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Biesbosch Museum Island / Studio Marco


Vermeulen

27

NOV

2015

Projects Built Projects


Selected Projects Park Museum
Werkendam Dordrecht
The Netherlands

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PARK

Architect: Studio Marco Vermeulen


Photographer: Ronald Tilleman
Materials: Glass Steel Concrete

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Architects:Studio Marco Vermeulen


Location:De Hilweg 2, 4251 MT Werkendam, Netherlands

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Area:1300.0 sqm
ProjectYear:2015
Photographs:Ronald Tilleman

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MUSEUM

ProjectManagementandEngineeringAdvice:Edion Bouw en Management,


Driebergen
Structure:Raadgevend Ingenieursburo van Nunen, Rosmalen and W5A
Structures, Waalre
Installations:Overdevest Adviseurs, Den Haag
BuildingPhysicsandFirePrevention:moBius Consult, Driebergen
Adviceonfacilitiesforpeoplewithdisabilities:Zet

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BuildingContractor:Staton Bouw, Werkendam


ElectricalContractor:Drabbe, Werkendam
ClimateSystemContractor:WVI, Werkendam
GreenRoofandOutdoorSpaceContractor:Van Helvoirt, BerkelEnschot
InteriorDesign:Verberne, Asten and Xylos, Rotterdam

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RonaldTilleman

ElectricFireplaces

Fromthearchitect.Afteraneightmonthrenovation,theBiesboschMuseumreopenedto
thepublicthissummer.Themuseumhasbeencompletelytransformedandextendedwith
anewwingthatopenstoitsbeautifulsurroundingsandhousesarestaurantandtemporary
exhibitionspaceforcontemporaryart.Thepermanentexhibitionthatexplainsthehistorical
BiesboschandafreshwatertidalparkarealsoplannedontheMuseumIsland.Building,

Wall Panels - Single Lock


Standing Seam
Vmzinc

interior,watermodelandfreshwatertidalparkweredesignedbyStudioMarcoVermeulen,

Metallics

developmentoftheregionhasalsobeentotallyrevamped.Alargewatermodelofthe

andtheexhibitionwasdesignedbyStudioJoyceLangezaal.

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RonaldTilleman

Reasonforredevelopment

WatersafetywasthekeyreasonforthedevelopmentoftheBiesboschMuseumIsland.As
partofanationalwatersafetyprogramme,the4450hectareNoordwaardpolderhasbeen
turnedintoawaterretentionarea.OutletsoneithersideoftheBiesboschMuseumwere
dugtocreateanewisland.

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RonaldTilleman

Formostvisitors,theBiesboschMuseumisthestartingpointforexploringtheBiesbosch
NationalPark.Themuseum,however,wasoutdatedandnotequippedtoaccommodatethe
growingvisitornumbers.Alackofadequatecateringfacilitieswasparticularlyurgent.
Moreover,thepresentationofthecollectionneededanoverhaul.In2012,some35,000
peoplevisitedthemuseum,whileinthefirstthreemonthssincethereopening,nofewer
than30,000peoplevisitedthecomplex!

RonaldTilleman

MuseumBuilding

Toavoidanyunnecessarywasteofmaterialorenergy,thehexagonalstructureofthe
originalBiesboschMuseumpavilionshasbeenretained,andanew1000m2wingwas
addedonthesouthwesternsideofthebuilding.Featuringextensiveareasoffenestration,
thewingopenstothemuseumgardenontheisland.Theextensionhousesanorganic
restaurantthatoffersviewsoftheadjacentwaterandlandscape,andspacefortemporary
exhibitions.

RonaldTilleman

Theexistingbuildinghousesthepermanentexhibition,library,multipurposetheatre,
entranceareawithreceptionandmuseumshop.Visitorscanobtaintouristinformation
abouttheBiesboschNationalParkandbuyticketsforthemuseumandelectricboats.The
additionoflargedormersontheroofcreatedspaceforthemuseumsoffices,theDutch
ForestryCommissionandtheParkBoard.

FloorPlan

Theoldandnewsectionsofthemuseumaresurroundedbyearthworksandcoveredwitha
roofofgrassandherbs.Theroofaddsecologicalvalue,creatingasculpturalobjectthat
readsaslandartand,atthesametime,manifestsitselfinthesurroundinglandscape.A
foldintheroofgiveswaytoanadventurousmountaintrailandalookoutpost.

RonaldTilleman

Exhibition

ThenewpermanentexhibitionoffersarichoverviewofthehistoryoftheBiesbosch,the
cultureandthecollectionofthemuseum.TheuniquestoryoftheBiesboschisdisplayedin
sevenpavilions,coveringitshistoryfromtheElizabethFloodof1421toitscurrentstatus
asarecreationalarea.Theresidents,economy,craftsandnaturearedisplayedin
multimediaspacesthatstimulateallsenses.Originalfilmmaterialandphotographs,
interviewsandtoolspresentapersonalandvividaccountoftheareaanditsresidents.

RonaldTilleman

Energy

Boththenewwingandexistingvolumearedesignedtominimizeenergyconsumption.The
glassfrontisfittedwithstateoftheartheatresistantglassthateliminatestheneedfor
blinds.Theearthworksonthenorthwesternsideandthegreenroofserveasadditional
insulationandaheatbuffer.Oncolddays,abiomassstovemaintainsthebuildingatthe
righttemperaturethroughfloorheating.Onwarmdays,waterfromtheriverflowsthrough
thesamepipingtocoolthebuilding.

RonaldTilleman

WillowFilter

Sanitarywastewaterispurifiedthroughawillowfilter:thefirstintheNetherlandsandan
acknowledgementofthewickercultureoftheBiesbosch.Willowsabsorbthewastewater
andthesubstancesitcontains,amongthemnitrogenandphosphate.Thesesubstances
actasnutrientsandhelpthewillowtogrow.Thepurifiedwaterisdischargedintothe
adjacentwetlandareaandflowsfromthereintotheriver.Oncethewillowsaresawnand
dried,thewoodcanbeusedasfuelinthebiomassstoveinthemuseumorforother
purposes.

RonaldTilleman

SpecifictotheBiesbosch

Themuseumusesmanyresourcesavailableinthearea,notonlyforitsenergysupplyand
watertreatment,butalsoforthemenuinthemicrobrewrestaurant.Moreover,themuseum
cancountonthecommitmentofdozensofvolunteers,manyofwhomhaveworkedinthe
Biesboschinthepast.Evenmostofthecontractorsandconstructionworkersinvolvedin
theredevelopmentcomefromtheimmediatearea.

RonaldTilleman

TheBiesboschhasarichhistoryinharvestingandprocessingnaturalmaterialsandisbio
basedavantlalettre.Themuseumthereforeprovidesspaceforart,preferablymadeof
naturalmaterialsfromtheBiesboschitself,inthenewwingandontheisland.

Section

Midwaythroughthelastcentury,theimpressivesturgeonandsalmondisappearedfromthe
watersoftheBiesbosch.WiththeopeningoftheHaringvlietlocksandthecleanerwaterin
theriver,thelikelihoodofareturnofthesedistinctivespecieshasincreased.Theindoor
pondattherestauranthintsatthereturnofthesturgeon.

RonaldTilleman

FreshwaterTidalPark

TheMuseumIsland,whichwillberealizedinthespringof2016,isafreshwatertidalpark
ontheislandthatreceivesriverwaterthroughanewlydugcreek.Thetidesandseasonal
variationsinwaterlevelscanbeclearlyexperiencedthankstothegentleslopeofthe

banksalongthecreek.Theslopesalsocreatearichdiversityoffloraandfauna,sothat
everyvisittotheislandwillbedifferent.Ameanderingpathprovidesaccesstotheisland,
whichcontinuouslychangesinappearancebecauseofthechangingwaterlevels.

RonaldTilleman

BiesboschExperience

The'BiesboschExperience'willberealizedontheMuseumIslandinthespringof2016.
ThisscalemodeloftheBiesbosch,withpolders,dikesandstreams,explainsthewater
managementfunctionandimportanceoftheareawhenwaterlevelsarehigh.Withinahalf
hourcycle,thewaterchangesfromextremelylowtoextremelyhigh.Childrenandadults
areabletoalterthecourseofthewaterbyoperatingvariouskindsoflocks.

Bookmarkthispicture!

Diagram

DePannekoekOpenAirMuseum

Theopenairmuseumontheothersideoftheriverfeaturesawoodofwillowscalleda
griendwherevisitorscanstepbackintime.Visitorscanalsoseeaduckdecoy,ahut
madeofwillowsandreeds,andabeaverlodge.

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FloorPlan

FloorPlan

FloorPlan

Section

Section

Elevation

Elevation

Elevation

Elevation

Elevation

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

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Detail

Locationtobeusedonlyasareference.Itcouldindicatecity/countrybutnotexact
address.

Cite:
"Biesbosch Museum Island / Studio Marco Vermeulen" 27 Nov 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Dec 2015.
<http://www.archdaily.com/777852/biesbosch-museum-island-studio-marco-vermeulen/>

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