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CLEAR SKIES

Low Tonight in 50s

HE RALD - JOURNAL

Pull Rrtrt ni Mp out f*t <


SYRACUSE TEMPERATURES
In Fahrenheit (and Celsius)
7 am
50 001
(9)
l a m . 49
8am.
55 (13)
2a.m. 48
(9)
9a.m.
61 (16)
(8)
Sa.m. 47
10 a.m.
65 1181
4am 46
(8)
lla.m.
68 (20)
(8)
5a.m.
47
12 noon 71 (22)
6 a m 46
(8)

* Associated Press

APLaserphoto

* United Press International

SYRACUSE, N.Y., THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 197?

* Chicago Daily News Service

* New York Times Service

40
35

Congressional Pensions:
.HIM* The Costs Soar
" ""

30
25

Ketired
congressional
employees

'<M%%- Retired
senators t
^HH cooEressmen

S34.6SO.IBO

20
15
10

mi
S5.l57.164l

S 5*6.072
it. 553.5321^

1957

1976

SWIM: Civil Scrtict Commission

BIG BITE. While other federal workers


have to work nearly 27 years to qualify for
a half-pay pension at age 60. members of
Congress qualify after 20 years on the job.
Chart illustrates the rise in pension costs.
AP Laserphoto.

Inmates
may not
organize
WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Supreme
Court ruled today that state corrections
Officials may bar an organization of inmates from making bulk mailings to prisoners, soliciting members or holding
meetings inside prison.
A six-man majority, upholding North
Carolina regulations which prohibit organizing activities of an inmates' "labor
union," said the prison is not a "public
forum" and freedom of association is a
limited right for prisoners.
"First Amendment associational rights
... must give way to the reasonable considerations of penal managment," said Justice William Rehnquist for the majority.
Prison officials must be permitted to
take "reasonable steps" to avoid violence
inside prison, he said. This includes restricting organizing activities by a prisoner
union, which focuses on grievances and
"surely would rank high on anyone's list of
potential trouble spots."
Rehnquist rejected the prisoner organization's argument'that it should be given
the same rights to make bulk mailings and
hold meetings inside prisons just as the
Jaycees, Alcoholics Anonymous and Boy
Scouts.
A three-judge district court which overturned the North Carolina regulations "erroneously treated this case as if the prison
environment was essentially a public
forum," said Rehnquist.
"A prison is most emphatically not a
public forum."

Sunny
Skies will be clear tonight with overnight lows in the mid-50s, according to the
weatherman at Hancock Airport
Mostly sunny skies will greet Central
New Yorkers again tomorrow when temperatures reach the 80-dcgrcc range.
The chance of rain is near zero tonight
and 10 per cent tomorrow. The extended
outlook calls for a chance of showers
throughout the weekend with daytime
highs reaching the 80s.

Today's chuckle
Tax loopholes arc like parking spaces.
By the time you get there, they've disappeared.

UPI Telcphoto

Eddie Stanky, who quit today after one day as manager of the Texas
Rangers, inspects uniform before first, and only, game last night against
Minnesota Twins in Bloomington, Minn.

Saranac Hotel

Fire kills man

SARANAC LAKE - An elderly man


was killed and six others hospitalized as a
result of a fire early today which heavily
damaged the large Saranac Hotel in this
Adirondack resort community.
Police and firemen evacuated 45 guests
and nine hotel employes after the blaze
was reported about 2:30 a.m.
Police .said the dead man was found lying in a stairwell a short distance from his
fourth-floor room. He was identified as

William Frost, 84, a permanent resident


of the hotel.
Fire officials said none of the six, including one fire fighter, taken to Saranac
Lake General Hospital were seriously
injured. Four also resided at the hotel.
Village police reported that the blaze is
believed to have started in a newly renovated bar in the six-.story Main Street
hotel. The tavern was to have opened
tomorrow.
Fire damage was confined to the bar,

according to officials, although heavy


smoke and water damage was evident
throughout the building.
Some type of electrical malfunction is
believed to have started the early morning
fire. Investigators said, however, they
won't be able to give an exact cause until
further probing is completed.
The hotel is owned and operated by
nearby Paul Smith's College as a training
site for its hotel-restaurant management
program.

Landmark law upheld


ALBANY (AP) - The state's highest
court today upheld New York City's 'landmark" law, preventing construction of an
office building on top of Grand Central
station.
The court said that the statute docs not
deprive Penn Central and a developer of
their property rights without due process.
The railroad had charged it was unfairly

deprived of property value. The Court of


Appeals ruled unanimously that this was
not so.
Noting New York City's current financial difficulties, tho court said the city
"should not be forced to choose between
witnessing the demolition of its glorious
past and mortgaging its hopes for the
future."

Brilliant movie
Fans flock to 'Star Wars'

By JOAN E. VADEBONCOEUR
If a single filmmaker can be said to
have that elusive attribute his finger
on the public pulse it is George
Lucas. A few years ago he applied his
total recall of his teens to "American
Graffiti," which still stands as one of
the nation's top boxoffice winners.
This year, his immersion in Saturday
matinees at the movies has resulted in
"Star Wars." which threatens to
shatter the boxoffice record set by
"Jaws" two years ago.
Although the new entry which
opened last night at the Bayberry and
Mall Cinema III flashes such technical
brilliance that it requires a second
viewing, it feeds off its characters
(real, animal and computerized) as importantly as did "Graffiti." And its essentials are equally direct and simple.,
.Just as "2001: A Space Odyssey" would
have floundered without Hal the robot
and the Keir Dullca astronaut, so, too,
would "Star Wars" become flashily
shallow without Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo and two endearing
robots called Artoo-Detoo and See
Threepio.
Lucas' stroll through movie memories takes his true-blood, handsome
hero (Skywalker) into a series of adventures that put .lack Armstrong, the
Ail-American boy, to shame. But to
make it acceptable to a Seventies audience, he makes Luke just a bit dense,
just as he creates> heroine Princess
Lcia as a spunky, resourceful maiden.
Together, they do the Tarzan and Jane
act, swinging to save their necks, but at
least once she has to use her wits to
effect their rescue.
Western Hat
Han Solo intojects the noble hero of
the World War II airplane movies as he
pilots his spacecraft through dangers
human and non-human. Lucas also assigns him an imaginary Western white
hat in a scene in a space discotheque
which boasts a hilarious pop music
group. In true John Wayne tradition,
vSolo outguns his captors shooting
from under the table.
The basic story is ages old the
good guys against the bad, overlaid
with the maturing of youth which takes
over from the elderly once widsom has
been transferred. It is told in the form
of an updated Flash Gordon or Buck
Rogers space ad vent uro.
Pitting thrir power against the good
is Darlh Vader. assisted by skeletal Peter dishing as his ally, an assortment
of henchmen and the gnome-sized
Jawas.

* Complete Local Coverage


15 CENTS
75 Per Week Delivered

Sennett
gets nod
for plant

He's 'homesick'
after one game
home and I had to give consideration to
my wife and children. I decided I was
not going to keep the job."
Stanky, 59, startled many of his
friends when he decided to leave South
Alabama to go to the big leagues, replacing Frank Lucchesi as manager of
the Rangers.
Stanky joined the club yesterday and
was a winner in his debut a 10-8
victory over the Twins.
Stanky has been highly successful at
South Alabama, compiling a 308-102
record and taking four teams to the
NCAA playoffs.
He explained his return to the major
leagues yesterday by saying, "Once
you get a taste of it. you've always got
a hankering to get back."

* * * *
NIGHT EDITION

Second class postage paid al Syracuse. N.Y


Published l)ailv'

VOL. 101, NO. 30,173

Stanky quits
ARLINGTON, Tex. (AP) - The
Texas Rangers confirmed today that
Eddie Stanky, hired as their manager
yesterday, has quit.
Connie Ryan, the third base coach,
was named interim manager, said Eddie Robinson, Rangers' executive vice
president.
Stanky reportedly gave homesickness as his reason for quitting to return
to Mobile, Ala., where he was baseball
coach at the University of South Alabama for nine years.
A Rangers spokesman quoted Stanky
as saying: "After the game last night, I
stayed up late considering all aspects
of the job."
The spokesman added that Stanky
had said he has "a father very old at

* UPI Telephoto

FINAL

Additional support for the trio of


young people conies from Chewbacca,
who is a fu/zy creature called a Wook10, and from Artoo-Detoo and See
Threepio. The former is a stunted robot
with amazingly human qualities. The
latter is an aging Arthur Treacherstyle robot butler. Knowledge is sup:
plied by the dignified Alec Guinness,
whose understated performance perfectly realizes his role in relation to the
film as a whole.
The other humans are but flesh and
blood stereotypes made welcome by
Lucas' approach. Mark Hamill as
Luko, Carrie Fisher as Leia and Harrison Ford as Solo represent immaculate
typecasting, but they should not be
judged as actors. Acting is not really
their function here; being is.
While Arloo-Detoo and See Threepio
have voice credits listed, it is only Anthony Daniels' actual chords that are
distinguishable as a person. In reality,
both of their sounds must be attributed
to former Syracusan Ben Burtt Jr., in
concert with Lucas.
The credit for the stunning special
effects goes to two men John Dykstra on the photographic side and John
Stearns for the mechanical achievements.
The significance of "Star Wars"
rests with its technical achievements
and with Lucas' demonstration of the
complete filmmaker. It may be only
Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers with
Seventies' special effects, but the writer-director does from scratch what
most moviemakers do from another
source and with many assists. His creative powers are enormous, whether
they arc causing chuckles or wrenching tears on the nco-cmotional side or
wresting technical prowess from his
staff.
*

*
"Star Wars," the blockbuster movie
hit of the year, drew long lines to the
Baybcrry and the Mall Cinema II in
Fayetteville last night. The film may
break local attendance records, according to the managers at both theaters.
The patrons were a mixture of young
and old, the managers said.
Judging from last night's sellouts,
the film may be here a year, according
to Bill Moclair, temporary manager of
the Mall Cinemas.
Robert Kaws. at the Bayborry. had
the same opinion. He said the phone at
his theater was ringing all day w i t h
inquiries about the linos and showtimes.

The Grand Central terminal was built in


1913 and the threat of the office building
plan drew heated opposition from many
New Yorkers, including celebrities like
Jacqueline Onassis.
Plan Turned Down
Grand Central terminal was declared a
landmark by the city's Landmarks Preservation Commission ten years ago. Penn
Central and UGP Properties, Inc., lessee
of the terminal development rights, submitted their office building plan in July
1968 and were turned down.
The companies went to court and won at
the first level. State Supreme Court. But
the city won on appeal and today was upheld unanimously, with Chief Judge
Charles Brcitcl writing the opinion.
"The problem in Ihis casr> is determining the scope of governmental power . . .
to preserve .' . . irreplaceable landmarks
deemed to be of inestimable social or cultural significance," Brcitcl wrote. He concluded that the city's landmark law does
not strip the railroad and its partner of all
possibility of a return on the property.
Transfer Okayed
The law gives Penn Central authorization to transfer the contested aboveground development rights to other properties it owns, and this is "significant,
perhaps fair compensation for the loss of
rights above the terminal itself," Breitel
said.
The bankrupt railroad owns and can
transfer development rights to sites occupied by the Biltmore. Commodore, Barclay and Roosevelt hotels, all within a
short distance of the station, which sits on
42nd Street just two blocks east of Fifth
Avenue.
The huge Pan Am office building towers
over the station's north face, virtually obscuring it from view from that side.

Protestor killed
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP)
Police shot and killed one black and
wounded another in Soweto today and arrested about 130 others in central Johannesburg as black students protested the
continued preventive detention of their
leaders by South Africa's white government.
Police sources said large groups of students were massing all over Soweto, the
segregated township of more than a million blacks 10 miles southwest of Johannesburg. The police were reported breaking up the groups w i t h tear gas and
"snooze machines," which spray a combination of tear gas and talcum powdei.

Today's features
Amusements
Bridge
Business
Classified ads
Comics
Editorials
Junior Set
Lactrile series
Letters to Kditor
Lifestyle
Obituaries
Porter. Sylvia
Radio '
Senior forum
Sports
Television
Wilson. Earl
TODAY'S PICTURES

Page
43
52
3fi, 44
28-35
51
12-13
15
14
12
19-26
38
16
50
15
45-49
50
I"
8

Philip Morris Inc.. parent company of


Miller Brewing Co., will build a $34.1 million glass container manufacturing plant
on a 200-acre site in Sennett, just north of
Auburn.
John A. Murphy, president of Miller
who announced the plant officially today,
said the facility will employ about 250
persons.
Payroll of the salaried and hourly employes will total an estimated $4.4 million
annually, said Murphy, who also is executive vice president of Philip Morris.
Joseph F. Cullman 3rd. chairman and
chief executive officer of Philip Morris,
said the parent firm will construct, own
and operate the new glass container plain,
whose principal purpose will be to supply
Miller's Fulton brewery with a portion of
its projected bottle needs.
Cullman attended today's ceremonies
announcing the new industrial facility in
Cayuga County.
Auburn Mayor Paul \V. Lattimore today
welcomed the Miller Brewing Co. to Auburn and Cayuga County.
He said, "The economic benefits are
obvious." He thanked Harold Kopp and
Mike Pcduto of the Industrial Development Foundation for expressing confidence in him by holding the option on the
property in Sennett for three years.
He said it was in the Northeast that
American industry was born, and it is here
where it will return. He said the sun is
setting on the Sun Bell.
More than 200 people, including local
and state dignitaries, attended, including
state Commerce Commissioner John
Dyson, who said he looked on major industry as his "boss."
District 6 County Legislator LaVcrne
Stock said he found the Miller and Phillip
Morris people "very cordial and warm"
and looked forward to a good relationship
with them. "The project is a new lease on
life" from the doldrums of economic

decay, he said. Kenneth Clark. Sennett


town supervisor, also gave brief remarks.
The new plant is scheduled to begin production in late 1978, Murphy said. The
plant will have the capability of producing
about five million gross (one gross equals
144 bottles) of 7- and 12-ouncc bottles a
year.
Officials said the 'plant will contain a
total of 250,000 square feet in three main
areas warehousing, manufacturing and
furnaces.
Murphy said the plant will be "environmentally sound" and will meet all applicable Federal and state pollution control
standards.
"We are pleased that Philip Morris is
locating this bottle manufacturing plant
here to provide further enrichment to this
state which has demonstrated its favorable business climate to us over and over
again since we first broke ground for our
brewery in Fulton in 1974," Murphy said.
"The cooperation we have received
from officials at all levels has been
outstanding," he added. "The governors
office, the State Department of Commerce, county and city officials from
Cayuga, Onondaga and Oswego counties
and other area officials have all worked
diligently to make this event possible."
The officials said the total economic impact of the new plant is estimated at $12.5
million annually. Miller
This total includes fringe benefits, direct production materials, utilities, property taxes and other direct expenses, as
well as wages and salaries of the workers.
Miller's brewery in Fulton began commercial brewing in April 1976, and now is
being expanded to 8 million barrels of
beer annually, which will make it the largest brewery in New York State, the officials .said.
Miller also owns and operates an aluminum can manufacturing plant alongside
its brewery at Volney just outside Fulton.

Photo by Herald-Journal Photographer Car! Single

'SPIRIT1 LANDS. An official with his arms raised guides the Spirit of St.
Louis replica to a spot in front of a waiting crowd at Hancock Field. See
story, Page 37.

Amin alive, but resting


NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Uganda's man said: "Ami" nas becn resting after a
President Idi Aniin was officially do- long period of hard work."
It is understood that any announcedared alive but resting by Radio Uganda
ments about Amin on the Uganda radio
today.
are approved beforehand by Amin himThe radio, quoting a military spokes- self.

Strife left behind


Irish youths visit state
ROCHESTER (AP)- Liam Fitzsimons, 9. is riding a bicycle and playing
baseball with neighborhood kids. He
also has developed a taste for potato
chips
Liam's summer will be different this
year because he's spending it thousands of miles from his home in Belfast. Northern Ireland, which is torn by
fighting between Protestants and Catholics.
Liam is among 160 Belfast youngsters, half Catholic and half Protestant, brought to Upstate New York this
summer by tho Belfast Summer Relief
Program Committee of Buffalo. The
purpose is to get them away from the
tension in Northern Ireland. They'll remain in this-country until July 2r>.
Kathy Frederick and her husband of
suburban Chili took Liam into their
homo. "We were asked not to interview
the children about the fighting that's

a taboo subject,"said Mrs. Frederick.


Mary Hayes, a Belfast teacher and
chaperone for the group, said Catholic
and Protestant youngsters don't often
play together in Belfast.
"They might get picked on. even
beaten up by bully boys," she said.
"There's just no trust between Catholics and Protestants . . . and the children pick up the feeling from their
parents."
In Chili, 16 youngsters - both Protestant and Catholic are meeting and
playing together.
"It's a pity we have to go away (from
Belfast) to get them together." said
Miss Hayes
Martha Harkin is director of the Buffalo program, which cost $64,000. She
said no money is sent to Ireland.
"We're just bringing the children
here," she said. "This isn't a political
issue. It's a child issue."