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Practice problems

1. What is the density of a liquid with a mass of 78.9 g and 94.5 mL? (A:0.835 g/ml)
2. What is the density of a solid with a mass of 125.0 g and 89.0 mL? (A:1.40 g/ml)
3. When a metal bar (mass = 56.7 g) was put into a graduate cylinder contains 25.6
mL of water, the new water level is 37.6 mL. What is the density of the metal?
37.6-25.6=12
56.7/12 = (A:4.73 g/ml)
4. redo prelab exp. 2
5. A sample contains BaCl2.2H2O and NaCl. After 0.678 g of sample was heated and
residue weighted 0.648 g. What is the percent of BaCl2.2H2O in the sample? 0.678
g - 0.648 g) / (18.0153 g H2O/mol) x (1 mol BaCl22H2O / 2 mol H2O) x
(244.2647 g/mol BaCl22H2O) = 0.203 g BaCl22H2O
(0.203 g) / (0.678 g) = 0.299 = 29.9%
(A:0.203 g BaCl2.2H2O, 30.0%)
6. What is accuracy ? What is precision? Are they the same concept? Accuracy is
the ability of a measurement to match the actual value of the quantity being
measured and Precision is the number of significant digits to which a value
has been reliably measure.
7. Redo exp 3. Data sheet.
8. For the following reaction:
Al2(SO4)3(aq)
+ 3BaCl2 (aq) 3 BaSO4(s) + 2 AlCl3 (aq)
0.780 g of aluminum sulfate was mixed with 0.950 g of barium chloride. A white precipitate
barium sulfate was formed. (show calculations for all the questions)
a. Write the balanced equation for the reaction
b. Which one is limiting reagent? (A:BaCl2)
c. What is the theoretical yield? (A:1.06 g)
d. If the actual yield is 0.456g , what is the percent yield of barium sulfate? (A:43.0%)
9. Which of the following will conduct electricity? Which ones are strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes
and non-electrolytes.
Write down the dissociation equations for electrolytes in water.
a. 0.1 M NaOH
STRONG
b. 0.1 M HCl
STRONG
c. 0.1 M CH3COOH WEAK
d. 0.1 M NH3
WEAK
e. 0.1 M sugar (C11H22O11) NON-ELECTROLYTE
10. Why does tap water conduct electricity but distilled water does not? The ionically bonded
substances dissolve into their constituent ions. These ions are electrolytes, so they allow the water
to conduct electricity. Distilled water has been purified (by distillation), and the impurities (ions)
have been removed.
12. Do solid NaCl, MgCl2 conduct electricity? Why? What happens after you add distilled water into
solid NaCl? What is the conductivity of the solution?

11. Write the total ionic and net ionic equation of the following reactions:
NaOH + HBr
H2SO4+ Ba(OH)2
Mg(OH)2 + HCl
NH4OH + CH3COOH
12. When 4.56 g of Na2SO4 dissolves in 350.0 mL of water, what is the molarity?
(4.56x1000)/1mol of Na2SO4 / 350 =
(A:0.0918 M)
13. When 5.00 mL of 1.50M HCl is diluted into 250.0 mL, what is the final concentration?
1.50/250 *5 =
(A:0.0300M)
12. What is Hesss Law?
Hess's Law of Constant Heat Summation (or just Hess's Law) states that regardless of the multiple
stages or steps of a reaction, the total enthalpy change for the reaction is the sum of all changes.
This law is a manifestation that enthalpy is a state function.
13. How to find the reaction enthalpy change using experimental data (find H1 ---H4)
13.. When 3.00 g potassium carbonate (K2CO3 ) was mixed with 20.0 mL of hydrochloric acid (HCl,
4.0M) in a calorimeter, the temperature raised 3.0 oC.
a. Write down the balanced reaction equation between K2CO3 and HCl.
b. Calculate the enthalpy change (H) of the reaction for per mole patassium carbonate. Assume the
specific heat of all solutions are 4.18 J/g.oC and all solutions have a density =1.0 g/mL. (A:-13.3 kJ)
14. 11. Use Hesss Law to find the reaction enthalpy for the following reaction:
N2 + 2O2 -------> 2NO2

H =? (A: 68 kJ)

From N2 + O2 --------> 2 NO
2NO + O2 --------> 2 NO2

H1 = 180 kJ
H2 = -112kJ

15. Use the following data make calibration curve (manually and with Excel). Find the concentration of
an unknown copper sulfate pentahydrate solution with 0.2679 absorbance. (A: 0.220M)
Concentration (M)
0.125
0.250
0.375

16. Redo all the prelabs.

Absorbance
0.150
0.310
0.450