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# CHAROTAR UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

## CHANDUBHAI S PATEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Assignment-1
Subject: - ME303 Heat and Mass Transfer

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Define the thermal conductivity and explain its significance in heat transfer
What are the mechanisms of heat transfer? How are they distinguished from
each other?
What is the physical mechanism of heat conduction in a solid, a liquid, and a
gas?
What is meant by thermal resistance? Under what assumptions can the
concept of
thermal resistance be applied in a straightforward manner?
Consider heat transfer through a windowless wall of a house on a winter day.
Discuss the parameters that affect the rate of heat conduction through the
wall.
What is boundary condition? How many boundary conditions do we need to
specify for a two dimensional heat conduction problem?
Derive general heat conduction equation for Cartesian coordinates system.
6The thermal conductivity of a material varies linearly with temperature,
derive the one-dimensional, steady state heat-conduction equation with
internal heat generation by writing the energy balance for a differential
volume element in cylindrical coordinate system.
Derive expression for temperature distribution, under one dimensional steady
state heat conduction for the simple cylinder system.
Derive the formula for heat conduction in a steady state condition in radial
direction for composite cylinder of two layers.
Explain briefly the significance of Critical thickness of insulation and its
usefulness.
Derive an expression for critical radius of insulation for a pipe.
Define heat flux.

## CHAROTAR UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

CHANDUBHAI S PATEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Assignment-1

## Subject: - ME303 Heat and Mass Transfer

Faculty name: Kamlesh Chauhan
Topic: - Heat Conduction
1

## A 2 m long, 0.3 cm diameter electrical wire extends across a room at 15 0C.Heat is

generated in the wire as a result of resistance heating, and the surface temperature of the
wire is measured to be 1520C in steady operation. Also, the voltage drop and electrical
current through the wire are measured to be 60 V and 1.5 A, respectively. Determine the
convection heat transfer coefficient for heat transfer between the outer surface of the wire
and the air in the room.
A steam pipe, 10 cm I.D. and 11 cm O.D. is covered with an insulating substance (k= 1
W/m 0C). The steam temperature and the ambient temperature are 2000C and 200C,
respectively. If the convective heat transfer coefficient between the insulation surface and
air is 8 W/m2 0C, find the critical radius of insulation. For this value, calculate the heat
loss per meter of pipe and the outer surface temperature. Neglect resistance of the pipe
material.
A wire of 6.5 mm diameter at a temperature of 60 0C is to be insulated by a material
having k=0.174 W/m0C. Convection heat transfer coefficient=8.722 W/m2 0C. The
ambient temperature is 200C. For maximum heat loss, what is the minimum thickness of
insulation and heat loss per meter length? Also find percentage increase in the heat
dissipation.
Water flows at 500C inside a 2.5 cm inside diameter tube such that hi=3500W/m 2 0C. The
tube has a wall thickness of 0.8 mm with a thermal conductivity of 16 W/m 0C. The
outside of the tube loses heat by free convection with ho=7.6 W/m 2 0C. Calculate the
overall heat transfer coefficient and heat loss per unit length to surrounding air at 200C.
Consider a 0.8 m high and 1.5 m wide double pane window consisting of two 4 mm thich
layer of glass (k= 0.78 w/m K) separated by a 10 mm wide stagnant air space (k= 0.026
W/m K). Determine the steady rate of heat transfer through this double pane window and
the temperature of its inner surface for a day during which the room is maintained at
200C while the temperature of the outdoors is -10 0C. Take the convection heat transfer
coefficients on the inner and outer surfaces of the window to be 10 W/m 2 K and 40 W/m2
K.
A 3mm diameter and 5 m long electrical wire is tightly wrapped with a 2 mm thick
plastic cover whose thermal conductivity is k=0.15 W/m K. Electrical measurements
indicate that a current of 10 A passes through the wire and there is a voltage drop of 8 V
along the wire. If the insulated wire is exposed to a medium at 30 0C with a heat transfer
coefficient of h=12 W/m2 K, determine the temperature at the interface of the wire and
The wall of a building is a multi-layered composite consisting of brick (100-mm layer), a

## CHAROTAR UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

CHANDUBHAI S PATEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Assignment-1

10

100-mm layer of glass fiber(paper faced. 28kg/m 2), a 10-mm layer of gypsum plaster
(vermiculite), and a 6-mm layer of pine panel. If h inside is 10W/m 2.K and h outside is
70W/m2.K, calculate the total thermal resistance and the overall coefficient for heat
transfer. Properties: T= 300K: Brick, kb=1.3 W/m.K: Glass fiber (28kg/m3), kg1=
0.038W/m.K: gypsum, kgy=0.17W/m.K: pine panel, kp=0.12W/m.K.
The wall of an oven is a composite of the following layers. Layers A has a thermal
conductivity kA=20W/m.K, and layer C has a thermal conductivity k C=50W/m.K. The
corresponding thicknesses are LA=0.30m and LC=0.15m, respectively. Layer B is
sandwiched between layers A and C, is of known thickness, L B=0.15m, but unknown
thermal conductivity kB. Under steady-state operating conditions, the outer surface
temperature is measured to be Ts,0=2000C. Measurements also tell us that the inner
surface temperature Ts,i is 6000C and the oven air temperature is T =800 0C. The inside
convection coefficient h is known to be 25W/m2.K. Find the value of kB
Steam at 320 C flows in a cast iron pipe [k = 80 W/ m.C] whose inner and outer
diameter are D1 = 5 cm and D2 = 5.5 cm, respectively. The pipe is covered with a 3cm
thick glass wool insulation [k = 0.05 W/ m.C]. Heat is lost to the surroundings at 5C by
natural convection and radiation, with a combined heat transfer coefficient of h2 =
18W/m2. C. Taking the heat transfer coefficient inside the pipe to be h1 = 60 W/m 2K,
determine the rate of heat loss from the steam per unit length of the pipe.
Calculate, the critical thickness of rubber and the maximum heat transfer rate per metre
length of conductor. The temperature of rubber is not to exceed 65 C (due to heat
generated within).