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PROJECT:

Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION

Ldepth

Lcrossing

Rarc1

Rarc2

in

20

600

720

720

10

10

L1

Larc1

L2

Larc2

L3

Ltot

52.18

125.66

247.17

125.66

52.18

602.86

DESIGN DATA
Pipeline Diameter

thickness (min)

36 inch

914.4 mm

15.9 mm

18.3 mm (D/t should be < 60)


0.626 in

Pipeline Material Grade

X60

SMYS of Pipeline

415 Mpa

Steel Density

7850 kg/m3

Water Density

1000 kg/m3

60190.77 lb/in2

Soil Density

1800 kg/m3

112.37 lb/ft3

Mud Density

1437.8 kg/m3

89.76 lb/ft3

Drilling Fluid Density

11 lb/gal

Soil friction Angle

30 degree

Poisson Ratio for Steel

0.3

Modulus of Elasticity

207000 Mpa

Installation Temperature

T1

13 degC

Operating Temperature

T2

65 degC

Steel Coefficient Thermal

Friction Factor of Soil

Fluid (mud) Drag Coefficient

mud

Test Pressue

PT

137.1 Bar

(Test pressure =95 % SMYS)

Design Pressure

63.5 Bar

921 lb/in2

1318.09 Kg/m3

30022866 lb/in2

0.0000117 mm/mm/C
0.5
0.05 lb/in

Assumed
2

344.73785 Pa

CALCULATIONS
Pipe Cross Sectional Area

656692.89 mm2

0.657 m2

44881.26 mm2

0.045 m2

Steel Cross Sectional Area

As

Uncorroded weight of Pipe

Ws

Displace Mud Weight

W mud

944.20 kg/m

Effective (submerged) weigth of pipe

W sub

-591.89 kg/m

352.32 kg/m

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PROJECT:
Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION
Wsub = Ws - Wmud
Earth Pressure Coefficient

0.577

Arching Factor

0.148

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PROJECT:
Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION
INSTALLATION STRESSES
Pulling Loads
Straight Section L1
Frcition Force

|Ff1|

15208.75 kg

FD1

51678.38 kg

W p1

8555.98 kg

T1

58331.14 kg

|Ffarc1|

37189.31 kg

FDarc1

124447.14 kg

W parc1

0.00 kg

|Ff1| = W sub x L1 cos (in) x s


Fluid Drag
FD1 = x D x L1 X mud
Pipe Weight (longitudinal direction)
W p1 = W sub x L1 sin (in)
Pulling load at end of L1
T1 = |Ff1| + FD1 - W p1

Curve Section Larc1


Frcition Force

considered 0deg for conservatism

|Ffarc1| = W sub x Larc1 cos () x s


Fluid Drag
FDarc1 = x D x Larc1 X mud
Pipe Weight (longitudinal direction)

considered 0deg for conservatism

W parc1 = W sub x Larc1 sin ()


Pulling load at end of Larc1

Tarc1

219967.59 kg

|Ff2|

73146.80 kg

FD2

244772.22 kg

W p2

0.00 kg

Tarc1 = T1 + |Ffarc1| + FDarc1 - W parc1

Straight Section L2
Frcition Force

= 0deg for straight section

|Ff2| = W sub x L2 cos () x s


Fluid Drag
FD2 = x D x L2 X mud
Pipe Weight (longitudinal direction)

= 0deg for straight section

W p2 = W sub x L2 sin ()
Pulling load at end of L1

T2

537886.61 kg

T2 = Tarc1 + |Ff2| + FD2 - W p2

Curve Section Larc2


Frcition Force

|Ffarc2|

37189.31 kg

FDarc2

124447.14 kg

W parc2

118652.20 kg

Tarc2

818175.26 kg

|Ff3|

15208.75 kg

considered 0deg for conservatism

|Ffarc2| = W sub x Larc2 cos () x s


Fluid Drag
FDarc2 = x D x Larc2 X mud
Pipe Weight (longitudinal direction)
W parc2 = W sub x Larc2 sin ()
Pulling load at end of Larc2
Tarc2 = T2 + |Ffarc2| + FDarc2 + W parc2

Straight Section L3
Frcition Force
|Ff3| = W sub x L3 cos (Fout) x s
Page 3 of 14

considered 90deg for conservatism

PROJECT:
Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION
Fluid Drag

FD3

51678.38 kg

W p1

8555.98 kg

FD3 = x D x L3 X mud
Pipe Weight (longitudinal direction)
W p3 = Wsub x L3 sin (out)
Pulling load at end of L1

T3

893618.37 kg

T3 = Tarc2 + |Ff3| + FD3 + W p3


Pulling Loads

893618.37 kg

Page 4 of 14

PROJECT:
Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION
Tensile Stress
t

Tensile stress

19.91 MPa

t = Pulling Loads / Steel Area


Allowable Tensile Stress :

90% of SMYS
Condition :

373.50 MPa
OK

Bending Stress
b

Bending Stress

131.45 MPa

b = E D / 2R
Allowable Bending Stress
D/t

57.51

for D/t <


24.92 < for D/t <
for D/t >

24.921 Fb =

45143.08 lb/in2

311.2507 MPa

49.842 Fb =

38485.01 lb/in

265.3449 MPa

49.842 Fb =

39312.27 lb/in

271.0487 MPa

Allowable Bending Stress (Sb) :


Condition :

271.05 MPa
OK

Hoop (External Pressure) Stress


External Pressure

Pext

Hoop Stress due to External Pressure

hext

60 kPa

(Ranging from 30 kPa to 60 kPa)

0.06 MPa
1.73 MPa

Elastic Hoop Buckling Stress


Fhe

87380194318 psi

6E+008 MPa

Critical Hoop Buckling Stress


Fhc
Fhc

33104.92

15728462063 psi

33104.92 < Fhe <

96305.23

68565.10 psi

96305.23 < Fhe <

373183

Fhc
Fhc

373182.77 < Fhe

60190.77 psi

Critical Hoop Buckling Stress :

60190.77 psi

Allowable hoop stress = 67% of Critical Hoop Buckling Stress =


Condition :

Fhe <

87380194318 psi

415.00 MPa
278.05 MPa

OK

Combined Installation Stress


Combined Installation Stress should satisfy the following condition:
t / 0.9S + b / Sb < 1

Condition :

OK

A2 + B2 + 2|A|B < 1

Condition :

OK

A = [ (t + b - 0.5hext) / 1.25] / S

Page 5 of 14

0.4533

PROJECT:
Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION
B = 1.5 hext / Fhc

0.0062

Page 6 of 14

PROJECT:
Prepared by:
Checked by:
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING CALCULATION
OPERATING STRESSES
Hoop Stress due to Internal Pressure

182.59 MPa

131.45 MPa

th

-125.94 MPa

h = P D / 2t
Bending Stress
b = E D / 2R
Thermal Expansion
th = E (T1-T2)
External Pressure

Pe

52108.43 Pa

0.0521 MPa

Allowable Operating Stress


Total circumferential stress

180.87 MPa

59.77 MPa

C = h - hext
Net Logitudinal Stress
L = b + th + C
L 0.9 S =

373.50 MPa

(1) SE1 = | C - L |

sE1

121.10 MPa

2
2
1/2
(2) SE2 = ( C + L - CL )

sE2

159.61 MPa

sE

159.61 MPa

SE 0.9 S =

373.50 MPa

CRITERIA :

Hence :

OK

Hence :

OK

Combined stress

Combined stress, SE = Max (SE1, SE2)


CRITERIA :

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7.56

ft
(D/t should be < 60)

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g for conservatism

g for conservatism

g for conservatism

eg for conservatism

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psi

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