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Science

Stage 6

V2

2
This table gives general guidelines on marking answers involving units of length. For questions
involving other quantities, correct units are given in the answers. The table shows acceptable and
unacceptable versions of the answer 1.85 m.
Correct answer

Also accept

Do not accept

Units are not given on


answer line and the
question does not
specify a unit

1.85 m

Correct conversions
provided the unit is
stated, e.g.
1 m 85 cm
185 cm
1850 mm
0.00185 km

1.85

If the unit is given on


the answer line, e.g.
m

1.85 m

Correct conversions,
provided the unit is
stated unambiguously,
e.g. 185 cm m

185 m
1850 m
etc.

If the question states


the unit that the answer
should be given in, e.g.
Give your answer in
metres

1.85 m

1.85
1 m 85 cm

185; 1850

UCLES 2011

185 m

Any conversions to
other units.

P840/MS/A/M/11

3
Stage 6 Paper 1 Mark Scheme
Question
Part

1
Mark

Answer
process

Further Information
reversible

irreversible

baking cakes

melting
chocolate




cooking soup
evaporating
puddle
of water

Total

Question

Part

Mark

(a)
3

Answer

Further Information

A: lungs
B: stomach
C: liver
D: brain

4 correct = 3 marks
3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark

(b)
job

organ

controls the
bodys actions

digests food

exchanges gases

Total

UCLES 2011

4 correct = 2 marks
2/3 correct = 1 mark
1 correct = 0 marks

P840/MS/A/M/11

Accept name of organ instead of


letter.
3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark

Question
Part

3
Mark

Answer

Further Information

(a)

6 correct = 4 marks
4/5 correct = 3 marks
2/3 correct = 2 marks
1 correct = 1 mark
4

(b)

indigestion tablet

Accept response from part (a) linked


to Bubbles are in the water. / The one
that bubbles.

iron filings
chalk

1 mark for each correct answer

Answer

Further Information

1
(c)

Total

Question

Part

Mark

air resistance

gravity
1
magnetism
weight
Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

Question
Part

5
Mark

(a)

Answer

Further Information
if more than one tick = 0 marks

add another lamp

add another cell

1
make the wires longer

remove one of the cells

(b)

correct symbols in a complete circuit =


2 marks
correct symbols = 1 mark
2

Total

Question

Part
(a)

Mark

Answer

(i)

50

(ii)

(b)

Further Information

The higher the slope, the further the


car travels from the bottom of the
slope.
1

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

Accept alternatives for higher, e.g.


taller / steeper / greater.
Accept alternatives for further, e.g.
longer / greater / more.
Accept the reverse argument, e.g.
The lower the slope the less the car
travels from the bottom of the slope.

6
Question
Part

7
Mark

Answer

Further Information
true

Salt will dissolve in water.

Sugar dissolves quicker in


hot water than cold water.

false

4 correct = 2 marks
2/3 correct = 1 mark
1 correct = 0 marks

Total

Question

Part
(a)

Mark
(i)

When sweet tea is heated,


the sugar evaporates.

Stirring makes insoluble


solids dissolve quicker.

Answer

Further Information

heat the solution / use hot water /


crush the mixture before adding to the
beaker / stir faster

(ii)

sand

Do not accept insoluble solid.

(iii)

sugar

Do not accept soluble solid.


1 mark for each correct answer.

A solid dissolved in water is a


solution.
A substance that can dissolve in
water is soluble.

Answer

Further Information

Accept copper or any clear indication


of the correct answer.

(b)

Total

Question

Part

Mark
1

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

Question
Part

10
Mark

Answer

Further Information

Food chains always start with a


producer.

all correct = 3 marks


2/3 correct = 2 marks
1 correct = 1 mark

An animal that eats another animal is


called a predator.
3
An animal that is eaten by other
animals is called a prey.
An animal that eats something else in
a food chain is called a consumer.
Total

Question

11

Part

Mark

(a)
(b)

Answer

Further Information

Accept any clear indication of the


correct response.

(i)

blood

(ii)

lungs

(iii)

muscle

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

Question
Part

12
Mark

Answer

Further Information

all correct = 3 marks


2/3 correct = 2 marks
1 correct = 1 mark

6v
motor

6v
motor

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

Question
Part

13
Mark

(a)

Answer
beats in 10
seconds

X 6 = pulse
rate

11

66

10

60

10

60

11

66

54

54

(b)
(c)

1
(i)

(ii)

Further Information

60

Accept correct average (mean) pulse


rate from answer give in 11 (a).

stopwatch / stop clock

Accept: clock / watch / timer with


second hand.

Everybodys heartbeat is always the


same.

Sometimes your blood flows


backwards.
Everybodys pulse rate varies even
when sitting still.

Total

UCLES 2011

all correct = 2 marks


3/4/5 correct = 1 mark
1/2 correct = 0 marks

P840/MS/A/M/11

10

Question
Part

14
Mark

Answer

Further Information
3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark

cell
L

lamp

s
switch

Total

Question

15

Part

Mark

Answer

Further Information

(a)

Accept kg, Kg or kilogram.

(b)

Accept N or Newtons.

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

11

Question
Part
(a)

16
Mark

Answer

Further Information
Accept arrow in any position as long
as the direction is correct.

(b)
cardboard
carpet
1
concrete
ice

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

12
Stage 6 Paper 2 Mark Scheme
Question
Part

Mark

Answer

Further Information

plankton fish penguin seal

correct lines = 1 mark


correct arrow heads = 1 mark

(i)

plankton

(ii)

penguin / seal

(a)
(b)

(iii)

fish / penguin / seal

any two

Total

Question

Part

Mark

2 correct = 1 mark
1 correct and 1 incorrect = 0 marks

Answer

Further Information

building roads
cattle ranching

conversion of land to
agriculture
eruption of a volcano

Total

Question

Part

Mark

Answer

Further Information

A and B

both required, in either order

C
bubbles (of gas can be seen)

correct answer and reason = 1 mark

(c)

filtering / filtration / sieving

Total

(a)
(b)

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

13

Question
Part

4
Mark

Answer

Further Information

circulatory system = A
digestive system = C
nervous system = B

3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark

heart = (circulatory) B
stomach = (digestive) C
brain = (nervous) A

3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark

Answer

Further Information

(a)

(b)

Total

Question

Part

Mark

(a)

surface area of
parachute in cm2

(b)

100

400

900

1600

1st
try

10

11

14

2nd
try

13

15

3rd
try

12

16

average (mean)
time to reach the
floor in seconds

12

15

time to
reach the
floor in
seconds

yes
to make it a fair test

both correct = 1 mark

(c)
1

Total

UCLES 2011

4 correct = 2 marks
2/3 correct = 1 mark
1 correct = 0 marks

P840/MS/A/M/11

14

Question
Part

6
Mark

Total

Question

Part

Mark

Total

UCLES 2011

Answer

Further Information

mixture

method of
separation

mixed nuts

colander

peas in boiling
water

fingers

sand and
water

bar magnet

iron and
copper powder

filter funnel

4 correct = 3 marks
3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark
More than one line from any mixture
is incorrect.

Answer

Further Information

1 = soluble
2 = insoluble
3 = filtration
4 = solvent

each correct answer = 1 mark

P840/MS/A/M/11

15

Question
Part

8
Mark

Answer

Further Information

(a)

volume (of water)

Accept: amount/quantity of water.

(b)

measuring cylinder / measuring jug

Accept beaker.

The larger the volume of water the


quicker the sugar dissolves.

Accept the reverse argument: the


smaller the volume of water, the
slower the sugar dissolves.
Accept: the larger the volume of
water, the shorter the time taken.
Accept: the smaller the volume of
water, the longer the time taken.

Answer

Further Information

(c)
1

Total

Question

Part

Mark

Total

UCLES 2011

part of the
pencil

electrical
conductor

graphite

metal

electrical
insulator

rubber

wood

P840/MS/A/M/11

4 correct = 2 marks
2/3 correct = 1 mark
1 correct = 0 marks

16

Question
Part

10
Mark

Answer

Further Information

(a)

increasing brightness

light sensor
reading

3 correct = 2 marks
1/2 correct = 1 mark

circuit

(b)

each correct circuit = 1 mark

Total

Question

11

Part

Mark

Answer

Further Information


do not drop litter


stop cutting down the rainforests

Total

UCLES 2011

build solar power stations instead of oilfired ones


switch lights off when you leave an empty
room

recycle glass bottles

P840/MS/A/M/11

3 correct = 2 marks
2 correct = 1 mark
1 correct = 0 marks
If 4 boxes ticked and
3 correct = 1 mark
If 4 boxes ticked and
2/ 1 correct = 0 marks
If 5 boxes ticked = 0 marks

17

Question
Part

12
Mark

(a)

Answer
process

Further Information
reversible

irreversible

heating the eggs

4 correct = 2 marks
2/3 correct = 1 mark
1 correct = 0 marks
Do not accept response if both boxes
are ticked.

boiling the water

toasting (grilling) the


bread
putting sugar in the
tea

(b)

Total

Question

13

Part

Mark




Once it is ripe you cannot get fruit


back.

Answer

Further Information

(a)

On Earth his mass is 90 kg

both correct = 1 mark

On Earth his weight is 90 N

In space his mass is 90 kg


In space his mass is 0 kg

(b)

(i)

(ii)

1800 (units:) Newtons

number and unit = 1 mark


Accept N.

200 (units:) Newtons

number and unit = 1 mark


Accept N. Ignore unit if incorrect in
(b).

1
Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

18

Question
Part

14
Mark

Answer

Further Information

(a)

(b)
(c)

increases / gets bigger / larger / goes


up

slows (down) / decreases / gets less /


goes down

Total

Question

15

Part

Mark

Answer

Further Information

200

(a)

Points correctly plotted on graph.


Ignore any lines joining points.
correct points at normal and minute
= 1 mark
correct point at 1 minute and 1
minutes = 1 mark

180
160
140
120

pulse rate

100
80
60
40
20
0

normal
pulse rate

minute

1
minute

1
minutes

time spent exercising / minutes

(b)
(c)

1
(i)
(ii)

1
1

(d)

to make it a fair test

Accept idea of always using the same


starting pulse / make comparisons.

beats per minute

Accept: heart rates per minute / pulse


rate per minute / bpm.

heart
The longer Anya exercises the
higher her pulse rate.

Total

UCLES 2011

P840/MS/A/M/11

Accept for longer: greater / more.


Accept for higher: greater / more /
bigger / faster.
Accept the reverse argument, e.g.
The shorter Anya exercises the
lower her pulse rate.

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