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Tyler Rapp

Julie Hicks
Visual Arts: Arts & Society
September 18, 2015
Exploring Art Movements
A. Cubism
A. Dates: 1907-1914
B. Aesthetic Characteristics:
A. Two-dimensional objects are a huge focus
B. Multiple vantage points
C. Subjects of pictures were easy to decipher
D. Browns, grays, and blacks in abstract forms (during Analytic Cubism from
E. Not necessarily about nature, but more on geometry and shallow space
C. Influences on the Movement:
A. Louis Vauxcelles and Braque looked upon each others works of art; Vauxcelles saw
Braques geometry in his art as cubes, which dubbed the name Cubism
B. Paul Cezannean artistwho was featured in museums that Vauxcelles and Braque
visited; Cezanne drew solid landscapes
C. Sculptures made by those outside of Europe: a museum opened in Paris that featured
unique art from around the worldmostly Africa and French Polynesia

D. In 1907, Picasso returned to Paris from abroad with a famous painting that marked
the beginnings of Cubism due to its distortions, many planes, etc.
E. In 1908, Braque made many landscape paintings that included shapes (such as cubes
and pyramids)
F. The relationship between Picasso and Braque sparked an initial startup of the
movement; they would regularly meet and performed art in similar fashions
G. Around this time was the beginning stages of World War I
D. Significant Artists& Artists Worksof the Period:
A. Pablo Picasso

B. Georges Braque

C. Louis Vauxcelles

E. Works Cited:
B. Dada
A. Dates: 1916-1924
B. Aesthetic Characteristics:
A. Could be performance art, poetry, photos, sculptures, paintings, collages, etc.

B. Included mockery of the nationalistic attitudes during the time period

C. Nature-like patterns that were multicultural; as opposed to the usual focus on a
specific culture/group
D. Not always very easy to interpret: this is done on purpose to allow viewers of Dada
art to take art in many ways
E. Metaphysical beginnings that was dubbed rebellious against society at the time
C. Influences on the Movement:
A. Initially began as a reaction to World War I
B. Nationalism
C. Rationalism
D. Other art movements: Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism, Expressionism
E. Voltairea satirist from Francewrote a novella that included some of the initial
literary mockeries of the society at the time that was interpreted into art

The culture of the bourgeois was the normal way of life of the timethe approach
to opposing that turned into Dada art

G. Technological advancement was not super encouraged at the time; yet people began
to want the progression of society

D. Significant Artists& Artists Worksof the Period:

A. Hans Arp

B. Kurt Schwitters

C. Tristan Tzara

E. Works Cited:
C. Pop Art
A. Dates: Mid-1950s-early 1970s
B. Aesthetic Characteristics:
A. Sculptures of popular items in culture
B. Media starts portrayed in some aspect
C. Conveyed a sense of advertisements or cartoons
D. Connections between the soul and nature

E. Displays a usual acceptance of the popular world

C. Influences on the Movement:
A. Media influences following post-World War II
B. Capital market uprising
C. Analogies between art and the goods produced in capital
D. In 1952, artists in London began to repeatedly meet about mass culture and whether
or not it belonged in art
E. Britain was still recovering as well from World War II, like the USA
F. The word Pop was defined in a letter from different authors
G. I Was a Rich Mans Playthingproduced in 1947marked the beginnings of Pop
Art because it portrayed a mixture of popular items (a girl, Coca-Cola, pie, World
War II material, a gun in a mans hand, and the word POP!)
D. Significant Artists& Artists Worksof the Period:
A. Andy Warhol

B. Roy Lichtenstein

C. James Rosenquist

E. Works Cited: