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Quantity

Quantity

Take-off

Take-off

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

RequiredRequired InformationInformation forfor CostCost EstimateEstimate

Detailed drawings

Detailed drawings

Specifications

Specifications

Available site data

Available site data

Available resource data (labor, material & equipment)

Available resource data (labor, material & equipment)

Government regulations

Government regulations

Applicable owner requirements

Applicable owner requirements

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ContractContract DocumentsDocuments

 

Contract agreement

Contract agreement

General conditions

General conditions

Special conditions

Special conditions

Bills of quantities

Bills of quantities

Drawings

Drawings

Specifications

Specifications

Plans

Plans

Others (Change orders, Warranty, )

Others (Change orders, Warranty, )

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

 

Quantity takeoff is necessary to perform a cost estimate

Quantity takeoff is necessary to perform a cost estimate

The quantity of material in a project can be accurately

The quantity of material in a project can be accurately

determined from the drawing

determined from the drawing

the estimator must make a complete and thorough job analysis

the estimator must make a complete and thorough job analysis

The unit cost of different materials should be obtained from

The unit cost of different materials should be obtained from

material suppliers

material suppliers

Cost of delivery and wastage should be included

Cost of delivery and wastage should be included

The material quantity takeoff is extremely important for cost

The material quantity takeoff is extremely important for cost

estimating

estimating

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

QuantityQuantity Take-off:Take-off: Why?Why?

 

Owner perspective:

Owner perspective:

Initial (preliminary) estimate of the project costs at the

Initial (preliminary) estimate of the project costs at the

different stages of the project

different stages of the project

Preparing the BOQ as a requirement of the contract

Preparing the BOQ as a requirement of the contract

documents

documents

Estimating the work done for issuing the contractor

Estimating the work done for issuing the contractor

payments

payments

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

QuantityQuantity Take-off:Take-off: Why?Why?

 

Contractor perspective:

Contractor perspective:

Pricing different work items

Pricing different work items

Identifying the needed resources (Labor, Equipment, etc.)

Identifying the needed resources (Labor, Equipment, etc.)

Project schedule

Project schedule

Preparing invoices for work done

Preparing invoices for work done

Subcontractors payments

Subcontractors payments

Review and control of crews production rates

Review and control of crews production rates

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off Quantity Surveying Table 07/11/2013 Emad Elbeltagi 7
QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off
Quantity Surveying Table
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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off TableTable

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off TableTable 07/11/2013 Emad Elbeltagi 8

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off BillBill ofof Quantity:Quantity: SampleSample 07/11/2013 Emad Elbeltagi 10 5

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

BillBill ofof Quantity:Quantity: SampleSample

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

BillBill ofof Quantity:Quantity: SampleSample

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

PricedPriced BillBill ofof Quantity:Quantity: SampleSample

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off PricedPriced BillBill ofof Quantity:Quantity: SampleSample 07/11/2013 Emad Elbeltagi 12

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ا و ص ا ن ل ف جزو
ا و ص ا ن ل ف جزو

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Emad Elbeltagi 14
Emad Elbeltagi
14

Statement

Statement

for payment

for payment

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

WordWord orderorder

Items in takeoff sheets are organized in the same construction sequence

Order of items in the same chapter:

Items estimated in cubic meter (m 3 )

Items estimated in square meter (m 2 )

Items estimated in linear meter (m)

Items estimated in numbers (unit)

Items estimated in weight (ton)

Items estimated in lump Sum (L.S.)

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

VolumeVolume ofof somesome shapesshapes

h
h

A

1 =Top

Area

A=Bottom

Area

ofof somesome shapesshapes h A 1 =Top Area A=Bottom Area Volume = Area 07/11/2013 of Base

Volume = Area

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of Base Height

Emad Elbeltagi

r 1 h r 1 2 2 Volume = . r h . ( r
r 1
h
r
1
2
2
Volume =
.
r h
.
(
r
+ r
+ r r
.
1
1
2

)

1 Volume = Area of Base Height 3
1
Volume =
Area of Base
Height
3

16

Volume =

1

3

.

h

(

A + A +

1

A A . ) 1
A A
.
)
1

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

UnitsUnits ofof MeasurementsMeasurements

Each (numbers): Piles, doors, Windows, Precast concrete, etc.

Each (numbers): Piles, doors, Windows, Precast concrete, etc.

Length (meter): Windows sills, Pipes, Skirts, stair steps, etc.

Length (meter): Windows sills, Pipes, Skirts, stair steps, etc.

Area (Square meter): Flooring, painting, plastering, Brick

Area (Square meter): Flooring, painting, plastering, Brick

walls (12 cm or less), etc.

walls (12 cm or less), etc.

Volume (Cubic meter): Brick walls (>12 cm thick),

Volume (Cubic meter): Brick walls (>12 cm thick),

Excavation, Backfilling, Reinforced Concrete, etc.

Excavation, Backfilling, Reinforced Concrete, etc.

Weight (Ton): Metallic works, Reinforcement steel, etc.

Weight (Ton): Metallic works, Reinforcement steel, etc.

Lump Sum: Some electrical and plumbing works, Manholes,

Lump Sum: Some electrical and plumbing works, Manholes,

etc.

etc.

Effort (Man-day): Renting of equipment or labor, etc.

Effort (Man-day): Renting of equipment or labor, etc.

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

MeasuringMeasuring unitsunits

Cubic meter (m 3 ) Used for items such as:

Excavation Filling Concrete Masonry Square meter (m 2 ) Used for items such as:

Masonry

Plastering

Flooring

Painting

Filling Concrete Masonry Square meter (m 2 ) Used for items such as: Masonry Plastering Flooring
Filling Concrete Masonry Square meter (m 2 ) Used for items such as: Masonry Plastering Flooring

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

MeasuringMeasuring unitsunits

Linear meter (m) Used for items such as:

Oil pipe lines Sewage water pipe lines Canals

Number (unit) Used for items such as:

Electric outlets Doors and windows Sanitary fixtures

pipe lines Canals Number (unit) Used for items such as: Electric outlets Doors and windows Sanitary
pipe lines Canals Number (unit) Used for items such as: Electric outlets Doors and windows Sanitary

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

MeasuringMeasuring unitsunits

Lump sum(L.S.) Used for items such as:

Manholes

Lifts

Lump sum(L.S.) Used for items such as: Manholes Lifts Item is subcontracted when the contractor does

Item is subcontracted when the contractor does not

have enough experience to construct it or there is an

item which has a small quantities of many work

items, such as manholes.

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

PreparationPreparation forfor quantityquantity take-offtake-off

Check the availability of drawings

Check the axis and dimensions

the availability of drawings Check the axis and dimensions Check building levels and link it to

Check building levels and link it to structural drawings.

Check doors and windows model numbers

Check ground water levels

Check building levels and link it to structural drawings. Check doors and windows model numbers Check

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

PreparationPreparation forfor quantityquantity take-offtake-off

Check architectural against structural drawings Check foundation design and foundation levels Check construction members dimension and reinforcement. Review the contract conditions and specifications

levels Check construction members dimension and reinforcement. Review the contract conditions and specifications

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

2 1
2
1

Work items

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off 2 1 Work items 07/11/2013 95 % Emad Elbeltagi Storage Each Ton Ton 2

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95 %

Emad Elbeltagi

Storage

Each Ton Ton 2 م m 3 TILES
Each
Ton
Ton
2 م
m 3
TILES

75 %

23

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

EarthEarth WorksWorks

Backfilling Excavation Earth works Soil Leveling Transportation
Backfilling
Excavation
Earth
works
Soil
Leveling
Transportation
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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ExcavationExcavation (Cubic(Cubic meter)meter)

Quantities are calculated based on the dimensions of the

Quantities are calculated based on the dimensions of the

foundation in plans.

foundation in plans.

Prices differ based on the soil type, deep of excavation, ground

Prices differ based on the soil type, deep of excavation, ground

water level, site location, shoring system, Equipment used, etc.

water level, site location, shoring system, Equipment used, etc.

2m GWT 0.5 m 0.5 m 0.5 m Wet soil (0.5 m)
2m
GWT
0.5
m
0.5
m
0.5
m
Wet soil (0.5 m)

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2 m 2 m 1 m
2
m
2
m
1 m

Dry soil (2 m)

25

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ExcavationExcavation

Volume = 1×15.6×1.8 Depth of exc. Contractor Owner Actual Engineering Length Width = smell width
Volume = 1×15.6×1.8
Depth of exc.
Contractor
Owner
Actual
Engineering
Length
Width = smell width

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

BackfillingBackfilling (Cubic(Cubic meter)meter)

Backfilling Backfilling = = Excavation Excavation – – volume volume of of all all works works inside inside the the

excavated excavated pit pit (footings, (footings, smells, smells, column column necks, necks, brickwork, brickwork,

etc.) etc.) + + amount amount above above GL GL (or (or – – amount amount below below GL) GL)

Ground level Below Above Ground level (GL)
Ground level
Below
Above
Ground level (GL)

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

LevelingLeveling andand SoilSoil TransportationTransportation

Leveling:

Leveling:

Area (m 2 ) if thickness less than 30 cm

Area (m 2 ) if thickness less than 30 cm

Volume (m 3 ) if thickness more than 30 cm

Volume (m 3 ) if thickness more than 30 cm

Transportation:

Transportation:

Transported soil = vol. of exc. – vol. of backfilling +

Transported soil = vol. of exc. – vol. of backfilling +

additional soil at site

additional soil at site

Add swelling factor based on the soil type: 5% sandy soil.

Add swelling factor based on the soil type: 5% sandy soil.

15% clayey soil and 25% for demolition material. (owner or

15% clayey soil and 25% for demolition material. (owner or

contractor)

contractor)

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

EarthEarth Works:Works: ExampleExample

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

PlainPlain concreteconcrete

Quantity of P.C footing = No. of footings for a specific model * length * width * depth

Total quantity of P.C footings = summation of P.C footing models

of footings for a specific model * length * width * depth Total quantity of P.C

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

GroundGround beamsbeams

Quantity of ground beam = No. of ground beams for a specific model * length * width * depth

Total quantity of ground beams = summation of ground beam models

beams for a specific model * length * width * depth Total quantity of ground beams

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ConcreteConcrete WorksWorks

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off ConcreteConcrete WorksWorks Measured exactly, deduct all openings except spaces Measured

Measured exactly, deduct all openings except spaces

Measured exactly, deduct all openings except spaces

required for reinforcement, piping and pre-stressed concrete

required for reinforcement, piping and pre-stressed concrete

cables.

cables.

Plain concrete (PC):

Plain concrete (PC):

m 2 if thickness <20 cm

m 2 if thickness <20 cm

m 3 if thickness ≥20 cm

m 3 if thickness ≥20 cm

P.C.
P.C.

20 cm

P.C.
P.C.

<20 cm

Average thickness (thickness) should be mentioned

Average thickness (thickness) should be mentioned

Reinforced concrete (RC):

Reinforced concrete (RC):

Reinforced concrete (RC): Reinforced concrete (RC): All RC elements measured by volume (m 3 ) except

All RC elements measured by volume (m 3 ) except

All RC elements measured by volume (m 3 ) except

hollow block slabs measured by area (m 2 ).

hollow block slabs measured by area (m 2 ).

Domes, cylindrical roofs and shells measured by area in

Domes, cylindrical roofs and shells measured by area in

the horizontal projection.

the horizontal projection.

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ColumnsColumns

Quantity of columns = No. of columns for a specific model * length * width * height

Total quantity of columns = summation of columns models

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

SlabsSlabs

Solid slabs:

Quantity of slab = length * width * thickness

Flat slab:

Quantity of slab = length * width * thickness

Beams:

Quantity of beam = length * width * height

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

stairsstairs

Quantity of stairs = inclined length * width * height + stair section area * stair width * No. of stairs

stairsstairs Quantity of stairs = inclined length * width * height + stair section area *
QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off BrickworksBrickworks MeasurementMeasurement slab top level m 2 if thickness <25
QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off
BrickworksBrickworks MeasurementMeasurement
slab top level
m 2 if thickness <25 cm
m 2 if thickness <25 cm
Beam bottom
m 3 if thickness ≥25cm
m 3 if thickness ≥25cm
level
Deduct all openings
Deduct all openings
Wall
height
Deduct half the area (volume) of arches
Deduct half the area (volume) of arches
slab top level
Deduct all Concrete elements
Deduct all Concrete elements
Facades are measured by area
Facades are measured by area
Beam bottom
level
Separate item for each brick type
Separate item for each brick type
Wall
height
Ground beam
top level
Ground level
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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

PlasteringPlastering

Internal

Internal

Engineering measurement by area (m 2 )

Engineering measurement by area (m 2 )

All openings are deducted

All openings are deducted

All openings sides are added

All openings sides are added

Inclined slabs are calculated based on their horizontal

Inclined slabs are calculated based on their horizontal

projection

projection

External

External

Measured by area (m 2 )

Measured by area (m 2 )

Deduct half the area of the openings ≥ 4 m 2

Deduct half the area of the openings ≥ 4 m 2

Openings with areas <4 m 2 are kept without deduction

Openings with areas <4 m 2 are kept without deduction

Cantilever slabs < 1 m projection not added

Cantilever slabs < 1 m projection not added

Add half the area of cantilever slabs ≥ 1 m

Add half the area of cantilever slabs ≥ 1 m

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QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ExampleExample 5.6m 1ع 2ك 1ع 7ɸ10/m 15cm 4.8m 7ɸ12/m 1ك 1ك A 1ع 2ك 1ع
ExampleExample
5.6m
7ɸ10/m
15cm
4.8m
7ɸ12/m
A

A

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ExampleExample

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off ExampleExample ر ا ء ط- ا 6ɸ8/m ت ا و لد' # 4ɸ16 +

ر ا ء ط- ا 6ɸ8/m ت ا و لد' # 4ɸ16+ يو ' 2ɸ16 م 2.5

0.3m x 0.5m

2ك,1ك تار ا ع ط

0.3m x 0.3m

1ع دو " ا ع ط

3.0m 1ع دو " ا ع # را

0.3m x 0.5m

ت ا ع ط

1m x 1m x 0.4m

%& ا د'او( ا

1.6m x 1.6m x 0.3m

%)د " ا د'او( ا

ا 1.6m x 1.6m x 0.3m %)د " ا د'او( ا %)").ط ا ضر0ا بو 1.2

%)").ط ا ضر0ا بو

1.2 m
1.2 m

Section A-A

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

ExampleExample

It is required to estimate the quantities of the following jobs:

Excavation (ر ا ت ) Plain Concrete Footings ( د ا د او ا ر ) Reinforced Concrete Footings ( ا د او ا ر ) Ground Beams concrete (ت ا ر ) Backfilling (مدر ا ت ) Columns concrete (ةد ا ر ) Slab and beams Concrete (ف ا تار و ط ا ر ) Slab and beams Reinforcement ( ط ا ! " د د ف ا تار و)

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation

Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m

4.8 m

.15 m

Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m

5.6 m

.15 m

5.3

5.3

1.6 m 0.8 m 3.7 m
1.6 m
0.8 m
3.7 m
1.6 m
1.6 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m
Take-offTake-off Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation 4.8 m .15 m 5.6 m .15 m 5.3 1.6 m 0.8 m

1.2 m

1.6 m

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: ExcavationExcavation

No.

Item

Unit

Number

Length

Width

Depth

Total

1

Excavation

m3

4

1.6

1.6

1.2

12.288

     

2

3.7

0.3

0.5

1.11

     

2

2.9

0.3

0.5

0.87

 

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

 

Example:Example: PCPC footingsfootings

 

No.

Item

 

Unit

Number

Length

Width

Depth

Total

 

2

PC Concrete

 

m3

 

4

 

1.6

1.6

0.3

3.072

1.6

m

 
 
     
 
     
 

0.3

 
0.3  

m

1.6

m

 

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

 

Example:Example: RCRC footingsfootings

 

No.

Item

 

Unit

Number

Length

Width

Depth

Total

 

3

RC Concrete

 

m3

 

4

 

1

1

0.4

1.6

1.0

m

 
 
     
 
     
 

0.4

 
0.4  

m

1.0

m

m

4.5

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: groundground beamsbeams

No.

Item

Unit

Number

Length

Width

Depth

Total

4

Ground Beams

m3

2

5.3

0.3

0.5

1.59

     

2

4.5

0.3

0.5

1.35

0.3 m 5.6 m 0.15 m 5.3 4.8 m 0.15 m
0.3 m
5.6 m
0.15 m
5.3
4.8
m
0.15 m
0.5 m 0.3 m
0.5 m
0.3 m

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: BackfillingBackfilling

No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Subtotal Total 1 Excavation m3 14.27 2 PC
No.
Item
Unit
Number
Length
Width
Depth
Subtotal
Total
1 Excavation
m3
14.27
2 PC Concrete
m3
3.07
3 RC Concrete
m3
1.60
4 Ground Beams
m3
2.94
Total Concrete
m3
7.61
5
Filling
m3
6.66

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: ColumnsColumns

No.

Item

Unit

Number

Length

Width

Depth

Total

6

Columns Concrete

m3

4

0.3

0.3

3

1.08

3.0 m 3.0 m ةد '3ا 3.0 m
3.0 m
3.0 m
ةد '3ا
3.0 m

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: SlabsSlabs andand beamsbeams

No.

Item

Unit

Number

Length

Width

Depth

Total

7

Slab & Beams

m3

2

5.3

0.3

0.5

1.59

     

2

4.5

0.3

0.5

1.35

     

1

5

4.2

0.15

3.15

0.15 m

5.0 m 15 4.2 m cm 5.6 m 5.3 4.8 m 0.15 m 4.5 m
5.0 m
15
4.2 m
cm
5.6 m
5.3
4.8 m
0.15 m
4.5 m
0.15 m 0.3 m
0.15
m
0.3 m

0.5 m

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: SummarySummary sheetsheet No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total 1 Excavation m3 14.27
Example:Example: SummarySummary sheetsheet
No.
Item
Unit
Number
Length
Width
Depth
Total
1
Excavation
m3
14.27
2 PC Concrete
m3
3.07
3 RC Concrete
m3
1.60
4 Ground Beams
m3
2.94
Filling
m3
6.66
6 Columns Concrete
m3
1.08
7 Slab & Beams
m3
6.09
Total Concrete
14.78

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: ReinforcementReinforcement

30cm

م 2.5 ر ا ء ط- ا 6ɸ8/m ت ا و لد' # 0.3m x 0.5m

4ɸ16+ يو ' 2ɸ16 2ك,1ك تار ا ع ط

2.5cm# 0.3m x 0.5m 4ɸ16 + يو ' 2ɸ16 2 ك ,1 ك تار ا ع

2.5cm

7ɸ10/m 7ɸ12/m
7ɸ10/m
7ɸ12/m

25cm

0.3m x 0.5m 4ɸ16 + يو ' 2ɸ16 2 ك ,1 ك تار ا ع ط

50cm 45cm

QuantityQuantity Take-offTake-off

Example:Example: ReinforcementReinforcement

Unit No. of Length Total Unit Total (kg) bars length Weight Weight 16 upper (beams)
Unit
No. of
Length
Total
Unit
Total
(kg)
bars
length
Weight
Weight
16
upper (beams)
4
4.8
19.2
1.63
31.296
4
5.6
22.4
1.63
36.512
16
lower (beams)
8
4.8
38.4
1.63
62.592
8
5.6
44.8
1.63
73.024
10
long (Slab)
34
5.6
190.4
0.63
119.952
12
short (Slab)
40
4.8
192
0.92
176.640
8 stirrup (beams)
60
1.55
93
0.41
38.130
51
1.55
79.05
0.41
32.411
Total Steel
570.557