also has its port F0/2 configured as a
designated port.

Designated Ports
Root Port

Designated Ports

Designated Ports
Root Port

Non-designated ports - All ports configured to be


in a blocking state to prevent loops. In the
example, the STA configured port F0/2 on switch
S3 in the non-designated role. Port F0/2 on
switch S3 is in the blocking state.

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Glossary
STP is Spanning-Tree Protocol , The IEEE standard implementation of STP is 802.1D.
RSTP is Rapid Spanning-Tree Protocol defined by the 802.1w IEEE standard.
MSTP is Multiple Spanning-Tree Protocol defined by the 802.1s IEEE standard.
PVST is Per VLAN Spanning-tree proprietary implementation of STP on Cisco equipment
PVST+ is the implementation of PVST on 802.1q links.
Spanning-Tree on HP ProCurve Switches
802.1D and 802.1w (RSTP)
All HP ProCurve switches implement both of these STP standards.
On HP ProCurve, Spanning-Tree has to be activated, the default mode is then Rapid STP.
MSTP 802.1s
It is supported on most manageable switches except 2500 and 4100 switches Please refer to
switch documentation.
Procurve ( Config ) # Spanning-tree priority [ 0 15 ]

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What Spanning-Tree mode should you choose between Cisco and ProCurve
Switches?
MSTP is obviously the ideal choice because it is standard based and supported by both
vendors, it converges quickly and allows load-balancing of traffic on uplinks with appropriate
configuration.
If not all your devices support MSTP yet, a progressive migration to MSTP can be put in place
as it interoperates with Standard, Rapid Spanning Tree modes and with PVST via the Native
Vlan.
Note that all STP modes interoperate via the standard spanning-tree mode also named the
Common Spanning-Tree (CST). So whatever is your choice, you should always carefully define
the root and secondary root of the CST. On Cisco look after priority of STP in the Native Vlan
(vlan 1 by default), on ProCurve look after the global priority of STP.
It default on MSTP on the latest ProCurve switches: 3500yl, 5400zl and 4200vl

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Implement Inter
Vlan Routing

LAN Switching Chapter 6

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Routing Table
172.17.30.0 is directly connected, Fastethernet0/1
172.17.10.0 is directly connected, Fastethernet0/0

Fa 0/0
Fa 0/1

WHAT IS INTER-VLAN ROUTING ?

computers on separate VLANs are, by default, not


able to communicate. There is a way to permit
these end stations to communicate; it is called
inter-VLAN routing.
Traditionally, LAN routing has used routers with
multiple physical interfaces. Each interface needed
to be connected to a separate network and
configured for a different subnet.

Router-based Inter-VLAN is a process for forwarding network traffic


from one VLAN to another VLAN using a router

Each router interface can then accept traffic from the VLAN associated with the switch interface that
it is connected to, and traffic can be routed to the other VLANs connected to the other interfaces.

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Routing Table

172.17.30.0 isrouting
directly connected, Fastethernet 0/0.30
Router Subinterface dan Inter-VLAN
172.17.10.0 is directly connected, Fastethernet 0/0.10

When configuring inter-VLAN routing using the router-ona-stick model, the physical interface of the router must be
connected to a trunk link on the adjacent switch.
Subinterfaces are created for each unique VLAN/subnet
on the network. Each subinterface is assigned an IP
address specific to the subnet that it will be part of and
configured to VLAN tag frames for the VLAN that the
interface is to interact with. That way, the router can keep
the traffic from each subinterface separated as it
traverses the trunk link back to the switch.
Functionally, the router-on-a-stick model for inter-VLAN
routing is the same as using the traditional routing model,
but instead of using the physical interfaces to perform the
routing, subinterfaces of a single interface are used.

Fa 0/0.10
Fa 0/0.30

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How to Implement Inter-VLAN on switch Procurve

Procurve ( Config ) # IP Routing


and
Actived all Ip address on Interface VLAN
Example :
Procurve ( config ) # Vlan 10
Procurve ( Vlan-10 ) # Ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0
Procurve ( config ) # Vlan 20
Procurve ( Vlan-10 ) # Ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0

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LINK Aggregation

LAN Switching Chapter 7

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Link aggregation
71- Introduction
72- Static Link Aggregation
73- LACP Link Aggregation

Cisco

Procurve

What is it ?

Channel-group

Trunk

Description of an aggregated
link

Port-channel

Trunk port

The logical port representing


an aggregated link

Int channel 1

Int trk1

To enter the configuration


mode of an aggregated link
interface

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LACP is the Link Aggregation Control Protocol defined by the 802.3ad standard. Similarly to
FEC, it provides a way for both parts to negotiate a port aggregation. With LACP, one or more
additional links can operate as standby links that will activate only if another active link goes
down
Static and Dynamic trunks/channels
A Static trunks becomes an active trunk unconditionally and independently of the
configuration of the other side. A static trunk does not need any protocol to be created.
Dynamic trunks will be created if both sides agree to it. To do so, they exchange messages,
either PAgP or LACP, to negotiate their status. One side is said active (LACP) or desirable
(PAgP), meaning that it initiates the negotiation. The other side is said passive (LACP) or
auto (PAgP) and forms a link aggregation automatically.

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A Static Trunk/Channel
Sample Topology
Static Trunk on HP ProCurve
Configuration :
# conf
# trunk 45-48 Trk1 Trunk
# vlan 10
# untagged Trk1
# exit

Channel Fa 0/1 - 4

Trunk 45 - 48

To verify members of a trunk:


ProCurve# show trunk
Load Balancing

Procurve ( Config ) # Interface trk1 LACP [ active / Passive ]

Static Trunk on Cisco


Configuration :
# conf
# Int Ra Fa 0/1 4
# Channel-group 1 Mode On
# Int Port-cahnnel 1
# Switchport mo de trunk
On mode means static.
#show etherchannel 1 summary

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Routing Protocols

LAN Switching Chapter 8

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IP routing Interoperability
The following topology is used to demonstrate L3 configuration and interoperability between Cisco
and HP ProCurve L3 Switches routing protocols RIP and OSPF.
All links are untagged.

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RIP Configuration on HP ProCurve


Enabling IP Routing allows the forwarding of IP packets between VLANs. It is a mandatory step
before configuring RIP and OSPF.
# ip routing
Enable RIP. By default RIP is in Version 2.
# router rip
VLAN configuration and IP addressing
# Vlan 110
# untagged 1-10
# ip address 10.1.10.1 255.255.255.0
# exit
# vlan 100  Trunk Native nya
# untagged 48
# ip address 10.1.100.1 255.255.255.0
# exit

RIP requires to be defined in the Vlan in which there


are one or more RIP Neighbors. It is not necessary to
enable RIP in the other VLANs. When RIP is enabled,
connected networks are automatically redistributed
into RIP.
# vlan 100
# ip rip
# exit

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RIP Configuration on Cisco


Cisco ( Config )

# interface Vlan100
# ip address 10.1.100.2 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown
# interface Vlan210
# ip address 10.2.10.1 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown

RIP protocol enabling. The Network command defines


the IP Interfaces of a classfull network (10/8) on which
RIP is enabled. Version 2 is enabled on all RIP Interfaces
# router rip
RIP announcements are blocked on all IP
# network 10.0.0.0
Interfaces connected to a stub network using
# version 2
the passive-interface command:
# show ip rip
# show ip route rip

# passive-interface Vlan210
# passive-interface Vlan220
# passive-interface Vlan230
# passive-interface Vlan240

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RIP Version
On HP ProCurve switches, RIP is in version 2 on all interfaces. On Cisco RIP is sent in
Version 1 and can be received in version 1 and 2.
On HP ProCurve, changing version is done is the IP interface (vlan) level:
ProCurve1(config) #Vlan 110
#ip rip v1-only
#ip rip v2-only
#ip rip v1-compatible-v2
On Cisco, changing version is done in protocol level or in IP interface level:
Cisco1(config)

# router rip
# version 2
# int vlan 100
# ip rip send version 2
# ip rip receive version 1 2

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Redistribution and RIP Filtering


On HP ProCurve, connected and static networks can be redistributed. Note that redistribution
of connected network is default.
ProCurve1(config)# router rip
ProCurve1(rip)# redistribute static
ProCurve1(rip)# redistribute connected
ProCurve1(rip)# default-metric 4
Some of the Redistributed networks can be filtered:
ProCurve1(rip)#r estrict 10.1.10.0 255.255.255.0
On Cisco, filtering of redistributed networks, can be done with a distribute list:
Cisco1(config)#router rip
Cisco1(config-router)#redistribute static
Cisco1(config-router)#default-metric 4
Cisco1(config-router)#distribute-list 1 out
Cisco1(config-router)#access-list 1 permit 10.1.10.0 0.0.0.255

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OSPF Single Area


HP ProCurve OSPF configuration
Enable routing and configure Vlan and IP addresses
# ip routing
# vlan 100
# untagged 48
# ip address 10.1.100.1 255.255.255.0
# exit
# Vlan 110
# untagged 1-9
# ip address 10.1.10.1 255.255.255.0
# exit

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Configuring OSPF: first a unique Router-Identifier is defined, OSPF enabled and OSPF
area(s) created:
Cisco

Procurve # ip router-id 1.1.1.1


# router ospf
# area backbone
# exit

# router ospf 1
# router-id 2.2.2.2
# network 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 area 0

IP interfaces area assigned to Area 0 (backbone)


# vlan 100
# ip ospf area 0
# exit
# Vlan 110
# ip ospf area 0
# exit
show ip
show ip route connected
show ip ospf interface
show ip ospf neighbor

IP routing is activated and IP addresses are assigned to


VLAN Interfaces:
Cisco # ip routing
# interface Vlan100
# ip address 10.1.100.2 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown
cisco

# interface Vlan210
# ip address 10.2.10.2 255.255.255.0
# no shutdown

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NetCampus Training Center


www.netcampus.co.id
Alamat : Jl. Cakalang Raya No, 29 Rawamangun, Jakarta Timur
Telp. 021-47862930, Fax : 021-47862926
Email : training@netcampus.co.id