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Vizcarra Tobby A.

Jorisse Maureen Moralde


PEDU 211 2B Saturday 2-4

Maam
November 14, 2015

History Of Volleyball
In 1895, William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in
Holyoke, Mass., decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball to create a
game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He
created the game of Volleyball (at that time called, mintonette). Morgan borrowed the net from
tennis, and raised it 6 feet 6 inches above the floor, just above the average man's head.

1895: William G. Morgan (1870-1942) created the game of volleyball.


1900: a special ball was designed for the sport.
1916: in the Philippines, an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck
by another player (the set and spike) were introduced.

1917: the game was changed from 21 to 15 points.

1920s: there are unconfirmed whispers of mens teams playing on the beach in Hawaii, but
most accounts place the sport's origin in Santa Monica, California where the first Volleyball
courts are put up on the beach at the Playground. Families play 6 vs. 6..

1920: three hits per side and back row attack rules were instituted.

1922: the first YMCA national championships were held in Brooklyn, NY. 27 teams from 11
states were represented.

1928: it became clear that tournaments and rules were needed, the United States Volleyball
Association (USVBA, now USA Volleyball) was formed. The first U.S. Open was staged, as
the field was open to non-YMCA squads.

1930s: the first two-man beach volleyball game is played in Santa Monica, California..

1934: the approval and recognition of national volleyball referees.

1937: at the AAU convention in Boston, action was taken to recognize the U.S. Volleyball
Association as the official National Governing Body (NGB) in the U.S.

1947: the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FIVB) was founded.

1948: the first two-man beach tournament was held.

1949: the initial World Championships were held in Prague, Czechoslovakia.

1964: Volleyball was introduced to the Olympic Games in Tokyo.

1965: the California Beach Volleyball Association (CBVA) was formed.

1974: the World Championships in Mexico were telecast in Japan.

1975: the U.S. National Women's team began a year-round training regime in Pasadena,
Texas (moved to Colorado Springs in 1979, Coto de Caza and Fountain Valley, CA in 1980,
and San Diego, CA in 1985).

1977: the U.S. National Men's team began a year-round training regime in Dayton, Ohio
(moved to San Diego, CA in 1981).

1983: the Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP) was formed.

1984: the U.S. won their first medals at the Olympics in Los Angeles. The Men won the Gold,
and the Women the Silver.

1986: the Women's Professional Volleyball Association (WPVA) was formed.

1988: the U.S. Men repeated the Gold in the Olympics in Korea.

1989: the FIVB Sports Aid Program was created.

1990: the World League was created.

1995: the sport of Volleyball was 100 years old! This Web site - Volleyball.Com goes live!

1996: 2-person beach volleyball debuted as an Olympic Sport.


Facilities & Equipment of Volleyball
Volleyball Court Dimensions
The Volleyball court is 60 feet by 30 feet in total. The net in placed in the center of the court, making
each side of the net 30 feet by 30 feet.
Center Line

A center line is marked at the center of

the court dividing it equally into 30 feet squares,


above which the net is placed.
Attack Line

An attack line is marked 10 feet of

each side of the center line.


Service Line A service line, the area from which the
server may serve the volleyball, is marked 10 feet
inside the right sideline on each back line.

The Net The net is placed directly above the center


line, 7 feet 4 inches above the ground for women and
8 feet above the ground for men.
Poles Volleyball poles should be set at 36 feet apart,
3 feet further out from the sidelines.

Ball used to play indoor volleyball, beach volleyball,


or other less common variations of the sport.

Basic Skills in Volleyball


Serve
A player stands behind the inline and serves the ball, in an attempt to drive it into the opponent's
court.
Pass
Also called reception, the pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent's serve, or
any form of attack.
Set
The set is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball.
Attack
The attack, also known as the spike, is usually the third contact a team makes with the ball.
Block
Blocking refers to the actions taken by players standing at the net to stop or alter an opponent's
attack.
Dig
Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly
a ball that is nearly touching the ground. In many aspects, this skill is similar to passing, or bumping:
overhand dig and bump are also used to distinguish between defensive actions taken with fingertips
or with joined arms.

History Of Basketball
The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by
Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football.
The game became established fairly quickly, very popular as the 20th century progressed, first in
America and then throughout the world. After basketball became established in American colleges,
the professional game followed; the American National Basketball Association (NBA), established in
1949, grew to a multi-billion dollar enterprise by the end of the century, and basketball became an
integral part of American culture.

THE 7 BASIC OFFENSIVE SKILLS IN BASKETBALL


1. Players must be able to PASS & learn not to over possess the ball.
2. Players must be able to CATCH and confidently retain possession.
3. Players must be able to DRIBBLE not pick up the ball too early (hold their triple threat).
4. Players must be able to CUT & PIVOT understanding that movement without travel is the key.
5. Players must be able to SHOOT from any position using correct & simple technique.
6. Players must be able to LAY-UP left and right handed.
7. Players must be able to SCREEN so they can learn a 'pick & roll' early on.

THE 7 BASIC DEFENSIVE SKILLS OF BASKETBALL


1. Players must be able play in a correct STANCE as footwork & balance are key skills.
2. Players must be able to COMMUNICATE to help team mates on defense & be confident.
3. Players must be able to see the BALL and their OPPONENT at the same time.
4. Players must be able to BOX OUT to rebound the ball & prevent opponents from rebounding.

5. Players must be able to CLOSE DOWN their opponent without over-playing it.
6. Players must be able to RUN WITH their OPPONENT & pressure the ball without fouling.
7. Players must be able to BLOCK shots without fouling.

Basketball Equipment & Facilities


Basketball Court Dimensions

The size of the court depends on the playing level. The size

of the court for NBA and College games is 94 feet long and 50 feet wide. It is smaller for High School
and Junior High.
The Backboard and Rim
The regulation height above the ground for the rim (hoop) is 10 feet, and the rim is 18 inches in
diameter. Backboards are 6 feet wide (72 inches) by 42 inches tall, with the inner square being 24
inches wide by 18 inches tall.
The Foul Line
For all size courts the 'foul line' is 15 feet in front of the backboard.
The Key
The key is 12 feet wide, and is the same for all basketball courts. The backboard extends 4 feet out
over the baseline into the key. A half circle of diameter 6 foot extends from the foul line away from
the basket to complete the key.
The 3 Point Line (Arc)
For NBA Basketball Courts the 3 point arc is 22 feet to the center of the rim on the sides with a
straight line extending out 16 feet 9 inches from the baseline. Past those points the line extends out
23 feet 9 inches from the center of the rim.

Line Markings
All line markings on the floor are 2 inches wide and can vary in color.
Ball

Used to play indoor basketball, streetball or other less common variations of the sport.

Terminology

1. Baseline the end line


2. Boxing out a term used to designate a players position under the backboard that prevents an
opposing player from achieving a good rebounding position.
3. Charging personal contact against the body of an opponent by a player with the ball.
4. Cut a quick offensive move by a player trying to get free for a pass.
6. Double Dribble when one person dribbles, stops and picks up the ball and starts to dribble
again or dribble with two hands simultaneously.
7. Dribble the process of bringing the ball down the floor or moving the ball from place to
place using the finger pads to tap the ball.
8. Drive an aggressive move toward the basket by a player with the ball.
9. Fake (Feint) using a deceptive move with the ball to pull the defensive player out of
position.
10. Fast break moving the ball quickly down the court in order to score before the defense can
set up.
11. Field Goal - a basket scored from the field, worth two points, unless outside the three point
line.
12. Free throw the privilege given a player to score one point by an unhindered throw for a
goal from within the free-throw circle and behind the free throw line.
13. Lay-up a shot where a player releases the ball close to the basket while continuing to run
off one foot.
14. Pick a special type of screen where a player stands so the defensive player slides to make
contact, freeing an offensive teammate for a shot or a drive.

15. Press a teams attempt to take the ball away from their opponent before they can set up
their offense.
16. Rebound when a shot bounces off the backboard or basket and is pulled down by a player.
17. Teams Back Court the part of the court containing the opponents basket.
18. Traveling when a player in possession of the ball within bounds progresses illegally in any
direction.
19. Violation an infraction of the rules resulting in a throw-in from out of bounds for the
opponents.