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7


He has beautiful blue eyes.

7: Nominative Plural: Forms


7.: Uses of the Nominative (contd)
7.: Describing People (Introduction)

He has beautiful blue eyes

How did yesterdays date with Gena go?

Dont ask!

Was it horribly boring?

, .
. ,
.

No, we went to the Chekhov play Uncle


Vanya. The play was good. And you know
that I really like Uncle Vanya.

?
? ,
.

Then what was the problem? Is Gena a really


unattractive guy? I know that you only like
really good looking guys (hunks).

12
13

. .
, (, , )
.

That wasnt the problem. Hes not bad looking.


He has nice blue (brown, green, gray) eyes and
an attractive face.

14
15

? ,
.

Is he short? I know that you only like tall men.

16

, . . No, hes tall. But hes such an egomaniac. He


,
kept looking at himself in the mirror, I should
. .
say mirrors. In the restaurant there were a lot

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7

8
9
10

11

17
18

of mirrors.

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20

, .
, .

Yeah, I know what you mean. I cant stand


cocky people like Gena.

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5
9
10
11
12
12
12
13
13
15
16
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20

(soft!)

()/ ()
() /

(soft!)

, plural
<

~ / (o)
> plural

adjective from
play; drama
un/attractive (In addition to interesting, this adjective means physically
attractive; pretty; handsome. In fact, this meaning is used very often.)
attractive man (hunk) / woman (babe)
OK; pretty good ( can be used as a short-form adjective or adverb.)
light-blue (As well see in a few weeks, also means gay, homosexual.)
brown (Only used to describe eyes.)
gray (Not used to describe hair.)
eye
face
tall
egomaniac
mirror
cocky; self-assured (This is negative in Russian.)

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7-


7.A

Nominative Plural: Forms

Masculine and Feminine


ADJECTIVES

NOUNS AND NOUNJECTIVES

{I} (- / -)

{I} (- / -)



*

?
*

*Note the inconsistency of unexpected softening in the plural. While softens to , possessives like
, , remain hard: , , .

Neuter
ADJECTIVES

NOUNJECTIVES**

(Same as Masculine and Feminine)


{I} (- / -)
{I} (- / -)

NOUNS
{A}

**Note that for neuter nominative plural nounjectives, the ending is not the same as for nouns; instead, use the
masculine and feminine noun ending {I}.
< (ring)

<
(sea)
<?
>

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7-

7..1

An Important Irregular Nominative Plural Noun: ~

In the dialogue we saw the noun , which has the unexpected nominative plural form . Learn this for
today; in Lesson 10 we will see a lot more irregular plural forms.

Singular

Plural

(instead of )
>

Change from singular to plural. Recall that an or < above a vowel indicates that
<
the noun has shifting stress between the singular and the plural: ~
Example:

Exercise 1

1.

2.

3. <

4.

5.

6.

>

7.

8.

9.

10. <

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

7.
7..1

>

Uses of the Nominative (contd)


Titles of Books (Movies, Plays, Etc.)

When talking about book (or movie, play, etc.), you can either: 1) decline the title as if it were a regular noun
(phrase) or; 2) insert the word , , , , etc. (in the appropriate case) and keep the title in
the nominative. Most Russians normally just decline the title, though it is perfectly correct to use the second
strategy. In fact, for some books, movies, etc., it is much better to insert the category and put the title in the
nominative often if the title contains an animate plural noun. In the translation, you can omit the word book
(novel, play, etc.) if you wish:
?
?

Have you read Anna Karenina?

.
.

We were talking about (the movie) Forrest Gump.

They saw (the play) The Three Sisters.

For the last title, ( ), the strong tendency would be to insert the word
(, , etc.). Its too much trouble to decline a plural animate noun even for Russians.
Note: Only the first word of the title is capitalized: (unless its a
proper noun: , ).
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7..2

7-

Giving an Example: + General Noun + + Specific Noun

You need to be careful when translating sentences containing a specific example following the word like, as in:
Hes afraid of cocky women like Masha.
In a large city like Moscow, sometimes its hard to find close friends.
She envies smart people like me.
Famous actors like Tom Cruise go to that restaurant.
There are two things to keep in mind:
1) Russian requires that the first noun (the general category) be preceded by (with the entire phrase in the
appropriate CNG);
2) The second noun (the specific name), which follows , always appears in the nominative, regardless of
what case the first noun phrase is in. Students are often tempted to put both the general and specific noun in
the same case, but the acts as a barrier against the case.
Here are the translations of the above examples:
+ General Noun in Required CNG

+ Nominative of Specific Noun

, .

Some more examples:

, .

He cant stand (such) jerks like Sasha.

, .

She doesnt associate with (such) fools like you.


, .

You dont know squat about great writers like


Pushkin.

1. I dont like rich women like Masha.

2. Have you seen the film The Sixth Sense ?

3. Im reading Anna Karenina.

4. I cant work with jerks like him.

5. I dont understand people like Pasha.

6. Nina doesnt envy smart students like us.

7. We went to the play The Three Sisters.

8. He doesnt associate with people like us.

9. Im reading the novel The Brothers Karamazov


10. She doesnt think about poor people like us.

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7-

7.

Describing People (Introduction)

Throughout the year well learn various ways of describing a persons appearance. Today well start with height
and eye color.

7..1 Height
Though there are several ways of describing a persons height, youre always safe with the constuction we learned
last year, i.e., / ()// S/he is of (not) high/medium/small height.
.
.
.
, .

My ex-husband was tall.


Hes too short for her.
Masha is (of) average height.
I didnt know that he was short.

It is also possible just to use the adjectives and / without . Note that you cannot
use as you could in the above construction.
.
, ,
.
.
!

7..2

Vera is very tall.


I always thought he was tall, but in fact, hes
short.
We saw a very tall man.
She is so short!

Eye Color

As we saw above, the noun eye has the irregular nominative plural .
Here are the eye colors. Note that you cannot say ** for brown eyes. Instead you must say
note also that is soft! For blue eyes, is possible, but its much better to say to
.
.
?
.
.

My father has blue eyes.


Who here has brown eyes?
His sister has green eyes.
I have gray eyes.

For reference: To ask about someones eye color, use the question: [] ? Of what color
are [persons] eyes?

1.
3.
5.
7.
9.

You have beautiful green eyes.


My uncle is tall.
She has blue eyes.
Polina is of average height.
Ira is short.

2.
4.
6.
8.
10.

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I only like tall women. (Use +...)


Who here has gray eyes?
Kira is a short girl. (Use )
My cat has brown eyes.
There was a tall man standing in the hall.

7- -

"

Fill in the chart:

his blue eye

that big mirror

which attractive guy?

Singular

Nom

Plural

Nom

"

Put the following sentences into the plural

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

. (Think about stress and what the first vowel in really is.)

7.

8.

7- -

"

Describe two people (height and eye color)

1.

2.

"
1.

I cant stand (such) ignorant people like our Russian professor.

2.

Have you read War and Peace?

3.

Vera looks at herself in the mirror all day. She is such an egomaniac.

7-7

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