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Choke Valves

Introducing
Weir Power & Industrial
Weir Power & Industrial provides critical service and
safety valves, specialist pumps and service support to
flow control and rotating equipment. Our world-wide
reputation is based on engineering excellence applied
to a comprehensive range of specialist products and
effective customer support.
We have the capability to deliver complete valve
solutions for major projects in the power generation,
oil and gas exploration and general industrial sectors.
Our global network of service operations specialise in
the maintenance, upgrade and management of power
and industrial assets at customer sites.

Quality assurance Material testing service available

Weir Power & Industrial operates quality • Non-destructive examination by radiography,


programmes to cover the full scope of their ultrasonics, magnetic particle and liquid
activities. Comprehensive quality systems have penetrant.
been developed to serve the power, oil and gas
• Chemical analysis by computer controlled direct
and industrial markets which they serve.
reading emission spectrometer.
The company holds approvals to:
• Mechanical testing for tensile properties at
• ASME Section III ‘N’, ‘NPT’ ambient and elevated temperatures, bend and
hardness testing. Charpy testing at ambient,
• BS EN ISO 9001:2000
elevated and sub-zero temperatures.
• API Q1 TO API LICENCES API 6D (6D-0182) AND
API 6A (6A-0445)

6A-0445
6D-0182

The Quality systems have been approved for the


supply of products to meet the requirements of
the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) and
compliance modules A,D1,H,B&D have been
applied in categories I through IV respectively.
The company is committed to compliance with
legislation and has an established environment
and health and safety policy.

Further technical information can be obtained from


our Web site: http://www.weirpowerindustrial.com

2 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Weir Power & Industrial UK purpose built factory at Elland.

BLAKEBOROUGH
The Control Valve business unit have designed and
manufactured valves for in excess of 50 years. Their
control valve product range offers an extensive choice
in terms of size, pressure class, body/trim materials,
and includes top, top & bottom guided and cage
guided valves. In addition they also supply a wide
range of desuperheating equipment to satisfy power
and steam conditioning applications.

Contents

ASME B16.34 4

Above: Manufacturing
facilities at Elland. API 6A High duty/subsea 5

Left: Valve testing.


Application 6

Selection guidelines 7-8

Dimensions 9

Valve testing facilities


All pressure containing items are hydrostatically
tested, seat leakage tested and functionally tested.
In addition, gas, packing emission, cryogenic and
advanced functional testing can be arranged.

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 3
ASME B16.34 CHOKE VALVE Blakeborough Controls

Description
The body/bonnet seal is a high integrity metallic C
seal. The seal loading is obtained from high duty
bolting designed to ASME VIII during installation
and is pressure energised by the process fluid.
The trim design is cage guided with either solid or
balanced plug design. The cage and seat are
clamped into the body to give easy access and easy
removal. The cage can house from 1 to 3 pressure
reducing sleeves.
The packing system incorporates a scrapper ring to
prevent the ingress of sand to the stem seal. The
stem seal is specially designed low emission packing
incorporating 3 self/pressure energised ‘U’ seals.
As a minimum seat faces are stellited however, for
high service chokes the plug and seat will normally
be manufactured from tungsten carbide or
advanced ceramic. On single phase clean services
the seat/plug faces are tapered. On multi-phase
duties and contaminated services a shrouded seat
design is used to protect the seat faces from the
erosive flow. This design directs the flow
impingement away from the valve plug seating face,
and the increased deadband and direction of flow The standard ASME B16.34 range of choke valves
protects the valve.
Features
• Designed to ASME B16.34
• Cast body - Carbon steel, Stainless Steel &
Duplex st. st.
• High integrity body/bonnet bolting system
• Seat retained by cage for ease of maintenance
• Large range of single stage and multi-stage trim
designs
Pressure Rating
ANSI 900 - ANSI 4500
Sizes
2” - 8”
End Connections
• Flanged • RF • RTJ • Hubbed
Actuation (Linear)
• Manual
Stem packing system
• Pneumatic (Diaphragm/Piston)
• Electric
• Electro/Hydraulic
Actuation (Stepping)
• Pneumatic
• Hydraulic

4 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Blakeborough Controls API 6 A HIGH DUTY / SUBSEA CHOKE VALVE

Description
The body/bonnet seal is a clamped connection with
a hub style seal ring. Sealing integrity is enhanced
by applying an inconel overlay to the body and
bonnet sealing areas on carbon steel valves.
The trim arrangement is a cage guided design
available in both solid and balanced configuration.
On sub-sea designs the trim is attached to the
bonnet forming a cartridge, simplifying retrieval for
maintenance.
The packing system incorporates a series of stem
scrapper rings to prevent the ingress of sand to the
stem seal. The stem seal is specially designed low
emission packing incorporating 3 self/pressure
energised ‘U’ seals.
As a minimum seat faces are stellited, however, for
high service chokes the plug and seat will normally
be manufactured from tungsten carbide or
advanced ceramic. On single phase clean services
the seat/plug faces are tapered. On multi-phase
duties and contaminated services a shrouded seat
design is used to protect the seat faces from the
erosive flow, see protected seating detail opposite.
This design directs the flow impingement away from
the valve plug seating face, and the increased
deadband and direction of flow protects the valve.
Features
• Designed to API 6A
• Forged or Cast body - Carbon steel, Stainless
Steel & Duplex st. st.
• High integrity clamped body/bonnet connection
• Cartridge trim on sub-sea designs for ease of
retrieval
• Extensive range of trim options
Pressure Rating
API 3000 - 10000
Sizes
21⁄16” - 71⁄16”
End Connections
• Flanged • RTJ • Hubbed

Cartridge trim arrangement Actuation (Topside)


• Manual
• Pneumatic
• Electric
• Electro/Hydraulic
Actuation (Subsea)
• Manual
• Hydraulic (Stepping)

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 5
CHOKE VALVE APPLICATION Blakeborough Controls

Choke valves are required to handle some of the


most severe operating conditions:- pressure drops
of up to 500 bar, with erosive fluid mixtures of
hydrocarbon liquids, hydrocarbon gases, sea water
and sand.
The problems associated with this application are
flow erosion to the valve body, valve trim and the
downstream pipework, vibration and noise. The
range of products used on this application range
from the bean type choke with a fixed area, to
needle and seat designs which are high recovery
and multistage trims.
Consider a fluid passing through a simple orifice
(bean) choke. Under high pressure drop conditions
the fluid pressure drops rapidly below its vapour
pressure thereby producing vapour bubbles. As the
fluid recovers downstream of the orifice either
cavitation or flashing can occur depending on
whether the downstream pressure is higher or
lower than the fluid vapour pressure. If the pressure
is lower than the vapour pressure, flashing occurs,
and this can cause erosion damage in the
downstream pipework. If the downstream pressure
is higher than the vapour pressure then as the
pressure recovers vapour bubbles formed during
the throttling process are no longer in equilibrium
and will collapse (or implode) resulting in very high
forces being generated. This energy release can
result in significant erosion damage, and extensive Flashing damage
noise and vibration problems. On high recovery
designs and on severe applications whole sections
of metal can be eroded away, affecting the pressure
integrity of the valve body and downstream
pipework.
On gas flows high uncontrolled velocities can result
in shock waves/turbulence interaction leading to
high noise levels and vibration problems.

6 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Blakeborough Controls CHOKE VALVE SELECTION

Table 1 - Liquid velocity limits Choke Valve Selection Guidelines


When specifying choke valves it is critical that the
Body Size Max. recommended liquid phase velocity
correct size, trim design and materials are selected
Low alloy High alloy
to ensure a satisfactory life and operation of the
ins. mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s
valve.
2-8 50 - 200 52.5 16 58 18
Our philosophy is to control the energy dissipation
within the valve and not to pass the problem on to
Table 2 - Gas/vapour velocity limits
the downstream pipework.

Body Size Max. recommended gas phase velocity In the selection process the following considerations/
Inlet Outlet calculations are made and recommended limits on
ins. mm ft/s m/s ft/s m/s velocity and pressure drop for trim material
2-8 50 - 200 490 150 0.65 x Sonic 0.65 x Sonic followed.
Cavitation Index
Table 3 - Pressure drop limitation (liquids)
Used on liquid service applications to indicate
potential for cavitation. A positive value indicates
Material Stage Pressure Drop
cavitation. It is normally recommended to eliminate
Psi Bar
cavitation, however, for intermittent use a low level,
316 st. st. 218 15
<0.5 bar, would be acceptable.
17-4 st. st. NACE 435 30
17-4 st. st. 725 50 Inlet Velocity & Outlet Velocity
316 st. st. + Stellite 725 50
Tungsten Carbide 2175 150 These velocities are limited as per the tables. The
Advanced ceramics 2175 150 reason for limiting to these values are to minimise
valve body erosion and to minimise the potential for
instability and vibration.
Note
On gas/vapour flows the outlet Mach Number is
These limits will be affected by fluid phase and the presence further limited depending on acceptable noise level.
of contamination. The figures assume that cavitation has been For noise levels less than 85 dBA the outlet Mach
eliminated. Number should be limited to <0.3, for noise levels
85 dBA - 95 dBA the outlet Mach Number should be
limited to 0.5.
Sound Pressure Level
Noise predictions are carried out in order to ensure
noise limits are not exceeded and the energy
conversion is dissipated over the correct number of
stages of let-down.
Pressure drop limitations
The above limits are used for liquid service
applications to minimise erosion rates. As a general
rule on clean gas/vapour service the stage pressure
drops can be doubled.

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 7
CHOKE VALVE SELECTION Blakeborough Controls

Table 4 - Design Cv values

Body Size Trim Size Metallic Trim Carbide Trim


(ins) (ins) MF MFP CS2 CS3 PMF MF MFP CS2 CS3 PMF
1 ⁄2
1
1 ⁄2
1
12 9 8 7 - 9 7 8 7 -
11⁄2 38 35 24 12 35 38 35 24 12 35
21⁄2 11⁄2 38 35 24 12 35 38 35 24 12 35
21⁄2 70 65 40 10 65 65 61 40 10 65
31⁄2 21⁄2 70 65 40 10 65 65 61 40 10 65
31⁄2 150 138 72 36 138 140 130 72 36 138
41⁄2 31⁄2 150 138 72 36 138 140 130 72 36 138
41⁄2 230 200 96 48 200 220 188 96 48 200
51⁄2 41⁄2 230 200 96 48 200 220 188 96 48 200
51⁄2 360 350 144 72 350 340 327 144 72 350

Table 5 - End connection sizes

Body Size Available End Connections


(ins) API (ins) ANSI (ins)
3000 - 10000 900 1500 2500 4500
11⁄2 21⁄16 2 2 2 3
21⁄2 31⁄8 3 3 3&4 4
31⁄2 41⁄16 4&6 4&6 4&6 6
41⁄2 51⁄8 6&8 6&8 6&8 8
51⁄2 71⁄16 6&8 6&8 8 8

Table 6 - Materials of Construction

Service Body Trim


Standard Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 316 & stellite Gr. 6
Sour Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 (Nace) 316 & stellite Gr. 6 (NACE)
Corrosive sour Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 + 316 & stellite Gr. 6 (NACE)
inconel in seal area
ASTM A182 F316
High duty production Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 17-4 PH & tungsten carbide
High duty production with Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 17-4 PH & tungsten carbide with
contaminates protected seat design
High duty production with Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 + Duplex st.st./super duplex st.st. &
contaminates, sour inconel, Duplex St.St. tungsten carbide with protected
Super Duplex St.St seat design
Water Injection Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 316 & stellite Gr. 6
Water Injection - high duty Carbon St. WCB or AISI 4130 + 316 & stellite Gr. 6 (NACE) &
inconel in seal area tungsten carbide/advanced ceramics
St. St. CF8M or Duplex St. St.

8 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Blakeborough Controls DIMENSIONS

Table 7 - ANSI Outline dimensions

Nominal End End Connections Rating


Connection ANSI 900 ANSI 1500 ANSI 2500
(ins) F M F M F M
2” 71⁄16 7 71⁄8 7 87⁄8 7
3” 83⁄16 77⁄8 89⁄16 77⁄16 103⁄4 11
4” 95⁄16 91⁄16 911⁄16 97⁄15 1313⁄16 131⁄4
6” 121⁄4 15 1315⁄16 141⁄4 183⁄4 155⁄8
8” 149⁄16 151⁄4 149⁄16 16 CF CF

Table 8 - API Outline dimensions

Nominal End End Connections Rating


Connection API 3000 API 5000 API 10000
(ins) F M F M F M
21⁄16” 91⁄8 8 93⁄8 8 107⁄8 101⁄8
31⁄8” 101⁄8 97⁄8 105⁄8 97⁄8 113⁄8 121⁄4
41⁄16” 121⁄16 13 127⁄16 13 137⁄8 137⁄8
51⁄8” 141⁄8 147⁄8 143⁄8 147⁄8 181⁄8 151⁄8
71⁄16” 171⁄16 171⁄4 171⁄4 171⁄4 CF CF

For dimensions of ANSI 4500 Choke valves consult factory CF = consult factory

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 9
APPLICATIONS Blakeborough Controls

50mm API 5000 Subsea Choke supplied to Mazagon


Dock for an Injection Water application. 29 Choke valves supplied to Kalanaft
150mm ANSI 900.
Carbon Steel WCB body.
17-4 PH St. St. Trim with Tungsten Carbide coating.
Used on an Oil/Gas application with a 1130 psi (78 bar)
pressure drop.

4 Choke valves for BP Colombia with electro hydraulic actuators


71/16” API 10000.
Duplex St. St. (UNS 31803) body.
17-4 PH solid Tungsten Carbide, 4-stage Trim.
Used on a Produced Water application with a 4300 psi (297 bar)
8 Choke valves for Hyundai Heavy Industries, Korea
pressure drop.
100mm ANSI 900 St. St. CF3m, with 17-4 PH St. St. Trim with
Tungsten Carbide coating.
Used on a Natural Gas application.

10 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Blakeborough Controls CHOKE VALVES

Product Portfolio
The following list identifies the product range for
Blakeborough Controls business unit.
For further information please contact our factory.
Globe & Angle Control valves
Severe service valves
Desuperheaters
Choke valves

Examples of Choke Valves Supplied by Blakeborough

Project Name & Name Valve Size Rating Qty Line fluid Pressure Body/Trim material
& Location of Client drop

Caythorpe
Kelt V.K. Ltd 80 mm ANSI 1500 1 Gas/Condensate/Sand 234 bar A105, 17-4 / ceramic
Transmark / Maersk 80 mm ANSI 2500 1 Raw Gas (sour) 245 bar Tungsten Carbide
Tyne & Trent, ARCO 25 mm (h) ANSI 1500 3 Produced Water 118 bar UNS S31803/Ceramic
25 mm (h) ANSI 1500 2 H.C. Condensate 111.4 bar UNS S31803/Ceramic
40 mm (h) ANSI 1500 5 Water 101.2 bar UNS S31803/Ceramic
ETAP, BP Aberdeen (*) 80 mm ANSI 2500 1 Produced Water 354 bar Gr F 60/Ceramic
80 mm ANSI 2500 1 Deaerated Seawater 399 bar Gr F 60/Ceramic
50 mm API 10000 1 Well Stream Fluids 503 bar GrF51/Ceramic
100 mm API 10000 1 Well Stream Fluids 531 bar Inconel/Ceramic
80 mm (h) ANSI 1500 1 Produced Water 35 bar Duplex
200 mm (h) ANSI 1500 2 Hydrocarbon/Liquid/Sand 53 bar Duplex/Tungsten Carbide
80 mm ANSI 2500 3 Produced Water 350 bar F60/Ceramic
Marathon Brae 25 mm API 10000 1 Methanol 680 bar 316 L + Ceramic
Panaqua
ONGC - India 80 mm ANSI 900 32 Produced Water 103 bar WCB/Tungsten Carbide
KOC - Kuwait 150 mm API 5000 16 Produced Water 60 bar 316 L/Stellite
CRMP 1 - India 50 mm API 5000 2 Injection Water 40 bar AISI 4130 Tungsten Carbide
Mazagon Dock (sub sea)
Gupco - Egypt 150 mm ANSI 900 2 155 bar WCB/Stellite
Lakshimi - Hyundai 100 mm ANSI 900 8 Natural Gas 8 bar CF3M/17-4 PH + T.C. Coat.
Kala Naft - Iran 150 mm ANSI 900 29 Oil/Gas 78 bar WCB/17-4 PH + T. C Coat.
Lasmo Oil - Pakistan 100 mm ANSI 900 2 Natural Gas/Liquid 39 bar CF8M/410 + T. C. Coating
Lasmo Oil - Pakistan 150 mm ANSI 900 6 Natural Gas/Liquid 21 bar CF8M/410 + T. Coating
BP Columbia 7.1/16” API 10000 4 Produced Water 297 bar Duplex/17-4PH + Tung.Carbide
Shell Na Kika - LTS 50 mm API 10000 2 Natural Gas 358 bar 660 St. St./316 + T. C. Coating

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 11
WEIR POWER & INDUSTRIAL CATALOGUES Blakeborough Controls

Atwood & Morrill Batley Valve Blakeborough Blakeborough Blakeborough


Engineered Valve Products & Isolation & Control Butterfly Choke Valves Process Control Valves X-Stream™ Control Valves
Solutions Valves

Hopkinsons Hopkinsons MAC Valves MAC Valves Sarasin-RSBD


Gate, Globe & Special Shell Boiler Mountings Valve Product Range Rotary Gate & Dosage Valves Safety Relief Valves -
Purpose Valves Starflow

Sarasin-RSBD Sarasin-RSBD Sarasin-RSBD Sarasin-RSBD Sarasin-RSBD


Safety Relief Valves - Spring Loaded Safety Relief Changeover Valves - Starvalve Pilot Operated Safety Relief Tank Blanketing System
Series 9 Valves - 63 Series Valves - 71, 76, 78 & 86 Series Starblanketer - 77 Series

Sarasin-RSBD Sarasin-RSBD Sarasin-RSBD Sebim Tricentric


Technical Information Pressure Safety Valves & Hopkinsons Nuclear Pilot Operated Safety Triple Offset Butterfly Valves
Safety Devices Safety Valves - A7000 Series Relief Valves

12 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Blakeborough Controls WEIR POWER & INDUSTRIAL CATALOGUES

Roto-jet Pump Roto-jet Pump Roto-jet Pump Wemco Wemco Pump


High Pressure Pumps - High Pressure Pumps - High Pressure Pumps - Hydrogritter Model CF Chop-Flow Pump
Models 2100 & 2200 Models RG & RO Models R11, API R11 & RD11

Wemco Pump Wemco Pump Wemco Pump Wemco Self Primer


Wemco Hidrostal Pumps Wemco Submersible Pumps Torque-Flow Pumps Self Primer

Weir Power & Weir Power & Weir Power & Weir Power & Weir Power &
Industrial Services Industrial Services Industrial Services Industrial Services Industrial Services
Turbomachinery Engineering Power Generation Solutions Centrifugal Pumps Upgrading Power Plant & Hydroelectric Plant
Solutions Processes Rehabilitation

Weir Power & Weir Power & Weir Power & Weir Power & Weir Power &
Industrial Services Industrial Services Industrial Industrial Industrial
High Integrity Spare Parts Comprehensive Coatings Combined Cycle Power Fossil Fuel Power Plant System Multi Stage Flash Desalination
Service Provider to Industry Plant System Plant System

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 13
NOTES Blakeborough Controls

14 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection CV 4-0309
Blakeborough Controls NOTES

CV 4-0309 Weir Power & Industrial First choice for power and industrial protection 15
CV 4-0309

Weir Power & Industrial Excellent


Power & Industrial
Solutions
Britannia House Tel: +44 (0) 1422 282 000
Huddersfield Road Fax: +44 (0) 1422 282 100
Elland, West Yorkshire Email: info@weirvalve.com
HX5 9JR England www.weirpowerindustrial.com

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