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This is a Malay name; the name Razak is

a patronymic, not a family name, and the person

should be referred to by the given name, Najib.
Yang Amat Berhormat Dato' Sri

Mohammad Najib Abdul Razak

6th Prime Minister of Malaysia


Assumed office
3 April 2009


Mizan Zainal Abidin

Abdul Halim


Muhyiddin Yassin

Preceded by

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Member of the Malaysian Parliament

for Pekan


Assumed office
21 February 1976

Preceded by

Abdul Razak Hussein


Unopposed (1976)
9,533 (1978)
Unknown (1982)
10,808 (1986)
10,647 (1990)
10,793 (1995)
241 (1999)
22,922 (2004)
26,464 (2008)
35,163 (2013)

9th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia

In office
7 January 2004 3 April 2009

Prime Minister

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Preceded by

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

Succeeded by

Muhyiddin Yassin

12th Menteri Besar of Pahang

In office
4 May 1982 14 August 1986

Preceded by

Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman

Succeeded by

Khalil Yaakob

3rd President of International Islamic University of Malaysia

In office


Sultan Ahmad Shah

Preceded by

Anwar Ibrahim

Succeeded by

Sanusi Junid

Member of the Pahang State Legislative Assembly

for Bandar

In office
22 April 1982 3 August 1986

Personal details


23 July 1953 (age 61)

Kuala Lipis, Malaya
(now Malaysia)

Political party

United Malays National Organisation


Puteri Zainah Eskandar (19761987)

Rosmah Mansor (1987present)


Mohd Nizar
Puteri Norlisa
Mohd Nazifuddin
Nooryana Najwa

Alma mater

University of Nottingham

Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul

Razak (born 23 July 1953) is the sixth and current Prime
Minister of Malaysia. He was sworn in to the position on 3 April

2009 to succeed Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. He is the President

of the United Malays National Organisation, the leading party in
Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.
Najib is the eldest son of Abdul Razak Hussein, Malaysia's
second Prime Minister, and the nephew of Hussein Onn,
Malaysia's third. He was elected to the Parliament of
Malaysia in 1976, at the age of 23, replacing his deceased
father in the Pahang-based seat ofPekan. From 1982 to 1986
he was the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Pahang, before
entering the federal Cabinet of Mahathir Mohamad in 1986 as
the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports. He served in various
Cabinet posts throughout the remainder of the 1980s and
1990s, including as Minister for Defence and Minister for
Education. He became Deputy Prime Minister on 7 January
2004, serving under Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi,
before replacing Badawi a year after Barisan Nasional suffered
heavy losses in the 2008 election.
Najib's tenure as Prime Minister has been marked by economic
liberalisation measures, such as cuts to government subsidies,
loosening of restrictions on foreign investment, and reductions
in preferential measures for ethnic Malays in business. His
Barisan Nasional coalition was re-elected at the 2013 election,
albeit with a reduced majority due in large part to a substantial
movement of urban voters to opposition parties.

Early life

Najib Razak and his wifeRosmah Mansor with Rosy

Senanayake during theCommonwealth Heads of Government
Meeting 2013 inColombo.
Born 23 July 1953, in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Najib is the eldest
of Malaysian 2nd Prime Minister Abdul Razak's six sons, and

the nephew of Hussein Onn, Malaysia's third Prime Minister.

His younger brother, Dato' Seri Mohd Nazir Abdul Razak,[1] runs
the country's second-largest lender, Bumiputra-Commerce
Holdings Bhd.[2] Najib is also one of the Four Noblemen of the
Pahang Darul Makmur (Royal Court) by virtue of his inherited
title as the Orang Kaya Indera Shahbandar. He received his
primary and secondary education at St. John's Institution,
Kuala Lumpur. He later attended Malvern
College[3] in Worcestershire, England, and subsequently went to
the University of Nottingham, where he received a bachelor's
degree in industrial economics in 1974. Najib Razak returned to
Malaysia in 1974 and entered the business world, serving
briefly in Bank Negara (Central Bank) and later with Petronas
(Malaysia's national oil company) as a public affairs manager.[4]
In 1976 Najib married Tengku Puteri Zainah Tengku Eskandar
('Kui Yie') with whom he has three children: Mohd Nizar Najib
(born 1978), Mohd Nazifuddin Najib and Puteri Norlisa Najib. In
1987 he divorced Ku Yie and married Datin Seri Rosmah
Mansor with whom he has two children: Mohd Norashman
Najib and Nooryana Najwa Najib.
Early political career[edit]
Election to Parliament and Menteri Besar of Pahang[edit]
In 1976 Najib was selected to run for the seat in parliament left
vacant by his father's death. The national outpouring of grief
following Tun Razak's death and the respect for his father
helped Najib win election unopposed as Member of Parliament
at the very young age of 23.[5] In 1986 Najib won re-election to
the same seat.[5][6]
Najib was first assigned into the Cabinet of Malaysia at the age
of 25 when he was appointed Deputy Minister of Energy,
Telecommunications and Post in 1978, becoming the youngest
deputy minister in the country.[7] He served as the Menteri
Besar (Chief Minister) of Pahang between 1982 and 1986,
becoming the youngest Menteri Besar in the state to enter
office when he was sworn in at the age of 29.[8] In 1986 he was
appointed as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports in the

Cabinet of Mahathir Mohamad. He focused on improving

Malaysian sports and introduced the National Sports Policy in
1988. In 1989 Malaysia achieved its best-ever performance at
the South East Asia (SEA) Games, held in Kuala Lumpur.[9]
UMNO politics[edit]

Najib at an UMNO General Assembly

Najib was appointed head of UMNO Youth's Pekan branch and
became a member of UMNO Youth's Executive Council (Exco)
in 1976. In 1981, he was selected as a member of UMNO's
Supreme Council, before winning the post of Vice-President of
UMNO Youth in 1982.[10][11]
In 1987, Najib was selected as the acting head of the
Movement of UMNO Youth by Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim after
Anwar was asked to contest the post of UMNO Vice-President.
Following mounting ethnic tensions anti-Chinese sentiments
were expressed at a UMNO Youth rally held in Kampung Baru,
Kuala Lumpur the same year where Najib spoke. Rising
tensions soon lead to fears of ethnic violence and eventually
resulted in a security operation known as Operasi Lalang, that
included numerous administrative detentions.[12] In June 2009
Najib overturned a rule that required 30% Malay ownership in
corporations, and allowed non-ethnic Malays, like the Chinese
and the Indians to exercise more financial control in Malaysia.
Najib has also worked to improve relations with Singapore,
which is seen by many as Chinese-dominated, to encourage it
to invest more heavily in the Malaysian economy.[13]
Following the complete reorganisation and founding of the
"New" UMNO by Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad in the aftermath of
the 1988 Malaysian constitutional crisis, Najib was appointed
president of UMNO Youth in 1988.[14]

By 1993, Najib was elected as one of six vice-presidents of

UMNO in response to Anwar's decision to contest as the deputy
president of UMNO. Najib continued to defend his post in party
elections held in 1993, 1996, and 2004.[15]
Senior Ministerial career[edit]
Minister for Defence (19911995)[edit]
In 1991, Mahathir appointed Najib as Minister of Defence.
Under Najib's direction, Malaysian troops were deployed to
assist the UN peacekeeping forces in Bosnia in 1993.
Malaysian forces were greeted warmly by Bosnians as well
as Serbs and Croats.[17]Malaysia also assisted peacekeeping
operations in Somalia in 1993, losing one soldier in an effort to
aid US soldiers during the Battle of Mogadishu. Najib later
criticised the UN's Somalia operation as putting too much
emphasis on military action.[18] Since then Malaysia has stated
a preference for participating in Chapter 6 "peace enforcement"
missions, rather than Chapter 7 "peacekeeping" missions.
After four years at the Ministry of Defense, Najib assumed
control of the Education Ministry in 1995. He returned to the
Ministry of Defense in 2000.
Minister for Education (19952000)[edit]
In 1995, Najib left the Defense Ministry for the first time when
he was appointed Minister of Education. His challenge was to
respond to Malaysia's newly proclaimed aspiration to become a
fully developed nation by the year 2020. During his five-year
tenure, Najib restructured the Ministry, created an independent
corporate structure for public universities, and encouraged
collaboration with foreign universities and institutions.[20] The
1996 Private Higher Education Institutions Act, allowed foreign
universities to establish degree-conferring schools in Malaysia,
providing greater educational opportunities for Malaysians and
positioning Malaysia as a regional learning hub.[21]Najib also
upgraded teaching certificates to the status of diplomas, so that
teachers in that category would receive a higher monthly
starting salary.[22]

During the 1999 general elections Najib suffered a major

setback when he barely won-re-election to Parliament by a
margin of 241 compared to a margin of over 10,000 in the
previous election. Although a surprise to political observers it
was understandable given the political upheavals of 1999.[5]
Return as Minister for Defence (20002008)[edit]
During his second tenure as Minister of Defense Najib
coordinated Malaysia's relief efforts following the Indian Ocean
Tsunami of 2004, and provided support to Indonesia in
arresting those responsible for the 2004 Bali bombings.[23] Najib
also oversaw the deployment of Malaysian troops as a part of a
UN peacekeeping force in 2006, when Malaysia volunteered to
help stabilise Lebanon following the 2006 Lebanon War.[24]
As Defense Minister, Najib instituted compulsory military
service in December 2003, stating that it would encourage
interaction and friendship between youth of different ethnic
groups and religions.[25] During its first five years of operation,
over 339,000 Malaysian youth participated in the PLKN (the
Bahasa Malaysian acronym for "Malaysian National Service"),
which is intended to promote tolerance, team work, and
community engagement. The programme, however, has faced
challenges. Safety issues in the program have been reported
and several people died during or shortly after their terms of
service during the program's first few years.[27] In response,
Najib strengthened the PLKN's health screening requirements
and reinforced the government's commitment to punish
negligent PLKN officials.[28]
The French courts are investigating allegations of corruption in
the purchases of two Scorpne submarines, by the Malaysian
Ministry of Defense in 2002, at a time when Najib was the
minister of defence. The allegations are that Abdul Razak
Baginda, an aide of Najib, received "commission" payments
from the French submarine builder DCNS.[29] Shaariibuugiin
Altantuyaa, a Mongolian woman hired as a French translator to
facilitate the purchase of the submarines and mistress to
Baginda, subsequently tried to blackmail Baginda for a

$500,000 cut and was subsequently murdered. 2 policemen,

who were bodyguards posted to Najib, were charged and found
Deputy Prime Minister (20042009)[edit]
In 2004, Mahathir retired and was replaced by his
deputy, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Najib became Deputy Prime
Minister and was given a broad portfolio of responsibilities,
including oversight of FELDA, the Human Rights Commission
(SUHAKAM), and the Election Commission. Najib also chaired
more than 28 cabinet committees.[33] He remained as Minister
for Defence.
In September 2008, Najib became the Minister for Finance,
handing the Defence portfolio to Badawi.[34] During the global
financial crisis, Malaysia faced a strong recession and reduced
levels of trade throughout the South Asian region. In response,
Najib announced a series of stimulus packages to be
implemented over a two-year period with the intention of acting
as a countercyclical response that might otherwise protect
Malaysia's economy. He also pressed for the country to move
beyond existing manufacturing capabilities through education,
research and development to develop greater strength as a
provider of sophisticated business services.[35]
Becoming Prime Minister[edit]
After a poor showing by the ruling UMNO coalition in the
elections of 8 March 2008 in which opposition parties gained
control of five of thirteen Malaysian state governments, Badawi
identified Najib as his intended successor. On 8 October 2008,
Prime Minister Badawi announced he would step down in
March 2009, paving the way for Najib to succeed him. However
he said the onus was on Najib to win party elections set for
March before he could take over.[36] Najib ran for the presidency
of UMNO and went on to win on 2 November 2008, without

On 26 March 2009, Najib won the UMNO presidency

unopposed. He was sworn in as Prime Minister of Malaysia on
3 April 2009[38]
Prime Minister of Malaysia[edit]
Main article: Premiership of Najib Tun Razak
Najib entered office as Prime Minister with a focus on domestic
economic issues and political reform. On his first day as Prime
Minister, Najib announced as his first actions the removal of
bans on two opposition newspapers, Suara
Keadilan and Harakahdaily, run by the opposition leader Datuk
Seri Anwar Ibrahim-led People's Justice Party and the Pan
Islamic Party, respectively, and the release of 13 people held
under the Internal Security Act. Among the released detainees
were two ethnic Indian activists who were arrested in
December 2007 for leading an anti-government campaign,
three foreigners and eight suspected Islamic militants. Najib
also pledged to conduct a comprehensive review of the muchcriticized law which allows for indefinite detention without trial.
In the speech, he emphasised his commitment to tackling
poverty, restructuring Malaysian society, expanding access to
quality education for all, and promoting renewed "passion for
public service".[39] He also deferred and abandoned the digital
television transition plan of all free-to-air broadcasters such
as Radio Televisyen Malaysia.
Main article: 1Malaysia
1Malaysia is an ongoing campaign announced by Prime
Minister Najib Razak on 16 September 2008, calling for the
cabinet, government agencies, and civil servants to emphasise
ethnic harmony, national unity, and efficient governance.[40] The
eight values of 1Malaysia as articulated by Najib Razak are
perseverance, a culture of excellence, acceptance, loyalty,
education, humility, integrity, and meritocracy.[41]
On 17 September 2008, Najib launched 1Malaysia.com.my in
an effort to communicate with the citizens of Malaysia more

efficiently and support the broader 1Malaysia campaign. He

has used the site to highlight his policy initiatives and to provide
a forum for Malaysians to their government. The 1Malaysia
campaign makes extensive use of social media platforms such
as Facebook and Twitter.[42][43]
1Malaysia People's Aid (BR1M) Project[edit]
The first BR1M Project was a scheme devised by Najib Razak
to help poor Malaysians. The amount of RM 500.00 Ringgit
Malaysia was given to households with an income of less than
RM 3,000 a month.[44]
The second BR1M Project, also known as BR1M 2.0, will be
launched in February 2013[needs update] and more than 2.5 billion
ringgit will be distributed to Malaysians nation wide. This will
affect 5.7 million household all over the country. In addition to
the RM 500.00 for household, the government has also
allocated RM 250.00 to single individuals. Those who have
received RM 500.00 from the first BR1M project need not apply
as it will be automatically processed.[45]
BR1M 4.0, which was announced in 2014, saw an increase in
handouts from RM 650 to RM 950 for individuals earning less
than RM 2,000.00, while households earning less than RM
4,000 will receive RM 750.[46][47][48][49]
1Malaysia Housing Programme[edit]
Perumahan Rakyat 1Malaysia (PR1MA) Berhad was
established under the PR1MA Act 2012 to plan, develop,
construct and maintain affordable lifestyle housing for middleincome households in key urban centres. Middle-income is
defined as a monthly household (husband and wife) income of
between RM 2,500 and RM 7,500.[50]
PR1MA will be the first organisation that exclusively targets this
middle segment with homes ranging from RM 100,000 to RM
400,000 in a sustainable community.[51]
On 2 May 2009, Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak announced
the government's plan to develop a New Economic Model that
will speed Malaysia's transition to a high-income country. The

plan will emphasise ways to increase the income and

productivity of workers by encouraging knowledge industries
and increasing investment from overseas.
Reform of government subsidies[edit]
Main article: Subsidy reform in Malaysia
Prime Minister Najib has started to implement comprehensive
reform of government subsidies. On 16 July 2010, subsidies for
petrol, diesel and LPG were cut as part of Malaysia's general
programme of reducing and rationalising subsidies per the 10th
Malaysia Plan and the New Economic Model. The government
believes it will save RM 750 million by the end of 2010 through
these measures with little negative impact on most citizens.
Sugar and fuel subsidies were selected for reform because
they disproportionately benefit the wealthy and foreigners,
encourage over-consumption and create opportunities for fraud
and smuggling.[52] The Prime Minister expressed his hope that
Malaysians would adopt a healthier lifestyle. He said, "there is
no logic in the government allocating subsidies worth almost
RM1 billion on a commodity that could endanger the people's
health."[53] Responding to concerns about how these reforms
might affect the poor, the Prime Minister's Office pointed out
that Malaysia will still be spending RM 7.82 billion per year on
fuel and sugar subsidies and that prices for these commodities
would remain the lowest in Southeast Asia. The government
also stated that education and health care would continue
receiving state support.[54]
Economic liberalisation[edit]
Malaysia has implemented substantial measures to attract
foreign investment including a moderation of preferences
designed to benefit ethnic Malays. Specifically these reforms
include allowing foreign investors to hold majority stakes in
most enterprises excluding "strategic" industries such as
banking, telecommunications, and energy, easing insurance
regulation, curtailing powers of the Foreign Investment
Committee and lowering the minimum quota for Malay
ownership in publicly traded companies from 30 percent to 12.5

percent. As he introduced the reforms Najib stated, "The world

is changing quickly and we must be ready to change with it or
risk being left behind."[55]
Since these reforms have been implemented, the American
banking firms Goldman Sachs and Citigroup have been granted
permission to expand their operations in Malaysia. Goldman
Sachs received licenses to set up fund management and
advisory operations. Citigroup has obtained a permit to offer
brokerage services. The approval of these licenses is a sharp
break from Malaysia's history of domestically dominated and
tightly regulated markets for financial services.
The International Institute for Management
Development responded to these and other reforms by
increasing Malaysia's ranking to the 10th-most competitive
economy in the world in 2010 from 18th in 2009. Malaysia,
which is now ranked fifth in the Asia Pacific region, scored well
in business and government efficiency. Economists attributed
the rise of Malaysia's ranking to the efforts of the Malaysian
government to improve the country's business environment
such as the New Economic Model, the Government
Transformation Programme and the Economic Transformation
Stimulus packages[edit]
The Malaysian government passed two stimulus packages to
mitigate the effects of the global economic downturn. The first
stimulus package, worth RM 7 billion, was announced on 4
November 2008. The second package, worth RM 60 billion,
was announced on 10 March 2009. Since assuming office as
Prime Minister, Najib has been monitoring the progress of the
stimulus packages on a weekly basis. Government economists
believe that the stimulus packages have successfully generated
increased economic activity, especially in the construction
sector. Malaysia's central bank reported that Malaysia's
economy grew at an annualised rate of 9.5% during the first
half of 2010. Prime Minister Najib says the country is on track
to meet the 6% average annual growth to reach its goal of

becoming a developed country by 2020. Commenting on this

same economic data Najib says that as of August 2010 there
are no plans for further economic stimulus. Rather he says the
government would focus on improving Malaysia's economic
fundamentals and increasing investment.[57]
Foreign policy and state visits[edit]
Main article: Foreign relations of Malaysia
Main article: MalaysiaPalestine relations
The government of Malaysia has long been a strong supporter
of the Palestinian cause against the Israeli occupation of
the West Bank.[58] Malaysia also supports unity between the
Palestinian Fatah and Hamas factions. Najib visited the West
Bank with his wife Rosmah Mansor, escorted by senior officers
of the Malaysian government.[59] Najib Razak became the first
Muslim leader from South East Asia to set foot on Palestinian
soil.[60] Najib says Palestinians can count on Malaysia, but for
there to be lasting peace, Hamas and Fatah must unite to
safeguard the safety and security of the Palestinian people.
Malaysia will give Palestine the moral, financial and political
support it needs to rise above its struggles, but securing a
future of lasting peace hinges on the Palestinians being united.
Najib Razak also stated that for Palestine to move towards
having a future it envisioned, Palestinians would have to take
the first step to unite among themselves.[61]
United States[edit]
Main article: MalaysiaUnited States relations
Prime Minister Najib and President Barack Obama met just
before the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington on 12 April
2010. This meeting was thought by many[who?] to represent a
significant improvement in relations. This was their first one-onone meeting. During their talk, Obama sought further
assistance from Malaysia in stemming nuclear proliferation
which Obama described as the greatest threat to world security.
During the summit, Najib stressed that Malaysia only
supported nuclear programmes designed for peaceful

purposes. Najib's attendance at the summit was part of a weeklong official visit to the United States.[64]
Main article: IndiaMalaysia relations
Prime Minister Najib travelled to India on a five-day state visit in
January 2010. His 200-strong entourage included cabinet
ministers, deputy ministers, state government officials,
members of parliament, and prominent business leaders.
During his visit, Najib pushed for a free-trade agreement and
co-operation across a wide range of fields.[66] Najib and Indian
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh signed an extradition treaty
and agreements to co-operate in the areas of higher education
and finance. The two countries agreed to sign a free-trade
agreement before the end of 2010 and Najib called for signing
a "Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement" by the
same date.[67] These economic agreements have resulted in
plans for RM 1.6 trillion in investment for Malaysia.[68] In
January 2010, Najib announced plans to develop a new visa
regime for Indian nationals, specifically for managers
and knowledge workers to visit Malaysia.[69]
Main article: MalaysiaSingapore relations
Najib made a two-day visit to Singapore, on 2122 May 2009.
During the visit, both Najib and Singaporean Prime Minister Lee
Hsien Loong agreed to move bilateral relations forward in a
more productive manner and will either set aside or resolve the
"legacy" problems between the two countries. During a speech
in Singapore, Najib said he hoped his visit would signal "the
beginning of a new era" between the two countries.[70]
in 2010 Najib resolved a key diplomatic problem between the
two countries by ending the impasse over transportation links
and Singaporean investment in Iskandar Malaysia. Prime
Minister Najib and Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of
Singapore, have agreed to modify the Points of Agreement
signed in 1990. Specifically, the two sides have promised to
move the KTM railway station from Tanjung Pagar to

Woodlands, set up a joint venture to be called M-S Pte Ltd to

develop Marina One, and DUO in Bugis but the railway tracks
were replaced by the "Green Corridor", develop a rapid transit
and high-speed rail links, and allow Temasek and Khazanah to
set up a joint venture for the purpose of developing a town in
Iskandar Malaysia.[71]
South Korea[edit]
Main article: MalaysiaSouth Korea relations
Najib attended the ASEAN-South Korea Summit on 1 June
2009 hosted by South Korean President Lee Myung Bak.
During the summit, the ASEAN-Korea Investment Agreement
was signed to boost economic and trade relations between
ASEAN and South Korea After the summit, Najib said Malaysia
is keen on emulating South Korea in developing a small-scale
nuclear reactor for power generation, as well as South Korea's
other low-carbon green technology.[72]
Main article: ChinaMalaysia relations
Najib made a four-day visit to China on 25 June 2009. During
the visit, Najib mentioned his family's special relationship with
China, noting that his father, and Malaysia's second Prime
Minister, first established diplomatic relations with China in
1974. During the visit, several substantive issues were
discussed in meetings between Najib and Chinese
President Hu Jintao and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao. The two
sides signed an endorsed strategic action plan covering 13
major areas, which will serve as the guideline for relations
between Malaysia and China. Najib described the trip as most
fruitful. Najib also received an honorary doctorate in
international relations from the Beijing Foreign Studies
Main article: IndonesiaMalaysia relations
Najib made a visit to Indonesia on 2224 April 2009. Several
issues were discussed, including co-operation in the tourism, oil

and gas, and high-technology industries, as well as electricity

supply from the Bakun dam to Kalimantan. Najib and his
entourage also attended an official dinner hosted by Indonesian
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his wife Ani
New Zealand[edit]
Main article: MalaysiaNew Zealand relations
Under Najib's government, Malaysia signed a free-trade
agreement (FTA) with New Zealand on 26 October 2009 to take
effect 1 August 2010. The agreement will reduce or eliminate
tariffs on thousands of industrial and agricultural products. The
two countries have also agreed to reciprocal most-favoured
nation status in private education, engineering services,
environmental protection, mining services and information
Philippines and the Moro people of Mindanao[edit]
Main articles: MalaysiaPhilippines relations and Peace
process with the Bangsamoro in the Philippines
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front has always favoured
Malaysia as a mediator in their effort of becoming an
autonomous state. On 15 October 2012, the Moro rebels and
the Philippines authority has devised a peace agreement to
maintain the safety and security of the nation. Malaysia plays
an important part in making this particular notion to be accepted
by both parties. Najib follows his father the late Tun Abdul
Razak in becoming the key figure in promoting peace and
harmony in the region. During the official ceremony of signing
the agreement, the Malaysian government was invited as a
witness to the long due treaty. Malaysia plays an important part,
not just as a mediator but also as a confidante for both the
Philippines government and also the MORO rebels (now a valid
authority in Mindanao).[75]