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[SUPPLEMENT TO

"

JEWISH CHRONICLE."]

DARKEST RUSSIA.

THE

[APRIL 15, 1892.

ISH GHRO

PERSECUTION OF FAMINE-STRICKEN CHRISTIANS.

LATEST INTELLIGENCE.

THE barbarism of Russian officials may weXLhe gauged by the


od
adopted foFcollecting taxesT In every country taxation is an ui*t
pleasant necessity; it is, however, one of the concomitants of govern*
"FROM two to three thousand Jews are under order of expulsion, to
ment, it being understood that the taxpayer receives as an equivalent
leave Moscow by the 26th of April. All these persons will hare to
for the impost the advantages of protection of life and p,TOpg|t^^tt
depart in an utterly destitute condition.
is^diflScult to see what he gets for it in Russia. His last kopeck is
u
AlreadyT^'p-thirds of the more wealthy Jews have left Moscow,
exacted from him when the tax-collectoi:. calls, and if themoney is
and the remaining Jewish inhabitants are so reduced in circumnot forthcoming the poor starving peasftrit is .flogged, and he is
stances that they are unable to support the institutions for relieving
deprived of his clothing and household utensils. Our extract from
the poor families of the veterans of the time of Nicholas L, who the Times on this subject will indicate, the paternal character of
nominally have the right of residence in Moscow.
Russian government evinced in the levying of taxes at times of
"Many of those who.are to leave on April 26 sent petitions for
exceptional; distress. If Russia thus persecutes her Orthodox
a remission of their expulsion orders to M. Dounovo, Minister 6f the
children, why wonder at her persecuting those she regards as
Interior, but have received replies from St. Petersburg informing
heretics?
r
,;.
\
From our own Correspondents.

No. l,203.NEW SERIES.]

"In the present year large numbers of Jewish artisans are out of
work, and though the wealthier Russian Jews have themselves
suffered severe losses^JJiey- have, nevertheless, been ^Yeiy_liberal in
^-the^ieljrih^^
poorer brethren who are without
employment. They have also assisted those owners of small
businesses who have managed to maintain their position by dint of a
supreme effort. The generosity of the Jews in .Russia towards their
poorer brethren has been very marked. In Minsk the community
subscribed 5,123 roubles besides the regular charitable collections
during one month (ending January 8th, 1892) they distributed 4 000
pouds of bread (a pond = 40 lbs..), in which distribution many poor
Umstians shared ; from the 8th of January onwards the distribution of bread was raised to the weekly average of 1,200 pouds. Similar
open-haridedness prevails in other towns. In Wilna, besides the
Regular Meekly distribution of 300 roubles, $000 roubles monthly
have been subscribed, and this is exclusive of the very numerous
private societies which exist in all Jewish communities in Russia.
lfl
short,.there has been no limit to the generosity of tlie Jews, who
~ * * - f ~ s - ~ l their i*a^^
in thejs^aFM5f4heirT;h?iritv/f
~ ~ * ""
JEWISH CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FAMINE BEtlEF

FCND!

people.of thewterior, whose plight is a terrible one.


lvifl M n m c h
Z P^* 8 8 80-1IS1 ' gor

^ h e "* a f f o r d . being
R ^ n ^ ^ ^P* !
f the distress of his Christian-fellow?
Russians.-In these collections the Jews have once more shown

*JiLyh

evolence. But their ready sympathy with their

has rendered them lessY

^ * exha^d ffeirU^d

the exiles from


S the
need immediate help.
"We entreat jou not to relax your efforts on our behalf. We
year sjrmptnyand your help. This is the time when a comnd rigorous effort most be made Do not forsake us now "
Printed d F a b l e d

information has reached us, under date of March


2nd, respecting the closing of the Talmud School in Woloshin
(Wilna Government).
By order of Kochahov, Governor-General
of Wilna, the head-masters Rabbi Hirsch lieb Berlin, Rabbi
Ohann Berlin, his son, and Rabbi Chaim Solowejzig (the celebrated son of the Rabbi of Brest)-^have been forbidden to reside
in any part of the Government 6f Wilna for the term of three years,
the police thinking that only when thethree principal teachers were
removed from their sphere of action,.would there be security that
the college would not be reopened secretly. I t is reported that the
school was closed oh the strength of a denunciation by the police
and Ispravniks, who represented the school as a " nest for Nihilists."

LI

FURTHER

^ [20 PAGES. PBIC*

BALING

SGHOOL.

RAMSGATE SCHOOL,
"TOINLEY CASTLE,"

VI
EW

IN

THE iffTHOiySED DAILY PI(iTEI{ BOOK,

ALLIANCE

ERLESIVIEREr*

'

"

?T is^ratifying tpieatn that many millions of copies of Colonel Weber's


and Dr, Keibpster's .Report-to Congress ha?e been printed and

The wealthier Jews are, indeed, showing thkmselves^amonff-thev


_ . *
laucu for
lur the
me relief
reuei of
01 the
tne

* e ST** rePute^ ^ charity

EXPULSION OF RABBIS.

GREAT

$652-

R. GABRIEL BARNET begs to


BIRTHS.
ret* m his sincere THANKS for visits,
On the 12th of April, at 10, GascoriyPrincipal : Rev. JOHN CHAPMAN.
letters,
aud cards of condolence received
A venue, West Hampstead, the wife of
during the week of monrning for his dearly
ELKIN liEICHFELD, of a daughter.
On the 15th of April, at 12, Spital-square, beloved mother.-1, Vernon-place, BloomsHE Committee of the Cambridge University Local Examination have just
Bishopsgate, KATE, the wife of S. J. BBJB- bury-square.
awarded to a Pupil of this School the " Senior Evelina Scholarship," for having
LINSKI, of a daughter.No cards, J
the "Senior Cambridge Local Examination,** at the Head of the Candidates of
ISS ESTHER C0HE3T; Mrs. passed
On the 15th of April, at 62, Lin thorpall
Denominations,
presented by the combined Schools at this Centre.
MARTHA ABRAHAMS and Mrs.
road, Stamford-hill, N., the wife of A. H.
The VACATION commenced on APRIL 8th and wm terminate on MAY 2nd
LEAH KOPPEL return sincere thanks for
SAQUI, of a son.
During
the past year various improvements in the Studies, Discipline and Personal
On thel6th of April, at 29, Gt. George- kind expressions of sympathy on the death Supervision, have been introdnced with the view of perfecting all the arrangements,
squ&re, Liverpool, the wife of F. DUCKBTT, of their lamented sister, Mary Cohen.43, which have now reached a high state of efficiency. The Principal requests that early
Vincent-square, Westminster.
of a daughter.
application may be made for the ensuing vacancies!
,
'
~.
On the 16 th of April, at 84, NewingtonRS. JOHN ELKAN, of 73, King
green-road, N., the wife of P H I L I P ROSENHenry's-road, N.W., and Mrs. RALPH
THAL, of a son.No card*.
RAPHAEL,
of Kilmorey House? St.
On the 16th of April, at "Cecildene," 10,
Margarets,
Twickenham,
return their sincere
Clarence-road, Brondesbury, the wife of
THANKS
for
kind
letters,
cards, and visits
BERTIE COHpN, of a daughter.-No cards.
of
condolence
received
during
the mourning,
' On the 17th of April, at 1 % Cheethamhill-road, Manchester, the wife of HARRIS for their dearly beloved mother.
Principal
RJEV. S. n. HARRIS.
' GLASS, of a son.'No cards.
ESSES. JOSEPH and ABRAHAM
" cv
* FIANCES.
HARRIS,
25,jClarence-street,_Liver-.
Mr. MORRIS MARGULINSKI, of 2J, Fields pool, tender their sincere TITANKS to their
bitecfiapel, "B7j to BERTHA numerous friends for visits, letters, and cards
Pupils will re-assemble on MAY 3rd.
t, of Germany.
.
of condolence during their week of mourning
MARRIAGE.
for their late lamented mother.
At St. Alban's, by the Rev. L. Canter,
assisted by the Rev. if. Davids, E. J. LCEWE,
ST, LEONARD^S-ON-SEA.
R. and Mrs. M. H. HARRIS and
of 80, Brecknock-road, to Miss ALICE
FAMILY return sincere THANKS
UEVD. P H . BENDER.
rSCKILSKl, of Tollington-park*for kind expressions of sympathy onthe
HE College is being completely renovated and re-organized. Classes preparing
DEATHS.
occasion of the death of Miss Kate Alexfor the Universities, the Preliminary Legal, and Medical and other Public
On the 21st of February, at Pretoria, j ander (cousin Kitty).17, St. AugustineExaminations.
Thorough training for commercial life. Special facilities for ttadying
South Africa, DAVID WOOLPE, only surviv- road, Camdeti-town, N.W.
Modern
Languages,
Elocution and Shorthand-writing.
ing son of the late BARNETT LYONS, of
Plymouth, formerly of Cardinal! 9 r AbbeyR S.
HARBrS^TiONirOJS
at the minimum age; all the CancUdates presented for the UNIVBRSITY
road, St. John's-wood,
i
n n n
.
LOCAL EXAMINATIONS paased without a" failure, and in the Examinations of the
BROTHERS and SISTERS,
return
On the 5th of April, at 25, Clarence-street,
Liverpool (the residence of her son. Abraham THANKS for kind visits, cards, and letters COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS the pupils attained a high peventage of distinctions,
Hastings Centre awarded a FIRST-CLASS CERTIFICATE
Harris), aged 102, PAULINA -HARRIS, relict of condolence received during the week of I the ONLY Candidate at the
4
mourning
for
their
late
lamented
father,
At.
being
a
pupil
of
Beaufort
College.
of the late Lazarus Harris, and mother of
Messrs. I. and A. Harris (of Liverpool). Was Barnett.184, High-street, Margate. ~
,
For use in School*, Synagogue* and Families.
interred at the Jewish Oe aetery, Deane-road,
RS.
M.
D.
LOEWENSTAR^;
135,
on Friday, April 8th. Her end was peace.
JUST PUBLISHED, 3rd Edi*l^i, CAREFULLY REVISED,
Strand, W.C., and Mrs. SCHARRER,
On the 11th of April,-13th Nisan, HENRY
Small 8vo., 327 pp. Hebrew, 333 pp. English.
,
i ,
SW
t
thi,
P H I L L I P S , father of E. N. Phillips, of 40, Trent-roaa, B
PBICE : cloth, fed edges, Is. net.; Postage 6d. extra.
Brixton, S.W., return their
Melbourne, and Lazarus Phillips, of 13, sincere THANKS for land visits and letters
Cutler-ttreet, Houjldsditch^aged 76 years. of sympathy and condolence, on the loss of
n<O<rO"n#Australian tn^Spers please copy. their dearly beloved mother.
On the 13th of April, at 82, Waterlow-road
RS. MORRIS MILLINGEN, returns
Manchester, REBECCA, aged 79, widow of
THANKS for kind visits and letters
the late Mr. LAWRENCE WOOLF, of LiverOf the UNITED HEBREW CONGREGATIONS, of theJBinxisii
of
condolence
received during^the week ofpool and Manchester. May her soul rest in
AVith a^
mourning
g for her d j^^ l d
Pl
W
On the 14th of April, at.her residence,56, T
By the REV. S; SINGER
TPoplar-grove,
West Kensington-park.
St. Peter's-road, after a short illness, ELIZAR8. SARAH SAQUI returns Pablisbed ander the sanction of Chief Rabbi Dr. NATHAN MARCUS ADLKR.
BETH, the beloved wife of SOLOMON JOEL,
THANKS for cards and letters of LONDON.Published for the JEWiSH,jiaaDCiATiaN FOR T H E DIFFUSION OF R E L I and mother of Barnett. Joel, Henry Joel and
of Lilian Hyman. Deeply mourned by her condolence received during the week of
GIOUS KNOWLEDGE, by WEBTHEIMEB, L E A and Co., Circus-place, London-Wall
husband, loving children.and a large circle mourning for her late .lamented sister.
of'friends. May her soul Test in peace.
Stanley Grange, Southport.
On the 14th of April, after a short illness,
J. SAMUEL & SON,
CAROLINE COHEN, aged 36, th beloved
R. and Mrs. M, STEINART, of
Monumen taI Masons & Undertakers.
wife of ISBAEL COK[EN, of 120, Mile-end4, Hey wood-street, Cheetham, ManEstablished 60 years.
road. May her soul rest in peace.American chester, return sincere THANKS forthe
ASSURANCE
COMPANY.
papers please Copy.
.
Sidney Street,
numerous visits, cards, and letters of conCapital
5,000.000.^ Works147,
On the 14th of April, at 30, Scarborough- dolence receiv^d^ during the week of niourning
MILE END, E.
Head Office:
street, Goodmans-fields, HANNAH, wife of for.their late lamented son, Baron. ^- '
Headstones, Tombs, and Monuments sup*
Bartholomew Lane, Lrfndon, E.C plied for all cemeteries, in Stone, Aberdeen
MOSES VAN PRAAGH, and beloved mother
of Jacob van Praagh, Clara Wynschenkand
Granite and marble, with the Imperishable
gr I S A A C WEBER v returns
DIRECTOR:
Abraham van Praa^h, of 14,. Saint MarkLead Letters. Designs, &c, forwarded .on
T H A N K S f,pr visits, letters and cards, Right. Hon.
LORD ROTHSCHILD application.
street, E.., aged 66. Deeply mourned by her of qondolence received during the week of
.
(Chairman.)
sorrowing husband, children, brothers and mourning for hia late lamented brother,
Funerals and Removals conducted accord*
James Alexander, Esq.
sisters.May her dear soul- rest in peace.
Mark Weber.218, Whitgehapel-road, E.
CUaileB George B^rnei
Q'n-Uie 14th of Aprils at 63, Bnxtpn-street^
Charles Ed ward Barnett, Esq.
~Brie1r-laneJaf ter~a,short illness, Moss C O H E N ^
Hon. .JKenelm F. Bouverie, Esq.
r^aged-46.-'Deeplyrmourned by his.sorrowing'
100, Thomas Henry Burroughes, Esq.
_wMawrcliildren, family*-and friends;May- Leman-street, Whitechapel, will berSET
at Francis William Buxton, Esq.
t09, SUTHERLAND AVENUE,
his soul rest in peace.Australian arid West Ham Cemetery, at 1 o'clock on SUNJames
Fletcher.
Esq.
American papers please copy.

On the 14th of April, at 5, St. George's- DAY, the 24thh inst. Relatives and friends Cyril Flower, Esq., M.P.
Richard
Hoare,
Esq.
q ^
g
p
r
^
The above having been thoroughly redecoGeorge Curtis Lampson, Bart.
wife of E L L I S HARFELD, aged 61.
^HE TOMBSTONE in memory of The Sir
rated
is now ready for the reception of
On the 15th of April, at 19, Michaelkirch. lamented Mr. R A P H A E L JACX>BS, of Francis Alfred Lucas. Esq.
visitors
as temporary or permanent guests.
strasse, Berlin, of syncope, MORRIS COHEN, FlorestoD-street, Mile End, will be SET on Edward Harbord Lushinj n, Esq.
The
residence
affords suoh accommodation
formerly of 5, Myton-gate, Hull. nO"">n SUNDAY next, April 24th, at Wejt Ham Hugh Colin Smith, Esq.
as
is
to
be
to
and
in the best conducted hotels,
On the 16th of April, at the residence of Cemetery at 2*30 pan.Relatives and friends Right Hon. Lord Stalbri _
with
the
rare
advantages
of home life and
Lieut^Col. F. Anderson Stebbing,
his son, 122, Graham-road, ISAAC DE LANGE, will please accept this, the only intimation.
genial
society.
The
cuisine'is
excellent and
Sir C. Rivers Wilson, K.C.M.G., C.B.
age 73, father of Mrs. E% L. Isaacs, of 103,
terms are moderate. Address
^
Graham-road. Deeply regretted.
_
_
^

M
B
S
.
LEAH
GREEN
HE TOMBSTONE in memorj'j>f
On the 19th of April, DAVID STEINHAtXEB,
the late SAM UEL MOSES, of~24;t:oboni-of SB9 Bermond&e>-street, aged 6^.-. Deeply
street.
Bow, will be SET at die West Ham
lamented by his sorrowing wife and children.
Cetiiet^ry7on~"BUNDAT"
next, at 4 o'clock. Marcus N. Adler,Actuary.
Jf ay his soul rest in peace.Au3tralran~andRelatives and frienjds kindly accept this
American, papers
please
copy.
pp
p
p
JjisuriJices granted at current rates,
intimation
O
t h g o f c h f April,
il t ll
On thegofch.nf
Snnderland,
MIRIAM, abeloved
daughter of
..... Life Department*
J A C O B and H A N N A H JAGKSOX, aged 22. --=
R. aihi Mra. ISK^EL JACOBS at
Moderate Rates of Fremium,
. home, SATURDAY, April 30tb, on
Large Bonuses including intermediate
GLOUCESTER HOUSE SCHOOL, the occasion
Old-Established
of their second son, MAUBICE'S Bonuses,
KEW.
BARMITZVAH. 11, Nicholson - street,
Claims paid immediately after proof of.
Snnderland.
death,
age, and title.
Principals: J^RS. & M^ss NEUMEGEN.
Hew Policies Free from all restrictive conthe
The Staff consists of Four Resident and Nine
ditions,
whole-world and indisputable.
R. and
Mrs.
J.
B,
SMITH,
of
55,
:
:
Visiting Teachers.
.. Prospectuses, containing full explanation
Gt. Prescot-stree>, Minories, will be
8, CAVENDISH
High -clais Modern education.. Refined most happy to see their relatives and friends of the exceptional benefits conferred on Life
KING'S B
Home-life. Special advantages for Music on the occasion of their son Louis' BAR- Policy-holders by the new regulations of the
and Languages.
' MITZVAH, on the 23rd April, Portion Company, may be had on application to thm
Office
The next term commences Monday, May 9th. read in the Great Synagogue*

FO

H
ER

GENEROSITY OF RUSSIAN JEWS.

FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1892 5-NISAN ^

" NiJNI-NoVGOROD.

"The gradual decline in ihe fruitfulness of the soil has beeii


accompanied by an increase of t i e population. The land at the
disposal of the peasants has. remained stationary, its fertility has
diminished, and the number of mouths it has to feed has increased
at an alarming rate. Hence the peasant has been in a chronic -state
of starvation foryears, and his pre&ent distress is not so apparent to
those who have been standing by and watching his decline as it is to
the new-comer, or to the ardent reformer and intelligent patriot who
"More than a fortnight ago I wrote toyou briefly concerning the
. fresh trouble that has befallen the Jews of Russia-^!: allude to the sees with aching heart the gradual ruin of his country. The
difficulties placed in the"way ol'immigrants who wish-to land at the .peasant is the goose which lays Russia's golden veggs, and he is being
slowly killed.
'
v
American ports.
Thia aeriouf obstacle is interfering with the
"While the peasant is gradually growing poorer the State is
activity of the German Committees, and thus the last hope of the
growing more and more exacting in the collection of taxes. In the
persecuted Jews is being removed. Emigration is the only refuge
rif^itkfinsto
j
g
^
,
i
g
n
o
r
e ignore
to the sufferers from the May Laws,, and,- if^ -tlm~escape-is denied
the famine, and collect to
t the
h uttermost farthing
f h i the
h tribute
ib d
due. He
them, what must be their fate? In every town numbers of persecuted
consequently despatched the vice-governor with the police officials,
and afflicted families are gatheredin one case a wife and five
accompanied by -soldiers and Cossacks and several sjedge-loads of
children, whose husband and father has accepted baptism, while
birch-rods, on a tour of inspection in the villages. The simple method
they remained steadfast in their faith in Judaismall awaiting the
employed was to select the wealthiest peasants of a village, and flog
day when they shall be sent to a land of freedom under the auspices
them until the taxes were produced. In some cases the most merciless
of your Committee. Their disappointment will be commensurable
floggings failed to have the desired effect. There was literally no
with their former hopes.'"
money to be got. In these villages the private, p ^
COMMERCIAL DEPRESSION.
-peasantry -was s e q u e i ^
their -fur coats, their
simple cotton clothing, t!heir primitive agricultural implements,
-^^he-^es^t'is^fr^ncKl of commercial depression in many lands
everything was seized.
where men are^free; it is needless to point out how this depression
" These facts were told me by a .solemn official, one of the wisest
must be intensified in Russia.. The Jews there are unable to travel
and most enlightened in his district, who implored me not to mention
at will, or to settle in the interior; they are subjected to a thousand
his name. 'You know,7 he said, < the order of thingsin which we
restrictions. The result is a condition of poverty and chronic
live.' This is not a Government, but an Asiatic despotism. Perhaps,
distress which was only tolerable so long as a chance of escape
always seeined possible. If the succour of their brethren in happier
if some of these and similar facts find their way into the British
lands is now denied them they will despair entirely of the future."
Press, they will make our rulers ashamed of themselves."

AT TRE GRKFIUL POST OrflCB AS A.

ET
AI
LS

them that their ]>etitions will not even be considered.


"M. Wlassoffsky, the Chief Inspector of Police in Moscow, has
returned from the Capitalwith new instructions as to further
restrictions on the Jews. Agents of merchants of the 1st and
Slid Guilds, who previously were allowed to remain in the fcity for
periods of six months and two weeks respectively, are now to be
entirely refused admission into Moscow."

ESTABLISHED 1841.

hy
:,:;;::l

almost every newspaper of importance.

'

April 6th.The Foreign Relations Committee of


the House of Representatives to-day reported favourably upon the
resolution calling upon the President to furnish information as to
whether, by the operation of the Russian laws concerning the Jews,
at
*7 American citizen of Jewish faith is subjected to restrictions
which constitute a violation of the Treaty between the United Stater
and Kussia. Thereport prepared by Mr, Chipman, representative
forTMl6ll^^
tfaei^^lutidny'flecKres that every,
citizen of the Republic is entitled to aJiome abroad,J*nd the exact
treatment and protection which are the full right of citizenship
under the constitution, and that in the treaties with foreign Powers
the United States Government can make no distinction based on the
creeds or birthplaces of its citizens, nor can it permit such distinc%^foreigir Powers.-Reuter.
WASHINGTON

<m*t !**,.

April,

-'

> i

toardlnrHmiser

BRI6HT0C

t)A K LA NOTE

JOSEPH'S

Priyate Boarding

5*1