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The Explorer Islamabad: Journal of Social Sciences

ISSN: 2411-0132(E), 2411-5487(P)


Vol-1, Issue (11): 424-427
www.theexplorerpak.org

THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION IN AGRARIAN


COMMUNITY
Sana Tahir1, Rashid Mehmood2, Samiya Imtiaz3
1

Department of Anthropology, PMAS- Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, 2QEC, PMAS- Arid
Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

Correspondent Author:
Sana Tahir
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi
sana.2Tahir@gmail.com
Abstract: Technology is application of knowledge which ultimately changes the society. This paper reviews
technologys impact on social transformation in villages of Jhelum. It assumed that technological use have
transformed the traditional agrarian communities. This study is an attempt to have qualitative analyses of the said
hypothesis. An explanatory research is conducted through non-probability; disproportionate stratified sampling
technique on a sample size 200 of farmers. Key informant helped established repo at field later interview guide
was use to conduct in-depth interview. The qualitative data collected is discussed specifically through case studies
analyses. Data have analyzed through frequency tabulation.

Key Words: Agricultural technology, Agrarian community, effect on economy, social transformation
INTRODUCTION
Since independence economy of Pakistan
depended on agriculture and it acts like a pillar. It
is as yet contributing around 20% to Gross
domestic product and aggregate of 43%
employment. Other than giving livelihood, 66% of
the numbers of inhabitants in Pakistan are living
in rural places, specifically or by association with
agribusiness for their employment (Pakistan
2006-07). So any approach change in this area
will influence the economy and a vast portion of
masses in the nation.
Technology is presentation of knowledge for
reaching the goals. It brings change in society. In
a society, actions and events are taken on the
utilization of parts of the social framework
embodying human, material and nonmaterial
components. This makes technology to
demonstrate certain exclusivity which is peculiar
to the society.
It can likewise said to have been consequence of
the social framework being development of the
basics of the way of life. As it mirrors the fabrics
of the society and is spoke to by the social
standards, qualities, convictions and attitude of
the human being. Advancement in technology
also changes society as whole. The degree of

change relies upon the extent of change that


happens due to technology
Davis and Reed distinguish social transformation
as a procedure and result, where results are
frequently examined as far as key changes to
social and monetary structures and procedures
are firmly connected to initiative and revamping
of various nearby assets. Social transformations
acts as political venture as by the occasions and
procedures of social change something more
than financial move or demographic movement.
Subsequently social transformation is in a
manner political venture and is impregnated with
force, benefit and test (Gibson and Katherine
2006).
Rural innovations have prevalently been
delegated mechanical advances and natural
advancements. Mechanical advancements relate
by and large to those advances which are typified
in machines and apparatuses, for example,
tractors,
tube-wells,
threshers,
diggers,
consolidate, and so forth utilized as a part of
performing distinctive homestead operations.
Normally, mechanical advancements empower
ranchers to assist ranch operations and
subsequently empower the same work to
develop more land and build editing force. Also,

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dispersion of these advancements comes about


in higher trimming power as well as in snappy
planting and reaping of harvests, and treatment
of yield. Despite the fact that these innovations
have a constructive outcome of developed
territory and editing force yet they don't
fundamentally expand yield of yields.
Biochemical advancements, then again, identify
with new, more info responsive seed mixed bags,
utilization of concoction compost and controlled
use of watering system water. Utilization of these
advancements, when all is said in done, affects
substitution of work and mechanical inputs for
area. Moreover, these innovations expand
harvest yields.
Technology, he suggested, usually changes first,
followed by culture. In other words, we play
catch-up with changing technology, adapting our
customs and ways of life to meet its needs. The
computer provides a good example. The
subsequent discussion considers how it (the
computer) is changing our way of life (Edmore
2012).
In its simplest sense, technology can be equated
with tools. In its broadest sense, technology also
includes the skills or procedures necessary to
make and use those tools (Henslin 1998).
Technology even influences the way people think
and how they relate to one another (Stromquist
2005). Ogburn (1964) identified technology as the
fundamental driver of social change, which he
argues comes through three pronged processes,
invention, discovery and diffusion. As Mutekwe
and Modiba (2012) cited Zald (1992) in Social
movements consist of large numbers of people
who organize to promote or resist change.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This research is based on impact of technology on
social transformation in agrarian community of
Sohan village in Jehlum in this way the
respondents are selected and reviewed by the
help of key-informant; in the end a significant
number of house-holds are brought into contact
and interviewed. The research techniques utilized
for target inhabitants is both qualitative and
quantitative. Two hundred families are
interviewed by disproportionate stratified
sampling technique. The data is then
accumulated through in depth interviews. Open
ended questions were asked in order to

accumulate qualitative data and interview guide


was used as key research tool. Results are
interpreted through different statistical analyses
as following.
The hypothesis was tested through Chi-Square
approach
H0: Technology does not transform a society
H1: technology transforms a society
RESULTS AND DISSCUSSION
Table.1: Agricultural Technology Changes Total
Land Holding
Dependent

Independent

Impact of technology

Change
land

in

Sig. value
.00

The results of regression analysis gives significant


value of .00 which was less than significant value
(0.00<0.05) this leads to the rejection of null
hypothesis that technology does not transform
society and ultimately acceptance of alternative
hypothesis; technology transforms society.
Majority of respondents agrees with the fact that
technology has changed or is changing their
traditional ways these transitions are steady
route of change, which changes the structure of
society and transform to new structural
characters (Rotmans, et al. 2001).
Case Study
Case study of a respondent from village Sohan
puts light on transformation of society as a result
of agricultural technologies. Khalid-uz-Zaman, age
67 practices agriculture in which he uses new
tools both mechanical and biological. According
to him technology is basically time saving and it
increases production of crop but on the other
hand cost on the crop increases on same scale
due to this reason profit attain is insufficient.
Transformation in society is being held with its
pace but the difference according to the
respondent is that agricultural technology is not
the prime factor. In his personal experience
society underwent changes when locals migrated
to UK and UAE in which many persons of his
family also migrated. After his relatives settled
there, they started sending back money. For him
this money was surplus, this extra cash became
resource that attracted different and new life
style full of luxuries. Now these luxuries are

425

necessities. Any analysis of social transformation


thus needs study of both social parts and of local
tradition. The reaction to social transformation
may not involve adjustment to globalization but
instead resistance. This involves traditional and
social resources.
Case Study
Jhangeer Haider, age 45 is agriculturalist he uses
new seeds which are available in market in his
experience old or used seed from previous crop is
though economical but reduces crop production
thus new seeds are high yield producing which in
turn increases income/profit. According to him
using technology has its restrains. Both
technologies (mechanical and biological) needs
flow of cash and tractors further need
maintenance. Further due to this, expenditure is
parallel to profit gained. He explained money that
support his lifestyle comes from his brothers that
are living abroad alone and he is here looking
after land and their families.
Table. 2: Agricultural Technology Transforms
Society
Dependent

Independent

Impact of technology

Change
structure

in

Sig. value
.018

The results of regression analysis gives significant


value of .00 which was less than significant value
(0.01<0.05) this leads to the rejection of null
hypothesis that technology does not transform
society and ultimately acceptance of alternative
hypothesis; technology transforms society.
Heavy majority follows the view that the class
structure and institutional arrangements, with
change in cultural values, beliefs and other
systems, are impression of the economic base of
a society (Francis and Henry 1985) which in seen
through change in their house structure.
CONCLUSION
This paper points the expanding natural obscurity
of and in social development because of change
in technologies. It has been noticed that a change
in technology unavoidably prompts a change in
culture, an individuals' lifestyle. To some, such
changes are undermining, for instance, the
modern upheaval and its computerization
influenced the labor workers and rendered them

jobless. Subsequently, while some welcome new


innovation, others oppose it. It is observed that
social change is unavoidable for society to such
procedures as society contact and its resultant
impacts, social dispersion, social leveling and
globalization. In this procedure, social dispersion
(the spread of innovation or disclosure starting
with one range then onto the next) happens. This
prompts social leveling, a situation whereby
numerous gatherings embrace western culture
which they could call their own traditions. More
over social change have been discovered to be
another wellspring of social development as the
case with restraint developments, social equality,
ecological development, women and human
rights. At the core of it lie objections and
discontents as individuals locate the present
theory of society deplorable and work towards
advancing social change. Their good or
unfavorable scope incredibly influences social
developments. Social development makes
utilization of publicity to further their reasons.
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Publication Date: Dec-1-2015
2015The Explorer Islamabad Journal of Social Sciences-Pakistan

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