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12AU3512 Comprehension
Semester / Year: VI / III
Date: 18.03.2015

Max. Marks: 50
Time: 2 Hrs.
Answer All Questions

1. The frequency of flashing of light per minute in a direction (side turn) indicator is about
A. 9

B. 90

C. 900

D. 9000

2. Thinner is added to the paint in order to

A. Make pigments and resin mix easily

B. Make paint film hard

C. optimize its viscosity

D. none of these

3. The ease with which petrol vaporizes is called its

A. oxidation

B. octane number

C. volatility

D. Cetane number

4. A four-cylinder engine has a capacity of 2.4 liters. The swept volume of one cylinder is
A. 400 cm3

B. 600 cm3

C. 1200 cm3

D. 2400 cm3

5. An imbalance wheel during vehicle operation

A. makes large noise when its heavy point hits the road surface
B. deflects in the vehicle's longitudinal direction
C. bounces vertically or deflects from side to side (as seen from front or rear)
D. creates a standing wave
6. The main function of the brake fluid is
A. lubrication

B. power transmission

C. cooling

D. none of these

7. The parking brakes employed in vehicles are operated

A. mechanically

B. hydraulically

C. pneumatically

D. none of these

8. The function of a carburetor is to control the amount and ratio of air-fuel mixture.
A. True

B. False

9. The component in the radiator of an automobile that increases the boiling point of water is
A. drain plug

B. water jacket

C. vacuum valve

D. pressure cap

10. In vehicles with tilt steering, the steering column is pivoted in

A. upper bracket

B. lower bracket

C. tilt bracket

D. steering yoke joint

11. Tachometer in a vehicle measures

A. speed

B. distance

C. engine r.p.m.

D. fuel consumption

C. overheating of engine

D. overcooling of engine

12. One effect of detonation is


delay in ignition

B. loss of power

13. The temperature indicating instrument in vehicles indicates the temperature of

A. engine piston

B. engine cylinder

C. lubricating oil

D. jacket cooling water

14. The ignition coil is used to

A. step up current

B. step down current C. step up voltage

D. step down voltage

15. The process of removing the burnt gases from the engine cylinder by the fresh charge coming into the
engine cylinder from the crank-case, is known as
A. cleaning

B. priming

C. scavenging

D. detonation

16. The self ignition temperature of Diesel as compared to petrol is

A. higher

B. lower

C. same

D. depends on fuel quality

17. with the increase of battery temperature, the specific gravity of electrolyte
A. increases

B. Decreases C. remains the same D. none of these

18. The process of supplying the intake air to the engine cylinder at a pressure greater than the pressure of
the surrounding atmosphere is known as
A. supercharging

B. auto-ignition

C. scavenging

D. detonation

C. brass

D. cast iron

19. In aluminum cylinder blocks, the cylinder liners are made of

A. aluminum

B. ceramic

20. The purpose of a balancer shaft is to

A. balance the timing in the movement of the two groups of pistons
B. increase inertia force of the rotating crankshaft
C. reduce vibrations caused by the crankshaft rotation
D. adjusts the timing of the intake and exhaust valve openings
21. Free pedal play in car clutches is about
A. 15 mm

B. 25 mm

C. 40mm

D. 60 mm

22. The caster is called positive when the top of the king pin is inclined to the
A. rear of the vehicle

B. front of the vehicle

C. left of the vehicle

D. right of the vehicle

23. The main purpose of an engine's air cleaner is that it

A. controls the engine's air intake volume
B. reduces the engine's air intake noise
C. prevents rain water from entering the engine
D. prevents dust and other foreign matter from entering the engine
24. The device for smoothening out the power impulses from the engine is called
A. clutch

B. differential

C. flywheel

D. torque converter

25. The main function of a master cylinder is to

A. adjust the extent of brake pedal free play

B. boost the force applied to brake pedal

C. convert brake pedal force into hydraulic pressure

D. ensure that all the wheel brakes are supplied with the same amount of fluid pressure
26. The exhaust gas from petrol engine contains
A. petrol vapours

B. water vapours

C. carbon monoxide

D. all of these

27. In case of a Diesel car, the pressure at the end of compression is of the order of
A. 15 bar

B. 25 bar

C. 35 bar

D. 45 bar

28. The effect of vapour locking on the brake performance is that the
A. brakes function more effectively

B. brakes fail completely

C. brake operation is delayed after depression of the brake pedal

D. vapour locking has no effect on brake performance
29. The connecting rod is attached to the piston by the
A. cap bolt

B. piston pin

C. cap roller bearing

D. rod cap

30. Clutch facings are usually attached to the plate by

A. steel rivets

B. brass rivets

C. aluminum screws

D. steel screws

31. The torque converter uses __________ to transfer torque.

A. air

B. automatic transmission fluid (ATF)

C. gears

D. steel belt

32. In a Diesel engine, the function of a fuel injector is to

A. mix the fuel and air

B. ignite the air-fuel mixture

C. provide flame front for ignition

D. spray atomized fuel in the cylinder

33. The firing order for an opposed four cylinder l.C. engine is
A. 1-2-3-4

B. 1-3-4-2

C. 1-4-3-2

D. 1-3-24

34. The function of positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) system is that it

A. mixes fuel with air
B. promotes combustion by creating a swirling movement in the air-fuel mixture
C. returns blow-by gases from the crankcase to the intake system
D. feeds blow-by gases to the exhaust manifold
35. The two kinds of piston rings are
A. compression and oil-control rings

B. compression and sliding seal rings

C. oil scrapper and oil-control rings

D. pressure and sealing rings

36. The maximum torque multiplication ratio in a torque converter is about

A. 2.5

B. 10

C. 25

D. 40

37. The sequence in which the force is transmitted through a brake system when the brake pedal is depressed
A. brake pedal - master cylinder - brake lines - vacuum servo mechanism - brake pads
B. brake pedal - vacuum servo mechanism - master cylinder - brake lines - brake pads
C. brake pedal - master cylinder - vacuum servo mechanism - brake lines - brake pads
D. brake pedal - brake lines - vacuum servo mechanism - master cylinder - brake pads
38. The composition of the electrolyte in a fully charged battery is that
A. the electrolyte is pure distilled water
B. the electrolyte is pure sulphuric acid
C. the electrolyte is a mixture of 64% distilled water and 36% sulphuric acid by weight

D. the electrolyte is a mixture of 90% distilled water and 10% sulphuric acid by weight
39. The basic purpose of a four wheel drive (4WD) system is that it
A. delivers improved cornering on dry road surfaces
B. eliminates the need of snow tyres, tyre chains, etc.
C. ensures effective transmission of engine torque to all four wheels, even on slippery road surfaces
D. ensures that effective braking can be performed, even on slippery surfaces
40. The heat transfer from coolant to air in the radiator of an automobile engine takes place by
A. radiation only

B. convention only

C. convection and radiation

D. conduction, convection and radiation

41. The purpose of a thermostat in an engine cooling system is to

A. prevent the coolant from boiling

B. allow the engine to warm up quickly

C. indicate the coolant temperature

D. pressurise the system to raise the boiling point

42. The basic characteristics of a brake fluid is

A. a high boiling point

B. low viscosity

C. compatibility with rubber and metal parts

D. all of these

43. The petrol engine works on

A. Otto cycle

B. Carnot cycle

C. Diesel cycle

D. Rankine cycle

44. The gradient resistance to a vehicle having a mass of 980 kg moving on an incline of 10 is
A.1.6694 N

B. 16.694 N

C. 166.94 N

D. 1669.4 N

45. The reconditioning process used to give cylinder bore surfaces a cross-hatch pattern, is known as
A. honing

B. porous plating

C. boring

D. shot peening

46. The function of a radiator fan in the cooling system is that

A. it blows air through the radiator when necessary
B. it is turned by wind force as the vehicle moves forward, and its rotation drives the water pump
C. it cools the engine by blowing air onto the cylinder block
D. it draws heat out of the engine compartment
47. The main function of an exhaust muffler is the
A. optimization of exhaust efficiency

B. reduction of exhaust noise

C. reduction of nitrogen oxide in the exhaust gases

D. reduction of the exhaust gas volume
48. The characteristic that is enhanced by the honing of cylinder sleeves inner surface is
A. cooling efficiency B. resistance to wear C. lubrication performance

D. none of these

49. Instead of valves, the ports are used in case of

A. Four stroke I.C. engines

B. two-stroke I.C. engines

C. V-6 enginesD. none of these

50. The starting system includes

A. a battery, a starter, and an ignition switch B. a battery, a distributor, and an ignition switch
C. a battery, a starter, and a distributor

D. a distributor, a starter, and an ignition switch