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#1#)# #I# #t#h#i#n#k# #i#t## s# #g#o#i#n#g# #t#o# #suit me.2) Ive never wanted to
change it.3) Its too expensive to buy. 4) And Ive still got a chance to win it.5)
It uses a lot of petrol. 6) I play it every weekend.

Example: I enjoy the game. - I play it every weekend.Im enjoying the game.
_______________________________________________________The car costs a lot of
money. __________________________________________________The car is costing a lot
of money. ______________________________________________Im liking my new job.
_______________________________________________________I like my job.
_______________________________________________________________Exercise 2.
Complete the following dialogues by putting the verbs in brackets into the
correct form. Use only the present continuous or the present simple. Where there is
also an adverb in the brackets, decide the correct position in the sentence. The
first one has been done for you.I.A:
How (a) do you work (work) this
photocopier? I (b)__________ (think) I (c)_________(do) something wrong.B: Yes,
you (d)________(press) the wrong button. That one (e)__________(enlarge) the
copies. You (f)_________ (need) to press this one.A: Oh, yes. It (g)________(work)
properly now. Thanks.II.A:
I (a)________ (see) the price of petrol
(b)__________ (go) up again.B:
Yes, I (c)_________ (know). I (d)____________
(seriously consider) selling the car. It's so expensive, and we (e)_____________
(not often use) it.A:
What (f)___________ your wife __________ (think) of that
idea?B:
She (g)_____________(agree) with me. She (h)____________ (not like)
driving anyway.III.A:
Good-morning. Is Mr Cranshaw in?B: Yes, he is, but he
(a)_______ (see) someone at the moment. He (b)__________ (expect) you?A:
Yes, I
(c)____________ (have) an appointment with him at 10.30. My name's Phillips.B:
Ah, yes, Mr Phillips. Im afraid we (d)__________ (run) a little late this
morning, but I (e)___________ (not expect) Mr Cranshaw will be long, if you
(f)__________ (not mind) waiting.IV.A:
why (a) __________ we ________ (wait)?B:
John isn't here yet. I (b)_________ (expect) he (c)_________ (have) trouble
with his car again.A:
Oh! That car (d)___________ (always go) wrong! Well I
(e)____________ (not wait) any longer. I (f)___________ (not want) to miss the
start of the match. (g)__________you________ (come) with me, or not?V.A:
What
(a)_________ you________(make), Pamela? It (b)___________ (smell) really nice.B:
Well, I
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sure about this. It (i)___________(not look) quite right.VI.A:
what (a)_____ you
_________(think) of that new girl, Jacqueline?B:
Well, frankly, I
(b)__________(find) her terribly annoying. She (c)______________(always make) silly
remarks and she (d)_____________ (never listen) to anything you say.A: I
(e)____________(know) what you (f)____________(mean), but I (g)__________(feel) a
bit sorry for her, actually. I (h)_________ (think) she (i)___________ (try) to
hide her shyness by being funny, but she (j)_________ (only succeed) in getting on
everyone's nerves!Exercise 3.
Choose Present Simple/ Present Continuous.I
only __________ (speak) French when I'm on holiday in France.He __________
(constantly - rush) me off my feet, although he knows how much I dislike this.
__________ (You - recognize) this sound? No, I haven't the slightest idea. We
__________ (read) quite a lot these days. She __________ (go) to the shopping
center almost every week. This liquid __________ (give) off a strong smell. Many
guards __________ (treat) prisoners inhumanly nowadays. They __________
(perpetually - say) that I'm involved in the burglary, but I have a perfect alibi.
We __________ (go) there pretty regularly. Jim simply __________ (delight) in
arguing his opponents down. She __________ (forever - find fault) with me, whatever
I do!They __________ (give) due attention to this matter at present. Where do you
get the technical details for your book? I __________ (frequently - consult) my
friend Alex. The factory __________ (turn out) bottles at the rate of several

thousands a day. __________ (He - believe) what he reads in the papers? He


__________ (always - boast) of his achievements, although his success is entirely
due to the circumstances. I wish he would stop his boastful talk. We have sent for
the doctor. The fever __________ (get) worse by the hour.Exercise 4.
I have been
doing or I have done?
Put the verb forms in these conversations.A:
I feel
really tired.B:
It's because you ve been doing (do) too much.A:
Well, at
least I ve finished (finish) that report now, and I can have a rest.A:
Someone (1) __________(leave) the ladder outside, look.B: I expect that's
Brian. He (2) ___________ (clean) windows. I don't think he's finished yet.A:
Youve got grass on your shoes.B: I (3) ___________ (mow) the lawn.A:
Yes, I (4)___________ (see) it. It looks a lot better. You (5) ___________
(cut) it nice and short.Exercise 5.
Complete the dialogue. Put in the verbs
in the present perfect continuous or simple.Linda:
What are you doing, Jeff?
Jeff: I (1) _________ (clear) out this cupboard most of the afternoon. Theres a
lot of old stuff in here. I (2) ___________ (find) this, look.Linda:
You (3)
____________(read) this book for the last five minutes. I (4) _____________ (watch)
you.Jeff:
Its my old diary. I (5) ____________(not see) it since I was ten. It
(6) _______ (be) in here for years.Linda: And is that old tennis racket yours?Jeff:
No, it must be yours. I (7) ______________(never have) a tennis racket.
Exercise 6. Present and Past.Complete the sentences. Use the words in brackets. The
verbs can be present continuous (is doing), present simple (does), or present
perfect (has done).Example:
We bought this picture many years ago. Weve had it
for ages. (Wehaveit)Colins car phone is very useful. _____________ all the time.
(heuseit)Joanna doesnt know where her watch is. ______________. (sheloseit)
Were in the middle of decorating our kitchen. Meals are a problem. ______________
from a take-away restaurant this week. (wegetthem)Robert is on a skiing holiday.
___________ very much, he said on the phone. (heenjoyit)This color is absolutely
awful. _____________. (Ihateit)I hope these figures are correct. _____________
several times already. (Icheckthem)Ed and Kay like Scrabble. _____________ at the
moment. (theyplayit)These flowers are dying. _______________ for ages. (younot
waterthem)Exercise 7. Past continuous or simple.
Put in the past continuous or
past simple.Kim: I hear the lights went (go) out last night.Charles:
Yes, I
was watching (watch) television at the time. The program (1) _____________(get)
interesting, too. But the electricity (2) ____________(come) on again after about
ten minutes. I (3) _____________(not miss) very much of it.Angela:
Sarah (4)
_________ (come) down the stairs when the lights went out. She almost (5)
__________ (fall) over.Jessica:
Tom and I (6) __________ (play) table tennis at
the time.Peter:
I (7) ________ (work) at my computer. When it (8) __________
(happen), I (9) ___________ (stop) work and (10) ____________ (go) to bed.Exercise
8.
Ive been or I was.
Complete the letter. Put in the present perfect or
past simple of the given verbs.I was (be) angry and sad to hear that someone plans
to knock down the White Horse Inn in Brickfield. This pub has been (be) the centre
of village life for centuries. It (1) _________(stand) at our crossroads for about
500 years. It (2) ___________(be) famous in the old days, and Shakespeare once (3)
___________ (stay) there, they say. I (4) ___________ (live) in Brickfield all my
life, and I know all about it. We (5) ___________ (know) for some time of the
danger to our pub. There (6) _________ (be) some talk a year or two ago about
knocking it down. But all the villagers are against the plan. We will stop it,
youll see.Exercise 9.
Past continuous or simple. Find the second part of
each sentence. Put each verb in brackets into the past continuous or past simple.

*
I (dream)*
When Mary (see) the question,The train (wait)Ella (have)
a punctureWhen I (try) the pudding,When Karen (lift) the chair,When the gates
(open),I (read) a library book#she (feel) a sudden pain in her back.when she
(drive) on the motorway.when I (find) a $10 note between two pages.the crowd (walk)
in.* she (know) the answer.* when the alarm clock (ring).I (like) it.when we
(arrive) at the station.

Example: I was dreaming when the alarm clock rang. When Mary saw the question, she
knew the answer.1.
______________________________________________________________________________ 2.
______________________________________________________________________________3.
______________________________________________________________________________4.
______________________________________________________________________________5.
______________________________________________________________________________6.
______________________________________________________________________________
Exercise 10.
I have done or I did.
Put in the correct verb form.
Example:
I have done (have done / did) all the housework. The house is
clean.A young couple bought (have bought /bought) the house. But they didnt live
there long.Our visitors _____________ (have arrived / arrived). Theyre sitting in
the garden.Susan ___________ (have repaired / repaired) the television, but then it
broke down again.I __________ (have lost / lost) my purse. I cant find it
anywhere.The match _____________(has started / started). Theyre playing now.Joanne
____________ (has run / ran) away from home. But she came back two days later.James
___________ (has earned / earned) some money last week. But Im afraid hes already
spent it all.We ____________ (have planted / planted) a tree in the garden.
Unfortunately its died.Prices ___________ (have gone / went) up. Things are more
expensive this week.Someone ____________ (has turned / turned) on the hi-fi. I can
hear it.I ___________ (have phoned / phoned) the office at eleven. Helen isnt
there today, they said.I ___________ (have made / made) a cake. Would you like a
piece.The runner Amos Temila ___________ (has broken / broke) the world record for
the mile in Frankfurt. Then two days later in Helsinki Lee Williams ran the mile in
an even faster time.

Exercise 11.
Present perfect or Past simple. Put in the verbs.Craig:
Have
you heard (you hear) the news about Cathy?Nicola:
No, what (1) _______________
(happen) ? Craig: She (2)_____________ (have) an accident. She was running for a
bus when she (3) ____________ (fall) down and (4) ___________ (break) her leg.
Nicola:
Oh, how awful! When (5) _______________ (this happen) ?Craig:
Yesterday afternoon. Sarah (6) ____________ (tell) me about it last night.
Nicola:
Last night! You (7) _____________ (know) last night, and you (8)
___________ (not tell) me!Craig:
Well, I (9) ______________ (not see) you last
night. And I (10) _____________ (not see) you today, until now.Nicola:
I hope
shes all right. She (11) __________ (have) lots of accidents, you know. She (12)
__________ (do) the same thing about two years ago.Exercise 12. had done, had been
doing or was doing?
Put in the correct form of the verbs.Example:
Steve
could hear shouts from the flat next door. His neighbors were arguing (argue).Lucy
went into the living-room. It was empty but the television was still warm.
Someone ___________
(watch) it.I ___________ (play) tennis, so I had a shower. I
was annoyed because I ___________ (not win) a single game.The walkers finally
arrived at their destination. They _____________ (walk) all day, and they needed a
rest. They _____________ (walk) thirty miles.When I saw Ben last week he said he
____________ (stop) smoking. But when I saw him two days later, he ____________
(smoke) a cigarette. He took the cigarette from his mouth and looked rather
ashamed.Harry found a note from Graham in Celias coat. Thats how Harry found out
they ____________ (have) an affair. In fact they ___________ (see) each other for
months. Grahams wife ____________ (know) about it all the time. Exercise 13.
Present and past.Complete the conversations. Put in a pronoun and the
correct form of the verb. Use the past continuous (was doing), the past simple
(did), or the present perfect continuous (have been doing).Example:
I rang
at once, but you werent in your office. No, I was having (have) lunch.You look
tired. Well, ___________ (work) all day. Is Helen still here? No,
____________(leave) about half an hour ago. I havent finished this letter yet.
It must be a long letter. _________ (write) it since lunch time.Someones living
in that house now. Yes, a young couple. __________ (move) in last month. Did
Kirsty drive you home? Yes, __________ (stop) and gave me a lift while ___________
(wait) for a bus outside the cinema.

Exercise 14.
Choose Past Simple/Continuous or Present Perfect
Simple/Continuous.How the government __________ (fight) inflation without lowering
the standard of living in the mid-fifties? There __________ (not be) a famine
here for centuries. Jill __________ (begin) to open out, when she started work at
the factory. Lunch is not quite ready yet, although she __________ (cook) all
morning. He __________ (tie up) all his money in stocks and shares, so he has
nothing in the bank to pay his debts with now. The police __________ (recapture)
the prisoners who __________ (escape) yesterday. The European court __________
(already indicate) its view that wine and beer are indeed competitive products.
Mankind __________ (know) these facts since the Middle Ages. After so many
disappointments I __________ (stop) asking people for help. Many countries
__________ (suffer) from a depression during the pre-war years. This practice
__________ (exist) since the fifteenth century. I __________ (only know) about
that event for a few days. While the car __________ (approach) the village, the
driver __________ (slow down). They (try) to improve the situation for a great many
years, but until now without success. The governing coalition, which __________
(have) no clear majority in parliament lately, __________ (announce) some modest
spending cuts last month. I wonder why he __________ (walk out) on his job as well
as on his wife. Sales __________ (fall) alarmingly of late. There is too much
competition.Exercise 15.
Choose Past (Simple/Continuous) or Present/Past
Perfect (Simple/Continuous).You __________ (finish) already? No, not yet, in
spite of the fact that I __________ (be) at it for hours now. It was not until a
short time ago that people __________ (begin) to realize what impact the revolution
__________ (have) on their ancestors. Friends who __________ (talk) with him in the
past few weeks, say he has changed. We __________ (look) for opportunities
everywhere in the past few months. Nobody __________ (come) to see us since we
bought these bloodhounds. While the American car industrys output __________
(slide) into the recessions of the 1970s the plants sales __________ (fall)
abruptly. After he __________ (sit) on several examination boards, he __________
(decide) to resign. After many discussions we __________ (come) to a decision. From
the early 1980s onwards we __________ (witness) a steady decline in industrial
activity. In the course of the cold war period the administration __________
(arrest) people suspected of communist sympathies all over the USA. We arrived just
after the party __________ (begin) to warm up. We __________ (do) business with
them for a great many years, when suddenly without a plausible reason they turned
to our competitors. You __________ (neglect) some of your customers for several
months now, so that you need not be surprised if you lose them at all in the end.
After the police __________ (find) the murder weapon, the facts of the case
suddenly began to add up. Im sorry, I __________ (forget) where she lives.Exercise
16.
Choose the Correct Tense (Present/Past).Our next-door neighbor __________
(just - move in). We __________ (never - pass) on our concern about this issue to
the people at the top until now. He discovered that the committee __________
(exclude) him from the examination. Now that we __________ (start) this project, we
will have to see it through. I wonder what you __________ (do) in the past few
years. I __________ (not - see) you much of late. It is sometimes said that the
caveman __________ (start) along the path of civilization after he __________
(utilize) the energy for heat. He __________ (study) the case for a long time,
before it dawned on him that he __________ (look) in the wrong direction. My
associate __________ (have) an attack of bronchitis a month or so ago, but he
__________ (get on) fairly well now. Encouraged by higher prices Chinese farmers
__________ (double) their incomes in the past five years. She __________ (hang)
around here for the last three hours and I don't know why. A company spokesman
stated at the hearing that the chairman __________ (lie) in his reply to a question
about several financial issues. We __________ (sit) up the greater part of the
night, before she __________ (come) back home from a party. Most of the refugees
from Uganda __________ (settle) in Britain so far. After he __________ (visit) many
auctions all over the country, he __________ (find) the old master. I __________
(try) to throw off this cold for days now. The article used sources that __________
(already - prove) to be unreliable on several previous occasions. It __________

(rain) heavily all morning, before it __________ (suddenly - clear) up.Exercise 17.
Choose Past Simple/Past Continuous.When the aircraft __________ (operate) at
600 m.p.h., a violent gust of wind __________ (blow) it off course. I saw that he
__________ (scribble) a few notes in the course of the interview. Last week the
youngest member of the family __________ (agree) to give his stake to the others.
In the first half of this month the unions __________ (decide) to lay down tools.
While the talks __________ (go on), the army __________ (intervene) to end the
deadlock. When they __________ (sign) the treaty of Rome, few people __________
(realize) the difficulties that __________ (lie) ahead. During his lifetime he
__________ (continually - search) for a breakthrough in biochemistry. In the
second .half of last year our sales __________ (slowly - rise), although this
__________ (not lead) to a further upswing in that period. The extensive study
which __________ (appear) last spring showed how complicated the matter was. While
the demonstration __________ (proceed) peacefully, an unexpected incident
__________ (occur).Exercise 18.
A woman has been accused of shop-lifting.
Complete the following extract from her trial by putting the verbs in the brackets
into the correct form. The first one has been done for you.Prosecution:
Mr.
Williams, you (1) were (be) the security officer on duty at Malgo Department Store
on July 28 th. Please tell the court what (2) ___________ (happen) that afternoon.
Williams:
Yes, sir. I (3) __________ (be) particularly interested in the
cosmetics department, because the company (4) __________ (lose) a lot of money
through shop-lifting earlier in this year. So, I (5) ___________ (watch) the
customers on the security screen when I (6) _________ (notice) a woman behaving
rather suspiciously. Prosecution: What exactly (7)___________ she _____________
(do)?Williams:
Well, she (8) __________ (seem) rather nervous and she
(9)___________ (keep) looking round as if she (10)____________ (want) to make sure
that no one (11)__________ (watch) her. Prosecution: (12)_________ you ever
________ (see) the woman before that afternoon?Williams:
No, sir. She
(13)________ (not be) one of our regular customers.Prosecution: I see. Please go
on.Williams:
Well, then she suddenly (14)__________ (pick) up a bottle of
perfume and (15)___________ (put) it in her shopping bag.Prosecution: And she
(16)____________ (not pay) for the perfume, I presume?Williams: No, sir. And then
she (17)__________ (leave) the store.Prosecution:
So what (18)____________ you
____________ (do)?Williams:
I (19)______________(follow) her and (20)__________
(ask) her to return to the managers office. When she (21)_________ (empty) her
bag, we (22)___________ (find) that she (23)____________ (take) a lipstick and some
mascara as well.Prosecution: And she (24)____________ (not pay) for any of them?
Williams:
No, sir.Prosecution:
Mr. Williams, how long (25)____________ you
__________ (work) at Malgo Department Store?Williams: For about three years, sir.
Prosecutor: And (26)____________ you _____________ (catch) many shop-lifters in
that time?Williams:
Quite a few, sir. Shop-lifting is a problem in any big
store.Prosecutor: Quite. So you always know when someone is about to take goods
without paying?Williams:
Not always, sir. But over the years I (27)__________
(learn) to recognize the signals.Prosecutor:
Thank you, Mr. Williams. That is
all.Exercise 19. be going to or will?Complete the conversation. Decide which is
best for the context, be going to or will.Anita:
What about your plans, Carlo?
Are you going to return (you return) home after the exams?Carlo: I expect Ill go
(go) back home at some time in the future, but first I (1) ____________ (spend) six
month in the USA.Anita: Oh, that (2) __________ (be) interesting. Carlo:
Ive
fixed up a job. I (3) ____________(work) for a chemical company in California. Im
looking forward to it. Im sure it (4) ___________ (be) good experience.Anita:
I dont know what I (5) _________(do). At the moment Im trying to revise for
the exams. But I dont know enough. I (6) ___________(fail).Carlo:
Im sure you
(7) ____________ (not fail).Exercise 20. be going to or will?Complete the news
report. Decide which is best for the context, be going to or will.
Sometimes
either is possible.We have learnt this week that Brimley Town Council has plans for
Westside Park. The Council is going to sell (sell) the land to a builder, A.
Forbes and Son. The plans are all ready. We (1) __________ (build) fifty houses,
said Mr Forbes. In two years everything (2) ___________ (be) finished. Im sure

people (3)___________ (like) the houses. Some of them (4)___________ (be) for young
families. But people living near the park are angry. This is a terrible idea.
Were against it. We (5)___________ (have) a protest march on Saturday, said Mrs
Alice Marsh. I expect everyone in Brimley (6)___________ (be) there. We want to
make our intentions clear. We (7)____________ (stop) this plan.Exercise 21.
The Future.
Choose the correct verb form from the
phrases in brackets.Hows your flat? Well, the rent is very expensive. __________
(Ill move / Im going to move) to a new place. I decided last week.I can cycle
home. Have you got lights? ___________ (Itll be / Itll have been) dark, dont
forget.Id like a photo of Adrian and me. Well, __________ (Ill take / Ill
going to take) one with your camera then.Have you booked a holiday? Yes,
__________ (we go / were going) to Spain.Look at the car! _____________ (Itll
crash / Its going to crash!).Can I borrow your bike on Monday, please? Oh, Im
afraid __________ (Ill be using / Ill have used) it. I always cycle to work.
Exercise 22.
What do these people say? Pay special attention to the underlined
words.Example:
Maria is predicting a win for Italy in their next match.
Maria: Italy will win their next match.1.
Bob intends to get up early tomorrow.
Bob: I _____________________________________________________________________2.
Steves train timetable says Arrival 10.30. Steve: The train
_____________________________________________________________3.
Louise has
arranged to see her bank manager tomorrow. Louise:
____________________________________________________________________4.
Dan will
leave in the very near future. Dan:
______________________________________________________________________5.
Sarahs
next visit to her aunt is on Sunday, the day she usually visits her. Sarah:
_____________________________________________________________________

Exercise 23.
Complete the conversation. Look at the context and choose the
best form of the verb in brackets to express the future. Sometimes more than one
answer is correct.A:
Hello. Where are you going?B: To my evening class. Im
learning Swedish. And I (1)__________ (speak) it for real this time next week. I
(2)__________ (go) to Sweden for three weeks. I (3)__________ (leave) on Friday
evening. I (4)___________ (visit) friends there.A:
Oh, that (5)_____________
(be) nice.B:
Oh, its nearly half past. My lesson (6)____________ (start) in a
minute.A:
Well, have a good time. I (7)___________ (see) you next month.B:
Thanks. I (8)___________ (tell) you all about it when I (9)___________ (get)
back.Exercise 24.
Choose the best words (a, b, c or d) to complete the
sentence. Sometimes more than one answer is acceptable.Example: Right, I
c
you up at 7. 30, if thats convenient.
(a) am going to
pick (b) am picking (c) will pick (d) pickWhat __________ to Sandras party
on Saturday?
(a) are you going to wear (b) are you wearing (c) will
you wear (d) do you wearWed better hurry up. The train __________ in half an
hour.
(a) is going to leave (b) is leaving (c) will leave (d) leavesHe
__________ sociology at university in the autumn.
(a) is going to study
(b) is studying (c) will study (d) studiesIm just going to the bank. I
__________ long.
(a) am not going to be (b) am not being (c) wont be (d)
dont beIve got an appointment with the dentist tomorrow. I expect he __________
something wrong. He always does!
(a) is going to find (b) is finding (c)
will find (d) findsTheres a good film on television tonight. What time __________
?
(a) is it going to start (b) is it starting (c) will it start (d)
does it startWe __________ to the States to spend Christmas with our son.
(a) are going to fly (b) are flying (c) will fly (d) flyYouve got plenty of
time. The plane __________ off until 4.30.(a) isnt going to take (b) isnt taking
(c) wont take (d) doesnt takeThat really makes me angry! This time I __________
to him about it!(a) am going to speak (b) am speaking (c) will speak (d) speakIf
you give me that letter now, I __________ it on my way home.
(a) am going
to post (b) am posting (c) will post (d) postExercise 25.
Complete the
following letter by putting the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
Occasionally there is more than one possible answer. The first one has been done
for you.Dear Debbie,Thanks very much for your letter, which (1) arrived (arrive)
more than six weeks ago! I (2)__________ (mean) to reply to it for ages, but I just
(3)_____________ (not have) time. As you (4)__________ (know), I
(5)____________(start) a new job at the beginning of the month and I
(6)_____________ (work) incredibly hard ever since. It is quite interesting and I
(7)____________ (like) my new boss, but I (8)____________ (not finish) until six
oclock and when I (9)____________ (get) home, Im too tired to do anything!
Anyway, I (10)____________ (tell) you all about it another time.I
(11)______________ (take) a weeks holiday very soon and I (12)____________ (think)
of coming to London the weekend after next. My sister (13)____________ (invite) me
to stay with her for a few days because her husband (14)___________ (go) to France
on business for a week. (15)__________ you ___________ (make) any plans for that
weekend? If not, (16)_________ (meet) for lunch on the Saturday or Sunday. Its
ages since I last (17)____________ (see) you and I (18)_________ (have) lots to
tell you. Anyway, I (19)__________ (phone) you during the week to see if youre
free.With love,Alison.P.S. (20)__________ (give) my regards to Chris.Exercise 26.
Choose Present/Future.You __________ (paint) your study at the moment? No, I
__________ (start) painting next week. I __________ (write) replies to everybody
the entire day tomorrow. Shifting production overseas __________ (not guarantee)
profit as Volkswagen has repeatedly found in South American countries. Don't
despair. I'm sure everything __________ (work) out all right in the end. Tomorrow
at 8 p.m. the President __________ (address) the nation, as arranged. He __________
(constantly fish) for information to the annoyance of all the people present. I
hope the plan __________ (not fall) through a second time. You __________
(inform) me when the rates are overdue? In Japan NEC __________ (hold) around 6% of
mainframe market. In the fiber sector the Rhone-Poulec group __________ (account)
for almost two-thirds of France's textile output. Roger __________ (spend) a lot of

money on cars. We __________ (see) each other one of these days. I fear he
__________ (near) his end. The doctors have given him up. I __________ (do) nothing
but talking to applicants all next week. Oil __________ (account) for half of
Indonesia's export earnings. Water __________ (freeze) when the temperature falls
below 0 degrees. I'm afraid I __________ (look) through these reports next week. We
have arranged that David __________ (come) with the luggage tomorrow. The workers
__________ (press) for another ten percent rise at the moment. We have agreed that
we __________ (discuss) the plans in Oslo next month. We __________ (furnish) our
rooms next week, as we have already agreed.Exercise 27.
Choose the Correct
Tense.Our local newspaper __________ (come out) every weekend. I see they
__________ (find) a solution and it is about time too because he __________
(discuss) matter for quite some time. At last year's congress the trade unions
__________ (reject) the government's policy. The wage system, introduced six years
ago, __________ (guarantee) Norway's lowest-paid workers hourly wages equal to 85%
of average industrial wages. He __________ (dash) off a note to his wife when he
saw that the meeting would last longer than expected. The newspapers reported that
the movement __________ (make) earlier attempts on his life. The factory __________
(step) up production since last week, because it cannot keep up with the sudden
flood of orders. Two masked men __________ (set) upon him, while he __________ (go)
down a dark side street. There __________ (be) a fuss about this, when the facts
become known. He __________ (always - stir) up trouble among the members of the
staff. The introduction of word processing into the secretary's department
__________ (prove) to be an undoubted success despite initial troubles. We
__________ (chase) the manager up for a week but he is never in.Before the first
atomic bomb __________ (explode) over Nevada, most people __________ (never think) about its enormous power. Economists __________ (not - solve) any major
problems since the start of the current . recession. I __________ (search) for this
stamp for years on end. I __________ (wait) for her for several hours, before she
__________ (turn up).I'm afraid you cannot borrow my yacht, because I __________
(do) extensive repairs on it over the next few weekends. We __________ (discuss)
this item at the committee's quarterly meeting next week in accordance with the
agenda.Exercise 28.
Choose the Correct Tense.To our amazement he __________
(drop) out of the race, after he __________ (run) for only five minutes. The police
__________ (clear) this cathedral, before the spire __________ (collapse). The
management __________ (estimate) that their company __________ (suffer) substantial
losses for a considerable time. I didn't want him to know that I __________ (study)
the plan carefully, before the council __________ (bring) it to my notice. He
__________ (abuse) his powerful position for quite some time until the Board of
Directors __________ (call) him to account. When he finally __________ (make) up
his mind to accept the proposal, it turned out that this unexpected opportunity
__________ (already - pass). Our Managing Director __________ (engage) forty
employees, after this multinational __________ (place) a considerably greater order
than anybody could ever have expected. Last April the British Government __________
(disclose) that Britain, France and the United States __________ (make) protest
about Soviet airforce exercises in Germany time and again. Before the demand for
this equipment __________ (arise), the Dutch Government __________ (already develop) a special aircraft with a good alternative. The doctors __________ (give)
him up, when he __________ (surprise) them all by taking a turn for the better.

Exercise 29.
Read the following story about a man who found a leak (a
small hole in a water-pipe) in his bathroom. Then complete the story by putting the
verbs in brackets into the correct form. The first one has been done for you.
Richard Barnes (1) had just come (just come) home from work when he (2)___________
(find) a leak in the bathroom. Water (3)___________ (drip) from the ceiling for
some time, and there (4)__________ (be) a large pool of water on the floor. As soon
as he (5)____________ (see) the leak, he (6)___________ (call) the plumber. The
plumbers wife (7)___________ (answer). Im afraid he (8)___________ (go) out an
hour ago and he (9)____________ (not come) back yet. I (10)_____________ (tell) him
to phone you when he (11)_____________ (come) in. I (12)____________ (not expect)
he (13)____________ (be) long. Richard (14)______________ (hang) up and
(15)______________ (sit) down to wait. Two hours later the phone (16)_________
(ring). This is the plumber. I (17)_____________ (believe) you (18)____________
(call) earlier. Where on earth (19)_________________ you _____________ (be)?
(20)______________ (demand) Richard angrily. I (21)________________ (wait) for two
hours! What (22)____________ you ______________ (do) all this time?Im terribly
sorry, sir, the plumber (23)_____________(answer) nervously. I
(24)_______________ (have) a breakdown while I (25)___________ (drive) along the
motorway. I (26)_______________(only just get) home. I (27)____________ (not even
have) my dinner yet. My wife (28)_________________ (get) it now.Well, I'm sorry
about your breakdown, (29)_______________ (say) Richard in a more friendly voice.
But (30)______________ you ____________ (repair) my leak tonight or not?
(31)__________________ (not worry), sir, (32) ____________________ (reply) the
plumber. I (33) ___________________ (have) my dinner and then I (34)
____________________ (come) straight round. Richard (35)_____________ (put) down
the receiver and (36)_____________ (go) back into the bathroom. The water
(37)____________ (still drip) slowly into the bowl he (38)_____________ (put) under
the leak. He (39)_______________ (empty) the bowl again and then
(40)________________ (sit) down to wait. Two hours later he (41)______________
(pick) up the receiver again. Just as he (42)_____________ (dial) the number, the
doorbell (43)________________(ring).I'm terribly sorry, sir, (44)______________
(say) a small, dark-haired man apologetically. I
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#a#n#s#w#e#r#.###J#e#nny:
(1) Which station do the Edinburgh trains leave from?
Anne: Kings Cross.Jenny:
(2)
_____________________________________________________________________Anne:
I
think theres only one train an hour.Jenny:
(3)
_____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Every
hour, on the hour. Nine oclock, ten oclock and so on.Jenny:
(4)
_____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Well,
I think the Flying Scotsmans the best train. It goes at ten oclock.Jenny: (5)
_____________________________________________________________________Anne:
It
takes about four and a half hours.Jenny: (6)
_____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Im
not sure exactly. I think a
returns###########################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################
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#(#8#)#
#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#__________________________________
___________Anne: Peters.Jenny:
(9)
_____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Peter?
Oh, sorry. Hes a friend of mine. Youll meet him while youre here.Jenny:
(10)
____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Oh,
hes got a blue Maxi.Jenny:
(11)
____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Dont
bring anything special. Just a pair of jeans and some walking shoes.Jenny:
(12)
____________________________________________________________________Anne:
Well,
it depends on the weather, but I thought we might go to Loch Ness.Exercise 35.
Write the question which relates to the underlined words.Example:
She finished her interview two hours ago.
When did she finish her
interview?Output has increased by 7.5%.
___________________________________________________________________________Betamix
became a public company in 1994.
___________________________________________________________________________The
departmental meeting is held once a month.
___________________________________________________________________________Well
get back to you very shortly.
___________________________________________________________________________It cost
in excess of 2 million dollars.
___________________________________________________________________________A
consultant was called to look at our recruitment policy.
___________________________________________________________________________I prefer
the second solution.
___________________________________________________________________________There
were at least 500 enquires.
___________________________________________________________________________Its my
ticket. ___________________________________________________________________________
The bank is about 100 meters from here.
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
36.
Who and what as subject and object. Ask questions with who or what.Example:

Something has happened. Oh? What has happened?


Ive invited
someone to tea. Oh? Who have you invited?Somebody is having a party. Oh?
______________________________________________I was laughing at something. Oh?
_____________________________________________Ive learnt something. Oh?
___________________________________________________We should do something. Oh?
_______________________________________________Someone is looking for you. Oh?
______________________________________________Im looking for someone. Oh?
________________________________________________Jill is planning something. Oh?
_______________________________________________Somebody has moved in next door.
Oh? ________________________________________Something is worrying me. Oh?
_______________________________________________I want to meet someone. Oh?
_________________________________________________Exercise 37.
Which and whose as
subject and object. You dont quite hear what someone says.
Complete the
questions.Example:
The childrens rabbit is missing. Whose rabbit is
missing?
I made that table, you know. Sorry, which
table did you make?We can use these tennis rackets here. Sorry, which rackets
_________________________That painting has won first prize. Sorry, which one of
them ________________________I like the blue suit best. Which
one____________________________________________Ive borrowed Simons car. Pardon?
Whose car __________________________________Andrews uncle has died. Whose uncle
_________________________________________Exercise 38.
What or which? Isabel is
moving into a new flat in London. Jerry has come to see the flat and help her move
in. Complete his questions. Put in what or which.__________ number is this house?
Forty-two.__________ floor is the flat on? The first floor.Oh, its a nice flat.
__________ room will be your living-room? This one here, I thought.__________
colour are you going to paint it? Oh, I dont know yet.__________ time is your
furniture arriving. Three oclock, they said.__________ way is the nearest tube
station, right or left? Its left at the end of the street.__________ station is
nearest, Earls Court or West Brompton? Earls Court, I think.

Exercise 39.
Who, what or which?Two detectives are investigating the murder of
Lord Weybridge at his country house. Put in who, what or which.A:
(1)
__________ of the guests in this house is the murderer, do you think? (2)________
one put the cyanide in Lord Weybridges coffee?B:
I dont know yet. Someone did
it. But (3) __________ had the opportunity? (4) __________ of the guests had the
chance to do it?A:
(5) __________ happened after dinner last night? Thats
what weve got to find out.B: There must be a reason for the murder. (6) __________
reason could the murderer have?A: Love or money, one or the other. (7) __________
of them is it, I wonder?B:
(8) __________ did Lord Weybrige leave his money to?
Thats the question.Exercise 40.
Fill in which or what. __________ are the
reasons for declining sales?__________ is better, purchasing or leasing?__________
is your occupation?__________ are your payment terms?__________ do you call this
in English?__________ Mr Jones do you mean? The stores clerk or the manager?
__________ countries produce oranges?__________ of them are European countries?
Exercise 41.
So and neither. Felix has just met Vicky at a party. They are
finding out that they have a lot in common. Put in the sentences with so and
neither.Felix:
I havent been to a party for ages.Vicky: Neither have I. I hate
crowded rooms.Felix:
So do I. Im not a party-goer, really.Vicky:
_________________________. I cant make a conversation.Felix:
_________________________. Im a quiet sort of person.Vicky:
_________________________. I live alone in a bedsitter.Felix:
_________________________. I havent got many friends.Vicky:
_________________________. And I would really like a good friend.Felix:
Oh, _________________________.Exercise 42.
So and neither. Look at the
table and complete the sentences.
#Mike#Lorna#Paul#Marie##Swimming#x#x####Tennis##x#x###Cycling#x###x##Chess###x#x##
Example:
Mike can swim, and so can Lorna.
Marie isnt keen on tennis,
and neither is Mike.Paul doesnt like swimming, and
_______________________________________________Marie has got a bike, and
______________________________________________________Mike cant play chess, and
_____________________________________________________Lorna isnt keen on cycling,
and ________________________________________________Paul plays tennis, and
_________________________________________________________Marie is a chess player,
and ____________________________________________________Exercise 43.
All of the
following are grammatically wrong. How should they be rephrased?Do you can help me?
__________________________________________________________Does she have completed
the survey? _____________________________________________Why she is angry?
____________________________________________________________Did they sold the
subsidiary? ___________________________________________________What means price /
earnings ratio? _____________________________________________When it must be
finished? ______________________________________________________Exercise 44.
Mr. Hardwick, a driving instructor, is giving a driving lesson to seventeenyear-old Gary. Complete the following dialogue with the correct question tags. The
first one has been done for you.Instructor:
Now, you remember what you learned
last lesson, (1) don't you?Gary:
Yes, of course. Start the engine, into first
gear, and we're off. That was all right, (2) ____________?Instructor: Not really.
You didn't indicate, (3) _____________?Gary:
Oh, sorry, I forgot. Still, it
doesn't really matter, (4) __________?Instructor:
That's where you're wrong,
Gary. I'm afraid it does matter.Gary:
Well, I can't be expected to remember
anything, (5) __________? It's only my third lesson after all.Instructor:
OK,
Gary. Anyway, watch your speed. You're going too fast.Gary:But I'm only going
thirty-five m.p.h.Instructor: I know, but this is a built-area, (6) __________? And
there's a thirty m.p.h. speed limit.Gary: But look at everyone else. They're all
going faster then thirty m.p.h., (7) ____________?Instructor:
That doesn't make
any difference. You haven't passed your test yet, (8) ___________? Now, turn right
at the next corner and Gary, be careful!Gary: Oh! I shouldn't have done that, (9)
___________?Instructor: No, you certainly shouldn't have! You just weren't
concentrating, (10) _____________? Now, for goodness sake, pay attention!Gary:
You don't really like teaching me to drive, (11) ______________, Mr Hardwick?

Instructor: It's not a question of liking or disliking, Gary. It's my job. But if
you want to pass the test, you'll just have to learn to concentrate, (12)
______________? Now, let's try again.

Exercise 45.
Question-tags. Add the correct tag to each of these statements.
Example:
You'll go, _________
You'll go, won't you? (Negative
tag)
You won't talk about it, _________
You won't talk about it, will
you? (Positive tag)You'll have some more tea, ___________We'd better wait for her,
___________He has tea for breakfast, ___________She might be there, _____________He
needn't do that, ____________You had a swim yesterday, _____________He used to live
here, ______________I shan't be long ____________He hasn't meet you before,
_____________He made you do it again, _____________You never used to smoke,
______________He had his door painted, _____________He'll fall down, ____________He
has a lot of money, _____________I ought to help him, ____________You don't see the
point, ____________He never lived there, ____________We didn't ask you,
_____________She needn't stay, _____________You have no money, _____________
Exercise 46.
Translate into English.
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#C#o#m#p#l#e#t#e# #t#h#e# #p#a#r#a#g#r#a#p#h#.# #P#u#t# #i#n# #a# #p#a#s#s#i#v#e#
#v#e#r#b# #i#n# #t#h#e# #c#o#r#r#e#c#t# #t#e#n#s#e#.###B#a#r#f#o#r#d# #H#a#l#l#
#T#h#e# #b#u#i#l#d#i#n#g# #a#t# #t#h#e# #t#o#p# #o#f# #t#h#e# #H#i#g#h#
#S#t#r#e#e#t# #i#s# #B#a#r#f#o#r#d# #H#a#l#l#.# #I#t# #w#a#s# #b#u#i#l#t#
#(#b#u#i#l#d#)# #i#n# #1#8#2#7# #a#n#d# #t#o#d#a#y# #i#t#
#(#1#)#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_# #(regard) as the finest Georgian building in
the county. A number of changes (2)____________ (make) since it was built, but the
front of the building (3)_______________ (not change). Today the Hall
(4)________________ (own) by Bardale Council, and for the last ten years it
(5)______________ (use) as a home for Barford Arts Centre. At the moment a small
art gallery (6)________________ (build) behind the Hall.Exercise 50.
The future
and modal verbs in the passive. A press conference is being held. Put in the
correct form of the verbs.Example:
Reporter:
Can this new drug prolong
human life?Professor:
Yes, we believe that human life can be prolonged by the
drug.Reporter:
Are you going to do any more tests on the drug?Professor: Yes,
further tests _________________________Reporter:
What ____________ the drug
_________________________?Professor:
It will be called Bio-Meg.Reporter: Can
people use the drug now?Professor: No, the drug _________________________ yet.
Reporter:
Who will produce the drug?Professor:
It _________________________
by the Bentrix drug company.Reporter:
Do you think they should sell it to
anyone who wants it?Professor:
Yes, I think it _________________________
freely.Reporter: And what quantity could Bentrix produce?Professor:
We believe
the drug _________________________ in large quantities.

Exercise 51.
The passive with get. Look at these newspaper headlines and tell
your friend whats in the news. Use the passive with get in the present perfect
(e.g. has got) or the present continuous (e.g. are getting).Example:
POST
OFFICE LOSES IMPORTANT DOCUMENT
An important document has got lost.
THIEVES STEALING MORE BICYCLES, SAY POLICE
More bicycles are
getting stolen.HEAVY LORRIES DAMAGING MOTOR WAYSThe motorways
______________________________________________________________VANDALS KNOCK WALL
DOWNA wall _____________________________________________________________________
STORM BLOWS OFF ROOFA roof
_____________________________________________________________________COMPANIES
PAYING INDUSTRIAL WORKERS HIGHER WAGESIndustrial workers
____________________________________________________________Exercise 52.
Active
or passive verb? Put the missing verb forms into this news report.Millions of pound
worth of damage has been caused (has caused / has been caused) by a storm which
(1)_____________ (passed/was passed) across the north of England last night. The
River Ribble (2)____________ (burst / was burst) its banks after heavy rain. People
(3)________________ (rescued / were rescued) from the floods by firemen, who
(4)_______________ (received / were received) numerous calls for help. Wind speeds
(5)________________ (reached / were reached) ninety miles an hour in some places.
Roads (6)_____________ (blocked / were blocked) by fallen trees and electricity
lines (7)______________ (brought / were brought) down, leaving thousands of homes
without electricity. Everything possible (8)______________ (is doing / is being
done) to get the situation back to normal, a spokesman (9)______________ (said /
was said)Exercise 53.
Complete the following news items by putting the verb in
brackets into the correct form. The first one has been done for you.Two men are
being questioned (question) at Marylebone
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
#######P#o#l#i#c#e# #S#t#a#t#i#o#n# #t#o#n#i#g#h#t# #i#n# #c#o#n#n#e#c#t#i#o#n#
#w#i#t#h# #l#a#s#t# #w#e#e#k## s# #a#r#m#e#d# #r#o#b#b#e#r#y# #i#n# #L#u#t#o#n#,#
#i#n# #w#h#i#c#h# ###2#5#,#0#0#0# #(#1#)#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_# #(#s#t#e#a#l#)#
#f#r#o#m# #a# #S#e#c#u#r#i#c#o#r# #v#a#n#.# #A#n#o#t#h#e#r# #m#a#n#
#(#2#)#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_# #a#l#r#e#a#d#y# #_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#
#(#a#r#r#e#s#t#)# #f#o#r# #t#h#e# #c#r#i#m#e#.##F#o#u#r# #p#e#o#p#l#e#
#(#1#)#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_#_# #(#t#a#k#e#)# #t#o# #h#o#s#pital after a fire at
their home in Tottenham early this morning. They (2)__________ (send) home after
treatment for minor burns. Police believe the fire (3)_____________ (start)
deliberately.Disc jockey Paul Asherton (1)____________ (ban) from driving for two
years. The court (2)______________ (tell) that it was the third time Asherton
(3)___________ (stop) for speeding in six months. Asherton admitted driving at more
than 125 m.p.h.Missing schoolgirl Sheila Patterson, aged eleven, (1)______________
(find) alive and well in Leicester. Sheila, who disappeared two days ago, said she
had left home to join a circus. Her parents are travelling to Leicester tonight.
Meanwhile, Sheila (2)_____________ (look) after at Leicester Police Station.Lorrydriver Albert Whittaker had a lucky escape this afternoon when a concrete block,
which (1)_____________ (load) on his lorry, fell off and landed inches from his
feet. Mr Whittaker (2)___________ (treat) for shock.Exercise 54.
Complete the
second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using by or with only where
necessary.Example:
The police believe that someone used a master key to
open the door.
The police believe that the door was
opened with a master key.Adrian Holt, the well-known composer, is writing the
music.The music __________________________________________________________________
Apparently, someone used a knife to kill her.Apparently, she
______________________________________________________________The police have
arrested a 39-year-old mother of three for shop-lifting.A 39-year-old
_______________________________________________________________Ice on the road
almost certainly caused the accident.The
_______________________________________________________________________I havent

got my car at the moment. The garage is repairing it.I havent got my car at the
moment. It ____________________________________________The supermarket manager was
afraid that someone had injected poison into some of the food. The supermarket
manager was afraid that some of __________________________________Exercise 55.
Active or passive sentence? Use the notes to write sentences about American
history. Put the important underlined information at the end of the sentence.
Example:
Britain rule the American colonies
The American colonies
were ruled by Britain.The colonies win their independence 1783The colonies
won their independence in 1783.1.
Washington become President 1789
Washington __________________________________________________________________2.
buy Louisiana from France
Louisiana
____________________________________________________________________3.
discover
gold California
___________________________________________________________________________4.
the North win the Civil War
___________________________________________________________________________5.
black people want equal rights
___________________________________________________________________________6.
shoot Kennedy 1963
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
56.
Read the following extract from an adventure story. Then complete the extract
by putting the verb in brackets into the correct form. There may sometimes be more
than one possible answer. The first one has been done for you.Jake felt sure that
the secret plans were hidden (hide) somewhere in the room. He began searching
carefully. Behind a picture on the wall he found a small metal safe. They (1)
__________ (keep) in here, he thought. Suddenly, he (2) __________ (push)
violently from behind. He felt, hitting his head on the stone floor, and everything
went back. When he came round, he found that he (3) __________ (take) to a small
room. His hands and feet (4) __________ (tie) with rope and he felt as if he (5)
__________ (drug). He also had the strange feeling that he (6) __________ (watch).
A few minutes later the door (7) __________ (unlock), and two men walked into the
room. Jake immediately recognized one of them. It was Boris Mariovitch, the mad
scientist!So, my friend, said Boris, smiling coldly, what made you think the
plans (8) __________ (keep) in the safe? You fool! They (9) __________ (hide) where
no one will ever find them!What are you going to do with him? asked the second
man, pointing at Jake.Him? Nothing for the moment. No doubt he (10) __________
(kill) in the morning!The two men left. The door slammed shut and (11) __________
(lock) from the outside. Jake looked desperately round the room. The door (12)
__________ (make) of metal and (13) __________ (not break). The windows (14)
__________ (not open) from the inside. What was he going to do? There was no
escape! Jake (15) __________ (trap)!Exercise 57.
to be done and being done. An
immigrant has arrived in Britain. This is what he is saying.Im asking the
government to allow me into Britain. I am worried about them refusing me entry. I
am afraid of your officials sending me away. I dont want you to misunderstand me.
I hope someone in Britain will offer me a job. I dont mind them paying me low
wages. I am willing for my employer to re-train me. I would like Britain to give me
a chance.Report what the man says. Use the passive to-infinitive or ing-form.
Example:
He is asking to be allowed into Britain.
He is worried about
being refused entry.He is afraid of
_______________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
58.
Active and passive forms. Some workers are protesting about not being paid
enough.
Put in a to-infinitive or ing-form. Some forms are active and some are
passive.Example:
We want to be paid (pay) better wages.We dont enjoy
________________________ (use) as cheap labour.Were tired of

________________________ (work) for low wages.We expect ________________________


(treat) like human beings.We wont agree ________________________ (do) what the
bosses want.We hope _______________________ (invite) to discussions with the
company.We insist on ________________________ (hear).Exercise 59.
Active forms
with a passive meaning. Put in an active or passive to-infinitive or an ing-form.
Rory: Are you going to be busy this evening?Claire: Well, Ive got a few things
to do (do). This room ought (1) ________________ (clean) up a bit. And weve got
some clothes (2) _________________ (take) to the launderette.Rory:
Yes, my
trousers need (3) ______________ (wash). Ill put them in the bag.Claire:
Those
trousers have (4) _____________ (dry-clean), dont they?Rory:
Oh yes, of course.
Claire:
Ive got too much (5) ________________
(carry). Ill take it in the car.Rory: Well, if this mess in here needs (6)
____________ (clear) up, I can do that when youve gone.Exercise 60.
Have
and get as ordinary verbs. Complete the conversation. Use have something done with
each verb.A:
Oh, whats happening in here?B:
Were having this room
decorated (decorate). We got tired of the old wallpaper, so were (1)
______________ the walls ______________ (re-paper). And when weve (2)
_____________ that ____________ (do), were going to (3) ________________ a new
carpet ________________ (lay).A:
When did you (4) ______________ these shelves
________________ (fit)? Are they new?B: Oh no. Those have been there for a long
time.Exercise 61.
Make these active sentences passive, if possible in two
different ways.Example:
The secretary gave me a message.
I was given
a message (by the secretary).
A message was given to me (by the
secretary).The head office sent us a telegram.
___________________________________________________________________________My
colleague recommended me the hotel.
___________________________________________________________________________Why did
not they listen to him?
___________________________________________________________________________We will
remit the money to you tomorrow.
___________________________________________________________________________The
wholesaler offered us a discount.
___________________________________________________________________________The
manufacturer has shown us a few samples.
___________________________________________________________________________They
informed us that they approved of the quality.
___________________________________________________________________________We shall
look into the matter carefully.
___________________________________________________________________________My
father lent me a large sum of money.
___________________________________________________________________________They
paid him a good salary.
___________________________________________________________________________When did
they promise you a raise?
___________________________________________________________________________They
told her the news yesterday.
___________________________________________________________________________He took
no notice of my argument.
___________________________________________________________________________My
secretary will deal with your questions.
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
62.
Choose the correct tense (Passive).The student _____________ (expel) for
disorderly behaviour some time ago. These management consultants _____________
(consult) on this matter more than once in the past few years. A new bill
_____________ (bring) in to regulate strike measures. While the enemy _____________
(advance), he _____________ (kill) in a counterattack. He _____________ (acquit) of
the crime long ago.His book _____________ (turn down) by the publishers. I asked to
see him, but they said that the witness _____________ (interrogate) at that moment.
The team _____________ (beat) in last week's match. The job _____________

(complete), so you can all go home now. The men got into the building, while the
interview _____________ (record).Such things __________ (do) when money is getting
tight.Since the late 70s the questions __________ (raise) how companies must
proceed in case they wish to control productivity.Exercise 63.
Choose the correct
tense (Passive).So far this particular problem _____________ (not - deal) with
adequately. Permits _____________ (grant) ever since Mr Lipton's case in court. It
_____________ (report) in several newspapers, that he had been in the plot. New
measures _____________ (introduce) by the government last week. The plan
_____________ (regard) carefully, when in the adjacent room a bomb exploded.The
personnel manager informed me that six applicants for the job _____________ (write
off). At yesterday's meeting it _____________ (resolve) to drop the matter. While
the investigation _____________ (hold), it _____________ (prove) that he was
innocent. The project _____________ (still - discuss). I hope it will end soon.
After the man _____________ (find) guilty of the crime, he _____________ (sentence)
to 5 years imprisonment. New methods __________ (develop) in the years to come.We
__________ (fascinate) by the tennis match in which he beat Lendl.She __________
(drive) to drink by the cruel treatment of her late husband.His speech __________
(prepare) carefully, but it didnt come across very well.The car __________
(polish), after the mechanic has finished repairing it.The shed __________ (erode)
by constant rain and wind, before it collapsed altogether.This famous painting
__________ (track) down with a lot of trouble.Exercise 64. Choose the correct tense
(Active or Passive).The city _____________ (destroy) by Japanese invaders. Nowadays
it is a prosperous business town again. Jack _____________ (constantly change)
his mind when we need an urgent decision. Such methods _____________ (choose)
because of their obvious merits. Latin America's once modern industrial structures
_____________ (gradually - become) out of date with the decline in investments. The
ship _____________ (explode) when the tanks _____________ (clean)._____________
(you - ever - bite) by a dog? You cannot go in now. Your case _____________
(discuss) at the moment. Let's call it a day when this problem _____________ (deal)
with. Finally the strike _____________ (break) when the workers were forced to give
in. The factory _____________ (close) the production lines because of a lack of
orders. Rumours have it that the town _____________ (strike) by another disaster
soon. The case _____________ (examine) closely at the moment. I _____________
(study) these proposals for no less than three days now.Before they ____________
(take) up the challenge they _____________ (provoke) for some time. While he
_____________ (talk) to a lady, his TV set _____________ (steal). The victim who
_____________ (have) a severe accident the other day _____________ (take) to
hospital at once. Unfortunately this film _____________ (expose) to daylight. Your
money _____________ (ability + put) to good use instead of being left idle in the
bank. The owners _____________ (go) away last March and since then their house
_____________ (use) by squatters. He _____________ (make) to surrender his passport
when he _____________ (arrive) at the airport last night. Lifeguards __________
(moral obligation + pay) more money, but the government __________ (ability +
afford) to raise their wages at the moment.The new speed limit __________ (formal
announcement + introduce) next year.The referee __________ (necessity + escort)
from the field by a strong police guard after Groningens last home match.They
__________ (carry out) extensive survey work long before any of the companys
finances __________ (invest) in the project.The instructions for operating this
machine __________ (ability + find) #i#n# #t#h#e# #o#f#f#i#c#e#,# #i#f# #t#h#e#y#
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#(#I#,# #y#o#u# #e#t#c#.#)###S#u#s#a#n# #(#t#o# #y#o#u#)#:# ## I# #f#e#e#l#
#r#e#a#l#l#y# #f#e#d# #u#p# #w#i#t#h# #m#y# #j#o#b#.#You (to Wayne): Susan says
___________ feels really fed up with her job.Laura (to you): How is Louise?You
(to Louise): Laura asked how ____________ are.Phil (to you): I havent got any
money.You (to Gary): Phil says ______________ hasnt got any money.Joanna (to
you): Kevin never speaks to me.
You (to Kevin): Joanna says ___________
never speaks to ____________.Exercise 72.
Changes of place and time. Put in:
here, that day, the day before, the next day, the week before.Angela (a week ago):
Terry and I are going to a concert tomorrow.You (today): Angela said she and
Terry were going to a concert ________________________Jan (two day ago): Ive only

been in England since yesterday.You (today): Jan said he had only been in England
since ______________________________Neil (a week ago): Im meeting my friend at
the airport today.You (today): Neil said he was meeting his friend at the airport
later _____________________Max (in the street): Ill see you at the coffee bar.
You (at the coffee bar): Max said he would see me
__________________________________Paul (a month ago): The festival was last week.
You (today): Paul told me the festival had been
_____________________________________Exercise 73.
The choice of tense. Put in
is or was (Sometimes both are possible.) Is the statement still true (is) or out of
date (was)?Example:
I heard today that the block of flats where I live is
for sale. I wonder who is going to buy it?
I saw Martin yesterday. He
said he was on his way to visit his sister.This wallet is made of plastic not
leather. Why did you tell me it ________ leather?We had to hurry yesterday
morning. Just as we arrived at the station, we heard an announcement that the train
__________ about to leave.What did Barbara said just now? She said her tooth
__________ still aching.I was going to get a cup of coffee, but Mike just told me
the machine ___________ out of order. Its going to be fixed tomorrow.Im surprised
Emma lost her match against Sheila. I thought she __________ a much better player
than Sheila.It said on the radio that the Queen ____________ coming here next
month. Isnt that exciting?When he spoke to reporters yesterday, the Chairman said
that the company ___________ now in a much better financial position.The
advertisement said that the swimming-pool ___________ free, but when we got here,
we found we had to pay.Exercise 74.
The tense change. Reply to the
statements. The speakers are all saying something different to what they told you
before.Example:
Im going out with Ingrid.
But you said you
werent going out with her.
I prefer pop music to classical music.
You told me you preferred classical music.I havent finished my project.I
thought you said ___________________________________________________________Im
better at tennis than golf.But you told me
_____________________________________________________________I enjoy parties.I
remember you saying ________________________________________________________Ive
got a video recorder.But you said yesterday
________________________________________________________Im applying for the job.
I thought you told me _________________________________________________________I
like Indian food more than Chinese.
But you said
________________________________________________________________Exercise 75.
The tense change. A comedy show called Dont Look Now! has just closed
after five years at the theatre in Londons West End. It was the most popular
comedy for a long time. This is what the critics said when it opened five years
ago.*
Its a marvelous show. The Daily Mail.*
Youll love it.
The Guardian.The production is brilliant. The Sunday Times.I cant remember a
funnier show. Stephen Devine.It made me laugh. Ben Walsh.You must see it. The
Evening News.It will be a great success. The Telegraph.You might die laughing.
The Daily Express.Its the funniest show I have ever seen. Joan Proctor.You
shouldnt miss it. Time Out. Now report what critics said.Example:
The Daily
Mail said it was a marvelous show.
The Guardian said people would love it.
The Sunday Times said ________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
76.
Read the interviews and then complete the newspaper report below. The
first one has been done for you.Interviewer:
As Minister of Education, what do
you think of the teachers demand for a ten per cent rise?Minister:
(1)
Frankly, I have little sympathy for the teachers. (2) They are extremely lucky to
have a short working day and long holidays. (3) The Government is not prepared to

pay them more for doing nothing. (4) The Teachers Union must accept that fact. (5)
If they go on strike, they will be acting totally irresponsibly.Reporter:
As leader of the Teachers Union (TU), what if your reaction to the
Ministers remarks?Leader of TU:
(6) I am extremely angry at the Ministers
remarks. (7) Teachers are hard-working, responsible people. (8) When they go home,
they cannot relax because they have to mark books and prepare lessons. (9) I have
been teaching for twenty years, and during that time the pay and conditions have
gone down. (10) The Minister has no idea what hes talking about and should resign!
Minister Unsympathetic Towards TeachersIn a television interview last night, the
Minister of Education (1) said (that) he had little sympathy for the teachers.(2)
He said ______________________________________________________________________(3)
____________________________________________________________________________(4)
____________________________________________________________________________(5)
____________________________________________________________________________When
asked to comment on the Ministers remarks, Tom Bolland, leader of theTeachers
Union, said (6) __________________________________________________________(7)
____________________________________________________________________________(8)
____________________________________________________________________________(9)
____________________________________________________________________________(10)
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
77. Wh-questions and yes/no questions. What do these tourists want to know at the
Tourist Information Centre?Example: German student: What are the most interesting
sights?
A German student wants to know what the most interesting sights
are.
Young man: Have you got a town plan?
A young man wants to
know if the Centre has got a town plan.Young woman: How can I find out about the
town?A young woman wants to know _________________________________________________
Woman: Are there guided tours?A woman wants to know
______________________________________________________French couple: Where can we
stay?A French couple wants to know
_________________________________________________Tourist: Which way is the castle?A
tourist ____________________________________________________________________
Japanese man: What shows are there?A Japanese man
______________________________________________________________Two young men: When
does the festival start?
Two young men
_____________________________________________________________Exercise 78.
Asking
for information. Ask for information using could you tell me ? or do you know?
Example:
Where are the toilets? (tell) Could you tell me where the
toilets are?Can I park here? (know)
_______________________________________________________How long does the film last?
(tell) _______________________________________________How often do the buses go?
(know) ______________________________________________Are we allowed to smoke?
(know) _______________________________________________What time is the flight?
(tell) ___________________________________________________How much does a ticket
cost? (tell) ______________________________________________Exercise 79.
is
- was etc. Gavin has worked for Brisco Supermarkets for thirty years. He can still
remember his job interview after leaving school, and he can remember the questions
that the interviewer asked him.Example:
Where do you live? She asked him
where he lived.
Have you worked before? She asked him if he
had worked before.Why do you want the job? She asked him
_______________________________________How did you hear about it? She asked him
______________________________________Are you fit? She asked him
__________________________________________________Can you work on Saturdays? She
asked him _____________________________________How will you travel to work? She
asked him _____________________________________Have you got a bicycle? She asked
him _________________________________________How much do you expect to earn? She
asked him _________________________________When can you start? She asked him
____________________________________________Exercise 80. Put the following into
indirect (reported) speech.Where did you live in Wales? she enquired.
_________________________________________________________________________Who

is your favourite film star? I asked her.


_________________________________________________________________________
Have you ever seen the Phantom of the Opera? she asked me.
_________________________________________________________________________Did
she like living here? he wondered.
_________________________________________________________________________
Would he support our claim for higher wages? I asked them.
_________________________________________________________________________Are
you going to the IBS Gala on Thursday week? he asked me.
_________________________________________________________________________Had
she visited Singapore before? I asked him.
_________________________________________________________________________Am
I on time? my colleague asked me.
_________________________________________________________________________Do
you know who is meeting our Hungarian agent at the airport? asked our Sales
Manager.
_________________________________________________________________________ Exercise
81.
Tim is very unhappy with his landlady. Read what the landlady says and then
complete the dialogue below.Stay in your room after dinner! Eat your meals in the
kitchen, not the dining-room! Dont bring your friends to the house! Dont use
telephone! Take your shoes off when you come indoors! Dont make noise after nine
oclock! Dont use the bathroom after 8.00 p.m.! Smoke in the garden, not the
house!Example:
Take your washing to the launderette!
She told me
to take my washing to the launderette.or
She told me (that) I
should/must take my washing to the launderette.
Dont use my washing
machine!
She told me not to use her washing machine. or
She told me (that) I shouldnt/couldnt use her washing machine.Tim:
I must find
somewhere else to live. My landladys impossible!Bob: Why?Tim:
Shes so
unfriendly. You know, she told me (1) __________________________________Bob:
Really?Tim: Yes, and she (2)
___________________________________________________________Bob: You mean, by
yourself?Tim:
Yes. But thats not all. (3)
___________________________________________________Bob:
She sounds awful!Tim:
She is. The day I arrived, (4)
_________________________________________________Bob: Oh, dear!Tim:
And (5)
__________________________________________________________________Bob: Your shoes!
Tim: Yes! Then (6) _____________________________________________________________
Bob: Incredible!Tim:
But listen to this! (7)
________________________________________________________Bob:
I dont believe
it!Tim:
Its true! And, finally, (8)
____________________________________________________Bob:
Well, Im not surprised
you want to move!Exercise 81.
Read the following extract from a board meeting
of Discoverer Lines, a shipping company. Then complete the minutes of the meeting
below. The first one has been done for you.Director: Right. (1) There are two ship
we have to discuss this morning: the Magellan and the Columbus. (2) Mr McManus, is
there any more news about the Columbus?Mr McManus:
(3) I had another telex from
the captain yesterday. (4) The ships still in Sydney Harbor and cant be unloaded
because of the dockers strike.Mr Wates: (5) Could the crew on the Columbus unload
the ship themselves?Mr McManus:
No, (6) its out if the question. (7) The Union
would stop every ship in the company!Director: Well, (8) let me know as soon as
you have any news, Mr McManus. Now, (9) I understand there is a problem with the
Magellan. (10) What do you know about it, Mr Greaves?Mr Greaves: (11) The Magellan
broke down in the Mediterranean two days ago. (12) Were going to take the ship
into Malta for repairs.Director:
(13) How long will the repairs take?Mr
Greaves:
(14) They shouldnt take longer than two or three days, but we may have
to wait for spare parts.Director:
(15) How much will the repairs cost, Mr
Wates?Mr Wates:
(16) Ive got an estimate for $20,000, but that doesnt
include the port charges.Director:
(17) Are you going to supervise the
repairs yourself, Mr Greaves?Mr Greaves:
(18) Yes. My flight to Malta leaves

tomorrow morning.Discoverer LinesMinutes of meeting held on Tuesday, 29 MarchThe


Director said (that) there were two ships they had to discuss that morning: the
Magellan and the Columbus.He asked Mr McManus
_______________________________________________________Mr McManus
______________________________________________________________He
________________________________________________________________________Mr Wates
__________________________________________________________________Mr McManus
_______________________________________________________________He
________________________________________________________________________The
Director ________________________________________________________________He
________________________________________________________________________He
________________________________________________________________________Mr Greaves
_________________________________________________________________He
________________________________________________________________________The
Director ________________________________________________________________Mr Greaves
_________________________________________________________________The Director
________________________________________________________________Mr Wates
__________________________________________________________________The Director
________________________________________________________________Mr Greaves
_________________________________________________________________Exercise 82.
Indirect Speech Statements. Put the following into indirect (reported) speech."I'm
too cold to talk properly," he says.
___________________________________________________________________________
"Halloween is on the thirtieth of October," she said.
___________________________________________________________________________They
said, "We work for the Tourist Board."
___________________________________________________________________________"We are
only trying to help," they said.
___________________________________________________________________________"We've
got a busy week ahead of us," said my boss.
___________________________________________________________________________"You can
keep your overtime bonus!" she exclaimed.
___________________________________________________________________________"I've
been working all afternoon while you have been sitting on the beach," she
complained.
___________________________________________________________________________"I
started my new job yesterday, but it isn't as interesting as my old one," she
complained.
___________________________________________________________________________"We must
find the time to meet Mr Jones," she said.
___________________________________________________________________________"I'll
tell you the answer as soon as I know it myself," he promised her.
___________________________________________________________________________She
said, "I've only just started, but I am learning fast."
___________________________________________________________________________"These
two make enough noise for the whole class put together," remarked the teacher.
___________________________________________________________________________"They're
going to go to Austria in December," she said.
___________________________________________________________________________They
had left the room before I could stop them, she explained.
___________________________________________________________________________It
isnt so foggy today as it was yesterday, said the air traffic controller.
___________________________________________________________________________I found
the information we need in the library, he claimed.
___________________________________________________________________________We
shall do everything in our power to help you, he assured me.
___________________________________________________________________________I find
things here altogether to hectic, she explained.
___________________________________________________________________________We may

get that telegram next week, he said.


___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
84.
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#s#u#i#t#a#b#l#e# #f#o#r#m# #o#f# #b#e# #a#b#l#e# #t#o#.###_#_#_____ you stand on
your head? I _______ when I was at school but I _______ (not) now. When Ive
passed my driving test, I _______ hire a car from out local garage. At the end of
the month the Post Office will send him an enormous telephone bill which he _______
(not) pay. The car plunged into the river. The driver _______ get out but the
passengers were drowned. I was a long way from the stage. I _______ see all right
but I _______ (not) hear very well. We _______ borrow umbrellas; so we didnt get
wet. _______ I speak to Mr Pitt, please? Im afraid he is out at the moment! If a
letter comes to me, _______ you please forward it to this address? He had hurt his
leg so he _______ (not) walk very well. She wasnt at home when I phoned, but I
_______ contact her at her office. My grandmother loved music. She _______ play the
piano very well. The boy fell into the river, but fortunately we _______ rescue
him. The doctors say he _______ (never) walk again. Fortunately, he _______ swim
quite well so he _______ save little girl from drowning. He had a ticket so he
_______ to the match but he was too busy. I __________ (not) to play tennis since
I broke my arm last month.Although she was not very tall, she __________ reach the
book she wanted by standing on a chair.He was so confused that he __________ (not)
remember who he was.I dont think that I __________ mend it but Ill try.He
__________ get out of the smoke-filled room by crawling on his hands and knees.
Exercise 88.
could or was/were able to? Put in could or was/were able to with
the verbs. Use the negative if necessary.There was a fire at Oxford Circus
Underground Station last night. It was awful. I was really afraid. I was walking
along a corridor, and suddenly I could see (see) smoke. It was everywhere. I (1)
______________ (hear) people screaming and shouting. I turned round, and luckily I
(2) ______________ (get) away from the smoke. There was a loudspeaker announcement,
but I (3) ______________ (understand) what it was saying. But fortunately I (4)
______________ (find) the way out of the station. No one was hurt, I found out
later. The ticket collectors (5) ______________ (help) all the passengers to
safety.Exercise 89.
could or was / were able to? Put in could or was/were able
to. Use a negative if necessary. Sometimes two different answers are possible.
Example:
It was dark. We couldnt see a thing.The concert was sold out.
Im afraid I ______________ get the tickets.The fence fell down in the storm.
Luckily I ______________ repair it myself. Someone in our street was having a party
last night. You ______________ hear the music half a mile away. I learnt to swim
very early in life. I ______________ swim when I was three. The residents heard
warnings about the flood, and they ______________ move their belongings upstairs in
time.Exercise 90.
Asking permission. How would you ask permissions in
these situations. Use Can I..?/Could
I..?/May I..? and these verbs: borrow,
join, look at, sit down, use.Example:
You are at the friends flat. You want
to make a phone call.
Can I use your phone?You need a ruler. The student
sitting next to you has got one.
___________________________________________________________________________You are
at the managers office. You want to discuss something with him, but you dont want
to stand the whole time.
___________________________________________________________________________You have

gone into a cafe. Three people who you know fairly well are sitting at a table. You
go over to the table.
___________________________________________________________________________You had
to go to a lecture but you were ill. Your friend went to the lecture and took
notes. Next day you are well again, and you see your friend.
___________________________________________________________________________Exercise
91.
may and might. Put in the pronoun (e.g. it, she) and may (not)/might (not) +
verb. Use the verbs in brackets.Example:
There are lots of clouds. It may
rain (rain) you know.
Dont give your grandmother these sweets. She might
not like (like) them.Im thinking of learning Italian. ___________ (go) to evening
classes. I wonder why Jeff is late. Well, theres a lot of traffic. __________
(be) in a hold -up. Its a long way to go in day. We think __________ (break) the
journey somewhere. The car has been standing outside in the cold all week.
__________ (start) first time. Emma is pleased that shes got an interview for a
job. __________ (get) the job, of course.The caravan is a bit small for all of us.
__________ (sell) it and buy a bigger one.Dont you think that box is a bit too
heavy for you? __________ (drop) it.Exercise 92.
mightnt or couldnt? Put in
mightnt or couldnt.Example:
I mightnt have time to come out tonight. Ive
got one or two little jobs to do.
I couldnt be a taxi driver.
I cant drive.Were going to need lots of plates. We _________ have enough, you
know. Bruce _________ be in the office tomorrow. He thinks hes getting a cold.We
_________ have a dog, living in a small flat like this. How do you manage to work
with all this noise going on? I _________ study in these conditions. There
__________ be a drama festival this year. We dont know if anyone will be willing
to organize it.Ring me on Saturday. Dont ring me tomorrow because I __________ be
in. Im not sure what Im doing.Exercise 93.
Complete the following, using
can(t), could(nt), may (not) or might (not) and choosing the suitable verb from
the box below. Dont use any verb more than once. There is sometimes more than one
acceptable answer. The first one has been done for you.come
go
have
leave
read
take
turn
understand
use Honestly,
he spoke so fast I couldnt understand a word he said! _________ we _________ our
cases here while we have lunch? Id take a coat with you. It _________ cold later.
_________ I _________ your phone? Ours is out of order. Id like to go to Sallys
party, but I __________ time.If you dont want to drive, you _________ always
_________ by train.Toms a very good pianist, even though he _________ a note of
music!The House of Commons was interesting, but we _________ photos, which was a
pity.Exercise 94. Complete the following news items by choosing from boxes A or B.
There is often more than one acceptable answer. The first one has been done for
you.
A
B##Mrs Hilda
Barker, who lost her eyesight five years ago (1) can now see again, thanks to
surgeons at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Mrs Barker said, I (2)______________ tell you
how wonderful it was when I opened my eyes and I (3) ______________ see! A
hospital spokesman said, There is always the chance that she (4) ______________
lose her sight again, but we doubt it. Mrs Barker hopes she (5) ______________
leave hospital in two weeks time.John Barratt, M.P., is looking into the case of
Vietnamese refugee who (6) ______________ enter the country because his papers were
not in order. The poor man (7) ______________ speak a word of English, said Mr
Barratt, so he (8) ______________ understand what was happening. Hes obviously
very worried that the Government (9) ______________ let him stay here. I hope I
(10) ______________ do something for him, but it (11) ______________ take several
weeks.
Two schoolgirls, who were sent home for wearing make-up,
(12)______________ miss their university entrance examinations if they
(13)______________ return to school next week. If the girls (14)______________
take these exams, complained one parent, they (15)______________ go to
university. I know they broke the school rules, but the headmaster is being
unreasonable. The headmaster, James Craig, said, The girls knew they (16)
______________ wear make-up, but they did. However, if they are prepared to
apologize, I (17) ______________ consider letting them return.Exercise 95. In the
following sentences, underline the modal verb and explain the meaning it is

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#########################HTTP/1.1 504 Fiddler - Receive Failure
Date: Sun, 22 Nov 2015 12:02:56 GMT
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Connection: close
Timestamp: 19:02:56.373
Content-Length: 503
ReadResponse() failed: The server did not return a response for this request.