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Seminar Report

On
Security Solution based on Solar Solution for Indian Armed
Forces and Paramilitary Forces
Submitted to
Amity University, Uttar Pradesh

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the


Degree of
Master of Technology
In
Power Systems-W
By
Deeksha Bansal (A2327313007)
Under the guidance of
Mr. Sumeet Sehrawat
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
AMITYSCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
AMITY UNIVERSITY, UTTAR PRADESH
NOIDA (U.P.)

FEEDBACK FORM
Internal Faculty Guide Comments:

External Examiner Comments:

DECLARATION
I, Deeksha Bansal, student of M.Tech (Power Systems-W) hereby declare that the Seminar
report titled "Security Solution based on Solar Solution for Indian Armed Forces and
Paramilitary Forces" which is submitted by me to Department of Electrical Electronics
Engineering, Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Amity University, Uttar
Pradesh, Noida, in partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of the degree of Master
of Technology in Power Systems-W, has not been previously formed the basis for the award
of any degree, diploma or other similar title or recognition.

Signature:
Name: Deeksha Bansal
Roll No: A2327313007
Date:

CERTIFICATE
On the basis of declaration submitted by DEEKSHA BANSAL, student of M.Tech (Power
Systems-W), I hereby certify that the seminar titled Security Solution based on Solar
Solution for Indian Armed Forces and Paramilitary Forces which is submitted to Department
of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Amity School of Engineering and Technology,
Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Noida, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the
award of the degree of Master of Technology in Power Systems, is an original contribution
with existing knowledge and faithful record of work carried out by him under my guidance
and supervision.
To the best of my knowledge this work has not been submitted in part or full for any Degree
or Diploma to this University or elsewhere.

Signature:
Faculty Guide: Mr. Sumeet Sehrawat
Date:
3

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The preparation of this work has been successful due to the help and inspiration received
from various sources. I would like to express my gratitude to all those who gave me the
opportunity to complete the seminar report entitled "Security Solution based on Solar
Solution for Indian Armed Forces and Paramilitary Forces
I am very thankful to Mr. Sumeet Sehrawat for his valuable suggestions. This constant,
sincere inspirations and liberal co-operation in all respects are really unforgettable experience
for me. I have been very much benefitted from their technical advice and support during the
period of my work on this research.

TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT1
INTRODUCTION ..2
1.TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS. 3
1.1 SCOPE. 3
1.2 INTRODUCTION .. 3
2. MPPT CHARGE CONTROLLER . ... 4
2.1 MPPT CHARGE CONTROLLER SPECIFICATION. 4
3. HIT SOLAR PANEL...5
3.1 HIT PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE.. 6
3.2 HIT SOLAR CELL STRUCTURE .. 7
3.3 MULTICRYSTALLINE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE. 8
3.4 SELF POWERED SYSTEM.9
4. TEST RESULTS10-16
5. REFERENCES.....17

ABSTRACT
To provide solution to defense for the problems they are facing to monitor Indian
borders. We offer Integrated System of Street/Border Light, CCTV Surveillance
and Security Surveillance (Laser Curtain System).Our system also works on Solar
Power System i.e. Self Powered System. Options are also available to remotely
monitor and manage health of complete system including LED Light, Camera,
Batteries, Laser Curtain and etc. We will use LED Lights in place of CFL or
Conventional Lights (HPSV) in our solution. None of the low grade components
are being used to ensure maintenance free solution. Our system uses Li-Ion
batteries system which ensure guaranteed life of 9 years and enhanced backup.
System can be configured for 3 days backup on single day charge based on
requirement. We use Solar PV cells which has 25 years guaranteed life. Our
system has options for all power sources i.e. Grid/DG/Solar. Requirement of Diesel
is minimized as we have solar option in our solution. Our offered solution is Cost
Effective in comparison to conventional systems being used.

INTRODUCTION
India has vast border to be monitored round the clock. Currently Armed forces are
using physical security measures during day and CFL or Conventional Lights
(HPSV) to monitor the border during night which are dependent of availability of
Grid/DG Power Source. CCTV based Security Surveillance systems are being used
at very few places. Availability of Grid Power supply in remote areas is limited.
Currently Lights at Border works on Diesel Generator at most of the locations as
Grid Power supply is not regular. Transportation of Diesel and Maintenance of
Generator in remote areas is a major issue. Use of solar energy for running of
security and surveillance equipment in remote and high altitude areas as well as
other Defense establishments is negligible. Remotely managed security solution
(for lights as well as cameras) is very limited. Conventional system is expensive
and requires frequent repairs.
So, our system can function round the clock in all weather and terrain. We offer
Integrated System of Street/Border Light, CCTV Surveillance and Security
Surveillance (Laser Curtain System).Our system also works on Solar Power
System i.e. Self Powered System. Options are also available to remotely monitor
and manage health of complete system including LED Light, Camera, Batteries,
Laser Curtain and etc. We will use LED Lights in place of CFL or Conventional
Lights (HPSV) in our solution. None of the low grade components are being used
to ensure maintenance free solution. Our system uses Li-Ion batteries system
which ensure guaranteed life of 9 years and enhanced backup. System can be
configured for 3 days backup on single day charge based on requirement. We use
Solar PV cells which has 25 years guaranteed life. Our system has options for all
2

power sources i.e. Grid/DG/Solar. Requirement of Diesel is minimized as we have


solar option in our solution. Our offered solution is Cost Effective in comparison to
conventional systems being used.

SCOPE:
This report basically based on the concept of Solar Photo-Voltaic (SPV) Power
technology. It also includes the guidelines that is concerned for planning of the
SPV Power Systems for a security solution. These guidelines are provided with
the facts which is to be needed to take into consideration for the selection of SPV
Systems. It also contain some test results which clarify all the points.

INTRODUCTION:
India has vast border to be monitored round the clock. Currently Armed forces are
using physical security measures during day and CFL or Conventional Lights
(HPSV) to monitor the border during night which are dependent of availability of
Grid/DG Power Source. Availability of Grid Power supply in remote areas is limited.
Currently Lights at Border works on Diesel Generator at most of the locations as
Grid Power supply is not regular.
So, our system can function round the clock in all weather and terrain. We offer
Integrated System of Street/Border Light, CCTV Surveillance and Security
Surveillance (Laser Curtain System).Our system also works on Solar Power
System i.e. Self Powered System. Options are also available to remotely monitor
and manage health of complete system including LED Light, Camera, Batteries,
3

Laser Curtain and etc. We will use LED Lights in place of CFL or Conventional
Lights (HPSV) in our solution. None of the low grade components are being used
to ensure maintenance free solution. Our system uses Li-Ion batteries system
which ensure guaranteed life of 9 years and enhanced backup. System can be
configured for 3 days backup on single day charge based on requirement. We use
Solar PV cells which has 25 years guaranteed life. Our system has options for all
power sources i.e. Grid/DG/Solar. Requirement of Diesel is minimized as we have
solar option in our solution. Our offered solution is Cost Effective in comparison to
conventional systems being used.

MPPT CONTROLLER

It is basically an electronics DC to DC converter that basically optimizes the match


between the solar panel and the battery bank or utility.

Technical Specification Solar Charge Controller MPPT


Rated Voltage

12V DC

Rated Charge Current

10A

Load Current

10A max.

Max. PV open circuit Array voltage

21V DC

Boost Charge

14.4 0.2V DC

Boost Return

12.8 0.2V DC

Over Discharge Disconnection

11 0.2V DC

Over Discharge Reconnection

12.4 to 12.7 V DC
4

Battery Low Voltage Alarm

11.7V DC

Module Reverse Current Protection

Yes

Over Load Protection (DC Load)

Yes

Reverse Polarity Protection

Yes

Over Discharge Protection

Yes

Operating Temp.

10 to 50 C

HIT PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE

HIT CELL TECHNOLOGY


6

The HIT solar cell is basically made up of a monocrystalline silicon water which is
surrounded by ultra-thin silicon layers of amorphous.It generate solar electricity
on front as well as on back end.

QUALITY & SPECIAL FEATURES


HIT solar modules are perfectly pollution free, having no noise.It does not have
any moving part.The new dimensions of HIT Modules enables adequate space
saving installation.It also achives the maximum output power .

HIGH PERFORMANCE AT HIGH TEMPERATURES


It is having very low temperature co-efficient.HIT solar cell can has capability to
maintain a higher efficiency than a conventional crytalline solar cell , even at
higher range of temperatures.
The main reason to consider HIT is that it is dust free and air resistant .HIT has a
feature which is unique & allow better efficiency even at high temperatures and
also allow to produce more energy

HIT SOLAR CELL STRUCTURE

MULTICRYSTALLINE PHOTOVOLTAIC CRYSTALLINE MODULE


There are some characteristics given below:1. High Performance
2. Reliability & Quality
3. Longer Life

SELF POWERED SYSTEM

SPS DEMONSTRATION KIT


VMPPT
POWER CONTROL UNIT
PV
PANEL
HIT

DCDC

MPPT
Charger

48V-12V
BPU

TES

LIB

10

NO
LOAD

TEST RESULTS

SPS Charging Test by HIT half


panel(120Wp)
BPU Output Voltage and Charging Current

Maximum Output

Partially cloudy

Maximum
Charging

SPS Charging Test by HIT half


panel(120Wp)

SPS Charging by Test HIT half


panel(120Wp)

SPS Charging Test by HIT half


panel(120Wp)
MPPT-out Voltage and PV-out Current

Irr@12:09=900W/m

Irr@17:00=287W/m

Charging Test by HIT half


panel(120Wp)

112W

36.7W

Charging Test by HIT half


panel(120Wp)
Product #

I-V characteristics depending


on Temperature

I-V characteristics
depending on Irradiance
Temp.: 25degC
Actual Meas.
Value
900W/m2@11:45

Curre
nt

Spec. Value

nt Curre

Actual Meas.
Value
287W/m2@17:00

Spec. Value
Voltage
Voltage