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America Before Columbus

By Rixon Stewart on September 1, 2006

The Hidden History of the Promised Land

It may sound a little over the top but its really no overstatement to say that
much in our modern world is based on falsehood and fabrication. We are told,
for example, that Columbus discovered America in 1492, yet there is plenty
of evidence to suggest that others had visited America before Columbus:
including visitors from ancient Egypt, Phoenicia and medieval Europe. Despite
this modern authorities continue to push the line that Columbus discovered

In point of fact Columbus himself never even set eyes upon America; the
closest he got to the mainland of North America was Puerto Rica. However in
the aftermath of Columbuss voyage John Cabot sailed from Bristol, England;
which in turn opened the way for the first colony in Jamestown, Virginia and
thus allowed the English to claim America as their own. Yet there is
considerable evidence that suggests that others from different cultures
preceded Cabot and Columbus. So one is forced to ask: why, when there is
much to suggest that others from different cultures preceded Columbus,
dont we hear more about this possibility being investigated? Could it be that
certain powers have a vested interest in keeping our real history under

Whatever the answer the fact remains that a great deal has been unearthed
which is completely at odds with conventional notions regarding the origins of
what we know today as America. In fact according to some contemporary
authorities, the Native Americans encountered by the early settlers
from England were not what they appeared to be. They were indeed
native to the Americas but they were not its original inhabitants,
who according to various tribal legends, had disappeared eons
before in a series of cataclysms.

Of course this is so at odds with the dictates of modern science, history and
archaeology that one would expect it to be rejected out of hand, as indeed it
has been. This is not so easily done though with a landmark tower in
Newport, Rhode Island. Curiously the tower is built in the style of a medieval
look out and has been dated back to the fourteenth century. As if to
emphasize its antiquity Italian navigator Giovanni de Verrazano recorded the
tower whilst mapping the coastline in 1524, marking its location as an
existing Norman Villa. Similar evidence can be found in Westford,
Massachusetts, where a rock engraving can be found depicting a figure
dressed like fourteenth century knight. Intriguingly the figure carries a shield
portraying the emblem of a ship following a single star.

Of course this may simply be dismissed as a modern day hoax but this cant
be so easily done with Scotlands Rosslyn Chapel; where clear depictions of
ears of corn or maize and aloe cactus, both unknown in medieval Scotland,
can be found on some of the archways and ceilings. These stone carvings are
an integral part of the Chapel, which was only completed in 1486; thats a full
six years before Columbus is said to have embarked on his voyage of
discovery. The standard line is that both maize and aloe cactus were only
found after Columbus had sailed West. Thus, according to authors Knight and
Lamar Rosslyn Chapel amounts to clear . . . evidence that the men who
instructed the masons of Rosslyn Chapel must have visited America at least a
quarter of a century before Columbus.

All of which prompts one to ask: if the actual discovery of the Americas could
have been concealed for so long what more could be hidden? The answer to
that, as you shall see, is a whole lot more.

These and other finds are given further credence by the very history of the
Knights Templar. And its a history that adds an even more intriguing twist to
the story of discovery of America. The Order of the Knights Templar was
originally founded in Jerusalem in 1118, when nine French Knights asked King
Baldwin to be allowed to protect pilgrims travelling to the Holy Land. Their
request was granted and significantly they were also granted permission to
stay in the ruins of Solomons Temple; for it was here, according to some
researchers, that they made discoveries that would ultimately change the
very course of history.

Once established in the ruins they began excavations that yielded untold
treasures, both in terms of material wealth and even more precious
knowledge. It was through this knowledge that the original Templars
obtained an insight that allowed them to question much of orthodox
Christianity. An insight through which they recognized that the
established Church had misinterpreted much of the original Christian
teaching: including the Virgin Birth, the Crucifixion, the Resurrection
and reincarnation. According to writer and researcher David Hatcher
Childress: To the Templars, the true church, one that taught
mysticism, reincarnation and good works was being suppressed by a
dark power that called itself the one true faith.

And just in case you thought that Christianity never taught anything about
reincarnation, take note: prior to the Council of Nicaea the idea of
reincarnation was an integral part of the Christian faith. That ended however
with the first Council of Nicaea in A.D.325. Convened by Emperor
Constantine of Rome the Council effectively settled various theological
disputes and ratified what was to become Holy Roman Law, the official
version of the word of God. In the process the very notion of reincarnation as
part of the Christian faith was consigned to the waste bin of history.

Armed with this new knowledge the power and influence of Order of the
Knights Templar rapidly increased. By the mid thirteenth century the Order
owned about nine thousand castles and manors across Europe. Along with
material acquisition came a reputation that left many in Medieval Europe in
awe. The Templars distinctive white surcoat, emblazoned with a red cross,
was always seen in the thick of battle; indeed they quickly established a
reputation comparable to modern fighting elites such as Britains SAS, the
U.S. Marines and Airborne or Russias Spetnaz.

More than simply being a political and military power though they also
became a force to be reckoned with in the fields of cultural and metaphysical
endeavour too. For it was the Templars who instigated the first stonemasons
guilds and introduced new building methods with skills inspired, in part, by
what they had learned in Jerusalem. Prior to these European buildings had
been built for practicality and defence; generally plain structures with little in
the way of inspirational design but that too were about to change. In the
space of a few decades, Europe saw the appearance of a string of new
churches and cathedrals with high vaulted ceilings, flying buttresses and
dazzling stained glass windows. All of which was to lay much of the

groundwork for the future Renaissance and the Templars were very much the
driving force behind it.



Yet by then the Templars power and influence had increased to such an
extent that they were seen by Rome as a danger to itself, a challenge to the
official word of God. So on Friday, October 13th, 1307 the Church of
Rome made its move and at the same time bestowed on Friday 13th
the sinister connotations which have remained ever since. With the
blessing of Pope Clement V, King Philip of France drew up a list of
charges against the Order; falsely accusing them of everything from
homosexuality, abortion, necromancy and use of the black arts. On the dawn
of Friday 13th his forces seized, interrogated, tortured and burned the
captured Templars. Many escaped though, including the Templar Fleet, which
sailed to safe haven in Scotland. At the time Scotland was ruled by Robert the
Bruce and at odds with England so the Scots readily accepted help from
anyone who was willing to offer it. In return the Knights Templar would play a
critical role in the Battle of Bannockburn. Just as the Battle hung in balance
the Scots, outnumbered two to one by the English, were suddenly reinforced
by a contingent of mounted Knights; with long flowing beards and a bold red
cross emblazoned on their white tunics the newcomers helped swing the
battle in the Scots favour..

The Templar ships were not anchored for long in Scotland though; a large part
of the fleet, consisting of 12 ships and over 300 men, sailed on across the
Atlantic to take refuge in America.

America? You may ask, how did they know about America? THEY

Well according to Knight and Lomas, the Masonic authors of The Hiram Key,
the original Knights Templar may well have acquired key manuscripts whilst
resident in Solomens Temple in Jerusalem. Amongst them manuscripts from
the Mandaean sect which believed that John the Baptist was the true Messiah
and that the souls of the good went to a land far across the sea, a wonderful
land, a promised land marked by a star called . . . Merica. Which calls to
mind the rock engraving of a medieval knight in Westford, Massachusetts; the
engraved knight carries a shield portraying the emblem of a ship following a
single shining star.

An engraved stone from the Burrows Cave find. Note the man's beard, a

feature unknown among native Americans, and the sailing ship to his right
Anyway, if you really believe in your highly idiosyncratic definition of the word
discover, so that you cannot say anyone discovered anything unless they
did so from some absolute perspective of a dehumanized audience, then you
should NOT say that Native Americans discovered America, because Native
Americans, being Native Americans, by definition came into existence only
after the discovery of America. You cannot even say that Asians discovered
America, because, if you follow your own logic, only one person, the absolute
first to see America, can claim the honor ; every single person who came
next, including but not limited to Columbus, came to a continent that had
already been discovered once and for all by this first Asian to see America. So
you should tell children an Asian discovered America.


David Ben-Abraham - October 14, 2013 - 11:20 am

I thought the article was very informative. But really, it misses the whole
point. The Native American Indians had discovered the North American and
South American continents long before Christopher Columbus and Amerigo
Vespucci, and long before the Chinese Muslim eunuch named Sambao, and
long before Viking or Norse explorers! Rather, the western civilizations of
Europe only began to discover the already-known and settled continent to be
called America in 1492.

Its America: not Americas. Sorry but the USA doesnt have any
special right to rewrite history.
America is a continent and Americans are all those born on it. Even
more, the Americans of the south have been Americans for longer
than United Statesians when South America was considered America
It is therefore quite possible that while resident in Solomens Temple the first
Templars found reference to new lands across the sea as well as the name
le Merica. Which in turn led their descendents to its fabled shores. As if to

emphasize this recently discovered ruins in Patagonia revealed an ancient

pier and docks dressed with stone slabs bearing the Templar cross. Which in
turn has prompted some investigators to speculate that the Templars may
have journeyed further south from North America.

Yet even if this was the case, then the Knights Templar were not the
first, not even the first from Christian Europe, to visit America. Long
before Columbus is supposed to have discovered the Americas Vikings and
early Celtic Christians may well have trod the shores of North America, and
before them others even more ancient[PHOENICIANS,MOORS]. The
discovery of various Roman coins around the U.S has led some researchers to
conclude that America was the final destination for a wave of people who
came not as colonists but as refugees. The coins, which have been found
largely around the Mississippi-Arkansas-Ohio-Missouri river systems, cover
the later periods of Rome and particularly the reigns of Antoninus Pius,
Gallienus and Emperor Tetricus. A period of Roman rule that Gibbon describes
as a time of uninterrupted confusion and calamity. So its quite possible
that these coins were left by what were in effect boat people seeking refuge
from a disintegrating Empire.

Whats significant here though is the fact that these finds have not strictly
been confined to the Mississippi-Arkansas-Ohio-Missouri river systems.
Although largely confined to the vicinity of these river systems Roman coins
have been found across North America: from Arkansas to Alabama, from
Missouri to Oklahoma. Maybe, indicating a wave of refugees? Or, a series of
exploratory ventures? Or maybe even both?

An engraved stone from Burrows Cave. Note the Roman style battering ram
at the ship's prow.
True to form modern academia and its various experts have largely ignored
these finds or simply brushed them aside as hoaxed. Thus dismissing such
tantalising glimpses of the past as an Egyptian-minted Gallenius coin, found
in a stream bed by Geology students near Black Mountain, North Carolina. Or
the even more fascinating Rio Grande Tablet. Written in a style current in
the Roman colony of Libya around 300AD, the tablet proffers a poignant
insight into the past. Inscribed on it is a prayer to the Roman deity Mithras,
dated the 6th year of an unnamed Emperors reign, a prayer that asks for aid
and relief for a sick and lost party. Whether deserters or early explorers some
researchers have concluded that the Rio Grande Tablet is the work of a lost

Libyan detail of the Mithras worshipping Roman army.

The notion that elements from Romes Carthaginian colony in Libya may have
visited America has been further underlined by the Burrows Cave find.
Amongst the thousands of artefacts in the collection is the depiction of a
Negroid face carved on a stone tablet in a distinctly Roman style.
Predictably it has been virtually ignored by the various authorities.
After all the idea that North Africans were visiting North America
over a thousand years before Columbus challenges much of written
So Burrows cave has either been dismissed as a hoax or ignored by modern
academia, yet in the words of Ancient American magazine it is the
archaeological discovery of the century. The story of Burrows cave
began in 1982 when Russell Burrows was out searching for American civil war
artefacts in southern Illinois. Using a common metal-detector he claims to
have discovered an underground chamber full of ancient artefacts.
Numbering more than seven thousand the artefacts largely consist of stones
inscribed with the portraits of ancient Egyptians, Carthaginians, Romans and
Hebrews; many of which were inscribed with script resembling Phoenician
or ancient Semitic writing. Although many of the relics found in Burrows
Cave have been examined Burrows himself has not as yet revealed the exact
location of his find, partly because of the derision that greeted his claims.
However he has promised to reveal the exact location of the find in the near
future and when he does we will update you.

In the meantime though it must be said that if you thought the idea of
Knights Templar or even Romans in America was outlandish then we suggest
that you take a deep breath. For as we researched this article the evidence
emerged which is even more at odds with the conventional notions of
American history. For while the ancient Americas may well have played host
to many visitors from many different lands there is one in particular who
stands out. An individual whose presence in America, if in fact he were there,
is likely to shatter many beliefs: historical, cultural, metaphysical and

Across the Americas, north and south, there are oral traditions and stories

that are remarkably similar in overall theme. They tell of the coming of a pale
man, some even say a white man; known variously as the Dawn God, the
Peacemaker, the Pale One and the East Star Man: he was given this latter
name because according to some stories he had come across the sea from
the east. In other words he had come across what we know today as the
Atlantic from either Europe or North Africa.

Whatever he was called though his arrival left a deep impression on those
peoples and cultures he visited. Prior to his appearance some tribes in the
Americas, more particularly in south or Central America, had practised blood
sacrifice. The arrival of the Pale One, or Quetzalcoatl, as the Maya
knew him, changed that. He taught new rituals and ceremonies some of
which remain to this day; such as the smoking of sacred pipes, which for
some tribes replaced blood sacrifice.





Apart from having pale skin he was also distinguished from the indigenous
Americans by the fact that he was bearded, a facial feature that is unknown
amongst Native Americans. Moreover he is said to have dressed completely
differently from indigenous Americans, in long flowing robes and sandals

Some tribes called him the Son of the Great Spirit whilst others refer to him
as the son of Yod-hey-vah. Sound familiar? Well this latter name was a
phonetic pronunciation he taught as was the name he taught the Algonkin
of the Great Lakes when they asked his name. He replied that names
meant nothing to him; so they then asked what he was named in childhood
when he had lived across the waters. That name, which even today they
struggle to pronounce was, he told them: Chee-Zoos, God of the Dawn


The parallels between what is written in the Bible and the stories told by
various Native American peoples are uncannily similar. For example, the
tribes of Oklahoma tell of a man they call the Healer, who chose from
amongst the native people twelve disciples. He told them that he was born
across the ocean, in a land where all men were bearded. In this land he was
born of a virgin on a night when a bright star shone in the heavens. And, as if
to celebrate his birth the heavens opened and down came winged beings of
great beauty chanting in praise of Chee Zoos, God of the Dawn Light.

Engraving from the Burrows Cave find.

Likewise the Dacootah recall the coming of the pale faced Healer. According
to them his name remains sacred and during his time with them he taught
rites of purification and . . . baptism.

In the same way the Tribes around the Great Lakes speak of the coming of
the Prophet; a pale, bearded man who was, according to their tribal elders,

the son of the Great Spirit. A Prophet who appeared to them as a white man
and who could heal the lame and sick with his touch.

Their medicine men say that: all that he touched was enchanted with His
god-like power of healing.And that . . . He came alone. He organized the
churches, changed the temples, taught the priesthood.

Elsewhere, across the Americas there are similar tales and they all tell the
same story: of a god-like white man who travelled across the Americas
teaching and healing. At the time of his arrival legend has it that there was a
great city situated where the Missouri and the Mississippi run to the Southern
sea. One morning it is said that the Prophet came there in a long boat, used
by the traders. The streets, the old legends say, were covered with flowers
strewn in homage on the path before Him as He walked toward the Temple.

All of which is reminiscent Christs entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, the
week before he was crucified, when adoring crowds spread palm leaves
before his approaching steps. The Native stories continue:

Greatly beloved now was the Pale God, known as the Lord of the Wind and
the Water. His every move bespoke his kindness: His very touch revealed His
Divinity; and before Him all the people bowed down. Through the rows of
worshippers He moved in quiet solemnity, holding up His hand in blessing
that hand with the strange palm marking, for through it was engraved the
True Cross which He had taken as His Symbol.

He stayed for some time, say the legends: though often he rode away with
the merchants, or more often walked to distant villages, holding in His hand
His great staff, and stopping to speak with all the people, from the aged to
the little children.

Of course you may object that these are only stories, the legends and tales of
a simple and unsophisticated people. And of course you are right, but it
doesnt end there because these stories have been partly substantiated by
artefacts found within or in the vicinity of mounds built by the ancestors of
modern Native Americans.

The so-called Mound Builders flourished in North America between 200 B.C.
and 500 AD. Little is known about them except that they built earthen
mounds, often in the shape of birds and animals. With the arrival of settlers
from Europe many of these mounds were levelled to make way for new
farmland. In the process the mounds and their contents were scattered or
ploughed under; then in the early 19th century strange relics were unearthed
as new roads were built and forests cleared, and this occurred largely around
Michigan, Illinois and Minnesota, areas of much previous mound building.

Amongst the relics recovered have been engraved depictions of the

crucifixion and other biblical motifs. Yet despite the fact that many of these
discoveries were accompanied by sworn affidavits and written testimony the
archaeological authorities of the day largely dismissed them as fakes. A
response that continues to this day.

We honestly dont know whether Christ was physically located in the

Americas or simply made an appearance, so to speak, spiritually and thereby
inspired the stories, artefacts and inscriptions. Or indeed whether they were
inspired by the tales of long forgotten Christian missionaries. Certainly
Rudolph Steiner spoke of initiates and mystics around the planet being aware
of the events in Palestine at the time of the crucifixion. So this proposition is
certainly a possibility but whatever the real explanation it offers a fascinating
alternative view of history and Christianity itself.

Whats more, as individuals, we may soon be able to explore this possibility

for ourselves. According to various tribes, before his departure, the East Star
Man said that one day he would return, not in body but in spirit. At this time,
he said, the world would be a dark place where evil would reign, however, the
pure in heart would perceive his return. In other words what he is said to
have told Native Americans is exactly what modern Christians would
understand as the second coming. So if you can lift your head up from the
feeding trough of consumer society, or the conveyor belt called work, you
may just notice something in the air.

Sources include: www.wolflodge.org, Rule By Secrecy by Jim Marrs, publ:

Harper Collins. The Hiram Key by C. Knight and R. Lomas, publ: Barnes and
Noble Books, New York. He walked the Americas, Taylor Hansen, publ: Legend

Press, Amherst, Wisconsin. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Gibbon.
Ancient American magazine no. 26 & 33.