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T8

DIESEL
ENGINE

TITLE
T8: DIESEL ENGINE
THEORY :
The term diesel engine is to be understood in present purposes as any
reciprocating engine in the cylinders of which an introduced charge of air is
compressed sufficiently to ensure the spontaneous ignition and combustion
charge of air is compressed sufficiently to ensure the spontaneous ignition and
combustion of an atomized of fuel oil injected into the charge compressed air.
OBJECTIVE :
To conduct and obtain an engine performance curve/ full load test
APPARATUS :
1. Diesel engine unit.

PROCEDURE :
1. The main supply to instruments and exhaust fan is switched on.
2. Ensure VARIAC TRANSFORMER is located at 0; volt position.
3. Cylinder A is filled with diesel oil to the minimum level (16 ml)
4. Water flow valve E is opened and water flow is adjusted to 15 litres/hour.
5. Oil filter valve B is adjusted to open position.
6. Throttle valve C is adjusted to start (Full throttle position)
7. Decompression calve D is lifted and maintain Lift position.
8. Starter key E is turned to start position. Starter motor is allowed to crank
flywheel for maximum 10 seconds only.
9. The decompression lever and starter key together are released together.
10. Upon engine star up, 1 minute warm up is allowed, before adjusting throttle to
middle position.

11. A suitable speed and load is selected, so that the engine will labor upon
reaching maximum load.
12. Load is reduced to no load or minimum and throttle position is maintained.
13. A fresh supply of fuel is introduced to measuring cylinder. Note consumption
rare when load is slowly increased.
14. The voltage and ammeter is monitored.

RESULTS

For load = 30

Speed

Full

Speed

Full

For load = 60

Engine Oil

Exhaust

Water

Water

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

(oC)
45
51
54

(oC)
79
86
119

In (oC)
29
30
30

Out (oC)
50
57
91

AC

AC

Tachometer

Fuel Flow

Ammeter

Voltmeter

(rpm)

(ml)

(A)
0.02
0.03
0.64

(V)
1
2
43

1008
1234
1662

20
20
20

Time (s)

244
222
101

Speed

Full

Speed

Full

For load = 90

Engine Oil

Exhaust

Water

Water

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

(oC)
61
63
64

(oC)
88
105
134

In (oC)
31
31
31

Out (oC)
93
91
92

AC

AC

Tachometer

Fuel Flow

Ammeter

Voltmeter

(rpm)

(ml)

(A)
2.5
6.7
11.4

(V)
16
45
78

1090
1333
1706

20
20
20

Time (s)

257
161
86

Speed

Full

Speed

Full

Engine Oil

Exhaust

Water

Water

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

(oC)
68
69
69

(oC)
103
112
153

In (oC)
30
29
29

Out (oC)
88
86
92

AC

AC

Tachometer

Fuel Flow

Ammeter

Voltmeter

(rpm)

(ml)

(A)
6.8
15.2
15.4

(V)
46
96
106

1159
1598
1721

20
20
20

Time (s)

199
144
73

For load = 120

Speed

Engine Oil

Exhaust

Water

Water

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

Full

Speed

Full

(oC)
71
70
70

(oC)
120
137
163

In (oC)
29
29
29

Out (oC)
82
86
94

AC

AC

Tachometer

Fuel Flow

Ammeter

Voltmeter

(rpm)

(ml)

(A)
13.6
17.2
17.1

(V)
93
118
118

1322
1479
1531

20
20
20

Time (s)

188
128
60