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Step 1: Calculate the effective modal mass

1. The sum of the effective modal masses for the modes taken into account amounts to at
least 90% of the total mass of the structure.
2. All modes with effective modal masses greater than 5% of the total mass are taken
into account.

Step 2: Damage limitations

The damage limitation requirements should be verified in terms of the interstorey drift (dr)
using the equation below:

! =>

dr : is the difference of the average lateral displacement ds in CM at the top and bottom of
: is the reduction factor which takes into account the lower return period of the seismic

h : is the storey height

Table 4: Damage limitation
For non-structural elements of brittle material attached to the structure


For building having ductile non structural elements


For building having non-structural elements fixed in a way so as not to

interfere with structural deformation


Table 5:

Reduction factor of limitation to interstorey drift

Importance class

Reduction factor v

Step 3: Second order effects

1. The criterion for taking into account the second order effect is based on the interstorey
drift sensitivity coefficient , which is define with equation.

!"! !

hr: is the interstorey drift,

h: is the storey height,
Vtot: is the total seismic storey shear
Ptot: is the total gravity load at and above storey considered in the seismic design situation
Table 6: Consequences of value of P- coefficient on the analysis

No need to consider P- effects


P- effects may be taken into account approximately by

amplifying the effects of the seismic actions by !!!


P- effects must be accounted for by an analysis including

second order effects explicity


Not permitted

Step 4: Structural regularity plan

1. Slenderness ratio of the building

2. A compact shape: one in which the perimeter lines is always convex, or at least
encloses not more than 5% re-entrant area.
3. The floor diaphragms shall be sufficient stiff in-plane not to affect the distribution of
lateral loads between vertical elements.
Table 7: Criteria for regularity in plan
Lateral torsional rensponse condition:
Torsionally rigidity condition:

rx> 3.33eox
rx> 3.33eoy
rx> Is

Step 5: Structural type of the building

Table 8: Classification of structural system

Wall system
Frame system
Frame-equivalent dual system
Wall-equivalent dual system

Vertical and lateral load: Wall resist Vb,wall>65%Vbtotal

Vertical and lateral load: Vb,frame>65%Vbtotal
Vertical and lateral load: Vb,frame>50%Vbtotal
Vertical and lateral load: Vb,wall>50%Vbtotal