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1. Attempt all parts, all parts carry equal marks, write answer in short.

[2 X
10 = 20]
(a) Consider two identical spherical balls submerged in water at different depths.
Will the buoyant force acting on these two ball be the same or different?
(b) Explain why some people experience nose bleeding and some other
experience shortness of breath at high elevations.
(c) Consider the following steady, two-dimensional velocity field:
V = (u,v) = (0.66 + 1.3 x) i +(-2.7 1.3 y) j
Is there a stagnation point in the flow field? If so, where is it?
(d) When the flow through a control volume is steady?
(e) Write the primary dimensions of each of the following variables (i)
Acceleration (ii) angular velocity, (iii) Angular acceleration.
(f) Why liquids are usually transported in circular pipes?
(g) What is the difference between model and prototype?
(h) What is stream-wise acceleration? Can a fluid particle accelerate in steady
(i) Define upper critical and lower critical Reynoldss Number.
(j) What is difference between hydraulic grade line and energy grade line? Under
what condition both lines coincide with the free surface of the liquid?
2. Attempt any 5 questions from this section:
[10 X 5 = 50]
(a) A wooden cylinder of length L and diameter L/2 is floating on water with its
axis vertical. Find the metacentric height if the specific gravity of wood is 0.6.
(b) Explain the Rheology of fluids. Also explain why we need to shake the bottle
of tomato catch-up for use
(c) What is the Eulerian description of fluid motion? How does it differ from
Lagrangian description?
(d) Explain stream function and velocity potential function with their physical
significance. In a two-dimensional flow field has velocities along the x and y
directions given by u = x2t and v = -2xyt respectively, where t is time. Then
what will be equation of stream line?
(e) Explain Impulse-momentum principle. A horizontally laid pipe carrying water
has a sudden contraction in diameter from 0.4 m to 0.2 m respectively. The
pressure across the reducer reads 300 kPa and 200 kPa respectively when the
flow rate is 0.5 m3/s. Determine the force exerted on the reduced section due
to the flow, assuming that friction losses are negligible.

(f) State the principle of

working of
venturimeter and
obtain an expression
for the actual discharge through the venturimeter.
(g) An aeroplane weighing 65 kN, has a wing area of 27.5 m 2 and a drag
coefficient (based on wing area) CD = 0.02 + 0.061xCL2. Assume for air at
ambient conditions, density = 0.96 kg/m3. Determine the following when the
craft is cruising at 700 km/h:
a. The lift coefficient
b. The drag coefficient
c. The power to propel the craft.
(h) In the two-dimensional incompressible fluid flow field, the velocity
components are expressed as, u = 2x x2y + y3/3;
v = xy2 2y x3/3
a. Is the flow possible? If so, obtain an expression for the stream function.
b. What is the discharge between streamlines passing through (1, 3) & (2,