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TIMP

FORMA

FORMARE

Prezent Afirm. S +vb+(-s, -es/pers.III,sg)


Simplu
S + don't/doesn't + vb
Neg.
Inter.

Do/Does + S + vb ?

EXEMPLU

I always go to school in time.


He doesn't work every day.
Do you like pizza?
- In autumn, it rains very much.
- She likes ice cream better than
cakes.
- If it rains, we will stay at home.
-We will finish the work before he
comes.

Prezent Afirm. S + to be + vb-ING


Continu u Neg. S + to be + not + vb-ING
Inter. To be + S + vb-ING ?

UTILIZARE

-actiuni obisnuite, care se


mtampla in mod regulat, dar
nu neaparat in momentul
vorbirii;
-adevarari sau realitati
general acceptate;
-exprima opinii, preferinte

I am going to school now.


He is not working now.
Arc you loving pizza?
- He is writing a new book.

-actiune care se afla n plina


desfasurare in momcntul
vorbirii;
-actiune care este in
! Timpurile contimine sunt
desfasurare in prezerit, dar
forme care apartin registrului
nu se intampla exact tn
oral, limbli vorbite si sunt
momentul vorbirii
rar folosite in regis trul scris!
-tendinta sau actiune care a
debutat recent,
-actiuni dintr-un prezent
-More and more perople from
mai lung, dar temporal",
Mexic are learning English. -Are
-actiuni de lunga durata sau
you doing anything interesting these obiceiuri -pentru situatii
days? -My sister is always wearing care se schimba;
my clothes!
-pentru a te plange de o
-Your English is improving!
situatie temporara

Prezent
Perfect Afirm. S + have/lias +vb (-ed, forma a
Simplu
Ill-a)

- Why are you eating my ice cream? - actiune petrecuta si


People have pointed the planet.
incheiata intr-un moment
din trecut ce nu paote fi
precizat; cu rezultate ce se
I haven't done my homework yet.
S + haven't/hasn't + vb -ed sau
vad in prezent;
Neg. forma a Ill-a)
- actiunc carc s-a incheiat
Have/has + S + vb (-ed sau forma My parents have just arrived.
recent;
Inter. a III-a) ?
- actiune trecuta, parte a
unui proces neincheiat tnca;

MENTIUNI

all the time, always,


every day (week,
month, year, etc),
most of the time,
often, usually,
sometimes, rarely;
-Tn actiuni viitoare,
cand este precedat
de if when, until as
soon as, before,
after

now, in this moment;


- numai vcrbclc
dinamice au forma
continuua;
- vb statice (de
perceptie,senzafie
activit. mental a,
relatie, posesie:
believe, realise,
think, suppose,
understand,see
know, hate, love
understand, own
mean,need, hear) ! vb to like -fara
forma continuua
- cu adverbe de
frecventa:
always,
sometimes, often,
etc;
- just, yet
- la intcrogativ sc
foloseste adverbul
already pentra a
sublinia uimirea;

Prezent
Perfect Afirm. S + have/has + been + verbContinu u
TNG
Neg. S + haven't/hasn't +been + vbING
Inter. Have/has + S + been + vb- ING?

The boys have been playing football - actiune care a inceput tn - cu prepozitii
since noon.
tecut i continua in prezent temporale since, for,
I haven't been gone for long.
until

Trecutul Afirm. S + vb-ED (vb. regulate)


Simplu
Neg. S + vb (forma a II-a pt vb.
neregulate)
Inter. S + didn't + vb (inf. scurt) Did + S
+ vb (inf. scurt) ?

I played tennis last year.

Trecutul Afrm. S + was/were +vb-ING


Continuu

While my brother was listening the -aciune fn desfasurare intr- -cu while -this time
radio / I was reading a book
un moment din trecut
yesterday,

Have you been working until now?


-fapte si realitati din trecut;
actiuni repetate -actiune
She will not has been reading this
care s-a desfasurat si s-a
book by tomorrow.
incheiat intr-un moment
She didn't wash the dishes. Did you trecut determinat,
finish the homework?
precizat;

- cu adverbe de timp:
in the morning, the
day before yesterday,
last night (month,
etc);

Neg. S +wasn't/waren't + vb-ING


Inter. Was/were + S + vb-ING ?

When the teacher explained, he


wasn't paying attention.
Were you sleeping at this time,
yesterday?
- They were playing, talking and
laughing during the class.

-actiune care se desfasoara


concomitent cu o alta
actiune;
-pt a descrie o scena din
trecut.

-Monday at this
hour, etc

Trecutul
S + had + vb (ed, forma a Ill-a) I had come home before my mother - actiune care s-a petrecut - before
Perfect Afirm.
arrived from office.
inantea unei alte actiuni din
Simplu
trecut.
Neg. S + hadn't + vb (-ed,forma a III-a) She hadn't finished her work before
midnight.
Inter. Had + S + vb(-ed, a III-a forma)? Had you gone to the airport?
Trecutul
Perfect Afirm. S + had + been + vb-ING
Continuu
Neg. S + hadn't + been + vb-ING
Inter. Had + S + been + vb-ING ?
Viitorul
Simplu

- actiune care s-a desfasurat - since, for


I had been writing a letter for 20 continuu pe o perioada de - all day (night,
minutes.
timp si s-a incheiat inaintea year; etc)
She hadn't been gone more dian half unui alt timp.
an hour.
Had you been learning all night?

Aff. S + shall/will + vb(inf.scurt)


Ncg. S + shall not/ won't +
vb(inf.scurt)
Inter. Shall/will + S + vb(inf. scurt) ?
TO BE GOING
planuri, intentii)

I shall visit Paris next week.


-actiuni care vor avea loc
She will not (won't) go to her cousin intr-un moment din viitor;
next Friday.
predicii,promisiuni,
Will you come tomorrow?
invitatii, oferte, cereri
-interogafii despre viitor,
planuri ale aetiunilor
TO...(pt
viitoare.

tomorrow, the day


after tomorrow, next
year; etc

Viitorul Afirm. S + shall/will + be + vb-ING


I shall be flying at this hour -actiune viitoare in plina
Continu u
tomorrow.
desfaurare intr-un moment
Neg. S + shall not/will not + be + vb- He will not be living here next year. din viitor
ING
Will they be reading books this time
Shall/will + S + be + vb- ING ? in the week-end?
Inter.
Viitoml Afirm. S + shall/will + have 4- vb (ed. I shall have finished the exam by this -pt. a sublinia o actiune care -by
Perfect
forma a Ill-a)
time next Wednesday.
care va fi terminata intr-un - dupa think, hope,
Simplu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have + vb He will not have gone to work by the moment al viitorului
expect, pt. a exprima
(ed, forma a ITT-a)
time you arrive home.
intamplari din viitor
Inter.
Shall/will + S + have + vb (ed, Will you have gained the money by
care nu sunt prea
forma a Ill-a) ?
February?
sigure
-I think I will have finished my
homework by 7 o'clock.
Viitorul Afirm. S + sliall/will + have + been + vbPerfect
TNG
Continu u Neg. S + shall not/will not + have +
been + vb-ING
Inter.
Shall/will + S + have + been +
vb-ING ?

I shall already have been turning old


when you will be 20.
She will not has been reading this
book by tomorrow.
Will you have been starting the
coursc when I will finish my
classes?

- already
!! In engleza moderna
forma shall este f. putin
utilizata!
! Cea mai des folosita in
engleza vorbita si serisa e
forma prescurtata '11!

VERBELE CARE NU SE CONJUG LA TIMPUL PROGRESIV/CONTINUU sunt verbele care exprim stri
sufleteshti,gnduri,opinii,atitudini ( feel , think , believe , trust , insist , let , want , apologise , advise , agree ,
refuse , state , end , finish ,etc.), precum i verbele modale sau care se comport n anumite situaii ca verbe
modale (can, may , must , need , shall , will)
De obicei NU se folosesc la prezentul continuu verbe din urmtoarele domeniile:
PERCEPIE: see (vedea), hear (auzi), notice (observa), smell (mirosi), taste (gusta), feel (simi,pipi)
GNDIRE: think { that } (gndi {c}), consider { that } (considera c), feel (simi,pipi), understand (nelege), know
(ti,cunoashte), realize (reliza), suppose (presupune,trebui), believe (crede), remember (a i aminti), recall
(reaminti cuiva, ca i " remind "), expect (atepta la,s), appreciate (aprecia,evalua,preui,crete n valoare)
SENTIMENTE: want (vrea), wish (dori), desire (a{-i}dori), like (place), hate (ur), dislike (a{-i}displace), care (a{-i}
psa), refuse (refuza), forgive (ierta), mind (a{se}supra), adore (adora), hope (spera), intend (intentziona), agree
(a fi de acord)

STRI I CALITTZI PERMANENTE ALE OAMENILOR SAU OBIECTELOR : be (fi), belong (aparine), own
(avea,poseda), have (avea), contain (conine), include (include), comprise (cuprinde), weigh (cntri), measure
(msura), cost (costa), resemble (semna), consist (a fi format din), require (cere,solicita), need (avea nevoie)
ALTELE : concern (privi pe cineva/ceva), matter (avea importantz,conta), mean (nsemna), seem (a{-i se}
prea{cuiva ceva}), appear (aprea), keep (pstra,respecta,continua s), disappear (disprea)
Dintre acestea, unele verbele (care de obicei nu se folosesc la prezentul continuu) fac excepie de la regul i se
conjug la acest timp atunci cnd au urmtoarele nelesuri:
A VIZITA CEVA/PE CINEVA,A CONDUCE PE CINEVA pt.verbul " SEE " (vedea): I'm seeing my fellow at railway station
(mi-am condus camaradul al gar); she is seeing me in this afternoon / she make me a visit in this afternoon
A SE GNDI LA CEVA/CINEVA pt.verbul " THINK " (gndi): I am thinking about my exams (m gndesc la examele
mele); what are you doing right now ? I am thinking (ce faci chiar acum? - m gndeam)
A ASHTEPTA,A FI N CURSUL UNEI ASHTEPTRI pt.verbul " EXPECT " (ashtepta): she is expecting a baby (ea
shteapt un copil)
A SERVI/A LUA MASA pt.verbul " HAVE " (avea): I am having dinner (iau cina)
A SUSTZINE/A DA UN TEST pt.verbul " HAVE " (avea): I'm having a test tomorrow (mine dau un test)
A FACE pt.verbul " HAVE " (avea): I am having a bath / a shower now (fac o baie/un dush acum)
A SE COMPORTA pt.verbul " BE " (avea): you are being rude today (te-ai comportat nepoliticos astzi)
A MIROSI/A ADULMECA pt.verbul " SMELL" (mirosi): I'm smelling the soup so that I find out what it is made of
(miros supa ca s mi dau seama din ce e fcut)
A GUSTA pt.verbul " TASTE " (gusta): I am tasting a cake; wow , what delicious it is ! (gust o prjitur;vai,ce
delicioas e!)
A PIPI pt.verbul " FEEL " (simtzi,pipi): I am feeling this fabric to see if it is made of silk (pipi tzestura ca s vd
dac e fcut din mtase)
=============================================================================================
VERBELE CARE SE CONJUG LA TIMPUL PROGRESIV/CONTINUU sunt verbele care exprim micare sau
schimbare [ move , come , become , change , charge , pass , go , set , sit , stand , lay (asheza), lie (culca), do , make
get , run , rain, blow , snow, shine , remove , increase , rise , raise , fall , grow , improve , begin , start ,etc.]

VERBS AFTER WE PUT THE NEXT VERB WITH " -ING" (verbele dupa care
punem verbe terminate in " -ing" sunt acelea care cer, in varianta romaneasca.,
infinitivul de forma "de a face/facerea" , celelalte cer infinitivul lung de forma " to
do care in varianta romaneasca e conjunctivul "sa faca")
Verbele care exprima placerea sau neplacerea:
to like - to like doing (a -i place a face); to hate - to hate doing (a uri facerea)
to love - to love doing (a iubi facerea); to dislike to dislike doing (a -i displace
facerea)
to enjoy - to enjoy doing (a se bucura de facerea); to regret - to regret doing (a
regreta facerea)
to rejoice - to rejoice doing (a sarbatori facerea); to resent - to resend doing
(a lua in nume de rau facerea)
to adore - to adore doing (a adora facerea)
Verbe care arata inceperea sau terminarea:
to begin - to bigin doing
to start - to start doing
to commence - to commence doing (a incepe facerea)
to stop - to stop doing
to finish - to finish doing (a opri facerea)
Verbe care arata continuarea., intreruperea sau amanarea :
to keep (on) - to keep on doing (a continua facerea)
to continue - to continue doing (a continua facerea
to delay - to delay doing (a intarzia facerea)
to put off - to put off doing (a deconecta/intrerupe facerea)
to postpone - to postpone doing (a amana/a nu da importantza cuvenita facerii)
to adjourn - to adjourn doing (a amana /a suspenda/a intrerupe facerea)
to interrupt - to interupt doing (a intrerupe facerea)
Alte exemple:
to remember - to remember doing (a -shi reaminti facerea)
to forget - to forget doing (a uita a face)
to recall - to recall doing (a -shi reminti facera)
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

imagine - to imagine doing (a -shi imagina facerea)


miss - to miss doing (a rata facerea)
be worth - to be worth doing (a fi in valoare de a face)
mind - to mind doing (a -i pasa de facera)
prefer - to prefer doiung (a prefera a se face)
avoid - to avoid doing (a evita facerea)
risk - to risk doing (a risca facerea)
try - to try doing (a incerca facerea)

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

intend - to intend doing (a intentziona facerea)


admit - to admit doing (a accepta facerea)
appreciate - to appreciate doing ( a aprecia facerea)
consider - to consider doing (a considera facerea)
deny - to deny doing (a interzice facerea)
practice - to practice doing (a practica a face)
suggest - to suggest doing (a sugera facerea)
need - to need doing (a avea nevi e facerea/a face)

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