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Q1) IF we found that leak off test is not ok, then whats next step

Ans 1) If Leak Off Test is not ok, this means cementing is not proper at casing
shoe. You will have to go for cement repair. This can be done by cement
squeez/plug job.
Q2) IF we are running two mud pump at same spm, but spm of one mud
pump is not remaining stable at same spm, what can be the reason?
Ans 2) A very good question. Fluctuation or instability in pump SPM can tell
you a lot about pump condition. Timely detection and fitting corrective action
can save you rig time and money. Now coming to your question (actually I
should dedicate a complete post for this, anyways in short)unstable pump
SPM, fluctuations of pump SPM can be of two types. First, rapid fluctuations
and second, slow and gradual fluctuations.
Rapid Fluctuations: These are mainly due to mechanical problems which can
be, worn out valve ring, valve, valve seat, piston ring and in worst case worn
out wear plate and liner. You should stop the pump immediately and make a
check for the things as mentioned in order. And if there are any indications of
pump taking air then you should check the mud strainer in suction line.
Gradual Fluctuations: These are mainly due to electrical and downhole
problems. There may be problem in SCR, Motor Field or you are running near
the load limit. Downhole problem like improper hole cleaning can also cause
the SPM or pressure fluctuations. For electrical problems check the
concerned electrical devices and for hole cleaning problem pump a lo-hi pill

(low viscous mud followed by high viscous mud) and resume drilling after
surface to bit time.
Q4) What is the main factor that determines the rate of build-up to stabilized
SIDPP & SICPP once the well is shut-in?
a) Friction losses
b)Gas migration
c) Permeability
Ans) For IWCF answer should be permeability because he is asking about
initial pressure stablization (when well is just shut in) afterwards it would be
due to gas migration. So if it shows up in exam mark permeability as correct
answer as in IWCF answer key they use permeability as correct answer.
Q5) One more practice question : Which of the following parameters might
be affected by permeability of formation (select three answers)?
b)Bottom hole pressure
d)The time taken to stabilise the shut in pressures.
e)Volume of influx
Answer : a,d,e
Q 8) When circulating out a kick in a deep well with a deep set casing shoe,
the choke pressure approached MAASP while the influx is still in open hole.
What is the most important action to take?

Ans 8) You have to bleed through choke. SO that surface pressure goes
below MAASP and ZUBIN can you like this website on facebook and ask your
friends interested in IWCF to share their doubts so that we can create a
group of interested people in IWCF field.
Q 10) All influx will be displaced from the hole at a pump rate considerably
slower than that used while drilling. Select the correct reasons for this from
the list below:
One of the options is To have minimum pressure being exerted on the open
I think it will be one of the correct reasons, since slower pump rate means
less annular pressure losses and hence less BHP. Is that correct?
Ans10) Yes that is correct logic.!
Q 11) While circulating out a kick, the pump speed is increased keeping
SIDPP constant. What will happen to the BHP.
a) Increase
b) Decrease
c) Remains Same
(Plz explain the reason).
Ans 11) According to me it should remain same as BHP = SIDPP +
hydrostatic head of mud in string.
As SIDPP is constant and in IWCF we assume mud remains uniform in string
so BHP should remain constant.

people who asked question : Exactly what I thought. However the Transocean
Q&A from where I got this question says it will DECREASE. I cannot
understand how
Q12) One more gud question : Where is the mud loss first noticed during the
time of drilling?
a) on the mud pressure gauge
b) on the return flow meter.
c)In the mud pits P.V.T(Pit volume totalizer)
d) From the loggers chart.
Ans) on the return flow meter because it will tell instant change in the mud
Q13) Which of the following equipment may warn of increase in formation
pressure while drilling overbalance? (3 ANSWERS)
a) ROP meter
b) Pump pressure guage
c) Flow line temp guage
d)SPM counter
e) Gas Detector
f) Return flow meter
Ans13) It is a) c) e) Return flow meter is a positive kick sign.See the
difference between early warning sign and positive kick signs write if you
dont get any material on them I will write more about it.

Your Diagnosis of problems are correct

Problem 1 : Nozzle plugging Symptoms : D/pipe Pr.: Increasing, Casing
pressure :Constant
Problem 2 : Choke plugged : D/ pipe pr.: Increses, Casing pressure: Increases
Problem 3 : Choke Washout : D/ Pipe Pr : Decreases, Casing Pr : Decreases
Problem 4 : Pump Failure : D/ Pipe Pr : Decreases, Casing Pr : Decreases ( No
sound of pump in simulator)
As while killing nozzle is plugged in question 1 so bottom hole pressure will
remain same because we will calculate from annulus side because after
nozzle plugging We hold Casing Pressure Constant and then bring pump
down and Close Choke.Identify the problem and bring SIDP at original value.
Keeping casing Pr. Constant bring pump to kill speed. Maintain new drill pipe
pressure constant. Also change in reading in drill pipe pressure gauge is due
to nozzle plugging ( As more pressure is lost in nozzle due to plugging) and
as annular friction losses are same BHP will remain same,
As choke is plugged in case 2 : Action to be taken are :
Stop pump immediately and close HCR.
Identify the problem bring the SIDP at original value.
Line up alternate choke and HCR.
Keeping casing Pr. Constant bring pump to kill speed.
Maintain Drill pipe pressure constant.
Because of choke plugging annular friction losses have increased by 200 psi
in case 2 so BHP should increase by 200 psi.
We are working on a kill sheet application which will help you in practicing
kill sheet and also will post some questions on instrumentation section. In

the meantime you can focus on BOP figures, koomey control unit figures,pipe
ram figure according to course.

74. You are drilling at fast rate. The well is shut in immediately after detecting a kick.
Which of the following statement is correct:
a. SICP would be higher as compared to slow rate of drilling.
b. SICP would be lower as compared to slow rate of drilling.
c. SICP would be same whether rate of drilling is slow or fast
75. Which of the following do not increase with closed well gas migration?
a. Bottom hole pressure
b. Casing shoe pressure
c. Shut-in casing pressure
d. Gas bubble pressure
76. For a long logging operation what should be installed on the drill pipe/shooting
a. FOSV with wire line BOP
b. Inside BOP
77. A well was shut in on a gas kick, SIDPP & SICP had stabilized. After sometime both
start rising slowly by the same amount. What is the probable cause?
a. A further influx is entering the hole.
b. The influx is migrating up the Well Bore.

c. The gauges are faulty.

d. The BOP stack is leaking.
78. After shutin & stabilization of surface pressures, which pressure is to be
maintained constant to keep Bottom hole Pressure constant?
a. Shut-in Drill Pipe Pressure.
b. Shut-in Casing Pressure.
c. Casing Shoe Pressure.
d. Formation Pressure.
79. What is the position of degasser with respect MGS ?
a. Downstream of MGS
b. Upstream of MGS
c. In the vent line of MGS
d. Inside MGS
80. During Well Control Operation how complete loss zone can be recognised?
a. Monitoring the return flow with the flow meter
b. Monitoring the weight indicator
c. Monitoring the pump SPM
d. Monitoring the active mud tank volume
81. How remote choke is operated from remote choke panel?
a. By air

b. By hydraulic fluid
c. By wire rope
82. Where is Shale Shaker placed ?
a. Upstream of MGS
b. Downstream of MGS
c. Between Drilling spool and choke manifold
83. What should be the diameter of vent/bleed/straight through line in choke manifold?
a. 3 in diameter
b. 5 in diameter
c. At-least equal to the diameter of choke line
84. What is the function of vent/bleed/straight through line in the choke manifold?
a. To bleed high volume of formation fluid bypassing the choke
b. To facilitate easy handling of choke
c. To apply back pressure while controlling a kick
85. Match each of the following statements to one of the answers below:
1. Amount of space between the grains of rock
2. Rock ability to allow flow of formation fluid through it
3. The presence of formation fluids within the pore spaces
4. Momentary increase in BHP

a. Porosity
b. Formation Pore Pressure
c. Permeability
d. Surging
86. Well is shut in on a gas kick. After pressure stabilization, both the pressures are
found to be rising 100 psi in every 10 min. Calculate the gas migration rate.
TVD 11,000 ft
Mud weight 12.3 ppg
SIDPP 350 psi
Gas gradient 0.115 psi/ft
a. 824 ft/hr
b. 938 ft/hr
c. 600 ft/hr
87. Well is shut-in and following data are recorded:
SIDPP 400 psi
SICP 550 psi
Mud in use 12.0 ppg
What will be SIDPP & SICP if influx has migrated 400 ft up in the hole? .
a. SIDPP-650 psi & SICP-550 psi

b. SIDPP-650 psi & SICP-800 psi

c. SIDPP-400 psi & SICP-800 psi
d. SIDPP-400 psi & SICP-550 psi
88. After observing self flow the well is shut in. Killing could not be resumed due to
power failure. The following data have been recorded
TVD 11,200 ft
Mud weight 12.3 ppg
Kick size 25 bbls
SIDPP 400 psi
Gas gradient 0.115 psi/ft
It is observed that after 1 hour the drill pipe pressure has risen to 575 psi due to closed
well migration. Calculate volume to bleed to keep the BHP constant.
__0.59____ bbls/hr

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