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COURSE FILE

SUBJECT:

Automotive Mechanical
Measurement
(Sub.Code:170204)

NAME OF FACULTY:
TWINKLE PANCHAL
YEAR : 2014

Term Planning
Affiliating University: Gujarat Technological University

Starting date of the term: 02/07/2014

Ending date of the term: 28/11/2014

Total No. of days available: 119

Total no. of holidays declared by University: 9


Total no. of holidays declared by Institute: 9

Actual days available: 90

Institute Working Hours Hrs/day: 7 Hrs/Day


Industrial Visits on Saturdays: Yes
Co curricular & Extra-curricular activities (Saturday /
Sunday): Yes
Actual Planned Days: 100

Subject:

AUTOMOTIVE MECHANICAL
MEASUREMENT
Subject Code: 170204

For Fourth Year Automobile Engineering Students


Learning Objectives:
1. Study of various standard of measurement
2. Study of different types of instrument for different quantity

Subject Content

4
5

Introduction :
Need of measurement, International standards of length - Line and end measurement, slip
gauges. Precision & accuracy of measurements. Possible errors and Sources of errors in
measurement.
Tolerances and Gauging:
Unilateral and bilateral tolerances, Limits, Fits. Types of Fits. Importance of limits. Systems
followed in mass production. Limit gauges used for plain and taper works. Specifications of
limits as per IS (Indian Standards).
Magnification :
Principles and characteristics of measuring instruments, Mechanical, Optical, Electrical and
Pneumatic. Methods of magnification. Different types of Vernier calipers, Micrometers, Dial
gauges, Mechanical and pneumatic types of comparators. Use of comparators in inspection.
Straightness and Flatness:
Straight edge, use of level beam comparator, autocollimator testing of flatness of surface plate.
Surface Finish:
Types of textures obtained during machine operation, range of C.L.A. value in different
operations in numerical assessment of surface finish (B.I.S. Specifications of C.L.A. value)sample length of different machining operations, Direction of lay, texture, symbols,
instruments used in surface finish assessment.
Introduction
Need of Mechanical Measurement. Measurement methods, Generalized measurement system
and its functional elements. Instrument characteristics: static, dynamic and analytical
treatment, calibration, Classification and various types of transducers. 3 Coordinate measuring

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machine
Measurement of Angles, Taper and Radius:
Bevel Protractor, Spirit level, Clinometers, angle Decker, standard balls and rollers for angle
measurement, angle slip gauges, and radius measurement of circular portion, measurement of
concave and convex surface radius.
Measurement of Threads:
Different errors in screw threads, measurement of forms of thread with profile projector, pitch
measurement, measurement of thread diameter with standard wire, screw thread micrometer.
Measurement of Spur Gears:
Run out checking, Pitch measurement, profile checking, backlash checking, tooth thickness
measurement, alignment checking, errors in gears, checking of composite errors.
Measurement of Temperature:
Importance, Principle and types of temperature measurement, Thermometer, Thermocouple,
calibration, RTD, Thermister, measurement of low temperature. Measurement of coolant
temp, engine oil temp, exhaust gas temp, cabin temp.
Measurement of Pressure and Vacuum:
Importance of pressure and vacuum measurement, range of high pressure and vacuum. Type
of pressure measuring instruments - Bourdon tubes, Dead weight pressure gauge tester,
Diaphragm gauge, LVDT, Piezo electrical pressure gauge, low vacuum gauges-McLeod
gauge. Measurement of Atmospheric pressure, exhaust gas pressure, air pressure in reservoir
tanks of Air Brake system and hydraulic braking system, coolant pressure, fuel delivery
pressure and engine oil pressure.
Measurement of Angular Speed:
Importance of angular speed measurement, mechanical tachometers, Electrical tachometersDrag cup, Tacho generator, Inductive, capacitive and photo electric pick up. Contact type &
Non Contac type Tachometer.
Measurement of Flow:
Importance of flow measurement for Coolant, Lubrication Oil & Fuel, Water meter, Rota
meter, Gas flow meter, Hot wire anemometer, drag press flow meter (analytical treatment).
Measurement of Strain:
Classification of strain gauges, principle and types of electrical strain gauges, gauge factor,
analysis of whetstones network using strain gauges, mounting, application to measure load /
force, torque. Usage of Torque wrench.
Measurement of Vibration and Sound:
Importance of vibration measurement, classification of vibration measuring instruments,
accelerometer, importance of acoustical measurement, sound pressure and power levels, types
of microphones - capacitive, crystal, electrodynamics, carbon, sound level meter. Harshness
measurement.
Other Measurements:
Thermal conductivity gauge, Pitot gauge, Ionization gauge, Crank position, Cam position.

Calibration:
Process, Mandatory requirements of Calibration, Certification, validity of certificate.

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Text Book:
1. Engg. Metrology by R.K.Jain, Khanna Publishers, Delhi.
2. Mechanical Measurements and Control by D.S.Kumar, Metropolitan
books.
Reference Books:
1. Text Book of Engg. Metrology by I.C. Gupta, Dhanpat Rai & Sons,
New Delhi.
2. Mechanical Measurement & Instrumentation by R.K.Rajput,
S.K.Kataria & Sons.

Lesson Plan

Minimum Class room contact time : 15 weeks


Lecture / week - 3 hrs; ABL/ Tutorial - 0 hr/week; Laboratory 2
hr/week ( 3-0-2)

Teaching Learning Process


minimum criteria)

1. Class Room/Expert lectures

Time / Delivery modes (


45 Hrs. / (Chalk , PPT &

Video, Interaction)
2. Laboratory
Practical Performances)

30 Hrs. /batch ./ (Quiz,

Weekly Planner:
Week
No
01

Class
activity

Lecture 4

Introduction :
Need of measurement, International standards of length - Line and
end measurement,
slip gauges. Precision & accuracy of measurements. Possible errors
and Sources of errors in measurement.
Tolerances and Gauging:
Unilateral and bilateral tolerances, Limits, Fits. Types of Fits.
Importance of limits.
Introduction about Laboratory
Systems followed in mass production. Limit gauges used for plain
and taper works

Lecture 5

Specifications of limits as per IS (Indian Standards).

Lecture 1
Lecture 2
Lecture 3
Ex 1

02

Lecture 6
Ex 2
03

Lecture 7
Lecture 8
Lecture 9
Ex 3

04

Subject content to be covered

Lecture 10
Lecture 11
Lecture 12
Ex 4

Magnification :
Principles and characteristics of measuring
Mechanical, Optical,Electrical and Pneumatic.

instruments,

Precision measuring instruments


Methods of magnification. Different types of Vernier
calipers,
Micrometers, Dial gauges,
Mechanical and pneumatic types of
comparators. Use of comparators in inspection.
Linear measurement
Straightness and Flatness:
Straight edge, use of level beam comparator
autocollimator testing of flatness of
surface plate.
Surface Finish:
Types of textures obtained during machine operation, range of
C.L.A. value in different operations in numerical assessment of
surface finish (B.I.S. Specifications of C.L.A. value)
Angular measurement

05

Lecture 13
Lecture 14
Lecture 15
Ex 5

06

Lecture 16
Lecture 17
Lecture 18
Ex 6

07

Lecture 19
Lecture 20
Lecture 21
Ex 7

08

Lecture 22
Lecture 23
Lecture 24
Ex 8

09
Lecture 25

Lecture 26
Lecture 27

sample length of different machining operations,


Direction of lay, texture, symbols,
Instruments used in surface finish assessment.
Introduction
Need of Mechanical Measurement. Measurement methods,
Micrometer calibration
Generalized measurement system and its functional elements
Instrument characteristics:
static, dynamic and analytical treatment, calibration
Classification and various
types of transducers. 3 Coordinate measuring machine
Tutorial 1
Measurement of Angles, Taper and Radius:
Bevel Protractor, Spirit level, Clinometers, angle Decker, standard
balls and rollers for angle measurement, angle slip gauges
Radius measurement of circular portion, measurement of concave
and convex surface radius.
Measurement of Threads:
Different errors in screw threads, measurement of forms of thread
with profile projector, pitch measurement,
Surface roughness measurement
Measurement of thread diameter with standard
wire, screw thread micrometer.
Measurement of Spur Gears:
Run out checking, Pitch measurement, profile checking, backlash
checking, tooth thickness measurement,
alignment checking, errors in gears, checking of
composite errors.
Gear tooth thickness measurement
Measurement of Temperature:
Importance, Principle and types of temperature measurement,
Thermometer, Thermocouple, calibration, RTD, Thermister,
measurement of low temperature.Measurement of coolant temp,
engine oil temp, exhaust gas temp, cabin temp.
Measurement of Pressure and Vacuum:
Importance of pressure and vacuum measurement, range of high
pressure and Vacuum. Type of pressure measuring instruments Bourdon tubes, Dead weight pressure gauge tester,
Diaphragm gauge, LVDT, Piezo electrical pressure

Ex 9
10

Lecture 28
Lecture 29
Lecture 30
Ex 10

11

Lecture 31
Lecture 32
Lecture 33
Ex 11

12
Lecture 34
Lecture 35
Lecture 36
Ex 12
13

Lecture 37
Lecture 38
Lecture 39
Ex 13

14

Lecture 40
Lecture 41

gauge, low vacuum gauges-McLeod gauge. Measurement of


Atmospheric pressure, exhaust gas pressure, air pressure in
reservoir tanks of Air Brake system and hydraulic braking system,
Pressure measurement
coolant pressure, fuel delivery pressure
and engine oil pressure.
Measurement of Angular Speed:
Importance of angular speed measurement, mechanical
tachometers, Electrical tachometers-Drag cup, Tacho generator,
Inductive, capacitive and photo electric pick up. Contact type &
Non Contac type Tachometer.
Temperature measurement
Measurement of Flow:
Importance of flow measurement for Coolant,
Lubrication Oil & Fuel, Watermeter, Rota meter, Gas flow meter,
Hot wire anemometer, drag press flow meter
(analytical treatment).
,
Flow measurement
Measurement of Strain:
Classification of strain gauges, principle and types of electrical
strain gauges, gauge factor
Analysis of whetstones network using strain gauges, mounting,
Usage of Torque wrench.
Application to measure load / force, torque.
Strain gauge transducer
Measurement of Vibration and Sound:
Importance of vibration measurement, classification of vibration
measuring instruments,
Accelerometer, importance of acoustical measurement Capacitive,
crystal,
Electrodynamics, carbon, sound level meter. Harshness
measurement.

Tutorial 2
Sound, pressure and power levels, types of microphones
Other Measurements:

Lecture 42
Ex 14
15

Lecture 43
Lecture 44
Lecture 45
Ex 15

Thermal conductivity gauge, Pitot gauge,


Ionization gauge, Crank position, Cam position.
Tutorial 3
Calibration:
Process, Mandatory requirements of Calibration, Certification,
validity of certificate.
Weekly test
Surprise test
Tutorial 4

10

Fluid Mechanics Laboratory / Practicals list:


Sr.
No
1.

PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

2.

LINEAR MEASUREMENT

ANGULAR MEASUREMENT

MICROMETER CALIBRATION

5.

SURFACE ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENT

6.

GEAR TOOTH THICKNESS MEASUREMENT

7.

PRESSURE MEASUREMENT

8.

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT

9.

FLOW MEASUREMENT

10.

Title

STRAIN GAUGE TRANSDUCER

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