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63 Must Know Lab Values

Complete Blood Count (CBC) with Differential


Value
Abbreviation
Red Blood Cell
RBC
White Blood Cell
Neutrophils
Band Forms

Unit
x106/ml

WBC

cells/mcL

Eosinophlis
Basophils
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Platelets
Hemoglobin

PLT
Hgb

cells/mcL
g/dl

Hematocrit

Hct

Mean Corpuscular
Volume
Red Cell Distribution
Width

MCV

fL

RDW

Normal Range
Male: 4.5 - 5.5
Female: 4.0 - 4.9
4,500 - 10,000
54 - 62%
3 - 5% (>8% = left
shift)
1 - 3%
0 - 0.75%
25 - 33%
3 - 7%
100,000 - 450,000
Male: 13.5 - 16.5
Female: 12.0 - 15.0
Male: 41 - 50
Female: 36 - 44
80 - 100
<14.5

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Blood Chemistry (Basic Metabolic Panel) (BMP)


Value
Abbreviation
Sodium
Na+
Potassium
K+
Chloride
ClGlucose
Glu
Calcium
Ca2+
Creatinine
Cr
Blood Urea Nitrogen
BUN

Cholesterol Levels
Value
Cholesterol Total
Low Density Lipoprotein
High Density
Lipoprotein
Triglycerides

Abbreviation
LDL
HDL

Coagulation Studies
Value
Prothrombin Time
Partial Thromboplastin Time
International Normalized Ratio
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time

Arterial Blood Gas


Value
pH
Partial Pressure of CO2
Partial Pressure of O2
Bicarbonate
Base Excess
Oxygen Saturation

Abbreviation
PT
PTT
INR
aPTT

Abbreviation
pH
pCO2
pO2
HCO3
BE
SaO2

Common Laboratory Tests


Value
Abbreviation
Albumin
Alb
Alkaline Phosphatase
Alk Phos
Aspartate
AST
Aminotransferase
Alanine
ALT

Unit

Unit
mEq/L
mEq/L
mEq/L
mg/dL
mg/dL
mg/dL
mg/dL

Normal Range
135 - 145
3.5 - 5.5
96 - 108
70 - 115
8.4 - 10.2
0.7-1.40
7-20

Unit
mg/dL
mg/dL
mg/dL

Normal
<200
<70
>60 optimal

mg/dL

<150

Unit
Seconds
Seconds

Normal
11 - 14
25 - 35
0.8 - 1.2
1.5 - 2.5

mmHg
mmHg
mEq/L
mEq/L
%

Normal
7.35 - 7.45
35 -45
80 - 100
22 - 26
-2 - +2
95 - 100

Unit
g/dL
U/L
U/L

Normal
3.5 - 6.0
40 - 130
12 - 37

U/L

13 - 69

2015 NRSNG.com | Nursing School Shouldn't be so DAMN Hard!

Aminotransferase
Activated Partial
Thromboplastin Time
Ammonia
Amylase
Base Excess (Arterial)
Bicarbonate (Arterial)
Bilirubin, Direct
(Conjugated)
Bilirubin, Total
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Brain Type Natriuretic
Peptide
C-Reactive Protein
Calcium
Chloride
Cholesterol Total
Creatinine
Creatinine Clearance
Creatine Kinase
Creatinine Kinase - MB
D-Dimer
Erythrocyte
Sedimentation Rate
Ferritin
Folic Acid
Glomerular Filtration
Rate
Glucose
Glucose Tolerance Test

aPTT

seconds

25-39

NH3

ug/dL
U/L
mEq/L
mEq/L
mg/dL

19 - 60
0 - 130
-2 - +2
22 - 26
0 - 0.2

T.billi
BUN
BNP

mg/dL
mg/dL
pg/mL

0.1 - 1.2
7-20
<100

CRP
Ca2+
Cl-

CK
CK-MB
DDI
ESR

mg/L
mg/dL
mEq/L
mg/dL
mg/dL
mL/min/1.73m2
U/L
ng/mL
ng/mL
mm/h

<1.0
8.4 - 10.2
96 - 108
<200
0.5 -1.2
85 - 125
55 - 170
<2.40
250
0 - 20

GFR

ng/mL
ng/mL
mL/min/1.73m2

20-300
2 - 20
60

Glu
GTT

mg/dL
mg/dL

Glycosolated
Hemoglobin
Growth Hormone

HgbA1c

% of total Hgb

70 - 115
Fasting: 60-100
1 hour: <200
2 hours: < 140
5.6-7.5

GH

ng/mL

Hematocrit

Hct

Hemoglobin

Hgb

g/dl

High Density
Lipoprotein
Homocysteine
International
Normalized Ratio

HDL

mg/dL

BE
HCO3

Cr

mg/L
INR

Male: <5
Female: < 10
Male: 41 - 50
Female: 36 - 44
Male: 13.5 - 16.5
Female: 12.0 - 15.0
>60 optimal
0.54 - 2.3
0.8 - 1.2

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Iron
Lactate Dehydrogenase
Lactic Acid
Lipase
Low Density Lipoprotein
Magnesium
Mean Corpuscular
Volume
Myoglobin
Osmolality, Serum
Oxygen Saturation
(Arterial)
Partial Pressure of
(Arterial) CO2
Partial Pressure of
(Arterial) O2
Partial Thromboplastin
Time
pH (arterial)
Phosphorus
(phosphate)
Platelets
Potassium
Prealbumin
Prostate Specific
Antigen
Protein (total)
Prothrombin Time
Red Blood Cell

Fe
LDH

U/L
mg/dL
mg/dL
fL

50-175
88-230
Venous Blood: 0.5-2.2
Arterial Blood: 0.5-1.6
23 - 300
<70
1.6 2.6
80 - 100

SaO2

ng/mL
mOSM/kg
%

5 70
261-280
95 - 100

pCO2

mmHg

35 -40

pO2

mmHg

80 - 100

PTT

Seconds

25 - 35

pH
PO4

mg/dL

7.35 - 7.45
3.0-4.5

PLT
K+
PAB
PSA

cells/mcL
mEq/L
mg/dL
ng/mL

Prot
PT
RBC

g/dL
Seconds
x106/ml

LDL
Mg
MCV
MB

Red Cell Distribution


Width
Sodium
Triglycerides
Total Iron Binding
Capacity
Troponin I

RDW

White Blood Cell

ug/dL
U/L
mEq/L

100,000 - 450,000
3.5 - 5.5
19-38
Male: < 4
Female: < 0.5
6-8
11 - 14
Male: 4.5 - 5.5
Female: 4.0 - 4.9
<14.5

Na+
TG
TIBC

mEq/L
mg/dL
ug/dL

135 - 145
<150
250-460

cTnI

ng/mL

<0.035

WBC

cells/mcL

4,500 - 10,000

These lab tables are an excerpt from "Lab Values: 63 Must Know Labs for NCLEX" you can
download the book HERE on Amazon.com.

2015 NRSNG.com | Nursing School Shouldn't be so DAMN Hard!

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