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9K Speeding up

Multiple-choice main test: answers


Question 1
The name for the force between an ice skate and the ice when a skater glides over an
ice rink is ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

friction
gravity
speed
weight

Question 2
The speed of a car may be measured using the unit ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

km
m
mph
s

Question 3
The speed of an object in m/s means ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

how many metres the object travels in 1 second


how many miles the object travels
how many seconds it takes the object to stop
how many seconds it takes the object to travel 1 metre

Question 4
The diagram shows an ice skate which is moving on ice.

Choose the arrow A B C or D that shows the force of friction between the skate and the ice.

Cambridge Essentials Science Cambridge University Press 2003, 2006, 2010

9K Speeding up
Multiple-choice main test: answers
Question 5
A toy car is rolled along a wooden table top.
It gradually slows down because ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

the force of gravity decreases


the speed of the car increases
the weight of the car increases
there is a force of friction acting on the car

Question 6
A cyclist travels 200 metres in 40 seconds.
The speed of the cyclist is ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

0.2 m/s
5 m/s
240 m/s
8000 m/s

Question 7
A person tries to push a car that is stuck in some mud. They push it with a force of 50 N.
The car does not move.
This is because ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

the friction forces are smaller than 50 N


the friction forces equal 50 N
the mass of the car is 50 N
there are no friction forces

Question 8
When the speed of an object increases it is called ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

acceleration
deceleration
friction
weight

Cambridge Essentials Science Cambridge University Press 2003, 2006, 2010

9K Speeding up
Multiple-choice main test: answers
Question 9
When the speed of an object decreases it is called ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

acceleration
deceleration
friction
weight

Question 10
A car is moving at 20 m/s.
In 2 seconds it travels a distance of ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

10 m
20 m
30 m
40 m

Question 11
An object accelerates because ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

all the forces acting on it are balanced


its weight increases
the force of friction increases
there is an unbalanced force acting on it

Question 12
The driving force from the wheels of a car is bigger than the friction forces.
This means that the car ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

has reached its top speed


is travelling at a constant speed
is slowing down
is speeding up

Cambridge Essentials Science Cambridge University Press 2003, 2006, 2010

9K Speeding up
Multiple-choice main test: answers
Question 13
A device used to slow an object down by using the force of friction is ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

a parachute
a police speed gun
a streamlined aeroplane wing
the tread on a shoe

Question 14
The friction on a moving object is reduced and the driving force is kept the same.
The object will ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

keep going at the same speed


slow down
speed up
stop

Question 15
One effect of a car having a streamlined shape is to ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

cause fewer accidents


make it slow down more easily
make it stop more easily
reduce the petrol consumption

Question 16
One effect of the force of friction is that ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

cars skid in icy weather


heat is produced
racing cyclists can go faster if they make themselves more streamlined
the Space Shuttle accelerates out of the Earths atmosphere

Question 17
A skydiver is falling at a steady speed.
The name for this steady speed is ...
A)
B)
C)
D)

limiting speed
maximum speed
minimum speed
terminal speed

Cambridge Essentials Science Cambridge University Press 2003, 2006, 2010

9K Speeding up
Multiple-choice main test: answers
Question 18
The graph shows the speed of a skydiver at various times after jumping out of a plane.

Choose the section of the graph that shows the skydiver moving at terminal speed before the
parachute is opened.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4

Cambridge Essentials Science Cambridge University Press 2003, 2006, 2010

9K Speeding up
Multiple-choice main test: answers
Question 19
The graph shows the speed of a skydiver at various times after jumping out of a plane.

Choose the section of the graph that shows the skydiver decelerating when the parachute has
just opened.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4

Cambridge Essentials Science Cambridge University Press 2003, 2006, 2010