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Corrugated board

Amylum and the

corrugating business
For several decades the Amylum Group has worked with corrugated board
producers and machinery suppliers to develop efficient, tailor-made solutions
to adhesive problems. Specially designed native and modified starches
manufactured under ISO quality control procedures help guarantee product
performance. Through new insight into the basic principles of the glueing
process and the development of comprehensive glue kitchens, the Amylum
Group is guiding its customers towards optimum product use.

Flexibility, reliability and modern technology are Amylum’s three pillars of

strength in the corrugating field.

Now that we have teamed up with A.E. Staley (USA) as members of the
Tate & Lyle Group we can offer a truly global approach as supplier of starches
and glue kitchens for the corrugated board industry.

Corrugating glue starches


Native starches Amyzet 100 Maize

Amyzet 200 Wheat
Modified Starches Mylbond 110 Maize
Mylbond 210 Wheat
Mylbond 280 Wheat
One bag mix Supramyl 183 Maize

All products are compatible with water-resistant

(or other) additives to meet the Fefco standards.
Amylum’s approach to the
corrugated board industry
Flexibility Reliability Modern technology
Depending on your product range Good bond and flat board have to be Technological innovations like low bond
requirements and glue kitchen system produced daily whilst reducing waste pressure on the single-facers, beltless
we can adjust your glue formulation at and costs. Amylum can contribute to double backers, high output corrugators
any time, using maize or wheat, native this by: and new paper qualities demand higher
or modified starches on a “need to per- 1. ISO 9002 Quality Control and produc- speeds, increased adhesive performance
form” basis. tion methods specially developed for and printability requirements.
For increased productivity, a switch corrugating starch.
to Mylbond 110 or 210 is advised. 2. A Technical Support team trained in Our corrugating research team uses the
The fast tack and short structure help corrugating technology and starch latest research techniques on corrugat-
to increase speed and to produce flat, chemistry, to ensure the correct for- ing starches to develop new products,
strong board. mulation for optimum performance. processes and glue formulations.
Mylbond 280 enables processing of 3. Customer Engineering: glue kitchens
extreme adhesive solids up to 40%, are designed based on the combined Environmental aspects are an integral
enhancing overall mill productivity sig- knowledge of our R&D starch part of our production and products.
nificantly. biopolymer experts, our application Recycling your waste water into the
specialists and our process engineers, glue is an important aspect. Customer
to ensure that we bring out the best training by our Technical Support and
in our starches. Engineering teams is an integral part of
updating glue technology.
Amylum’s product range
Native starches is considerably less sensitive to pump
Native starches are reliable, standard stresses and shear between the glue
products delivering good performance rolls at high speeds (see graph 1). As
on standard board grades. They are a result, glue rolls pick up and transfer
suited for processing in any type of a constant amount of glue, no matter
adhesive preparation system. how long the glue has been circulating,
and glue consumption can be reduced.
Mylbond 110 and Mylbond 210
Modified starches Mylbond 110 (maize) 2. Short structure
and Mylbond 210 (wheat) are processed Mylbond starches render a specific
in Steinhall adhesive preparation systems. visco-elastic structure to the glue and
They have been designed to fulfil the have a distinct rheological behaviour
three key requirements for optimum (see graph 2). Glue is positioned on the
bond performance. flute tip only, exactly where it is sup-
posed to be to ensure proper bonding,
1. Shear stability resulting in reduced splashing.
A constant, uniform glue pick up is Consequently, lower glue application
achieved only when viscosity remains is achieved, resulting in lower moisture
stable. The viscosity of a Mylbond glue input, higher speeds and improved
board quality.

Graph 1: Glue circulation viscosity in function of time Graph 2: Rheology - viscosity in function of shear rate
nip glue rolls pump circulation glue pan flute tip
50 10000
Bauer viscosity at 30°C (s)

Glue viscosity (mPa.s)




25 100
0 1 2 3 4 6 5 7 8 1000 100 10 1
Circulation time (hours) Rheometer shear rate (rot./s)
Mylbond Native Mylbond: short structure Native: long structure

Note: glues have comparable solids & chemicals content

3. Strong tack
Mylbond starches have unique water
uptake characteristics resulting in very
strong tack upon gelatinization, as
soon as contact between fluting and
liner is established (see graph 3).
The combination of swollen granules
(primary fraction) and chain polymers
(secondary fraction) creates strong
forces at high speed to keep the board
in place and to allow completion of bond
setting upon drying. Mylbond starches
will make the adhesive develop its tack
potential to the fullest.

The above combined key benefits of

Mylbond starches allow for higher
corrugator speeds and lower moisture
input. Equilibrium of moisture content
is reached quickly. The board is flatter
and less waste is produced.

Graph 3: Bond development - glue oscillation rheometry

Complex viscosity (mPa.s)




50 60 70 80 90

Temperature (°C)

Mylbond: quicker green bond & higher peak

Although currently still a niche applica-
tion, high dry solids glue up to 40%
will increase overall corrugator efficiency
dramatically in the years to come. Energy
cost concerns (see graph 4) and the
increasing demand for microflute board
and better printability (see graph 5) will
inevitably push the average adhesive
solids content upwards. Additional
benefits will be increased strength
properties, higher speed and flatter

This tendency will be supported by

technological improvements to the glue
application hardware on the corrugator,
enabling minute but precise adhesive
film thickness.

High dry solids glue Producing high dry solids glue with a
sufficiently low gelpoint in a reproducible
way is a challenge in itself and cannot
usually be achieved without the aid of
fillers or one-bag-mix(es). Mylbond 280
modified starch enables the formulation
of a starch-only high dry solids adhesive
in our specially designed processing

Graph 4: Energy requirement to heat & dry glue Graph 5: Printability - point load surface scan
Graph 4: (on single wall B flute, 12 g/m2 starch applied)

100 1,50
Board Height E flute (mm)

Energy (kJ/m2)

-50% 1,44 70µm

50 1,42
30 120µm
10 1,36

0 1,34
25% solids 40% solids 0 10 20 30
Machine direction (mm)
Heating glue Water evaporation 25% solids 40% solids
Corrugated Board
Service Centre

The Amylum Group operates modern,

sophisticated technical support centres.
The latest analytical equipment and
laboratory facilities are available for the
Corrugated Board industry. A team of
specialists is at your service.
Please do not hesitate to call for advice
or guidance.

Technical Support team

Centralised at the Call Centre, our
service engineers from all over Europe
can be called in for:
 optimising formulations
 introduction of new products
 optimising the bonding conditions
 training courses in-house or on the
spot, at different levels
 trouble shooting

Customer Engineering team

Glue preparation and conditioning
equipment are the specialities of this
team. Whether you are in need of a
new glue kitchen, modification of exist-
ing equipment or an upgrade with the
latest technologies, our Customer Research facilities
Engineering team will assist you to The Group Application Centre develops
choose the best alternative, to design, new glue techniques and products for
build and install the required equipment a continuously changing market. New
at your plant. paper grades, the introduction of waste
water into the glue and numerous other
parameters can be tested at our Aalst
site, with up-to-date methods and
         .
             .

  
Amylum Group
Burchtstraat 10 Contact our "Corrugated Board Call Centre"
B-9300 Aalst, Belgium for further enquiries, advice or guidance:
Telephone +32 (0)53 73 33 33 Tel. +32 53 73 37 91
Fax +32 (0)53 73 30 33 Fax +32 53 73 30 46 E-mail: