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# Final Step (ellipse) BY Abhijit Kumar jha

SETI
1.

x2 y2
If the locus of the point of intersection of perpendicular tangents to the ellipse 2 2 1 is a
a
b
circle with centre at (0, 0), then the radius of the circle would be
(A) a + b
(B) ab

(D) ( a 2 b 2 )

(C) b/a
2.

## There are exactly two points on the ellipse

are equal and equal to

3.

x2 y2

## 1 whose distance from the center of the ellipse

a 2 b2

a 2 2b2
. Eccentricity of this ellipse is equal to
2

(A)

3
2

(B)

1
3

(C)

1
2

(D)

2
3

## If the line y = mx + c, interests the ellipse

/ 3 , then
(A) 3(a2 m2 + b2) = 4c2
(C) a2m2 + b2 = 4c2

x2 y2

a 2 b2

## (B) 3(a2 + b2 m2) = 4c2

(D) a2 + b2 m2 = 4c2

4.

Consider an ellipse with major and minor axes of length 10 and 8 units respectively. The radius of
largest circle that can be inscribed in this ellipse, it is given that centre of this circle is one focus of the
ellipse, is equal to
(A) 4 units
(B) 2 units
(C) 6 units
(D) none of these

5.

6.

7.

(A)

1
2

(B)

3
2

(C)

2
3

(D)

1
3

## The tangent at the point '' on the ellipse

x2
y2
= 1 meets the auxiliary circle in two
2 +
a
b2

points which subtends a right angle at the centre, then the eccentricity 'e' of the ellipse is
given by the equation
(A) e2 (1 + cos2 ) = 1
(B) e2 . (cosec2 1) = 1
(C) e2 (1 + sin2 ) = 1
(D) e2 (1 + tan2 ) = 1
S and T are the foci of an ellipse and B is an end of the minor axis. If STB is equilateral,
then e is

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## Final Step (ellipse) BY Abhijit Kumar jha

(A) 1/4
(C) 1/2
8.

(B) 1/3
(D) none of these

A ladder 12 units long slides in a vertical plane with its ends in contact with a vertical
wall and a horizontal floor along x-axis. The locus of a point on the ladder 4 units from its
foot has the equation :
(A)

x2
+ y2 = 1
4

(B)

x2 y2

=1
16 64

(C)

x2 y2

=1
64 16

(D) x2 +

y2
=1
4

9.

Eccentric angle of a point on the ellipse x2 + 3y2 = 6 at a distance 2 units from the centre of the
ellipse is
(A) 2 / 3
(B) / 3
(C) 3 / 4
(D) none of these

10.

x2 y2

= 1 and its
a 2 b2

## corresponding point Q on the auxiliary circle meet on the line :

(A) x = a/e
(B) x = 0
(C) y = 0
(D) none of these
11.

x2 y2
If and are eccentric angles of the ends of a focal chord of the ellipse 2 2 1 , then
a
b
tan

tan is equal to
2
2

(A)

1 e
1 e

(C)

12.

13.

e 1
e 1

(B)
(D)

e 1
e 1

e 1
e3

x2 y2

1 are
The distances from the foci of P(a, b) on the ellipse
9 25

(A) 4

5
b
4

4
(B) 5 a
5

(C) 5

4
b
5

## (D) none of these

If tan 1 . tan 2 =

x 2 y2
a2

1
then
the
chord
joining
two
points

&

on
the
ellipse
1
2
b2
a 2 b2

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## will subtend a right angle at

(A) focus
(C) end of the major axis

(B) centre
(D) end of the minor axis

14.

The equations of the common tangents to the ellipse, x 2 + 4y2 = 8 & the parabola
y2 = 4x are
(A) x 3 = 2y
(B) x 4 = 2y
(C) x + 4 = 2y
(D) none of these

15.

If O is the centre, OA the semimajor axis and S the focus of an ellipse, the eccentric angle of any
point P is
(A) POS
(B) PSA
(C) PAS
(D) none of these

16.

If A and B are two fixed points and P is a variable point such that PA + PB = 4, the locus of P is
(A) a parabola
(B) an ellipse
(C) a hyperbola
(D) none of these

17.

18.

If P( ) and Q

y2
1 , locus of mid-point of PQ is
b2

x2 y2 1

a 2 b2 2

(B)

(C)

x2 y2

2
a 2 b2

(C)

20.

(A)

(A)

19.

## FG IJ are two points one the ellipse x

H2 K
a

1
10

8061
10

x2 y2

4
a 2 b2

FG
H

1 2
x2 y2
,

1 where mid-point is
2 3
25 16

(B)

IJ
K

8161
10

## (D) none of these

x2 y2
The sum of the square of perpendiculars on any tangent to the ellipse 2 2 1 from two point
a
b
on the minor axis, each at a distance are from the centre, is
(A) 2a2
(B) 2b2
(C) a2 + b2
(D) a2 - b2

## If latus rectum of the ellipse x 2 tan 2 y 2 sec 2 1 is 1/2 then ( 0 ) is equal to

(A) / 12
(B) / 6
(C) / 8
(D) none of these

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## Final Step (ellipse) BY Abhijit Kumar jha

SETII
1.

The length of the major axis of the ellipse (5x 10)2 + (5y + 15)2 =
(A) 10

2.

4.

5.

(C)

20
7

(D) 4

The tangent and normal to the ellipse x2 + 4y2 = 4 at a point P( ) on it meets the major axes in Q and
R respectively. If QR = 2, then cos is equal to
(A)

3.

20
3

(B)

(3x 4 y 7) 2
is
4

4
5

2
3

(B)

(C)

1
3

## (D) none of these

x 2 y2
The ellipse 2 2 1 and the straight line y = mx + c intersect in real points only if
a
b
2
2
2
2
(A) a m < c b
(B) a2 m2 > c2 b2
(C) a2 m2 c2 b2
(D) c b

## The foci of the ellipse 25 (x + 1)2 + 9 (y + 2)2 = 225 are at

(A) (1, 2) and (1, 6)
(B) (2, 1) and (2, 6)
(C) (1, 2) and (2, 1)
(D) (1, 2) and (1, 6).
The parametric representation of a point on the ellipse whose foci are (1, 0) and (7, 0) and eccentricity 1/2 is
(A) (3 + 8cos , 4 3 sin )

x2
y2

## = 1, will represent an ellipse if

6a a 2
(A) a (1, 3)
(B) a (1, 6)
(C) a ( , 2) (6, )
(D) a (2, 6) ~ {4}

6.

The equation

7.

Tangents are drawn to the ellipse x2 + 2y2 = 4 from any arbitrary point on the line x + y = 4, the
corresponding chord of contact will always pass through a fixed point, whose coordinates are
1
(A) 1,
2

8.

1
(B) ,1
2

(C) 1,
2

## The line y = x 1 touches the ellipse 3x2 + 4y2 = 12, at

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(D) , 1
2

1 1
(A) ,
2 2

9.

5 1
2

5 1
2

(B)

## The line 5x 3y = 8 2 is a normal to the ellipse

(A)

(B)

(D)

3 1
2

x 2 y2
1 . If be the eccentric angle of the foot
25 9

(C)

## (D) None of these

x 2 y2
1 at point P meets the coordinate axes at points A and B
a 2 b2
respectively. Locus of mid-point of segment AB is

(A)

12.

3 1
2

(C)

11.

## (D) None of these

x 2 y2
The normal drawn to the ellipse 2 2 1 at the extremity of the latus rectum passes through the
a
b
extremity of the minor axis. Eccentricity of this ellipse is equal to

(A)

10.

(C) (1, 2)

(B) (3, 2)

x 2 y2
2
a 2 b2

(B)

a 2 b2
2
x 2 y2

(C)

a 2 b2
4
x 2 y2

(D)

x 2 y2
4
a 2 b2

x 2 y2

16 9

PAB is equal to
(A)

16
sq. units
5

(B)

256
sq. units
25

(C)

32
sq. units
5

(D)

1024
sq. units
25

x 2 y2

## 1 from any point on the parabola y2 = 4x. The

36 9
corresponding chord of contact will touch a parabola, whose equation is
(A) y2 + 4x = 0
(B) y2 = 4x
(C) y2 + 9x = 0
(D) y2 = 9x

13.

14.

x2 y2

## = 1 of eccentricity e meets the axes of the

a 2 b2

ellipse in Q and R then the locus of the mid-point of QR is a conic with an eccentricity e such
that
(A) e is independent of e
(B) e = 1
(C) e = e
(D) e = 1/e

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## Final Step (ellipse) BY Abhijit Kumar jha

15.

16.

An ellipse is such that the length of the latus rectum is equal to the sum of the lengths of its semi
principal axes. Then
(A) Ellipse bulges to a circle
(B) Ellipse becomes a line segment between the two foci
(C) Ellipse becomes a parabola
(D) none of these
If the line 3x + 4y = 7 touches the ellipse 3x2 + 4y2 = 1 then, the point of contact is
(B)

1 1
,

7
7

(C)
17.

18.

1 1
,

3
3

1
1
,

7
7

(A)

## A common tangent to 9x2 + 16y2 = 144 ; y2 x + 4 = 0 & x2 + y2 12x + 32 = 0 is

(A) y = 3
(B) x = 4
(C) x = 4
(D) y = 3
If F1 & F2 are the feet of the perpendiculars from the foci S1 & S2 of an ellipse

x2 y2

= 1 on the
5
3

## tangent at any point P on the ellipse, then (S1F1) . (S2F2) is equal to

(A) 2
(B) 3
(C) 4
(D) 5
19.

The area of the rectangle formed by the perpendiculars from the centre of the standard ellipse to
the tangent and normal at its point whose eccentric angle is /4 is
(A)

b 2 ab

a 2 b2

a b
ab a b
2

(C)

20.

a b ab
a b
2

(B)

(D)

a 2 b2
2

b 2 ab

If & are the eccentric angles of the extremities of a focal chord of an standard ellipse,
then the eccentricity of the ellipse is :
(A)

cos cos
cos ( )

(B)

sin sin
sin ( )

(C)

cos cos
cos ( )

(D)

sin sin
sin ( )

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## Final Step (ellipse) BY Abhijit Kumar jha

SETIII
Multiple choice questions with one or more than one correct choice
1.

## If x - 2y + 4 = 0 is a common tangent to y2 = 4x &

(A) b =

(B) x + 2y + 4 = 0

x2 y2
2 = 1, then
4
b

(C) x + 2y 4 = 0

(D) b = 3

2.

If a number of ellipse be described having the same major axis 2a but a variable minor
axis then the tangents at the ends of their latusrectum pass through fixed points. Then the fixed
points is/are
(A) (0, a)
(B) (a, a)
(C) (0, - a)
(D) (0, 0)

3.

Eccentric angle of a point on the ellipse x2 + 3y2 = 6 at a distance 2 units from the centre of the
ellipse is
(A)

4.

(B)

3
4

(D)

2
3

## For the ellipse 3x2 + 4y2 6x + 8y 5 = 0

(A) centre is (1, 1)

1
2
(D) all of these are true

(B) eccentricity is

## (C) foci are (3, 1) and (1, 1)

5.

(C)

x2
y2
+
= 1 from a point P so that the tangents are
16
9
at right angles to each other then the possible co-ordinates of the point P is/are

## If pair of tangents are drawn to the ellipse

(A) (3 2 , 7 )

(B) (5, 0)

(C) (3, 4)

(D) (2 5 , 5 )

x 2 y2
Consider the ellipse 2 2 1 (a b) and circle x2 + y 2 = r2. Now any tangent of ellipse will
a
b

6.

(A) [b, a]
(B) (b, a)
(C) (b, a]
(D) [b, a)

7.

## The equation of common tangent in 4th quadrant will be

r 2 b2
(A) y 2 2
a r

a 2 b2
x r 2 2

a r

r 2 b2
(B) y 2 2
a r

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a 2 b2
x r 2 2

a r

r 2 b2
(C) y 2 2
a r

8.

a 2 b2
x r 2 2

a r

r 2 b2
(D) y 2 2
a r

a 2 b2
x r 2 2

a r

## Area of quadrilateral formed by all the common tangent will be

(A)

(C)

2r 2 (a 2 b2 )

(a 2 r 2 ) (r 2 b 2 )
4r 2 (a 2 b2 )

(a 2 r 2 ) (r 2 b 2 )

(B)

(D)

2r 2 (a 2 b 2 )

(a 2 b 2 ) (a 2 r 2 )
r 2 (a 2 b 2 )

(a 2 r 2 ) (r 2 b 2 )

Suppose that an ellipse and circle are respectively given by the equation
x 2 y2

1
a 2 b2
x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0

and

...........(i)
..........(ii)

x 2 y2
2 2 1 ( x 2 y 2 2gx 2fy c) 0
The equation
..........(iii)
b
a

Represents a curve which passes through the common points of the ellipse (i) and the circle (ii).
We can choose so that the equation (iii) represents a pair of straight lines. In general we get
three value of indicating three pair of straight lines can be through the points. Also when (iii)

x 2 y2
2 ( x 2 y 2 ) 0 , which
2
a
b
represents a pair of lines equally inclined to axes (the term containing xy is absent). Hence two
straight lines through the points of intersection of an ellipse and any circle make equal angles with
the axes. Above description can be applied identically for a hyperbola and a circle.

## represents a pair of straight lines they are parallel to the lines

9.

The radius of the circle passing through the points of intersection of ellipse
x2 y2 = 0 is
ab

(A)

(C)

10.

a 2 b2

a 2 b2

a 2 b2

(B)

(D)

x 2 y2

1 and
a 2 b2

2ab

a 2 b2

a 2 b2

a 2 b2

x 2 y2
If , , , be eccentric angles of the four concyclic points of the ellipse 2 2 1 , then
a
b
is equal to

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## Final Step (ellipse) BY Abhijit Kumar jha

(A) (2n 1)
(C) 2n
11.

(D) n

x 2 y2
Let the eccentric angles of three points P, Q and R on the ellipse 2 2 1 are , and
2
a
b
.
A
circle
through
P,
Q
and
R
cuts
the
ellipse
again
at
S,
then
the
eccentric
angle
of S is

(A) 3

12.

(B) (2n 1)

(B)

3
3
2

(C)

3
2

(D)

3
2

x 2 y2
Suppose two lines are drawn through the common points of intersection of hyperbola 2 2 1
a
b

and circle x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0. If these lines are inclined at angle and to xaxis then,
(A)

(B)

1 b
(D) 2 tan
a
The number of pair of straight line formed by points of intersection of rectangular hyperbola
x2 y2 = 1 and circle x2 + y2 4x 5 = 0 is
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 3
(D) 2

(C)
13.

If PCP be a diameter of the ellipse and the diameter DCD be drawn parallel to the tangents at
P and P , then PCP be parallel to the tangents at D and D . Two such diameters are known as
conjugate diameters.

Condition that the lines y = mx, y = mx should lie along conjugate diameters of the ellipse

x 2 y2
b2

is
. If = an odd multiple of .
m
m

2
2
2
2
a
b
a

14.

x 2 y2
Tangents at the extremities of conjugate diameters of the ellipse 2 2 1 intersect on the
a
b
ellipse

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(A)
15.

x 2 y2

1
a 2 b2

(B)

x 2 y2

2
a 2 b2

(C)

x 2 y2

=3
a 2 b2

## (D) none of these

The locus of the intersection of normals at the extremities of conjugate diameters of the ellipse
x 2 y2

= 1 is
a 2 b2
(A) 2(a2 x2 + b2y2)3 = (a2 b2)2 . (a2 x2 b2y2)2
(B) 2(a2 x2 b2y2)3 = (a2 b2)2 . (a2 x2 + b2y2)2
(C) 2(a2 x2 b2y2)3 = (a2 + b2)2 . (a2 x2 + b2y2)2
(D) none of these

16.

17.

18.

x 2 y2

## = 1 be an ellipse referred to two conjugate diameters as axes the lines y = mx ,

a 2 b2
y = mx will be conjugate diameters if

If

(A) mm

a2
b2

(B) mm

(C) mm

b2
a2

## (D) none of these

b2
a2

CP and CDR conjugate semidiameters of an ellipse and the tangent at P meets any other pairs of
conjugate diameters in T and T , then
(A) TP.PT 2CD 2

(B) TP.PT CD 2

(C) TP.PT

## (D) none of these

1
CD 2

(i)

True or False
Given the base of a triangle and sum of its sides then the locus of the centre of its in circle is an ellipse.

(ii)

## If a tangent of slope m at a point of the ellipse

(iii)

If the latus rectum of an ellipse is equal to half the minor axis, then its eccentricity is equal to

(iv)

(v)

x 2 y2
1 passes through (2a, 0) and if e denotes
a 2 b2
the eccentricity of the ellipse, then 3m2 + e2 = 1.
3
.D
4
A line of fixed length (a + b) moves so that its ends are always on two fixed perpendicular
straight lines. The locus of the point which divided this line into portions of lengths a & b is an
ellipse
An ellipse slides between two perpendicular straight lines . Then the locus of its centre is an
ellipse

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19.

## Fill in the blanks :

(i)

The eccentricity of an ellipse whose latus rectum equals half its major axis is ______ .

(ii)

The equations of the common tangents to the ellipse, x2 + 4y2 = 8 & the parabola y2 = 4x are
______ & ______ .

(iii)

The equation of the ellipse with its centre at (1, 2), focus at (6, 2) and passing through the point
(4, 6) is ______ .

(iv)

## P & Q are corresponding points on the ellipse

x2
y2
+
= 1, and the auxiliary circle respectively..
16
9

The normal at P to the ellipse meets CQ in R where C is centre of the ellipse. Then l (CR) = ____
(v)

The sum of the squares of the reciprocals of two perpendicular diameters of the ellipse,
5x2 + 4y2 = 1 is equal to ______ .

20.

## Match the column

Column I
(a)
The length of the semi latus rectum of an ellipse is one
third of its major axis, then its eccentricity would be

Column II
(P)

y-axis

(Q)

(1, 1)

of the ellipse is

(R)

d1, 2 2 i

(d)

( x y 2) 2
( x y) 2
1 is
The centre of the ellipse
+
16
9

(S)

(e)

## The equation of normal at the point (0, 3) of the

(b)
(c)

The point from which the tangents to the ellipse 5x2 + 4y2 = 20
are perpendicular, is
An ellipse has OB as a semi minor axis . F, F are its foci
and the angle FBF is a right angle. Then the eccentricity

## ellipse 9x2 + 5y2 = 45 is

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(T)

1
3

1
2

SETI
1.
6.
11.
16.

D
C
B
B

2.
7.
12.
17.

C
A
C
A

3.
8.
13.
18.

A
C
B
D

4.
9.
14.
19.

D
C
C
A

5.
B
10. C
15. D
20. A

4.
9.
14.
19.

A
A
C
A

5.
A
10. C
15. A
20. D

AC
A
C

4.
9.
14.

AB
B
B

5. ABCD
10. C
15. A

(iv) T

(v) F

SETII
1.
6.
11.
16.

B
D
C
D

2.
7.
12.
17.

B
A
B
C

3.
8.
13.
18.

C
D
C
B

SETIII
1.
6.
11.
16.
18.

AB
B
C
B
(i) T

19.

(i) e =

2.
7.
12.
17.
(ii) T
1
2

(iv) 7 units
20.

AC
C
C
B

3.
8.
13.
(iii) F

(ii) x + 4 = 2y

(x 1)2

(iii)

45

(v) 9/4

## a-S, b-R, c-T, d-Q, e-P

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(y 2) 2
1
20