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But the other Dashas, followed in special cases, are

• Ashtottari,
• Shodashottari,
• Dwadashottari,
• Panchottari,
• Shatabdik,
• Chaturashiti-sama,
• Dwisaptati-sama,
• Shastihayani,
• Shat-trimshat-sama.

Our ancients have described these different kinds of Dashas, based on Nakshatras.

6-11.

O Brahmin! Some Maharishis have made a mention of Kala and Chakr Dasha, but they
have recognized the Kala Chakr Dasha, as supreme. The other kinds of Dashas,
propagated by the sages, are Char, Sthir, Kendr, Karak, Brahma Graha, Manduk, Shul,
Yogardh, Drig, Trikon, Rasi, Panchswara, Yogini, Pind, Nausargik, Asht Varg, Sandhya,
Pachak, Tara etc. But in our view all these Dashas are not appropriate.

6-11.

Vimshottari

6-11. Beginning from Kritika, the Lords of Dashas are Surya, Chandra, Mangal, Rahu,
Guru, Sani, Budha, Ketu and Sukra in that order.

Thus, if the Nakshatras from Kritika to the Janma Nakshatra are divided by nine, the
remainder will signify the Lord of the commencing Dasha. The remaining Dashas will be
of the Grahas in the order, given above.

In Kali Yuga the natural life-span of a human being is generally taken, as 120 years.
Therefore Vimshottari Dasha is considered to be the most appropriate and the best of all
Dashas.

15.

The periods of Dashas of Surya, Chandra, Mangal, Rahu, Guru, Sani, Budha, Ketu and
Sukra are 6, 10, 7, 18, 16, 19, 17, 7 and 20 in that order.
16.

To find out the remainder of the Dasha, operating at the time of birth, first find out the
expired portion of the Dasha of the concerned Grah. This is done, as follows. Multiply
the Dasha period of the Graha concerned by the period of the stay of Chandra in Janma
Nakshatra, that has expired and divide that amount by the total period of the stay of
Chandra in that Nakshatra. The figure in years, months etc. so arrived at will be the
expired period of the Dasha. If this figure is deducted from the total period of the Dasha,
we will get the balance of Dasha at the time of birth.

17-20.

Ashottari

Maharishi Parashara said. O Brahmin, the sages have recommended the adoption of
Ashtottari, when Rahu not being in Lagna, in any other Kendr, or Trikona to the Lord of
the Lagna. From 4 Nakshatras from Ardra commences the Dasha of Surya, from 3 after
that begins the Dasha of Chandra, 4 after that will bring the Dasha of Mangala, 3 after
that the Lord of Dasha will be Budha, 4 therefrom will have Shani, as the Dasha Lord, 3
thereafter the Lord will be Guru, Rahu will be the Lord of the Dasha 4 Nakshatras after
that and then Sukra will take over the lordship of the Dasha 3 Nakshatras from the last
one mentioned above. The Lord of the Dasha at birth will be determined by counting in
this order up to the Janma Nakshatra. The duration of Ashtottari Dasha for Surya,
Chandra, Mangal, Budha, Sani, Guru, Rahu and Sukra are 6, 15, 8, 17, 10, 19, 12 and 21
in that order. Thus in this Dasha system only 8 Grahas play the role of Dasha Lords, Ketu
having been denied this privilege.

21-22.

The Dashas of the various Grahas have been specified above. In the case of malefic
Grahas the Dasha span of one Nakshatra is 1/4 of the Dasha of the Grah. It is 1/3rd in the
case of benefics. Thus the expired portion of the Dasha is calculated, according to the
method, followed for Vimshottari Dasha, by multiplying the Bhayat, i.e. the expired
period of the stay of Chandra in the Janma Nakshatra, by the Dasha portion of the Janma
Nakshatra and dividing it by Bhabhog, i.e. the total period of the stay of Chandra in the
Janma Nakshatra. Then the balance of Dasha at birth can also be ascertained. If
Uttarashadha happens to be the Janma Nakshatra, the duration of its first three Padas is
taken, as Bhabhog and the Dasha calculations should be done accordingly. The Dasha
and calculations for Abhijit Nakshatra are done by taking the 4th Pad of Uttarashadha
plus the 15th part of the beginning of Shravan. For Shravan the Bhabhog would be the
total of its duration in Ghatikas minus the 1/15th part of the beginning of Shravan.

24-26.

Shodshottari
The Dasha may be adopted, when the Lagna is in the Hora of Chandra with birth in the
Krishna Paksh, or, when Lagna is in the Hora of Surya with birth in the Shukla Paksh.
Count the number of Nakshatras from Pushya to the Janma Nakshatra. Divide this
number by 8. The remainder will indicate the Dashas of Surya, Mangal, Guru, Sani, Ketu,
Chandra, Budha and Sukra. The Dashas of the above Grahas are of 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16,
17 and 18 years.

27-28.

Dwadashottari

This Dasha system will be appropriate for one, whose Lagna is in the Navans of Sukra.
Count from Janma Nakshatra to Revati. Divide this number by 8. The remainder will
indicate the Dasha of the Graha concerned. The Dasha order is Surya, Guru, Ketu,
Budha, Rahu, Mangal, Sani, Chandra. The Dashas will be of 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19 and
21 years of the Grahas.

(29-30)

Panchottari

This Dasha is considered suitable for those, whose Lagna is Kark and also in the Kark
Dvadashans. Count from Anuradha up to the Janma Nakshatra and divide the number by
7. The remainder will indicate the Dasha. The order of the Dasha Lords is Surya, Budha,
Sani, Mangal, Sukra, Chandra and Guru. The Dashas of the Grahas are 12, 13, 14, 15, 16,
17 and 18 years.

(31-32)

Shatabdik

This Dasha system has been considered appropriate, if Lagna is Vargottama. This
happens, when Lagna in the Rasi Kundali and the Navans Lagna are in the same Rasi.

(33-34)

Count from Revati to the Janma Nakshatra and divide this number by seven. The
remainder will indicate the Lords of Dashas in this order: Surya, Chandra, Sukra, Budha,
Guru, Mangal and Sani. Their Dashas will be of 5, 5, 10, 10, 20, 20 and 30 years.

35-36.

Chaturashiti-sama

Chaturashiti-sama Dasha is considered appropriate in cases, where the Karma's Lord is


placed in Karma. Count from Swati to the Janma Nakshatra and divide this number by 7.
The remainder will indicate the Dasha Lords in the following order: Surya, Chandra,
Mangal, Budha, Guru, Sukra and Sani. The Dasha period of each Graha is 12 years.

37-39.

Dwisaptati-sama

This Dasha system is considered suitable in cases, where the Lord of Lagna is in Lagna,
or in Yuvati. Count from Mul to the Janma Nakshatra and divide the number by 8. The
remainder will determine the Dasha Lords in the following order: Surya, Chandra,
Mangal, Budha, Guru, Sukra, Sani and Rahu. In this Dasha system all the eight Grahas
have Dashas of 9 years each.

40-41.

Shastihayani

This Dasha may be adopted in cases, where Surya is posited in Lagna. The order of
Dasha Lords in this system is, as follows: Guru, Surya, Mangal, Chandra, Budha, Sukra,
Sani and Rahu. The following shows the Nakshatras, falling under the various Dasha
Lords. The Dashas of Guru, Surya and Mangal are of 10 years. The remaining Grahas
have Dashas of 6 years eaChapter Guru (Ashvini, Bharani, Kritika, Punarvasu), Surya
(Rohini, Mrigashira, Ardra, U.Ashadha), Mangal (Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Revati),
Chandra (P.Phalguni, U.Phalguni, Hast), Budha (Swati, Vishakah, Anuradha), Sukra
(Jyeshtha, Mul, P.Ashadha), Sani (Abhijit, Shravan, Dhanaishtha), Rahu (Shatabhisha,
P.Bhadra, U.Bhadra).

42-43.

Shat-trim-shat-sama

Count from Shravan to the Janma Nakshatra and divide the number by 8. The remainder
1 etc. will indicate the Dasha Lords, whose order will be, as follows: Chandra, Surya,
Guru, Mangal, Budha, Sani, Sukra and Rahu. Their Dashas will be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8
years. If the birth is during the day and Lagna is in the Hora of Surya and, if the birth is at
night and Lagna is in the Hora of Chandra, adoption of this system would be preferable.

Kaala

44-49. 5 Ghatikas before the sight of the semi-disk of the setting Surya and 5 Ghatikas
after that and 5 Ghatikas before and after the rising of Surya, that is 10 Ghatikas in the
evening and 10 Ghatikas in the morning, respectively. The total period of both these
Sandhyas (twilight) is said to be 20 Ghatikas. The 20 Ghatikas of the night have been
given the name Purna and the 20 Ghatikas of the day have been given the name Mugdha.
The Sandhya at the time of sunrise is called Khanda and the Sandhya at the time of sunset
is said to be Sudh. Both of these Sandhyas are of 10 Ghatikas eaChapter If the birth is in
Purna, or Mugdha, its past Ghatikas should be multiplied by 2 and the product should be
divided by 15. The figure so arrived at should be converted into years, months etc. By
multiplying it by the serial number of Surya and other Grahas in their normal order, we
will get the Kaal Dasha of these Grahas. If the birth is during Sandhya, then its past
Ghatikas should be multiplied by 4 and the product divided by 15. The figure so arrived
at in terms of years, months etc. should be multiplied by the serial number of Surya and
the other Grahas to get the Kaal Dasha of all the nine Grahas.

Chakra

50-51. If the birth is at night, the Dasha will commence from Lagna Rasi. If the birth is
during the day, the Dasha will start from the Rasi, in which the Lord of Lagna is placed.
If the birth is during Sandhya, the Dasha will begin from the Rasi of the second Bhava.
The Dasha of each Rasi is 10 years. As it is the Dasha system of the 12 Rasis in the
Zodiac, it has been named, as Chakr Dasha.

Kala-chakra

52-53. Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin! Now, after making obedience to Lord Shiva,
I shall describe the Kala Chakr Dasha. Whatever was related by Lord Shiva to Goddess
Parvati, is being explained by me for the use of sages to be utilized for the welfare of the
people.

54-55. By drawing vertical and horizontal lines, prepare 2 Kundalis, Savya and Apsavya,
of 12 apartments (Kosthas) eaChapter From the second Kostha in each Kundali fix the
Rasis Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Dhanau, Makar,
Kumbh, Meen. Then Nakshatras may be incorporated in the manner, indicated hereafter.
These Kundalis, indicative of the 12 Rasis, are called Kala Chakr.

56-58. Write Ashvini, Bharani and Kritika in the Savya Chakr and Rohini, Mrigashira,
Ardra in the Apsavya. Then incorporate the three following Nakshatras, Punarvasu,
Pushya and Aslesha in the Savya and Magha, Purvaphalguni and Uttaraphalguni in the
Apsavya. Then incorporate the three following, Hast, Chitra and Swati in the Savya and
Vishakah, Anuradha and Jyeshtha in the Apsavya. Then incorporate Mul, Purvashadha
and Uttarashadha in the Savya and Shravan, Dhanaishtha and Shatabhisha in the
Apsavya. Finally incorporate the last three Nakshatras, Purvabhadrapad, Uttarabhadrapad
and Revati in the Savya Chakr. Now there will be 15 Nakshatras in the Savya and 12
Nakshatras in the Apsavya, (because for the 12 Rasis there are 12 Padas of 3 Nakshatras,
the Navansas). The Padas of Ashvini, Punarvasu, Hast, Mul, Purvabhadrapad, Kritika,
Aslesha, Swati, Uttarashadha and Revati of the Savya should be reckoned in the same
manner, as the Padas of Ashvini.
59. Now I shall describe in detail, how the Deha and Jiva should be reckoned in the Padas
(quarters) of the Nakshatras.

60. In the first Pad of Ashvini Mesh is indicative of Deha (body) and Dhanau is
indicative of Jiva (life). And the Lords of Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh, Kanya,
Tula, Vrischik and Dhanau are Lords of the Dashas in the order, as described before.

61. In the second Pad of Ashvini Makar is Deha and Mithun is Jiva and the Lords of the
nine Rasis from Makar to Mithun are Lords of the Dashas.

62. In the third Pad of the ten Nakshatras, beginning from Ashvini, Vrishabh is Deha and
Mithun is Jiva. The Lords of the Rasis Vrishabh, Mesh, Meen, Kumbh, Makar, Dhanau,
Mesh, Vrishabh and Mithun are Lords of the Dashas in that order.

63-64. For the 4th Pad of the 10 Nakshatras, beginning from Ashvini, Kark is Deha and
Meen is Jiva and the Lords of the nine Rasis from Kark to Meen are the Lords of Dashas.

65. In the four Padas of the 5 Nakshatras, Bharani, Pushya, Chitra, Purvashadha and
Uttarabhadrapad, Deha and Jiva are the same, as for Bharani.

66. In the first Pad of Bharani Vrischik is Deha and Meen is Jiva and the Lords of the
Rasis Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Kark, Simh, Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh and Meen are the
Lords of Dashas in this order.

67. In the 2nd Pad of Bharani Kumbh is Deha and Kanya is Jiva and the Lords of Kumbh,
Makar, Dhanau, Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh and Kanya are the Lords of Dashas
in that order.
68. In the 3rd Pad of Bharani Tula is Deha and Kanya is Jiva and Lords of the Rasis Tula,
Vrischik, Dhanau, Makar, Kumbh, Meen, Vrischik, Tula and Kanya are the Dasha Lords
in this order.

69. In the 4th Pad of Bharani Kark is Deha and Kumbh is Jiva and the Lords of the Rasis
Kark, Simh, Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh, Meen, Kumbh, Makar and Dhanau are the Dasha
Lords in this order.

71-72. O Brahmin! I have thus given you the description of Savya Chakr. Now I shall
give the description of Apsavya Chakr. Prepare a similar chart of 12 apartments and from
the 2nd apartment onwards place the Rasis from Vrischik onwards in the reverse order. In
this chart Deha and Jiva would be the same for Rohini, Magha, Vishakah and Shravan, as
for Rohini.

73-76. In the first Pad of Rohini Kark is Deha and Dhanau is Jiva. The Lords of the Rasis
Dhanau, Makar, Kumbh, Meen, Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Simh and Tula will be the
Dasha Lords in this order. In the 2nd Tula will be Deha and Kanya the Jiva and the Lords
of the Rasis Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Meen, Kumbh, Makar, Dhanau, Vrischik and
Vrischik will be the Dasha Lords. In the 3rd Kumbh will be Deha and Kanya Jiva. The
Lords of the Rasis Kanya, Simh, Kark, Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh, Dhanau, Makar and
Kumbh will be the Dasha Lords. In the 4th Vrischik will be Deha and Meen Jiva and the
Lords of the Rasis Meen, Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Simh, Kark, Kanya, Tula and
Vrischik will be the Lords.

77. In the 4 Padas of the Apsavya Nakshatras Mrigashira, Ardra, Purvaphalguni,


Uttaraphalguni, Anuradha, Jyeshtha, Dhanaishtha and Shatabhisha the Deha and Jiva and
the Dasha Lords will be the same, as for Mrigashira.

78-81. In the first Pad of Mrigashira Kark is Deha and Meen is Jiva and the Lords of the
Rasis Meen, Kumbh, Makar, Dhanau, Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Simh and Kark will be the
Dasha Lords in this order. In the 2nd Vrishabh is Deha and Mithun is Jiva and the Lords
of the Rasis Mithun, Vrishabh, Mesh, Dhanau, Makar, Kumbh, Meen, Mesh and
Vrishabh will be the Dasha Lords. In the 3rd Makar is Deha and Mithun is Jiva and the
Lords of the Rasis Mithun, Simh, Kark, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Meen, Kumbh and Makar
will be the Dasha Lords. In the 4th Mesh will be Deha and Dhanau Jiva and the Lords of
the Rasis Dhanau, Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Simh, Kark, Mithun, Vrishabh and Mesh will
be the Dasha Lords.

82. Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin! The description of the Deha and Jiva of the
Padas of the Apsavya Nakshatras and the Dasha Lords is the same, as narrated by Lord
Mahadeva to Goddess Parvati.

205-206.

By multiplying the Dasha years of Sandhya Dasha by 6 and dividing the product by 31,
the years, months etc. so arrived at may be put in one apartment of a Table. Thereafter
half of these years, months etc. may be written in the next three apartments. The
remaining 8 apartments may be filled in by one third of the aforesaid years, months etc.
In this manner Pachak Dasha in Sandhya Dasha of every Bhava can be worked out and
predictions may be made from it.

207-209.

Tara

O Brahmin! Some sages have given consideration to Tar Dasha, which is like
Vimshottari. In this Dasha Janma, Sampat etc. in their order replace Surya, Chandra etc.,
placed in Kendras. This Dasha is applied in those cases only, where there are Grahas in
Kendras. If there are a number of Grahas, the first Dasha will belong to the strongest
amongst them.

210. O Brahmin! I have now completed the description of the different kinds of Dashas. I
will give the description of their Antar Dashas (sub-periods) later.