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Bonus Report

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3 Simple And Easy Steps To Test Flyback


Transformer

One of the most frustrated sections in troubleshooting and repair of


Computer Monitor and Television is the high voltage section. It involved
the B+ circuit, flyback transformer, horizontal yoke coil, horizontal
output transistor, safety capacitor and damper diode. All of the circuits
and components above are easily check with just a multimeter and a
digital capacitance meter but the flyback transformer was the most
confusing one.

I believe many repair technicians and engineers have problems in


identifying if the flyback transformer is working or not. Assuming if the
flyback was the cause of horizontal output transistor (HOT) to blow and
because of lack of information, you might think the flyback is good. If
this happen then you will be wasting your precious time in searching for
faulty circuit that caused the HOT to blow.

A faulty flyback transformer could cause many problems in Computer


Monitor and Television. Those problems are:
- It causes power section to blow
- Low B+ voltage
- High voltage shutdown
- tic-tic sound
- Arcing sound through ground
- It causes the HOT to blow either immediately or after running for
couples of minutes, days or weeks later.
- Blurry and bright display
- No high voltage (no display)
And other weird problems such as horizontal size too big and etc.

It is very important for every electronic repairer that deals with flyback
transformer to know how to test a flyback transformer.

The first step in testing a flyback transformer is:


Check the internal capacitor inside the flyback transformer. If you are
dealing with TV repair, then you dont have to follow this step because
usually TV flyback transformer does not have internal capacitor in it.
This step only applies to Computer Monitor flyback transformer. As
shown from the photo, you have to use a digital capacitance meter to
measure between the anode cap and the bottom pin of flyback
transformer.

You dont need to discharge the internal capacitor because the


focus/screen divider that consists of very high ohm resistance already
taken care of the charge. A good capacitance value should be around 1.5
nanofard to 3 nanofarad. However there are some Monitor designs that
can go as high as 6 nano farad! Test more of them and you will be surely
know what kind of value you should expect from different brand of
Monitor in the future.

Please take note that it is not 100% accurate in checking the internal
capacitance with just a normal digital capacitance meter because some
internal capacitor may breakdown when full load is applied. The good
news is that the internal capacitor breakdown when under full load is very
rare but it does happen. If you suspect the internal capacitor faulty, just
direct replace with a new flyback transformer.

Second step
Remove the whole flyback transformer from the mainboard and test each
pin with an analog multimeter to the anode cap as shown from the picture
next page. It should not have any readings and if there is a reading then
the flyback transformer either had developed shorted between windings
or the internal diodes had shorted. There is no way that you can repair it.
The only choice is to get a new flyback transformer.

Third step
First you need to find out the primary winding. By following the B+ line
to flyback pin and the collector pin of HOT, that was the primary
winding. A shorted winding can cause lot of problems in Computer
Monitor and TV. Shorted primary winding cant be test with a normal
multimeter, it needs a special meter specially designed to test and check

windings. The most famous flyback tester is the Dick Smith Flyback
Tester. You can download the free flyback tester schematic at:
http://www.flippers.com/pdfs/k7205.pdf

It can check a shorted winding even when the flyback is on board. One
word of notice is that some flyback transformer primary winding only
breakdown when under full operating voltage thus this meter cant test
this type of condition. Although it is not 100% in checking windings, it
stills the best tester to do this job.
So now you have it, go and remove the flyback transformer and start
practicing it. Who knows later you can check and test any flyback
transformer in less than 1 minute! If you wish to learn more about secrets
of electronic troubleshooting and repair with the help of quality photos
then click on the link below to find out more!
http://www.TestingElectronicComponents.com
I hope youve found this e-report useful and if you have any questions
please do not hesitate to email me. Thanks!
Sincerely,

Jestine Yong
Founder-www.ElectronicRepairGuide.com
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