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sun (hs26274) 7.

Circuits kazberuk (7004)

This print-out should have 40 questions.


Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page find all choices
before answering.
001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
What is the current in a 7.16 resistor connected to a battery that has a 0.12 internal
resistance when the potential drop across the
terminals of the battery is 9 V?
Answer in units of A.
002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
What is the emf of the battery?
Answer in units of V.
003 10.0 points
What potential difference is measured across
an 18.8 load resistor when it is connected
across a battery of emf 7.16 V and internal
resistance 0.312 ?
Answer in units of V.
004 10.0 points
A loop circuit has a resistance of R1 and a
current of 2.2 A. The current is reduced to
1.7 A when an additional 2 resistor is added
in series with R1 .
What is the value of R1 ? Assume the internal resistance of the source of emf is zero.
Answer in units of .
005

B
1. Bulb B would be brighter.
2. Bulb A would again be brighter.
3. Either of the above would occur.
006 10.0 points
Four copper wires of equal length are connected in series. Their cross-sectional areas
are 0.8 cm2 , 2.5 cm2 , 1.3 cm2 , and 7 cm2 .
If a voltage of 142 V is applied to the arrangement, determine the voltage across the
2.5 cm2 wire.
Answer in units of V.
007

10.0 points

Two identical light bulbs A and B are connected in series to a constant voltage source.
Suppose a wire is connected across bulb B as
shown.

10.0 points
A

When the series circuit shown below

After the wire is connected across B,


E

A
is connected, Bulb A is brighter than Bulb B.
If the positions of the bulbs were reversed,

1. bulb A will burn as brightly as before and


bulb B will burn as brightly as before.
2. bulb A will burn as brightly as before and
bulb B will burn half as brightly as before.
3. bulb A will burn twice as brightly as
before and bulb B will go out.
4. bulb A will go out and bulb B will go
out.

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)

5. bulb A will burn as brightly as before and


bulb B will go out.
6. bulb A will burn twice as brightly as
before and bulb B will burn as brightly as
before.

Circuit A

7. bulb A will burn four times as brightly as


before and bulb B will go out.
8. bulb A will burn twice as brightly as
before and bulb B will burn half as brightly
as before.
9. bulb A will go out and bulb B will burn
as brightly as before.
10. bulb A will go out and bulb B will burn
half as brightly as before.
008

10.0 points

Consider the circuit


a 2.69
c
4.01 A

1.86 b
E

Circuit B

Compared to the individual bulbs in circuit


A, the individual bulbs in circuit B are
1
as bright.
2
1
2. as bright.
4
1.

3. 16 times brighter.
Find the potential difference Va Vb .
Answer in units of V.

4.

1
as bright.
8

009 10.0 points


A length of wire is cut into 6 equal pieces.
The 6 pieces are then connected parallel, with
the resulting resistance being 4 .
What was the resistance r of the original
length of wire?
Answer in units of .

5. 4 times brighter.

010 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

9. 8 times brighter.

Four identical light bulbs are connected either in series (circuit A) or parallel (circuit B)
to a constant voltage battery with negligible
internal resistance, as shown.

6. 2 times brighter.
7. not lit up at all.
8. the same brightness.

10.

1
as bright.
16

011 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


If one of the bulbs in circuit B is unscrewed
and removed from its socket, the remaining 3
bulbs

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)

1. become dimmer.
32.8

2. are unaffected.

0.5 A
10.4

3. turn red, white and blue.

4. go out.
5. one become brighter, one became dimmer
and one unaffected.
6. burn out the battery twice as fast.

At what rate is heat being generated in the


7 resistor on the right?
Answer in units of W.

7. begin to flash.
8. pop.

014 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

9. become brighter.
012

The internal resistance r of a battery with


emf E is connected to a load resistor with
resistance R.
97

10.0 points

A tetrahedron (a four-cornered, six-edged,


four-sided body with congruent isosceles triangles on each side) has resistors on each of its
edges and electric potential A and B across
two of its corners, as shown.

I
A

10 V

16

10

10

30

015 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


What is the power P dissipated by the load
resistor R?

20

Find the potential difference VBA = VA


VB .
Answer in units of V.

30

2.52

internal
resistance

What is the resistance between A and B


using the given resistances? Let Ii be the current through resistor Ri and Vi the potential
across resistor Ri . Simplify by using symmetry observations before applying straightforward circuit analysis.
Answer in units of .
013

10.0 points

Consider the circuit.

1. P =

E
r+R

2

E2
r
E2
3. P =
r+R

2. P =

4. P = R E 2
 2
E
5. P =
r
R

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)


E2
rR
E2
7. P =
r
R

6. P =

018 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points


How much energy is dissipated by the 1.5-
resistor in 60 seconds?

8. P = r E 2

1. 360 J

9. P = (r + R) E 2

2. 180 J

10. P =

E
r+R

2

3. 6 J

016 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points


The current in the circuit below is 2 amperes.
12 V
6V
0.3
0.2
X
1.5

4. 1440 J
5. 720 J
019 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
8
I3

What is the resistance R?


1. 4
2. 2
3. 5
4. 3
5. 1
017 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
What is the potential difference between
points X and Y ?

2. 12.2 V
3. 10.8 V
4. 1.2 V
5. 6.0 V

4.2 V

6.3

1. 8.4 V

3.2

I2
2.7 V

1.8

7.9 V

I1
Find the current I1 in the 1.8 resistor
at the bottom of the circuit between the two
power supplies.
Answer in units of A.
020 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Determine I2 .
Answer in units of A.
021 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
Determine I3 .
Answer in units of A.
022 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Consider the circuit

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)

E1

r1

E2

i1
r2

A
D

i2
R

i
What equation does the loop DCFED
yield?
1. E2 i2 r2 + iR = 0

Rank the potentials across the bulbs.

2. E2 i2 r2 + 2iR = 0

1. VA = VB = VC = VD = VE

3. E1 i2 r2 iR = 0

2. VA = VD = VE > VB = VC

4. E2 i2 r2 2 iR = 0

3. VA = VB = VC > VD > VE

5. E1 i2 r2 iR = 0

4. VC > VB > VA > VD > VE

6. E2 + i2 r2 + iR = 0

5. VE = VD > VA > VB = VC

7. E2 + i2 r2 2iR = 0

6. VA = VB > VA = VD = VE

8. E2 i2 r2 iR = 0

7. VB = VC > VA = VD = VE

9. E2 + i2 r2 iR = 0

8. VA = VB = VC > VD = VE

10. E1 + i2 r2 iR = 0

9. VA = VD = VE > VB > VC

023 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Find the current i. Symmetry is applicable
here. Let E1 = E2 = E = 14 V , r1 = r2 = r =
2.9 , and R = 2.5 .
Answer in units of A.
024

10. VA = VC > VB > VD = VE


025 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
9.6

10.0 points

I3

3.1 V

5.7
Consider the following circuit containing
identical bulbs A, B, C, D, and E respectively. Denote the potentials across bulbs as
VA , VB , VC , VD , and VE .

2.7

I2
2.3 V

1.9

6.1 V

I1
Find the current I1 in the 1.9 resistor

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)


at the bottom of the circuit between the two
power supplies.
Answer in units of A.
026 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the power supplied by 6.1 V battery on
the bottom right-hand side of the circuit.
Answer in units of W.
027 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the power supplied to the 1.9 resistor
at the bottom of the circuit between the two
power supplies.
Answer in units of W.
028

Find VR1 , the voltage drop across R1 , as a


function of time t1 .
1. VR1 = V0 et1 /(R1 C)
2. VR1 = V0 et1 /[(R1 +R2 )C]
n
o
[t1 (R1 +R2 )]/R1 R2 C
3. VR1 = V0 1 e
o
n
t1 /[(R1 +R2 ) C]
4. VR1 = V0 1 e
o
n
t1 /(R1 C)
5. VR1 = V0 1 e
n
o
t1 /(R2 C)
6. VR1 = V0 1 e
7. VR1 = V0 e[t1 (R1 +R2 )]/R1 R2 C

10.0 points

In the figure below the battery has an emf


of 27 V and an internal resistance of 1 .
Assume there is a steady current flowing in
the circuit.
27 V
1

8. VR1 = V0 et1 /(R2 C)


030

10.0 points

The switch S has been in position b for a


long period of time.
R3

R2

7 F
R1
Find the charge on the 7 F capacitor.
Answer in units of C.
029

10.0 points

R2

V0

S b
a

2
(R1 + R2 ) C

2. = R2 C
3. = (R1 + R2 ) C
1
(R1 + R2 ) C
1
5. =
R1 R2 C
1
6. =
R2 C
1
7. =
R1 C
4. =

S b
E

When the switch is moved to position a,


find the characteristic time constant.
1. =

In the circuit shown, the capacitor is initially uncharged. At t1 = 0, the switch S is


moved to position a.

R1

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)


R1 + R2
C
2
p
9. = R1 R2 C

4 M

8. =

0.5 F

1 M

10. = R1 C

S b
0.6 V

1 M

031 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


The switch S has been in position b for a
long period of time.
R3

033

R2
R1

Determine the energy dissipated through


the resistor R2 from t = 0 to t = .
Answer in units of J.

S b
E

10.0 points

The switch S has been in the position a


for a long time. Then at t = 0, it is moved
from a to b.
R2

When the switch is moved to position a,


find the characteristic time constant.
1. =

R1 C

2. = (R1 + R2 ) C
2
(R1 + R2 ) C
1
4. =
R2 C
3. =

5. = R2 C
p
6. = R1 R2 C
7. =

1
R1 R2 C

8. = R1 C
R1 + R2
C
2
1
10. =
(R1 + R2 ) C
9. =

032 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


S has been left at position a for a long time.
It is then switched from a to b at t = 0.

R1

S b
a

Find the time when the charge in the ca1


pacitor is reduced to of its value at t = 0.
e
2
1. =
(R1 + R2 ) C
R1 + R2
2. =
C
2
3. = (R1 + R2 ) C
p
4. = R1 R2 C

1
(R1 + R2 ) C
1
6. =
R1 C
1
7. =
R1 R2 C

5. =

8. = R1 C
9. =

1
R2 C

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)


10. = R2 C

R2

034 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

The circuit has been connected as shown in


the figure for a long time.

45 V

R1

48
22 F

42
6

48

Immediately after the switch is closed, the


current supplied by the battery is
V (R1 + R2 )
.
R1 R2
V
2. I0 =
.
R1
V
.
3. I0 =
R1 + R2

1. I0 =
S

What is the magnitude of the electric potential across the capacitor?


Answer in units of V.
035 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
If the battery is disconnected, how long does
it take for the voltage across the capacitor to
E0
drop to a value of V (t) = , where E0 is the
e
initial voltage across the capacitor?
Answer in units of s.
036 10.0 points
An ammeter reads 10.7 A at full-scale deflection. The meter was constructed by inserting
a resistor in parallel with a 73.3 galvanometer coil that deflects full-scale when the voltage across it is 42.3 mV.
What is the value of the parallel resistance
that should be used?
Answer in units of .

4. I0 = 0 .
5. I0 =

V
.
R2

038 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


A long time after the switch has been closed,
the current I supplied by the battery is
V
.
R1 + R2
V (R1 + R2 )
.
=
R1 R2

1. I =
2. I

3. I = 0 .
V
.
R1
V
=
.
R2

4. I =
5. I

037 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

039 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

The switch has been open for a long period


of time.

The circuit has been connected as shown in


the figure for a long time.

sun (hs26274) 7. Circuits kazberuk (7004)

22

19 F

18

20 V

8. tEt /E0 = 132

38
S

What is the magnitude of the electric potential EC across the capacitor?


1. |EC | = 26
2. |EC | = 13
3. |EC | = 28
4. |EC | = 8 V
5. |EC | = 4
6. |EC | = 17
7. |EC | = 32
8. |EC | = 30
9. |EC | = 7
10. |EC | = 27
040 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
If the battery is disconnected, how long does it
Et
1
take for the capacitor to discharge to
=
E0
e
of its initial voltage?
1. tEt /E0 = 1196
2. tEt /E0 = 105
3. tEt /E0 = 285 s
4. tEt /E0 = 56
5. tEt /E0 = 960
6. tEt /E0 = 136

7. tEt /E0 = 450

9. tEt /E0 = 600


10. tEt /E0 = 432