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SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING EKC 475 WASTE WATER TREATMENT ENGINEERING NAME: AHMAD FUZAMY BIN MOHD

SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

EKC 475 WASTE WATER TREATMENT ENGINEERING

NAME:

AHMAD FUZAMY BIN MOHD ABD FATAH

NO. MATRIC:

115826

LOCATION:

INDAH WATER CONSORTIUM SDN BHD

CONTACT PERSON:

SUPERVISOR: Dr. VEL MURUGAN VADIVELU

Mr. BENARD CHONG (05-3135612)

EKC 475 WASTE WATER TREATMENT ENGINEERING

Table of Contents

UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

1.
1.

INTRODUCTION

2

2. TREATMENT PROCESS

2

3. PRE-LIMINARY TREATMENT

3

4. SECONDARY TREATMENT

3

5. TERTIARY TREATMENT

3

6. PLANT OPERATIONAL

4

7. OPERATIONAL ISSUES

4

EKC 475 WASTE WATER TREATMENT ENGINEERING

1. INTRODUCTION

UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

One of the most popular biological treatment nowadays is using aerobic active sludge process. By increasing pressure to catch up to certain value of pressure has led to implemented of variety of advanced biological treatment process. This practice has been practice in the Indah Water Consortium SDN BHD in Ulu Kinta, Perak. In this waste water treatment plant, they practice extended aeration technique that using air and chemical to treat the waste water.

2. TREATMENT PROCESS

and chemical to treat the waste water. 2. TREATMENT PROCESS Figure 2.1 shows the process flow

Figure 2.1 shows the process flow diagram for INDAH WATER waste water plant.

In this waste water treatment, they consist of three stage of treatment which is preliminary treatment, secondary treatment and tertiary treatment. The purpose of doing this are to make sure all large waste is being separated from the waste water and to make sure the process efficiency is high as possible.

EKC 475 WASTE WATER TREATMENT ENGINEERING

3. PRE-LIMINARY TREATMENT

UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

The main purpose of the preliminary treatment is to separate large particle from the waste water. This can be achieve by applying filter and grit removal to remove any substance that can clog or damage the waste water treatment plant.

3.1.1. GRIT REMOVAL

The function of this unit is to remove solid particle in the waste water. Usually this unit come with screening process. Screening process will remove all rubbish and large solid material and grit removal will remove the small particle inside the waste water.

4. SECONDARY TREATMENT

In secondary treatment, they are using biological treatment method. The method that they are applying on that place is extended aeration. In this reaction, they using batch reactor unit to conduct the process. The process that are involve in the batch reactor are filling, react, settling and draw. In filling process, waste water will be filled inside the batch tank, then aerated it with certain times. Next is reaction where the biological organic pollutant will be remove. Furthermore, some catalyst may be added into the waste water to improve the reaction rate. After the solid settling down, draw the solid mixture from the waste water.

5. TERTIARY TREATMENT

Basically in this section, they will do the purification of the waste water by using chlorination, de-chlorination, sludge disposal and waste management. In the sludge holding tank, they are collecting the sludge and send it to the sanitary landfill. As for the drying bed, it used to remove the water from the sludge. In this way, the collected sludge will be less heavy than before.

EKC 475 WASTE WATER TREATMENT ENGINEERING

6. PLANT OPERATIONAL

UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

Flow Rate

2868 3 /

Temperature

35 Celsius

PH value

6.6

BOD

242

mg/l

COD

498

mg/l

7. OPERATIONAL ISSUES

7.1. Odour issues Usually this problem may happen in most biological waste water treatment plant. This is because some of methane gas may be release and also the sludge produce need to be transport quickly to sanitary landfill. To improve the environment of the plant, they locate the plant far from residential area.