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Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

Section

07200 - Insulation

Part 1:

General

1 01

Summary
The work covered by this section consists of providing all tools, labor, equipment and
materials, and performing all operations in connection with insulation.

1 01 01

Section includes
01.0 Polystyrene Boards
02.0 Polyurethane Boards
03.0 Mineral Fiber Products
04.0 cementitious Wood Fiber Boards
05.0 Perlite Products

1 01 04

Related Sections
03300
04200
07400
07500
07600

Cast-in Place Concrete


Unit Masonry
Manufactured Roofing & Siding
Membrane Roofing
Flashing and Sheet Metal

1 02

References

1 02 01

Applicable Standards

1 02 01 04

USA Standards

1 02 01 04 01

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)


ASTM C165 : 00
Standard Test Method for Measuring
Compressive Properties of Thermal Insulation
ASTM C177 : 97
Standard Test Method for Steady-State
Heat Flux
Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by
Means of the Guarded-Hot Plate Apparatus
ASTM C332 : 99
Specification for Lightweight Aggregates
for Insulating Concrete
ASTM C495 : 99
Test Method for Compressive Strength
of Lightweight Insulating
Concrete
ASTM C520 : 98
Granular Loose Fill
Insulation
ASTM C553 : 00

Insulation | Division

Standard Test Methods for Density of

Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket thermal insulation for


commercial and industrial applications and Felt Insulation

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

ASTM C578 : 00
Polystyrene Thermal
Insulation
ASTM C612 : 00

Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular

Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Block and Board


Thermal Insulation
ASTM D1621 : 00
Properties of Rigid
Cellular Plastics

Standard Test Method for Compressive

ASTM D2842 : 97
Absorption of Rigid
Cellular Plastics

Standard Test Method for Water

ASTM D4258 :83 Standard Practice for Surface Cleaning Concrete for Coating
(Amendment 1992)
ASTM D4261 :83
Standard Practice for Surface Cleaning
Concrete Unit Masonry
for Coating (Amendment 1993).
ASTM E96 : 00
Transmission of
Materials

1 02 01 06

Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor

British Standards
BS 476

Fire tests on building materials and structures

BS 476 - Pt.20 : 87Method for determination of the fire resistance of elements of


construction (general principles)

1 02 01 07

German Standards
DIN 1101 : 00

1 03

Definitions

1 03 01

Technical Terms

Wood wool slabs and multilayered slabs as insulating material;


in buildings; Requirements and testing

compatibility - the capability of two or more materials to be placed in contact or close


proximity with one another and each material maintaining its usual physical or
chemical properties, or both.
wythe - wall member of a multi-skin wall

1 03 02

Abbreviations
deg.
max.
min.
kPa
RH
UL

1 05

C
degree Celsius
maximum
minimum
kilo Pascal
Relative Humidity
Underwriters Laboratories (US)

Submittals
Submit the following in accordance with Conditions of Contract and specification
Section 01300.

1 05 01

Product Data
Provide product data for each type of insulation material, including label compliance
and fire-ratings.

Insulation | Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

1 05 02

Shop Drawings

1 05 03

Samples
Samples of all materials used for insulation shall be submitted to the Engineer prior to
installation for approval.

1 05 04

Quality Control Submittals


Documented experience of Contractors site supervisor(s) (see ref. 1 06 01 02)
Certificates for all elements indicated showing compliance with referenced Standards
and requirements of local authorities.
Records and reports of Contractors Internal Q.C..
Records and reports of Contractors External Q.C..

1 06

Quality Assurance

1 06 01

Qualifications

1 06 01 01

Qualifications of Manufacturers
Products used in the work of this Section shall be produced by manufacturers
regularly engaged in this work, with a history of successful production acceptable to
the Engineer.

1 06 01 02

Qualifications of Installers
Use adequate number of skilled workmen who are thoroughly trained and experienced
in the necessary crafts and who are completely familiar with the specified
requirements and the methods needed for proper performance of work .
Contractors site supervisor(s) shall have knowledge of referenced Standards and at
least five (5) years of documented experience.

1 06 03

Certifications
Provide 'Third Party' certificates issued by an authorized and independent agency or
laboratory where indicated.

1 06 04

Quality Control

1 06 04 01

Internal Quality Control


Contractors internal Quality Control shall include but not be limited to:
Checking suppliers test certificates and certificates of compliance to conform with
specification and referenced Standards prior to application or installation.
Checking suppliers delivery tickets for compliance with supply order and specification.

1 07

Delivery, Storage and Handling

1 07 01

Packing and Shipping


Deliver materials to site originally packed by manufacturer. Protect materials during
delivery to comply with manufacturers directions. Damaged materials shall be
replaced at Contractor's cost.

1 07 02

Storage and Protection


Store materials at building site strictly according to manufacturers instructions. Store
products in a dry and ventilated place.

Insulation | Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

Part 2:

Products

2 01

Rigid Materials

2 01 01

Polystyrene

2 01 01 01

Expanded Polystyrene

2 01 01 01 01

Roof Deck Insulation Boards

2 01 01 01 02

Cavity Wall Insulation Boards


01.0

Expanded polystyrene boards shall have a rigid structure and good


mechanical properties. All edges shall have tongue and groove for
eliminating thermal bridges. Boards shall comply with the
requirements of ASTM C578 or an equivalent Standard.

02.0

Density shall be min. 24 kg/m3

03.0

Thermal conductivity at 24 deg C shall be max. 0,035 W/m*K (Watt


/ meter x degree Kelvin) when tested according to ASTM C177 or
an equivalent Standard.

04.0

Compressive strength at 10 % deflection shall be min.70 KPA when


tested according to ASTM D1621 or an equivalent Standard.

05.0

Water Absorption shall be less than 3 % in volume, when tested in


accordance with ASTM D2842 or an equivalent Standard..

2 01 01 01 03

EIFS - Exterior Insulation and Finish System

2 01 01 02

Extruded Polystyrene

2 01 01 02 01

Roof Deck Insulation Boards

2 01 01 02 02

Cavity Wall Insulation Boards


Extruded polystyrene boards for cavity wall insulation are normally available in
thicknesses of 30, 40, 50 and 100mm.

2 01 01 02 03

01.0

Cavity wall insulation boards of extruded polystyrene shall have a


rigid, closed cell structure, with a high resistance to water
absorption and good mechanical properties. All edges shall have
tongue and groove for eliminating thermal bridges.

02.0

Density shall be min. 26 kg/m3

03.0

Thermal conductivity at 24 deg. C shall be max. 0,029 W/m, K


(Watt / meter x degree Kelvin) when tested according to ASTM
C177 or an equivalent Standard.

04.0

Compressive strength at 10 % deflection shall be min. 140 KPA


when tested according to ASTM D1621 or an equivalent Standard.

05.0

Water Absorption shall be less than 0,2 % in volume, when tested


in accordance with ASTM D2842 or an equivalent Standard.

06.0

Water vapor permeability at 23 deg. C shall be max. 2,0 ng/Pa.m.s


(nanogramm / Pascal x meter x second) when tested according to
ASTM E96 or an equivalent Standard.

EIFS - Exterior Insulation and Finish System


The following specification is based on a local available system. Any other system
proposed by the Contractor shall be approved by the Engineer.
( see Annex 6, figure 1).

Insulation | Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

01.0

Surface Preparation
Use one of the following primers, whichever fits the existing
conditions better:
- a solvent-based, deep penetrating substrate hardener and sealer
- a water-based surface sealer and adhesion intermediary.

02.0

Adhesive
Adhesive shall be polymer-based.

03.0

Insulation board

03.1

Insulation boards of extruded polystyrene without skin shall have a


rigid, closed cell structure, with a high resistance to water
absorption and good mechanical properties.

03.2

Density shall be min. 26 kg/m3

03.3

Thermal conductivity at 24 deg. C shall be max. 0,029 W/m. K


(Watt / meter x degree Kelvin) when tested according to ASTM
C177 or an equivalent Standard.

03.4

Compressive strength at 10 % deflection shall be min. 150 KPA


when tested according to ASTM D1621 or an equivalent Standard.

03.5

Water Absorption shall be less than 0, 2 % in volume, when tested


in accordance with ASTM D2842 or an equivalent Standard..

03.6

Water vapor permeability at 23 deg. C shall be max. 2,0 ng/Pa.m.s


(nanogramm / Pascal x meter x second) when tested according to
ASTM C553 or an equivalent Standard.

03.7

Maximum board size shall be. 120 x 60 cm.

04.0

Ground Coat
A ready mixed, noncementitious, 100 % acrylic copolymer
emulsion-based coat, that is water-resistant, vapor permeable,
glass fiber-reinforced and noncapillary.

05.0

Reinforcing Fabric
Fiber mesh with symmetrical, interlaced glass fiber made from
twisted multi-end strands with alkaline resistant coating, min. 20
g/m2.

06.0 Finish
The finish shall be an exterior, ready-mixed, acrylic-based wall
coatings of type, texture, color and aggregate size as indicated, or
selected by the Engineer. The lightness value of the color shall be
min 20 % and color fastness shall be min. 7

2 01 01 02 04

Insulation Boards for Concrete Skeleton

Insulation | Division

01.0

Insulation boards for insulation of concrete skeleton of extruded


polystyrene shall have a rigid, closed cell structure. One side shall
be grooved for good adhesion of concrete.

02.0

Density shall be min. 26 kg/m3

03.0

Thermal conductivity at 24 deg. C shall be max. 0,029 W/m. K


(Watt / meter x degree Kelvin) when tested according to ASTM
C177 or an equivalent Standard.

04.0

Compressive strength at 10 % deflection shall be min. 250 KPA


when tested according to ASTM D1621 or an equivalent Standard.

05.0

Water Absorption shall be less than 1 % in volume, when tested in


accordance with ASTM D2842 or an equivalent Standard..

06.0

Water vapor permeability at 23 deg. C shall be max. 2,0 ng/Pa,m,s


(nanogramm / Pascal x meter x second) when tested according to
ASTM E96or an equivalent Standard.
07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

2 01 01 02 05

Insulation Boards for Parking Decks


01.0

Insulation boards for parking decks of extruded polystyrene shall


have a highly rigid, closed cell structure. All edges shall have
tongue and groove for eliminating thermal bridges.

02.0

Density shall be min. 45 kg/m3

03.0

Thermal conductivity at 24 deg. C shall be max. 0,026 W/m. K


(Watt / meter x degree Kelvin) when tested according to ASTM
C177 or an equivalent Standard.

04.0

Compressive strength at 10 % deflection shall be min. 700 KPA


when tested according to ASTM D1621 or an equivalent Standard.

05.0

Water Absorption shall be less than 1 % in volume, when tested in


accordance with ASTM D2842 or an equivalent Standard..

06.0

Water vapor permeability at 23 deg. C shall be max. 2,0 ng/Pa*m*s


(nano gramm / Pascal x meter x second) when tested according to
ASTM E96 or an equivalent Standard.

2 01 02

Polyurethane

2 01 02 02

Cavity Wall Insulation Boards


Polyurethane boards shall have a rigid structure and good mechanical properties.
01.0

Nominal thermal conductivity shall be less than 0,03 (W/m. deg.


C), or as otherwise indicated.

02.0

The compressive resistance shall be min. 100 kPa at 10 %


deformation, when tested according to ASTM C165 or an
equivalent Standard.

03.0

Closed cell content shall be min. 90 %.

2 01 03

Mineral Fiber

2 01 03 02

Cavity Wall Insulation Boards

Mineral fiber insulation boards are normally available in sizes of 25, 38 and 51 mm thickness; in densities
of 24 to 112 kg/m3; with 3 types of facings: Kraft, Foil, FRK (foil reinforced Kraft),
which provide different degrees of vapor permeability, from 1 PERM down to 0,2
PERM.

Insulation | Division

01.0

Mineral fiber boards for cavity wall insulation shall be composed of


fine, stable and uniformly textured mineral fibers, bonded together
by non-water soluble and fire-retardant thermosetting resin, and
formed into rectangular, semi-rigid board with a min. density of 48
kg/m3, unless otherwise indicated.

02.0

Boards shall comply with the requirements of ASTM C612, Class 1,


or an equivalent Standard.

03.0

Moisture absorption shall be less than 0,2 % by volume, when


tested according to ASTM C 553 (95 % RH, 49 deg. C, 96 hours)
or an equivalent Standard.

04.0

Nominal thermal conductivity shall be less than 0,035 (W/m. deg.


C), unless otherwise indicated.

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

2 01 04

Cementitious Wood Fiber Boards


This type of insulation board is mainly used as inlay to formwork. The sandwich
boards consist of a core of polystyrene or mineral fiber and two cementitious wood
fiber facings each 5 mm. They are generally available in thicknesses of 25, 35, 50, 60,
75, and 100 mm.
Cementitious wood fiber boards and sandwich composite boards for insulation of
concrete skeleton shall meet the requirements of DIN 1101 or an equivalent Standard.

2 02

Flexible Materials

2 02 01

Mineral Fiber
Mineral fiber insulation for Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings is available in standard
sizes: 25, 38, 50, 64, 75,89, 100,150 mm.

2 02 01 01 01

'Pre-Engineered Metal Building Insulation'


'Pre-Engineered Metal Building Insulation' shall be a highly efficient, lightweight,
flexible blanket insulation for being used in roofs and walls of metal buildings.

2 02 01 01 02

01.0

Density shall be between 10 and 12 kg/m3, unless otherwise


indicated.

02.0

Moisture absorption shall be less than 0,2 % by volume, when


tested according to ASTM C 553 (95 % RH, 49 deg. C, 96 hours)
or an equivalent Standard.

03.0

Nominal thermal conductivity shall be less than 0,04 (W/m, deg.


C), unless otherwise indicated.

Facings shall be factory applied as follows:


* 01.0

FRK (foil reinforced Kraft) or,

* 02.0

WMSK (white metalized scrim Kraft) or,

* 03.0

White Vinyl

2 03

Granulated Materials

2 03 01

Perlite

2 03 01 01

Cavity Wall Loose Fill Insulation


Perlite for cavity wall insulation shall be within a density range of 80 to 130 kg/m3,
unless otherwise indicated. Testing shall be according to ASTM C520 or an equivalent
Standard. Thermal Conductivity shall be between 0,04 and 0,06 W/m, K.

2 03 01 02

Perlite Insulation-Concrete
Perlite Concrete is mainly used for providing a sloped insulation above roof decks, or
for insulating of floors where non-combustibility and high compressive strength is
needed.
Perlite Concrete for insulation purposes shall be produced by mixing perlite with
cement and water in ratios indicated in Annex 6, Table 1
Physical
properties for the different mixes shall be as indicated in Annex 6.
Perlite aggregate shall meet the requirements of ASTM C332 or an equivalent
Standard. Testing of compressive strength shall be done according to ASTM C495 or
an equivalent Standard.
Provide perlite insulating concrete as follows:

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07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

* 01 0 Category A
* 02.0 Category B
* 03.0 Category C
* 04.0 Category D

Part 3:

Execution

3 01

General Examination
Examine structure where work of this Section will be installed. Correct conditions
detrimental to the proper and timely completion of the work. Verify that materials to be
used for the work comply with requirements in specifications and schedules. Do not
proceed with installation until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

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07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

3 02

General Preparation

3 03

Installation

3 03 01

Cavity Wall - Board Insulation


The structural wall shall be smooth and clean. Boards shall be installed the long edge
horizontal and staggered. They shall be fixed either mechanically by means of wall
ties, or bonded with suitable adhesive. Use a min. of 4 (four) dowels per m2, unless
there is no other requirement by the boards manufacturer

3 03 02

Cavity Wall - Loose Fill Insulation


Perlite loose fill insulation material shall be poured into the wall cavities in layers. It
has to be taken care that the cavity stays free of mortar while laying the blocks of the
exterior wythe.

3 03 03

EIFS - Exterior Insulation and Finish System

3 03 03 01

Examination

3 03 03 02

3 03 03 03

3 03 04

3 03 05

01.0

Inspect surface for contamination, cracks and other deterioration.

02.0

Check moisture content to determine whether the surface is dry


enough to receive EIFS.

03.0

Check surface for deviation from plane (max. 6 mm within 2,50 m).

Surface preparation
01.0

Remove surface contaminants (see ASTM D4258 and ASTM


D4261)

02.0

Apply conditioner by sprayer or roller to chalking or excessively


absorptive surfaces.

03.0

Repair damaged or cracked surfaces.

04.0

Level surface to comply with required tolerances.

Installation
01.0

Install EIFS strictly in compliance with manufacturer's published


instructions.

02.0

Provide joints in the EIFS wherever joints occur in the substrate.

03.0

Provide joints wherever the EIFS meets dissimilar materials.

Insulation of Concrete Skeleton


01.0

Insulation boards shall be laid into the formwork before concreting.


Joints shall be staggered and well butted together.

02.0

In case the boards manufacturer does not provide a certificate


which proves that the surface constitution of the insulation material
implies sufficient contact to the concrete, they shall additionally be
fixed as follows by using 6 (six) plastic dowels
per m2.

Pre-Engineered Metal Building Insulation


See example for roof insulation Annex 7, figure 1 + 2. The following execution
specification is one of several solutions. Provide your own specification if the
construction system is of a different nature!
01.0

Insulation | Division

Provide mineral fiber insulation blanket with indicated thickness


and facing.
07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

02.0

Apply the insulation over the structural members (purlins). Follow


manufacturer's instructions for a required additional support,
depending on the span (distance of purlins).

03.0

Support the metal cladding by spacers to prevent an undesired


compression.

3 04

Field Quality Control

3 05

Adjusting and Cleaning


Clean adjacent surfaces of any excess materials. Clean work area and remove debris
from site upon completion.

3 06

Demonstration

3 07

Protection
Protect completed installation from damage and weather as appropriate.

3 08

Schedules
Contractor shall provide schedules of his works, coordinated with other trades, prior to
commencing with installation.

Insulation | Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

10

Part 4: Method of Measurement


4 01

General
The quantities to be paid for will be measured in place or determined from drawings.

4 02

Units of Measurement
Insulation will be measured according to different thicknesses by m2
Voids not exceeding 1 m2 will not be deducted.
Reveals which are receiving insulation for openings > 1 m 2 will be measured
separately by m length.

Insulation | Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

11

Part 5: Basis of Payment


5 01

General
Payment will be made for complete work including furnishing all material, equipment,
tools, scaffolding, storage facilities, water, power, for all labor, samples, coordinating
work with other trades, checking, examination, testing, quality assurance, cleaning and
protecting.

5 02

Ancillary Works to be included in the Unit Price Rates


Refer to 07100 Part 5 : Basis of Payment
The following ancillary works shall be included in the unit price rates and will not be
measured separately.
Preparation of substrates to meet the required conditions for applying EIFS.

Insulation | Division

07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

12

Annex: Tables and Figures


6 01

Tables
Table 1: Proposed Mix Designs for Perlite Insulating Concrete
Category

Cement/ Perlite Cement


Ratio by
kg
Volume

Perlite
M

Water
Ltrs.

Air Entraining
Agent
Ltrs.

1:4

375

1,0

300

4,1

1:5

300

1,0

290

4,1

1:6

250

1,0

270

4,1

1:8

188

1,0

270

4,1

Table 2: Physical Properties of proposed Mix Designs for Perlite Insulating Concrete
Perlite/ Cement
Ratio
by Volume

Compressive
Strength Range
KPa

1:4

Oven Dry
Density
kg/m3

Dry Density
Range
kg/m3

Wet Density
Range
kg/m3

Thermal
Conductivity
W / m,K

2413 - 3447

576

544 - 640

80832

0.10 - 0.11

1:5

1585 - 2344

488

448 - 544

72832

0.09 - 0.10

1:6

965 - 1378

432

384 - 448

64832

0.08 - 0.09

1:8

552 - 861

352

320 - 384

58432

0.07 - 0.08

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07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

13

6 02

Figures

Fig. 1 : EIFS-System

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07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

14

Fig. 2 : Doweling Scheme for 4 dowels per m2

Fig. 3: Doweling Scheme for 6 dowels per m2

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07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

15

Annex: Specific Information


7 01

Pre-Engineered Metal Building Insulation

Fig. 1: Cross Section

Fig. 2: Longitudinal Section

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07 - Thermal and Moisture Protection

16