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# MODAL ANALYSIS RESULTS

## Step 1: Calculate the effective modal mass

1. The sum of the effective modal masses for the modes taken into account amounts to at
.
least 90% of the total mass of the structure.
2. All modes with effective modal masses greater than 5% of the total mass are taken
into account.

## Step 2: Damage limitations

The damage limitation requirements should be verified in terms of the interstorey drift (dr)
using the equation below:

! =>

dr : is the difference of the average lateral displacement ds in CM at the top and bottom of
storey.
: is the reduction factor which takes into account the lower return period of the seismic
action.

## h : is the storey height

Table 4: Damage limitation
For non-structural elements of brittle material attached to the structure

drv0.005h

drv0.0075h

## For building having non-structural elements fixed in a way so as not to

interfere with structural deformation

drv0.010h

Table 5:

## Reduction factor of limitation to interstorey drift

Importance class
I
II
III
IV

Reduction factor v
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

## Step 3: Second order effects

1. The criterion for taking into account the second order effect is based on the interstorey
drift sensitivity coefficient , which is define with equation.

!"! !
!"!

## hr: is the interstorey drift,

h: is the storey height,
Vtot: is the total seismic storey shear
Ptot: is the total gravity load at and above storey considered in the seismic design situation
(G+0.3Q).
Table 6: Consequences of value of P- coefficient on the analysis
0,1

0,10,2

## P- effects may be taken into account approximately by

!
amplifying the effects of the seismic actions by !!!

0,20,3

## P- effects must be accounted for by an analysis including

second order effects explicity

0,3

Not permitted

## 1. Slenderness ratio of the building

=Lmax/Lmin<4
2. A compact shape: one in which the perimeter lines is always convex, or at least
encloses not more than 5% re-entrant area.
3. The floor diaphragms shall be sufficient stiff in-plane not to affect the distribution of
Table 7: Criteria for regularity in plan
Lateral torsional rensponse condition:
Torsionally rigidity condition:

rx> 3.33eox
rx> 3.33eoy
rx> Is

## Table 8: Classification of structural system

Wall system
Frame system
Frame-equivalent dual system
Wall-equivalent dual system