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Basalt ber

4 Uses

Basalt ber is a material made from extremely ne bers

of basalt, which is composed of the minerals plagioclase,
pyroxene, and olivine. It is similar to carbon ber and
berglass, having better physicomechanical properties
than berglass, but being signicantly cheaper than carbon ber. It is used as a reproof textile in the aerospace
and automotive industries and can also be used as a
composite to produce products such as camera tripods.

Heat protection
Friction materials
High pressure vessels (e.g. tanks and gas cylinders)
Load bearing proles
Windmill blades

Lamp posts


Ship hulls
Car bodies

Basalt ber is made from a single material, crushed basalt,

from a carefully chosen quarry source and unlike other
materials such as glass ber, essentially no materials are
added. The basalt is simply washed and then melted.[1]

Sports equipment
Concrete reinforcement (e.g. for bridges and buildings)

The manufacture of basalt ber requires the melting

of the quarried basalt rock at about 1,400 C (2,550
F). The molten rock is then extruded through small
nozzles to produce continuous laments of basalt ber.
There are three main manufacturing techniques, which
are centrifugal-blowing, centrifugal-multiroll and dieblowing. The bers typically have a lament diameter
of between 9 and 13 m which is far enough above the
respiratory limit of 5 m to make basalt ber a suitable
replacement for asbestos. They also have a high elastic
modulus, resulting in excellent specic strengththree
times that of steel.

Speaker cones
Cavity wall ties

5 References
[1] http://www.compositesworld.com/articles/
[2] http://www.albarrie.com/techfabrics/continuousfiber.

Ablesimov N.E., Zemtsov A.N. Relaxation eects in

non-equilibrium condense systems. Basalts : from
eruption up to a ber. Moskow: ITiG FEB RAS,
2010. 400 p.



6 External links


The production of basalt bers Information from the

Uzbekistan state scientic committee
Basalt Continuous Fiber - Information and Characteristics Information from the Basalt Fiber & Composite Materials Technology Development

The rst attempts to produce basalt ber were made in the

United States in 1923 by Paul Dhe who was granted U.S.
Patent 1,462,446. These were further developed after
World War II by researchers in the USA, Europe and the
Soviet Union especially for military and aerospace applications. Since declassication in 1995 basalt bers have
been used in a wider range of civilian applications.

Basalt Roving Dome Video demonstration of concrete construction reinforced with basalt ber


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