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[Analysis] CSAT Paper I (General Studies) 2012


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Overall Breakup
History
Polity
Environment & Biodiversity (enb)
Geography
Economy
Science & Technology (S&T)
Yearbook stuff
Current Affairs vs Static
4TF type of question
Authentic Answerkeys! (lolz)
Make your own answerkey
Why Cut-offs talk is useless
Start preparing for mains
Was the CSAT-paper Tough?
Conclusion

Overall Breakup
In order to see the big picture, We must compare this data with the GS-papers of last two years. See how the topicwise-breakup
has evolved.
Markwise Breakup (From 2010 to 2012)

Note1: column will not add to 100, because Ive not counted the international affairs etc. questions from 2011s exam.
However the total questions were 100.
Note2: in 2010, GS paper had 150 questions, including Aptitude. Therefore column will not add to 100. Secondly, in 2010
they did not have separate EnB section.
This Situation calls for % table.
%wise Breakup (From 2010 to 2012)
For 2011 and 2012, the data will remain same (Because total 100 Questions) but for 2010, Im converting marks into approximate
percentages using 150 as total.
Charts and graphs

mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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Data interpretation
History has doubled in its importance from 2010 to 2012. Any sort of predictability helps the coaching classes and senior
players, and UPSC hates both of them. Most of us would have thought: history will decrease and S&T will remain steady.
So, UPSC does the reverse. Besides, it is my personal opinion, this year History + Polity given heavy emphasis to reverse
the Science and Engineer graduates-friendly trends of last two years.
Polity increased by more than double. 8% in 2011 and 18% in 2012. And curiously, as the number of questions increased,
the difficulty level of each question decreased!
Geography remained steady 11% of the paper for last two years.
Economy declined.
Science and technology declined: almost halved: From 18% in 2011 to 9% in 2012! To make room for the increased
number of History and Polity Questions
Just like Geography, the Yearbook stuff also remained: Steady 9% of the paper, for last two years.
You can do more data interpretation on your own.
Remaining chart

mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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Now time to take a look at individual subjects under General Studies paper.

1.History
A.Ancient and Medieval
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Dhrupad, one of the major traditions of India that has been kept alive for centuries
Distinguish between Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam dances
hand gesture called Bhumisparsha Mudra. It symbolizes
religion of early Vedic Aryans was
Sufi mystics were known to pursue which of the following practices
guilds (Shreni) of ancient India that played a very important role
scientific progress of ancient India
common to both Buddhism and Jainism?
Nagara, the Dravida and the Vesara

Questions Mostly related to religion and culture.


They had asked about Jainism in 2011s paper as well.
Thankfully, No dates, places or name of kings though.
Modern India (Freedom Struggle)

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Ryotwari settlement
Rowlatt act aimed at
Contribution made by dadabhai naoroji
Principal feature(s) of the government of india act, 1919
National social conference was formed. What was the reason for its formation?
Parties were established by dr. B. R. Ambedkar
Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932
Lahore session of the indian national congress (1929) is very important
Regarding brahmo samaj
Things introduced into india by the english
Congress ministries resigned in the seven provinces in 1939

mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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Even with the lousiest half-hearted preparation, one could solve question number 2, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11 from reading NCERTs, GS
Manual and Bipin Chandra.

Polity
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Duty of the President of India to cause to be laid


Deadlock between the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha calls
Importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)
Prime Minister of India, at the time of his/her appointment
Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements :
Distribution of powers between the Centre and the States
Fundamental Duties of citizens
Autonomy of the Supreme Court of India
Special powers have been conferred on the Rajya Sabha
Recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission
Parliamentary control over public finance in India
Provisions of the Constitution of India have a bearing on Education
Adjournment motion
Directive Principles of State Policy
Union Territories are not represented in the Rajya Sabha.
Office of the Lok Sabha Speaker

17. Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court


18. Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
In my earlier article 100 Days 4 CSAT? I had given the preparation strategy and study plan for Indian Polity and If you
had thoroughly it, this Polity section was a walk in the park. Atleast 15 questions could be solved without any doubt.
Most of these questions are so easy, seems like they framed them to insult the intelligence of a serious player!
update: Answerkey for Polity questions is given in this link (Click Me)

Environment & Biodiversity (enb)


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National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help


National Green Tribunal Act,
Biopesticides
Biomass gasification
Lead, ingested or inhaled, is a health hazard
Chlorofluorocarbons, known as ozone-depleting substances
Protected areas in India are local people not
Pollinating agent/agents
Carbon dioxide in the air is slowly raising the temperature
Acidification of oceans is increasing. Why
Category of endangered species
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Antelopes Oryx and Chiru
Threats to the biodiversity of a geographical are
Black-necked crane
Carbon sequestration/storage in the soil
Phytoplankton of an ocean is completely destroyed for some reason
Vultures which used to be very common in Indian countryside
Government of India encourages the cultivation of sea buckthorn
Wetlands of India, consider the following statements
Resistance to the introduction of Bt brinjal in India
Prospects for which genetically engineered plants have been created
Which of the above are Tiger

Q. 7 on protected area, was directly discussed in my EnB article: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation.
Q. 18 on Vulture question had been directly discussed in my EnB article: Types of Species.
Q.14 Threats to biodiversity: the alien species were also discussed in above article (under title Non-native species.)
Seems UPSC is making a habit of asking location of some odd wildlife animal every year. (Oryx, Chiru and Crane this year.)
Almost 1/4th of the paper (25%) is EnB, because environment must be protected and candidates must be forced to prepare

mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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Almost 1/4th of the paper (25%) is EnB, because environment must be protected and candidates must be forced to prepare
heavily for Environment topic as if theyre going to actually implement everything they read in the books, into their real
lives!
One interesting thing: about the limits of current affairs, This Sea buckthorn initiative happened in 2010 (according to
MoEF public notification) and UPSC has asked this in 2012.
Anyways most of the questions- not really tough, provided that you had been following
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The NOS study-material


Science and Geography NCERTs
The Hindu S&T
Website of Ministry of Environment and Forest (www.moef.nic.in )
General Studies Manual.
My EnB series articles (vultures, Phytoplanktons)

Geography
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Polestar
Duration of the monsoon
Characteristic climate of the Tropical Savannah Region
Stages of demographic transition associated with economic
Chief characteristic of mixed farming
Crop that is used as pulse, fodder and green manure
Factors influence the ocean currents
Predominantly rainfed crop/crops
Travel in Himalayas, you will see the following
Temperature decreases with the increase in
Particular State in India has the following characteristics

Most of the it from


NCERT Geography books Class 7 to 12.
+General Studies manual.
Curiously Im not seeing anything from world geography except the Tropical Savannah climate. (Ocean Current falls under
Physical geography so not really a world geography question)

Economy
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RBI acts as a bankers bank


Capital gains arise
Increase in the money supply in the economy
Foreign Direct Investment in India
Price of any currency in international market is decided by
Lead bank scheme
Why does India import millions of tonnes of coal
Rare earth metals
Policy initiative(s) of Government of India to promote
Index of Industrial Production, the Indices of Eight Core Industries
If you had been following my articles on Economy, this section was also a walk in the park!

Science & Technology (S&T)


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Graphene
UV radiation in the water purification systems
Stem cells
Anti-matter (anti-helium nucleus)
Evidences for the continued expansion of universe?
Electrically charged particles from space
Capillarity
Advantage does thorium hold over uranium
Elements was primarily responsible for the origin of life on the Earth
Graphene directly discussed in my Revision Note of Hindu S&T Part II.

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Graphene directly discussed in my Revision Note of Hindu S&T Part II.


I forgot to write about water purifiers in the Odomos article
S&T reduced by half: in 2011, they asked 18 questions, this time only 9 but if you look it from a hilltop (combined with
heavy doze of Reading comprehension in Paper II) may be UPSC thought since last two years, the Science and Engineering
grads had been getting more advantage, so let us for a change, make a room for the Arts and commerce graduates
therefore increased importance to Polity +History this time and decreased importance of Science & tech.
Besides, when you want to force everyone learn EnB and (assuming) that theyll implement climate saving habits in their real
life, so how do you make a room? take the space out of Science and Tech distribute it among EnB, Polity and History.

Yearbook stuff
Im combining the rights issue, Empowerment and Government scheme in one category:

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Jobs of ASHA, a trained community health worker?


National Rural Livelihood Mission seek to improve livelihood options of rural poor
Multi-dimensional Poverty Index developed by Oxford
Social Security coverage under Employees State Insurance Scheme?
Inclusive Governance
Janani Suraksha Yojana Programme is
DRDAs help in the reduction of rural poverty in India?
National Water Mission
Consumers rights/ privileges
ASHA worker was discussed in my Yearbook article
Seems UPSC is obsessed with National Rural Livelihood mission because in 2011 Mains GS Paper, they had asked about it.
If you had been following India Yearbook and Economic Survey 2012, again most of the question could be solved with
ease.

Current Affairs vs Static


Static = from routine books, theory stuff. Majority of the questions this time, are from the static portion.
Over last three years, UPSC has constantly reduced the importance of current affairs: my take, theyre doing it to give level
playing field to small town & rural candidates, whore unable to purchase lots of newspapers, current-affairs magazines,
internet for following the current affairs.
Indian Juntaa doesnt care for sportsmen (Except cricketers), Authors (except those Indian authors who can only write
novels about adultery and sex), Dancers (Except those who can do item-song) or social activists (except those who get
extensive media coverage).
So over the years, UPSC was feeling sorry for the unknown celebrities and had been asking questions related to persons in
news in preliminary exam to give them their due recognition.
But finally UPSC has learned the lesson: There is no point in forcing candidates to mugup names of people in news, you
cant make someone love you by holding a gun on his face.

4TF type of question


4TF= four (or two) statements are given, and youre asked to identify the correct or incorrect statement.
UPSC has increased the number of 4TF question in last two years.
This time, There are approximately 20 normal question (i.e. pick up one from a/b/c/d, and remaining 80 questions are 4TF.
4TF have their own advantages and disadvantages
Good: you can eliminate wrong answer choices and certain combinations.
Bad: requires thorough grip over the topic.
Bad: Time consuming because you have to re-read entire question multiple times to eliminate the wrong choices.
Seems theyre trying to frame difficult questions from easy topics. using the 4TF technique.

Authentic Answerkeys! (lolz)


Authentic answerkey is an oxymoron just like Honest Politician.
After prelims are over, everybody starts googling for answerkeys and cut-offs. So, in a haste to capture the audience (and
to advertise their mains classes and study packages), the coaching classes and certain websites release faulty answerkeys
without doing proper research and homework.
UPSC gives you 2 hours to solve 100 questions in the exam hall, so If you manually check the reference book for each and
every question, it ought to take you no less than 4-5 hours at home. Besides for certain questions there is no reliable source /
book / website to confirm the answer!
Many candidates check their paper using multiple answerkeys and from whichever answerkey they get maximum score, they
take it as their official score and start worrying about the cut-offs!
mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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take it as their official score and start worrying about the cut-offs!

Make your own answerkey


I suggest you look at each and every question individually and find its source.
For example, in this prelims, UPSC asked questions on green tribunal and 13th Finance Commission. If you solve these from
readymade answerkeys, you will only know the four statements given in the question itself. But if you manually solve every
question, youll come across 10 more points related to the topic, which you can use as fodder material for mains exam and
interview. Who knows you might find some direct questions!
Caution : donot merely type question phrases in Wikipedia, UPSC did not frame question after reading Wikipedia and
Wikipedia is not the authentic source. You should first refer the standard reference books to solve these questions and use
Wikipedia only as last source.

Why Cut-offs talk is useless


As usual, I dont involve myself in cut-off prediction or speculation.
If India won 2011s world cup by making 250 runs, does it mean India will win 2015s world cup by making 250 runs? Then
why are you trying extrapolate the RTI replies of previous cut-offs to speculate 2012s cut-offs! Each years exam is a
separate thing with separate difficulty and separate crowd.
Second, in the online forums and facebook communities, people post their score based on the answerkey which gives them
maximum marks! So you dont get a standard data in the first place.
Third, Mostly three types of people post their scores online:
A. those who performed exceptionally well.
B. those who performed terribly bad. They just post unbelievable scores for sadistic pleasure. (particularly in orkut.)
C. those who feel they are on border line based on their own cut-off speculation.
But even the combined number of above A+B+C category of people in all internet communities = no more than 2000. While
there are no less than 20,000 serious contenders. (Rest 1-2 lakhs are just JBPS, we are not bothered with their future.) You
need a huge sample data to statistically predict the cut-offs.
So let UPSC come out with cut-off data, there is no point in you increasing your blood pressure over cut-off speculation.
The exam finished in the Evening of Sunday, right now it is tuesday morning, so not even three days have passed, UPSC
cannot even collect back all the answersheets from every exam centre across India India to Delhi in such short time, and yet
some people are saying theyve confirmed it with reliable sources inside UPSC office that cut off will be *** for 2012.
^How is it possible? The OMR bundles are not even opened yet, the answersheets are not even checked yet and youve
came out with the cutoff data confirmed from UPSC itself!

Start preparing for mains


Those of you have the mindset Ill prepare for mains based on cut-offs. If my chances look good, only then I prepare for
mains.
^ wrong mentality. Youre thinking like a stockbroker but Success in UPSC requires the dedication of a world class athlete
and patience of a gardener. Prelims is over means you have to start preparing for mains. You dont wait for the results until
August 2012 or waste time in cut-offs speculation. If you wait until August, it will be impossible to cover the syllabus of GS
+ Two optional subjects.
Your CSAT paper did not go good or Bad. You paper is only over.
In school or board exams, youve a pre-set target: 90% or First class therefore you can predict your own chances meraa
paper acchaa gaya. / Mera paper kharaab gaya
But in UPSC CSAT or CAT or similar competitive exams, there is no pre-set target, you just have to tick as many questions
as you can accurately without doing guesswork.
So dont say meraa paper kharaab gaya. Because 10 of your friends are claiming to have ticked more answers than you
did, or just because x member of orkut, or y coaching sir came up with a magical cut-off figure.
And dont waste your time or bandwidth asking people online My score is *** so Whatre my chances? = only God or
UPSC can answer that question.

Was the CSAT-paper Tough?


Paper is never tough or easy. Paper is just a paper.
Youre not expected to know answer of each and every question.
You dont have to tick 90 or 100 answers to crack the exam.
All you had to do was study hard, tick answers accurately and leave the rest in the hands of God.
IF you believe you had studied hard and youve ticked the answers accurately without doing guesswork, then there is no
need to worry. Let the result come in August 2012.
And, Dont become a Devdas or Superman after the results. In either case itll be a minor setback or victory, life is long and
mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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And, Dont become a Devdas or Superman after the results. In either case itll be a minor setback or victory, life is long and
there are so many battles yet to be fought.

Conclusion
This CSAT-2012 paper is mere continuation of the trend started by UPSC since 2010 to break the backs of Coaching
Factories in Delhi and to provide level playing field to the small towners and first timers.
Less emphasis on mug-up type of current affairs
More emphasis on theory and standard reference books.
Apart from that, there is nothing much to say, same old stuff like in 2010 and 2011.
41 Questions from Guidance and Study material of www.mrunal.org in CSAT-2012
Months before the actual exam, I had posted articles on preparation strategy, booklist and studyplan:
1. CSAT GS study plan
2. 30 Days Revision 4 CSAT
3. 100 Days 4 CSAT, where are you?
If you had followed the advice given in them, then
even on a really conservative estimate, even with not-so-really-hard preparation: 6 In History, 15 in Polity, 3 in EnB, 4 in
Geography, 7 in Economy, 2 in S&T and 4 in Yearbook stuff, that is total
6+15+3+4+7+2+4=41 questions could have been solved easily using the study plan and articles provided by me.
That is 41 x 2 =82 marks from GS paper alone.
<Now I really hate to make such claims, but since plenty of coaching classes come up with their claims about how much was
asked from their study-material, I ought to create and protect my reputation with solid proofs.
Previous Articles on Exam Analysis
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2.
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7.

Essays (1993-2011)
GS Mains11
CSAT11 P1 GS
CSAT 11 P2 Apt.
Pub Ad M10
GS M10
GS P10
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[APFC] Answerkey for APFC 2012, with Explanation, sources and analysis for All 4 series A,B,C,D Booklets
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M ay 21st, 2012 | Category: analysis

56 comments to [Analysis] CSAT Paper I (General Studies) 2012

Older Comments

richa
September 29, 2012 at 3:05 PM Reply
sir, is manorma year book and India 2012 as recommended by you are same, sir should we refer manorma yaer book? For the
economy section in gs is Indian economy by Gaurav dutt and ashwani mahajan good Plz reply
Thank you

Mrunal
September 29, 2012 at 3:13 PM Reply
Theyre totally different.
How to use India Yearbook, is given in this article
http://mrunal.org/2012/07/strategy-iyb.html

mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

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http://mrunal.org/2012/07/strategy-iyb.html
And Manorama Yearbook is not really necessary. The reasons are given in this article
http://mrunal.org/2012/08/studyplan-acio.html#75

Vibin
October 15, 2012 at 10:47 AM Reply
Im not able to download NOS notes of biodiversity , an error been shown , Plz suggest alternative link to download the same .

Mrunal
October 15, 2012 at 1:59 PM Reply
try this link
http://mrunal.org/2012/05/nos-studymaterial.html

Baji
October 30, 2012 at 9:48 PM Reply
Sir,
please suggest the books used for MPSC (MAHARASHTRA) Preparation pre and main as per new syllabus .

ramya
November 6, 2012 at 5:34 PM Reply
really nice one

Older Comments

[Polity] Answerkey for CSAT Paper I (General Studies) 2012


Polity questions only

mrunal.org/2012/05/analysis-csat-paper-i-general-studies.html

[EnB] National Seabuckthorn Initiative

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