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# SYMBOLS AND TERMINOLOGY:

## COMPOUND TIME SIGNATURES

COMPOUND TIME SIGNATURES
in simple time signature ( e.g. 3/4, 4/4, etc. ) the top
number gives you the beats per measure while the
bottom number lets you know which type of note gets a
beat. sa compound time signatures, it doesn't work this
way... mas complicated ng konti. hala!!!!

## the top number represents the number of subdivisions

in a measure. for instance itong 6/8, if the subdivision (
the bottom number ) is an eighth note and the top
number is six ( 6 ), there would be six ( 6 ) eighth notes in
a measure. don't confuse this with the beat. the top
number in a compound time signature must be divided
by three in order to get the number of beats per measure.
so, dividing the "6" in 6/8 by three ( 3 ) you get two ( 2 )
which means, there are two ( 2 ) beats in each measure of
6/8. in tagalog yung nasa ibabaw na number in a
compound signature, to determine how many beats are
there in a measure, ide-divide mo ito by 3. so sa 6/8
merong 2 beats. o teka basahin ang kasunod....

## the bottom number represents the note value that

subdivides each beat. this number can be used to
determine the type of note that gets the beat by adding
three notes of this value together. example the bottom
number in 6/8 is "8" which represents an eighth note.
adding three notes together you get a dotted quarter note
and that dotted quarter note gets a beat in a measure of
6/8.

Figure xi.a.
compound time signature

## mathematically speaking pwede siyang 3/4 pero depende

sa hinihingi ng kanta or how the music is organized kung
alin sa dalawa ang pipiliin mong gamitin na time

## signature. a 6/8 is grouped into 2 groups of 3 eighth

notes while a 3/4 is grouped into 3 groups of 2 quarter
notes.

how to count...
don't worry you won't need a calculator to do this...
for starters gamitin mong basihan ang relo/watch... yung
second hand ng relo yun ang gawin mong basis ng
counting... so, for instance...
4/4 = 4 counts or 4 taps or 4 beats sa isang measure,
basta magbilang ka ng apat na beses bago ulit magsimula
ang counting sa next measure... 1-2-3-4 | 1-2-3-4 | 1-23-4 | 1-2-3-4 yan para kang si the count pero pirated
version hehehe ^_^v

## how about 6/8?

what i usually do sa 6/8 is i divide the counting into
two parts: 1-2-3 | 4-5-6 | 1-2-3 | 4-5-6 | 1-2-3 | 4-5-6. if
i use my hand to beat this type of time signature: 1 beat =
1-2-3 count ,then another beat = 4-5-6.

## gusto nyong marinig ang pagkakaiba-iba ng mga time

signatures na ito... sige pagbibigyan ko kayo!
2/4

3/4

4/4

5/4

6/4

6/8

9/8

12/8

## how to tell if a time signature is simple or compound?

ipatawas mo! hahaha kidding aside, madali lang naman
malaman kung simple and compound ang time
signatures.a time signature is compound if the top
number is greater than three and can be divided by three.
any time signature where the top number is equal to
three or another number that is not divisible by three is
simple.
ang nakakadagdag pa ng kalituhan dito eh 'pag umeksena
na si rhythm at si tempo... pero hindi naman kasi dapat
malito ng husto... tandaan lang na on a given measure (
or measures ) composed of different types of notes/rests,
the rhythm will be determined based on the time
signature ( defining how to count the rhythm ). tempo on
the other hand is beats-per-minute ( or BPM ) indicating
how fast a song is played. whew... kaya pa ba?!
nagkakaintindihan na ba tayo... may naintindihan ba
kayo?! hehehe next...

Rhythm