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PG Brainstormer - 5H (Solutions)

PG Brain Stormer - 5 H
KINEMATICS, NEWTONS LAWS OF MOTION, FRICTION

An Ultimate Tool to understand advanced High School Physics


by ASHISH ARORA Sir

Time Allowed
Maximum Marks

45 Min
55

Section - A
Single Choice Correct (Q. No. 1 to 10)
The Questions given in this section are MCQs with four answer options (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is
correct. Choose the correct answer and fill the answer in the OMR sheet provided at the end.
Ans. (B)
At equilibrium, net force along tangent will be zero.
ma cos = mg sin
a = g tan

a = g 2kx
a
x=
2 gK

2. Sol.

a= g

Ans. (C)
vx

dx
dy
t 2 ; v y x dx 2 2 4
dt
dt
dt

v v x i v y j 2i 4 j m / s .

3. Sol.

Ans. (A)
x

x = 4t2 2t + 2
y

dy
dx

YS
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dx
(8t 2) dx (8t 2) dt
dt
14
2

GA
LA
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1. Sol.

dy
2 dy 2dt
dt
4
2
y = 2t
x = y2 y + 2
4. Sol.

Ans. (C)
Let the particles move perpendicular to each other at time t.
Hence (4i gt j ) (3i gt j) 0

12 + g2t2 = 0
t=

12 t 3

5
100

d=

1
1

(4t 3t ) 2 h gt 2 h gt 2
2
2

PH

Hence distance d is

5. Sol.

= 7t

7 3
m
5

Ans. (B)
Area under a-t graph gives change in velocity
1
v 4 5 5 4 30 m / s
2

PG Brainstormer - 5H (Solutions)
6. Sol.

Ans. (C)
3
u , = 30
2

ucos =

P u 2 sin 2
u 2 sin 2
=
g
2g
3 P (1/ 4)
= 2g
2g

P4 3

Ans. (B)
As net force on block A is zero
aA = 0
and
a B 0.

8. Sol.

Ans. (A)
When both child and cart move together, common acceleration will be
a=

120
= 3 m/s2
40

If friction on cart is f, we use


f = 10 a = 30 N.
For the friction to be limiting value
F = N
30 = (30 g)
=
Ans. (A)
As shown in figure
dx = dy 2dy sin

YS
IC
S

9. Sol.

1
= 0.1.
10

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7. Sol.

dx = dy (1 2 sin 37)

dy
6
dx = dy 1 =
5
5

vA =

vB
5

vA =

dx
dt

vB =

dy
dt

PH

10. Sol. Ans. (B)


Equation of motion for ball
2T 1.5 mg = 1.5 ma
Equation of motion for rod
mg T = 2 ma
(1) + 2 x (2) 0.5 mg = 5.5 ma
a=

dy

(1)
(2)

g
11

Time for ball to cross the length of rod is


t=

2l
=
3a

2 1
11 =
3 g

11
sec.
15

dx

PG Brainstormer - 5H (Solutions)

Section - B
More than one Choice Correct (Q. No. 11 to 15)
The Questions given in this section are MCQs with four answer options (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONE or MORE
than ONE answers may be correct. Choose all the correct answer options and fill the answer in the OMR sheet provided
at the end. You will get marks in a question only if all the answer options of that question are chosen by you.
11. Sol. Ans. (B, D)
As A is thrown upward it will take more time but as at the top of the tower speed of both stones in downward
direction is same so they will reach ground with the same speed.
12. Sol. Ans. (B, C)
dv
=1
dx
a = x 60
at x = 35
a = 25 m/s2
BA : v = x

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CB : v = x 60

dv
= 1
dx
a =x
at x = 20 m
a = 20 m/s2 along +x axis.

13. Sol. Ans. (A, B, C)


As both blocks are moving toward right the direction of friction can be shown in diagram.
Felastic

YS
IC
S

>

F2

F2
F

F1

14. Sol. Ans. (A, C, D)


As whole system is at rest we use k1x1 = k2x2 = 6 N and Fnet on both m and M = 0

PH

15. Sol. Ans. (A, B, C)


If a particle is projected with velocity v0 at an angle with the plane then maximum displacement of the particle
normal to the plane is given by :
h=

(v0 sin )2
2 g cos

where g cos is the component of gravitational acceleration normal to that plane. Since, in the both the cases the
particle is projected at an angle with the plane and plane ahs inclination with horizontal, therefore, h1 and h2 both
will be equal to each other and their magnitudes will be equal to v02 sin 2 / 2 cos .

PG Brainstormer - 5H (Solutions)
v0 sin
, where v0 sin is normal component of projection. If
g cos
we consider motion of particles along the plane then the range of first particle will be :

The time of flight of each particle will be equal to 2

R 1 = v0 cos T

1
g sin 2
2

while range of other particle will be :


R 2 = v0 cos T

1
g sin 2
2

where value of T is written above.


Hence, (R2 R1) will be equal to g sin T2.
The tangential velocity of the first particle at the point shown is figure is :

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vt1 = v0 cos 1 g sin 1


2
2

while

vt2 = v0 cos 1 g sin 2


2
2

vt2 vt1
*

PH

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