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CHILD PROTECTION POLICY

(Policy against Physical & Emotional Abuse Inflicted by Teacher and


other Personnel)

I.

Abstract

II.

Introduction
a.

Legal Basis

b. Goals and Objective


III.

Types of Abuse
a. Physical Abuse (defines, types, effects)
b. Emotional Abuse (defines, types, effects)

IV.

Duties and Responsibilities of Schools

V.

Preventing Child Abuses

VI.

Conclusions

VII.

Recommendations

VIII. Bibliography

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE.....................................................................................................................1
TABLE OF CONTENT.....................................................................................................2
ABSTRACT.3 - 4
INTRODUCTION.4 - 5
A. LEGAL BASIS............................................................................................6
B. GOALS & OBJECTIVE............................................................................6 7
TYPES OF ABUSES...................................................................................................7 9
DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITY OF SCHOOL
& OTHER PERSONNEL.........................................................................................9 10
PREVENTING CHILD ABUSE.............................................................................11
CONCLUSIONS.....................................................................................................12
RECOMMENDATIONS...........................................................................................13
BIBLIOGRAPHY............................................................................................................14

I.

Abstract
The youth is the hope of the fatherland, a famous statement of our national hero

Dr. Jose P. Rizal.


This statement stresses out the importance of children in our society and of in our
future also, so we as individuals must care, love, guide and protect them properly against
any kind of abuses.
Child Protection Policy is a guideline that operational Plans global commitment
to the protection of Filipino children and the prevention of child abuse. It also refers to
programs, services, procedures and structures that are intended to prevent and respond to
kind of abuse.
To address this important concern about children, the national government using
the Philippine Constitution of 1987 as the basis made a review and finalized a policy that
will give total protection to our children.

This policy is coursed through different

government agencies concerning human rights specifically the Department of Education


which caters the needs of Filipino children.
Pursuant to the 1987 constitution, the state shall defend the right of children to
assistance, including proper care and nutrition, and special protection from all forms of
neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation and other conditions prejudicial to their development.
We chose the Child Protection Policy (against physical and emotional abuse
inflicted by teachers and other personnel) because its a very timely topic sensing child
abuse cases which are rampant in the society nowadays. We find it very meaningful and
informative to come up with a paper which will enlighten others that children must be
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treated well and not maltreated by teachers and other personnel. In this study we want to
make sure that all students and out of school youths are aware of their rights against
abuses inflicted to them. We also want to provide special protection to children who are
experiencing abuses which affect their normal development.
We also believe that every child has rights and these rights must be exercised to
ensure that every child grows in an environment where the spirit of love, concern, support
and understanding prevail.

II.

Introduction
The youth is the hope of the fatherland. That is the famous statement of our

national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal.


This statement stresses out the important role of children in the future of our
nation. So it is just but right and proper to take care, love, guide and protect our Filipino
children to be assured of the development of their well being and full potential.
To address this important concern about children, the national government using
the Philippine Constitution of 1987 as the basis made a review and finalized a policy that
will give total protection to our children.

This policy is coursed through different

government agencies concerning human rights specifically the Department of Education


which caters the needs of Filipino children.
Save the children defines Child Protection as measures and structures to prevent
and respond to abuses affecting children in all settings, such processes are essential to
ensuring childrens right to survival, development and well being in all settings at all
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times. It is when children are not protected that their rights as well as their families are
threatened.
Child Protection Policy is guidelines that operational Plans global commitment to
the protection of Filipino children and the prevention of child abuse. It also refers to
programs, services, procedures and structures that are intended to prevent and respond to
kind of abuse.
Children have the right to be physically and emotionally safe at all times. It is the
responsibility of adults within the family, the community and the State to ensure that
children are safe and that their needs are met.
The effects of physical abuse upon children can be traumatic and long-lasting, in
some cases physical abuse results in the death of a child. Child physical abuse refers to a
situation in which a child suffers, or is likely to suffer, significant harm from an injury
inflicted by the child's parent or teacher. The injury may be inflicted intentionally or may
be the inadvertent result of physical punishment or physically aggressive treatment of a
child. Behavior by a parent or teacher which may cause significant harm to a child, and
is therefore physical abuse, includes; hitting; biting; shaking; punching; burning;
administering poison; suffocating; and drowning.

Physical abuse may lead also to

bruises, cuts, welts, burns, fractures, internal injuries, or poisoning. In the most extreme
cases, physical abuse results in the death of a child.

a.

Legal Basis

Pursuant to the 1987 constitution, the state shall defend the right of children to
assistance, including proper care and nutrition, and special protection from all forms of
neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation and other conditions prejudicial to their development.
(Article XV, Section 3 [2])
The Constitution further provides that all educational institutions shall inculcate
patriotism and nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights,
appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country,
teach the rights and duties of citizenship, strengthen ethical and spiritual values, develop
moral character and personal discipline, encourage critical and creative thinking, broaden
scientific and technological knowledge, and promote vocational efficiency.

b.

Goals & Objectives


The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) aims to protect children from

all forms of physical or mental violence, injury and abuse, neglect or negligent treatment,
maltreatment and exploitation including sexual abuse. The same convention establishes
the right of the child to education and with a view to achieving this right progressively
and on the basis of equal opportunity, it obliges the government to take measures to
encourage regular attendance in school and reduce drop out rates. Thus, it is mandated
that all appropriate measures be undertaken to ensure that school discipline is
administered in a manner consistent with the childs human dignity and in conformity
with the CRC.

We chose the Child Protection Policy (against physical and emotional abuse
inflicted by teachers and other personnel) because its a very timely topics sense child
abuse cases are rampant in the society nowadays. We find it very meaningful and
informative to come up with a paper which will enlighten others that children must be
treated well and not maltreated by teachers and other personnel. We chose this topic
because we want to make sure that all students and out of school youth are aware of their
rights against abuses inflicted to them. We also want to provide special protection to
children who are experiencing abuses which affect their normal development.
We also believe that every child has rights and these rights must be exercised to
ensure that every child grows in an environment where the spirit of love, concern, support
and understanding prevail.

III.

Types of Abuse
Physical abuse is an act of another party involving contact. It intended to cause

feelings of physical pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. It also refers
to a situation in which a child suffers, or is likely to suffer, significant harm from an
injury inflicted by the childs parent or teacher. The injury may be inflicted intentionally
or may be the inadvertent result of physical punishment or physically aggressive
treatment of a child. There are lots of physical abuses; some of these are by hitting,
biting, shaking, punching, burning, suffocating and drowning. Light physical abuse may
lead to bruises, cuts, welts, burns, fractures, internal injuries but in the most extreme
cases, physical abuse results in the death of a child.
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All types of abuse can have tremendous negative effects on physical health of the
abused. Those who suffer from such abuse often have trouble sleeping and experience a
loss of appetite. They also may experience headaches or avoid physical contact with
others. There are more consequences or effects if child is experiencing a physical abuse.
There are initial and long term effects of child physical abuse. Some example of initial
effects are immediate pain, suffering and medical problems in some cases death caused
by physical abuse of a child. Emotional problems such as anger, hostility, fear, anxiety,
humiliation, lowered self esteem and inability to express feelings. Behavioral problems
such as aggression by the child towards others or self destructive behavior,
hyperactivity, truancy, inability To form friendships with peers and poor social skills.
Poorer cognitive and language skills than non abused children.

The long term

consequences of child physical abuse are long term physical disabilities, for example,
brain damage or eye damage.

Disordered interpersonal relationships, for example,

difficulty trusting others within adult relationships or violent relationships, a


predisposition to emotional disturbance, feeling of low self esteem, depression, an
increased potential for child abuse as a parent and last drug or alcohol abuse.
Theres another type of abuse that a child is experiencing in the school or in their
houses, this is what we called Emotional Abuse.
Emotional abuse or mental abuse also referred to as psychological abuse is a form
of abused characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another. Emotional abused is
bad than physical abuse. Some people minimize the significance of physical abuse by
saying that we should be more concerned about emotional abuse and that is a more
serious and insidious problem. Emotional abuse is very serious because sometimes it is
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undetected. However, this does not lessen the impact of physical abuse. Furthermore,
physical abuse is often accompanied by emotional abuse.
Childrens or teens who are suffering from emotional abuse also develop a
number of emotional problems. They often experience deep and profound sadness and
depression, anxiety, guilt, self blame (illnesses that are a result of the mind rather than
of any physical problem). Abused individuals often have difficulty controlling their
emotions and may lash out unexpectedly and without warning.
Individuals who are suffering from emotional abuse will suffer also a
psychological trauma, including chronic depression, or post traumatic stress disorder.
Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive
relationships, bullying, and abuse in the school or workplace.

IV.

Duties and Responsibilities of School & Other Personnel


Schools have duties and responsibilities to do especially by the school heads,

school administrations, teachers, academic and non academic and other personnel. This
is important in preventing child abuses in occurring.
This duties and responsibilities are; school heads must ensure the effectiveness of
child protection policies and procedures in their institutions, he must also ensure that their
school adopts a child protection policy. School heads also must ensure that all school
personnel are aware of the said policy. Its important also that he/she must organize and
convene the Child Protection Committee for the school; conduct the capacity building
activities for the members of the CPC and Guidance Counselors / Teachers. They must
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coordinate also in appropriate agencies like Department of Social Welfare and


Development (DSWD), government agencies or non governmental organizations on a
Child Protection Hotline For reporting abuses against childrens. They must also ensure
that all incidents of abuse and other similar acts are addressed in accordance with the
provisions of the Department Order.
Teachers and other personnel have duties and responsibility such as; they must
exercise special parental authority and responsibility over the child while under their
supervision and custody. It must apply to all authorized activities whether inside or
outside the premises of the school or institution. They must also give them love and
affection, right counsel and advice, companionship and understanding; enhance and
maintain their physical and mental health all times; furnish them with good and
wholesome educational materials to study. Its also important that they must practice the
positive and non violent discipline and they must not inflict corporal punishments on
them. Last they must strictly comply with the schools child protection policy.

V.

Preventing Child Abuse


Recognizing and reporting child abuses are important to prevent abuse and

neglect from continuing or recurring. Schools also must be involved in working to


prevent abuses from ever occurring at all. Schools are in a unique position to address this
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problem by the virtue of the staffs training and expertise, the schools position in the
community, and the availability of physical facilities.
We, as individuals can also prevent abuses from occurring. This is through
awareness, then early detection and intervention. Learning about the problem like a
counselors doing is the first step to prevent child abuse.

Generally, child abuse

prevention activities are geared towards the abusers. This is because; the childs usually
done nothing bad to attract abuse. There are some ways or things society can do. The
first way is a parent or teacher with stress and difficulty should seek assistance from
appropriate services. Second, parents and teachers should undertake parenting skills
courses to learn more on how to deal on a certain children and on growing children.
Third, families must pay attention to the needs of children, and the larger family should
get involved with the activities of children. Fourth, society also should help or invest in
Public awareness and they must create supportive communities that will help to reduce
abuses among childrens. Last, parents or teachers that abuse drugs and alcohol must get
help and they must stay away from those behaviors, so that their anger control is not
impaired and so they also have a right mind in any kind of situations that will happen.

VI.

Conclusions

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This paper has provided an overview of the significant ways on preventing child
abuses. It also provides the corresponding protective measures to get the children away
from any form of child abuse. It also includes the different duties and responsibilities of
school and school personnels. This paper also highlights both the complexity of the
child abuses, and the complexity and size of the response needed to effectively prevent
child abuse at the societal level.
I therefore conclude that physical abuse is not bad as emotional abuse; because in
emotional abuse you cant see the signs of abuse that have been done to a certain child
unlike in physical abuse you can see the bruises on the body of a child.
We also conclude that theres a lot of consequences or effects in the childrens
who suffered physical and emotional abuses and these effects can be a short term effects
only or long terms and sometimes it caused death.
We also conclude that theres so many ways on how to prevent the occurring of
physical and emotional abuse on children and even though youre just a simple
individuals you can help on preventing abuses from children.

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VII.

Recommendations
Advocate for stronger involvement of the Department of Education in
developing and standardizing child protection policies and mechanisms for
schools must be facilitated.
Concretize the collaboration of different stakeholders for the protection of
children by establishing clear, functioning for Violence Against Children
case reporting and processing as well as for school monitoring.
Provide adequate information to local government officials, other
community leaders, school officials, teachers, parents and children on
relevant laws relating to child abuse and child protection.
Enact local legislation at the barangay and the municipal levels, which
would further help protect children from possible abuses and various
forms of violence.
Step up and concretize programs promoting childrens rights in schools
and in the communities through campaigns addressing specific forms of
violence against children in schools.
Promote alternatives to corporal punishment by documenting and
disseminating cases demonstrating the merits of positive approaches to
discipline, and facilitating discussions with both adults and children in the
schools and the broader communities.

VIII. Bibliography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_abuse

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emotional_abuse
http://www.secasa.com.au/sections/for-students/child-physical-abuseunderstanding-and-responding/effects-of-child-physical-abuse/
http://www.ehow.com/info_effects-physical-emotional-abuse.html
http://www.legalmatch.com/teacher-student-abuse-laws.html
http://www.childwelfare.gov/educator.pdf
http://www.pap.org.ph
http://www.gov.ph
http://www.crin.org/docs/Philipppines_pdf
http://www.issuu.com/deped.Philippines
Towards A Child Friendly Education Environment, PWU CWC UNICEF
for Plan Philippines in 2009

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