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Computer Aided Engineering MCB 3063
Computer Aided Engineering
MCB 3063
Computer Aided Engineering MCB 3063 Course Introduction Nov 13, 2014

Course Introduction

Nov 13, 2014

Computer Aided Engineering MCB 3063 Course Introduction Nov 13, 2014
Computer Aided Engineering MCB 3063 Course Introduction Nov 13, 2014

About Me

Assoc Prof Ir Dr Mokhtar Awang

Bachelor Degree in Mech Eng, Univ of Detroit

Mercy, USA

Master of Science in Mech Eng, West Virginia Univ, USA

PhD in Mech Eng, West Virginia Univ, USA

Registered Professional Engineer with Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)

Chartered Engineer with UK Engineering Council

Deputy Head, Mechanical Eng Dept

Chair of ASME Malaysia Section

6 years experience in various industries

Dept – Chair of ASME Malaysia Section – 6 years experience in various industries N o

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Prerequisites

Solid Mechanics (MCB 2034)

Fluid Mechanics II (MCB 2053)

Prerequisites • Solid Mechanics (MCB 2034) • Fluid Mechanics II (MCB 2053) Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Instructors

Assoc. Prof. Ir. Dr. Mokhtar Awang

19-03-04

Office:

Office phone:

email:

05 368 7204

Prof Abdul Rashid AbdulAziz

Office phone: email: 05 – 368 7204 mokhtar_awang@petronas.com.my Prof Abdul Rashid AbdulAziz Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Course Synopsis

This is an introduction course to Finite Element Method

(FEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).

Basic formulation of FEM based on load stiffness displacement matrices(Direct Stiffness Method

spring/rod element and maximum potential energy method

beam and frame elements)

Variational Techniques of Numeric (discretization of space and PDE).

Specific commercial engineering software will be used as a

tool.

of space and PDE). • Specific commercial engineering software will be used as a tool. Nov-14

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Learning Outcomes

Demonstrate the underlying principles of

Computer Aided Engineering (Finite Element Method and Computational Fluid Dynamics).

Construct models using Finite Element/Volume/Difference.

Apply the application of structural and

thermofluids analyses in specific engineering

problems.

Model and simulate engineering problems using specific commercial software.

problems. • Model and simulate engineering problems using specific commercial software. Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Communication Modes

Communication Modes • E-learning • E-mail • Appointment Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

E-learning

E-mail

Appointment

Communication Modes • E-learning • E-mail • Appointment Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

Nov-14

Dr Mokhtar Awang

Course outcomes

At the end of this course, students should be able to:

1.

Demonstrate the underlying principles of Computer

Aided Engineering (Finite Element Method and Computational Fluid Dynamics).

Construct models using Finite Element/Volume/Difference.

Apply the application of structural and thermofluids analyses in specific engineering problems.

Model and simulate engineering problems using

specific commercial software.

2.

3.

4.

problems. Model and simulate engineering problems using specific commercial software. 2. 3. 4. Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Texts Books

1.

Finite Element Analysis: Theory and Application with ANSYS, Saeed Moaveni, Prentice Hall.

John D. Anderson Jr., Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Basics with Applications, 1995, McGraw Hill.

2.

D. Anderson Jr., Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Basics with Applications, 1995, McGraw Hill. 2. Nov-14 Dr

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Assessments

Quizzes /Assignments

15 %

Projects

15 %

Test

20 %

Final Exam

50%

Total

100%

/Assignments 15 % Projects 15 % Test 20 % Final Exam 50% Total 100% Nov-14 Dr

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Policy

Attendance (90%)

Non compliance Barred from Final Exams

Assignment submission (On-time delivery)

Non compliance Penalty (marks deduction-10 % per day)

Use of handphone in class (To be turned

off)

% per day) Use of handphone in class (To be turned off) Non compliance  Student

Non compliance Student asked to leave the class

Dr Mokhtar Awang

Nov-14

Quizzes or Tests

Quizzes or Tests

No make-up quizzes or tests unless with

valid reasons. Written justifications are required.

Failure to provide advance notice to the

lecturer may result in marks deduction for the re-test.

The student will have 5 working days from

the day of the original test to take the re- test.

• The student will have 5 working days from the day of the original test to

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Lesson Plan

Dr Mokhtar Awang
Dr Mokhtar Awang
Lesson Plan Dr Mokhtar Awang Nov-14

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Learning Outcomes

Get some ideas about FEM

Familiarize with FEM terminology

Learning Outcomes • Get some ideas about FEM • Familiarize with FEM terminology Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Why do we need CAE?

Engineering is a problem-solving

discipline, it requires an understanding of complex systems

and phenomena that occurs in the

system. Prof. JN Reddy

Geometric modeling CAD/CAM/CIM

Need a tool to analyze stresses, displacements, temperature etc

modeling – CAD/CAM/CIM • Need a tool to analyze stresses, displacements, temperature etc Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Engineering Problems

Exact solution

Example: deflection of a cantilever beam

Approximate solution

Finite element method (FEM)

 

Finite volume method (FVM)

   
   
   

Finite difference method (FDM)

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

    – Finite difference method (FDM) – Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

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Exact solution

Example: Slopes and Deflections of

beams

Exact solution • Example: Slopes and Deflections of beams Dr Mokhtar Awang Nov-14

Dr Mokhtar Awang

Exact solution • Example: Slopes and Deflections of beams Dr Mokhtar Awang Nov-14

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Course Content

FEM -> ANSYS Mechanical APDL

CFD -> ANSYS Fluent

Course Content • FEM -> ANSYS Mechanical APDL • CFD -> ANSYS Fluent Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar

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Definition

Finite having limited in size

i.e computer has finite amount of memory

Element subdivision of an object/continuum

Method approach/ a way of solving

• Element – subdivision of an object/continuum • Method – approach/ a way of solving Nov-14

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Finite Element Method (FEM)

numerical technique for finding

approximate solutions of partial differential equations (PDE) as well as of integral equations.

FEM based on the idea of building a

complicated object with simple blocks

integral equations. • FEM based on the idea of building a complicated object with simple blocks

Dr Mokhtar Awang

integral equations. • FEM based on the idea of building a complicated object with simple blocks

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Finite Element Formulation

Direct formulation/Direct stiffness

Minimum total potential energy formulation

Weighted residual formulation

Collocation method

Subdomain method

Galerkin method

Least-square method

– Collocation method – Subdomain method – Galerkin method – Least-square method Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar Awang

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Basic Features of the FEM

Divide the object (whole) into parts

(finite element mesh)

Set up relationships between primary

(unknown) and secondary (known) variables Assemble the parts to obtain the solution of the whole

and secondary (known) variables • Assemble the parts to obtain the solution of the whole Nov-14

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Why Finite Element Method?

Advance computer technology

To save cost of experimental works

Boeing Co.

To validate experimental work; CNT

• To save cost of experimental works – Boeing Co. • To validate experimental work; CNT
• To save cost of experimental works – Boeing Co. • To validate experimental work; CNT
• To save cost of experimental works – Boeing Co. • To validate experimental work; CNT

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Available Commercial Fem

software

ANSYS

I-DEAS

NASTRAN

ABAQUS

COSMOS

ALGOR

PATRAN

HyperMesh

Dyna-3D crash/impact analysis

ABAQUS • COSMOS • ALGOR • PATRAN • HyperMesh • Dyna-3D – crash/impact analysis Nov-14 Dr

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Basic FEM terminology

Element a geometric sub-domain of

the region

Node a geometric location in the

element Mesh a collection of element (including nodes) that replaces the actual domain

element • Mesh – a collection of element (including nodes) that replaces the actual domain Nov-14

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Basic FEM terminology

The elements are interconnected at points.

those points (so called nodes or nodal points) are common to two or more elements and/or boundary lines and/or surfaces.

The transfer of load (force, displacement, heat flux,

etc) between elements occurred at the common nodes

between elements.

elements occurred at the common nodes between elements. Node Elements Discretizing the geometry into elements and
elements occurred at the common nodes between elements. Node Elements Discretizing the geometry into elements and

Node

Elements

Discretizing the geometry into elements and nodes

the common nodes between elements. Node Elements Discretizing the geometry into elements and nodes Nov-14 Dr

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Type of Finite Elements

1 - D (Line) Element

(Spring, truss, beam, pipe, etc.)
(Spring, truss, beam, pipe, etc.)

2-D (Plane) Element

(Spring, truss, beam, pipe, etc.) 2-D (Plane) Element (Membrane, plate, shell, etc.) 3 - D (Solid)

(Membrane, plate, shell, etc.)

3 - D (Solid) Element

Element (Membrane, plate, shell, etc.) 3 - D (Solid) Element (3-D fields - temperature, displacement, stress,

(3-D fields - temperature, displacement, stress, flow velocity)

Dr Mokhtar Awang

shell, etc.) 3 - D (Solid) Element (3-D fields - temperature, displacement, stress, flow velocity) Dr

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Sample of 2-D mesh

Example of simulation and discretization of 2-D eng. problem

Sample of 2-D mesh Example of simulation and discretization of 2-D eng. problem Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar
Sample of 2-D mesh Example of simulation and discretization of 2-D eng. problem Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar

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Dr Mokhtar Awang

Sample of 3-D mesh

Example of simulation and discretization of 3-D eng. problem

Sample of 3-D mesh Example of simulation and discretization of 3-D eng. problem Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar
Sample of 3-D mesh Example of simulation and discretization of 3-D eng. problem Nov-14 Dr Mokhtar

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