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FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY

Institute of Arts and Sciences


Department of Psychology

A STUDY ON THE INCIDENCE OF BULLYING EXPERIENCES


AMONGST TEENAGERS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON THEM
A Research Presented to
Prof. Cristy Samarita

In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for Math 2N: College Statistics


By:
SY12213
Delizo, Arvie Joy
Madredia, Lara Franceska
Manalansan, Ruysdael
Mundo, Patricia Kaye
Naval, Camille
Pelayo, Mario Antonio
Rocolcol, Aizarose

Chapter I: Definition of Problem(s)


1. Determine the number of teenagers who experienced bullying in the sample of
30 students.
2. Know the average age at which a teenager experienced bullying.
3. Get the most frequent number of incidence of bullying the victims had.
4. Pinpoint the abundant place on where bullying happens.
5. Show the partitions of types of bullying in pie graph and interpret its meaning.
6. Know the frequency of victims who became a bully.
7. Determine if those victims of bullies sought for help in their previous or still ongoing predicament.
8. Tell what age is more prone to being a victim.
9. State at what middle value of age students experience bullying.
10. Find out what gender is more prone to being a victim of bullying.
11. Hypothesis testing: Is the average age of bullying victims is 9 years old?

Chapter II: Collection of Data (Instrument used)

MATH 2N
College Statistics
Good day! We are students taking up Math 2N from Psychology department. Part of our
requirement is to conduct a survey on the frequency of bullying and its effects amongst
youth or teenagers. We would like to ask for a few minutes of your time to answer this
short questionnaire. Rest assured that data gathered will solely be used for academic
purposes. We hope for your cooperation. Thank you very much!
Name:
Institute/Department:
Gender:
Age:
Year/Level:
Date:
No.
______________________________________________________________________
1. Have you ever been bullied?

Yes

No

2. At what age were you bullied? ______


3. In what place did you experience it?
a. school
b. home (probably by siblings)
c. social gatherings
4. What type of bullying have you experienced?
a. verbal assault (such as pangit, bitch)
b. physical assault (punched, kicked)
c. cyber bullying (by Facebook or Twitter comments)
d. threats and forceful acts
5. Have you ever been a bully?

Yes

No

Yes

No

6. How many times have you been bullied?


a. in a week ________
b. in a month ________
c. in a year ________
7. Did you seek for help?

8. What do you think are the effects of being a bully? A victim, most especially?

9. What can you suggest to help a victim be resilient of bullying experiences?


Chapter III: Organization and Presentation of Data

Table 3.1 shows the data accumulated from the survey forms. It illustrates the
responses of (n=30) Psychology students from the first and second year level with ages
16-18 years old.
RESPONDE
NT NO.

GENDE
R
1
Female
2
Male

AGE
YOU
WERE
BULLIE
D

HAVE
BEEN
A
BULL
Y
1
Yes
2
No

HAVE
BEEN
A
VICTI
M
1
Yes
2
No

TIMES
BEEN
BULLIE
D (IN A
WEEK)

PLACE
THEY
WHERE
BULLIED
1
School
2 Home
3 Social
Gatherin
gs
4 N/A

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2

9
12
15
14
7
9
9
14
13
9
0
4
0
10
12
0
6
10
12
12
10
12
15
0
8
16
0
8
11
9

1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
1

1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1

2
2
1
3
0
5
3
2
2
1
0
3
0
3
2
0
2
3
0
2
3
4
3
0
1
5
0
2
2
2

1
1
3
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
4
3
1
4
3
1
4
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
4
1
1
1

Effects:

TYPE OF
BULLYING
EXPERIENC
ED
1 Verbal
assault
2 Physical
assault
3 Cyber
bullying
4 Threats
and forceful
acts
5 N/A
1
1
4
3
5
1
1
1
4
1
5
1
5
1
1
5
1
1
5
2
1
1
1
5
4
1
5
1
1
2

SOUGH
T FOR
HELP
1 Yes
2 No

1
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1

1. Victims of bullying tend lose their confidence and have a low self-esteem
2. Some of the victims will imitate the bullies and will do bullying as well to other
vulnerable people.
3. Emotional breakouts, depressions and traumas might happen.
Suggestions/Solutions:
1. Seek help by opening up to your parents, teachers and friends.
2. Avoid or ignore them for soon enough, theyll get tired of bullying you.
3. Go to church and pray for those who bullied you.
4. Surround yourself with good people wholl cherish you.
Chapter IV: Analysis of Data
Statistics
TIMES
RESPON

Valid

TYPE OF

AGE

HAVE

HAVE

BEEN

PLACE

BULLYIN

YOU

YOU

YOU

BULLIED

THEY

SOUGHT

DENT

GEND

WERE

BEEN A

BEEN A

IN A

WERE

EXPERIE

FOR

NO.

ER

BULLIED

BULLY

VICTIM

WEEK

BULLIED

NCE

HELP

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

Mean

15.50

1.17

8.87

1.37

1.20

1.93

1.90

2.37

1.63

Std. Error of

1.607

.069

.886

.089

.074

.262

.241

.320

.089

15.50

Missing

Mean
Median

1.00

9.50

1.00

1.00

2.00

1.00

1.00

2.00

8.803

.379

4.855

.490

.407

1.437

1.322

1.752

.490

77.500

.144

23.568

.240

.166

2.064

1.748

3.068

.240

29

16

Minimum

Maximum

30

16

465

35

266

41

36

58

57

71

49

Mode
Std. Deviation
Variance
Range

Sum

a. Multiple modes exist. The smallest value is shown

Table 1. Descriptive Statistics of the Variables of the Study

GENDER
Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

FEMALE

Valid Percent

Percent

25

83.3

83.3

83.3

16.7

16.7

100.0

30

100.0

100.0

MALE
Total

Percent

AGE YOU WERE BULLIED


Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

16.7

16.7

16.7

3.3

3.3

20.0

3.3

3.3

23.3

3.3

3.3

26.7

6.7

6.7

33.3

16.7

16.7

50.0

10

10.0

10.0

60.0

11

3.3

3.3

63.3

12

16.7

16.7

80.0

13

3.3

3.3

83.3

14

6.7

6.7

90.0

15

6.7

6.7

96.7

16

3.3

3.3

100.0

30

100.0

100.0

Total

HAVE YOU BEEN A BULLY

Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

YES

19

63.3

63.3

63.3

NO

11

36.7

36.7

100.0

Total

30

100.0

100.0

HAVE YOU BEEN A VICTIM


Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

YES

24

80.0

80.0

80.0

NO

20.0

20.0

100.0

30

100.0

100.0

Total

TIMES BEEN BULLIED IN A WEEK


Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

23.3

23.3

23.3

10.0

10.0

33.3

10

33.3

33.3

66.7

23.3

23.3

90.0

3.3

3.3

93.3

6.7

6.7

100.0

30

100.0

100.0

Total

PLACE THEY WERE BULLIED


Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

SCHOOL

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

20

66.7

66.7

66.7

SOCIAL GATHERING

10.0

10.0

76.7

N/A

23.3

23.3

100.0

Total

30

100.0

100.0

TYPE OF BULLYING EXPERIENCE


Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

VERBAL ASSAULT

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

17

56.7

56.7

56.7

PHYSICAL ASSAULT

6.7

6.7

63.3

CYBER BULLYING

3.3

3.3

66.7

THREATS AND FORCEFUL

10.0

10.0

76.7

N/A

23.3

23.3

100.0

Total

30

100.0

100.0

ACTS

SOUGHT FOR HELP


Cumulative
Frequency
Valid

Percent

Valid Percent

Percent

YES

11

36.7

36.7

36.7

NO

19

63.3

63.3

100.0

Total

30

100.0

100.0

Chapter V: Interpretation of Data

The following graphs below will answer our ten (10) questions asked in Chapter 1.
Question #1: Graph 1 shows that in a sample of 30 students, 24 or 80% of them were
bullied, and 6 or 20% were not bullied.
Graph 1. The Number of Students Who Became Victims of Bullying

Question #2: As seen on Table 1, the average age at which a student experienced
bullying is 8.87 or 9 years old.
Question #3: Graph 2 indicates that the highest frequency of times bullied is twice in a
week, while four times in a week is the lowest frequency in a sample of
30 students.
Graph 2. Frequencies of Times a Victim Has Been Bullied

Question #4: Graph 3 shows that the place of bullying usually happens in school as
stated by 20 of the respondents. Three of the sample students said that
they have experienced bullying in a social gathering or event, and the
remaining 7 did not experience bullying at any place yet.
Graph 3. Rate of Occurrence of Places Where Bullying Happens

Question #5: Graph 4 shows that 56.67% of the sample experienced verbal assault,
23.33% did not experience being bullied, 10% of them were bullied
through threats and forceful acts, 6.67% were physically assaulted and the
remaining 3.33% were bullied online.
Graph 4. Frequencies of Types of Bullying Experienced By Victims

Question #6: Graph 5 displays that in a random sample of 30, 63.33% or 19 of them
have been a bully and 36.37% or 11 of them said they were never a bully.
Graph 5. Frequencies of Respondents Who Have Been a Bully

Question #7: Graph 6 displays that 19 of the 30 students didn't seek for help after
experiencing bullying and the remaining 11 students sought for help.
Graph 6. Number of Students Who Did and Did Not Seek for Help

Question #8: Graph 7 illustrates ages 5, 9 and 12 are the most prone to bullying next is
age 10 then ages 2, 3, 14 and 15 follows and ages 4, 6, 7, 11, 13, and 16
are the least prone to bullying experiences.
Graph 7. Ages of Victims of Bullying

Question #9: Based on Table 1, it shows that the middle value (median) of age at which
students experience bullying is at age 9.5 or 10.
Question #10: Graph 8 shows that female students are more prone to being a bullying
victim compared to male students. In this pie graph, it illustrates that
16.67% are males while the remaining 83.33% are females

Question #11:
STEP 1: Statement of Hypotheses
Ho: 1 = 2 CLAIM
Ha: 1 2
STEP 2: Level of Significance and
STEP 3: Statistical Test (both computed by SPSS)

One-Sample Statistics
N
AGE YOU WERE BULLIED

Mean
30

8.87

Std. Deviation
4.855

Std. Error Mean


.886

One-Sample Test
Test Value = 9
t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean

95% Confidence Interval of the

Difference

Difference
Lower

AGE YOU WERE BULLIED

-.150

29

.881

-.133

Upper

-1.95

Decision Rate: Reject Ho if tv - 0.666 or tv + 0.666, otherwise accept.

STEP 4: Decision
Since tv = - 1.5 - 0.666, reject Ho.
STEP 5: Conclusion
Therefore, there is enough evidence to reject the claim that the average age at
which student or a person can experience bullying is 9 years old.
The sample mean is 8.87. Were comparing that against the claim mean of 9
years old. With the two-tailed probability value of 0.881, we see that the sample mean is
not significantly different from the claimed mean.

1.68

Evaluation of Members
Names
Delizo
Madredia
Manalansan
Mundo
Naval
Pelayo
Rocolcol

Contributions
Questionnaire Gathered Data Chapter(s) SPSS

3, 4, 5
1, 3, 5
1, 3, 4
2, 3, 5
3, 4, 5
2, 3, 4
3, 4, 5

Expenses
P100/7 = P14.50