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TITLE OF THE PROJECT: A STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF

HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES IMPLEMENTED IN APOLLO


TYRES LTD
NAME AND DESIGNATION OF THE ORGANIZATION GUIDE:
MR SHFFIN SALAM, HR EXECUTIVE, APOLLO TYRES LTD
NAME AND DESIGNATION OF THE ACADEMIC GUIDE:
MR SANTOSH KUMAR, DEPT OF MBA, MSRIT BANGALORE

1.1 INTRODUCTION
Due to rapid industrialisation, industrial workers are exposed to several hazards and
accidents every year lakh of workers are injured due to mechanical, chemical, electrical
and radiation hazards and it leads to partial or total disablement. So in recent years, greater
attention is given to health and safety due to pressure from government, trade unions,
labour laws, and awareness of employers. The efficiency of workers depend to a great
extends on the environment in which they work. Work environment consist of all the
factors which wet and react on the body and mind of an employee. The primary aim is to
create an environment which ensures the greatest ease of work and removes all causes of
worries .Occupational health and safety is a discipline with broad scope involving many
specialised fields. In its broadest sense, it should aim at
a) The Promotion and Maintenance of highest degree of physical, mental and
social well-being of workers in all occupations
b) The prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their
working conditions
c) The protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from
factors adverse to health
d) The placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational environment
adapted to physical and mental needs
e) The adaptation of work to human successful occupational health and safety
practice requires the collaboration and participation of both employers and
workers in health and safety programmes and involve the consideration of
issues related to occupational medicine, industrial hygiene, toxicology,
education, engineering safety, ergonomics, psychology etc.
Work plays a central role in peoples lives, since most workers spend at least eight hours
a day in the work place, whether it is on plantation, in an office, factory etc. Yet this is
not the case for many workers. Every day workers all over the day faced with a multitude
of health hazards, such as

Dust
Gases
Noise
Vibration
Extreme temperature

Therefore, work environments should be safe and healthy. Unfortunately some


employees assume little responsibility for the protection of workers health and safety. In
fact some employers do not even know that they have the moral and often legal
responsibility to protect workers. As a result of the hazards and a lack of attention given
to health and safety, work related accidents and diseases are common in all part of the
world.

1.1

BACKGROUND
PROBLEM

AND

DEFINITION

OF

THE

Most employees have the expectation that their workplace will offer a safe
environment in which to do work. Some workplaces are safer than others just as
some occupations offer more safety than others. Workplace safety ranks high on the
list of goals for most workplace. Employers care about employee safety.
Occupational safety and health can be important for moral, legal and financial
reasons. All organisations have a duty of care to ensure that employees and any other
person who may be affected by the companies undertaking remains safe at all times.
More obligations would involve the protection of employees lives and health. Legal
reasons for OSH practices relate to the Preventative, Punitive and Compensatory
effects of laws that protect workers safety and health.OSH can also reduce employee
injury and illness related costs, including medical care, sick leave and disability
benefit costs.OSH may involve interactions among many subject areas, including
occupational, occupational hygiene public health, safety engineering, industrial
engineering, chemistry, physics, ergonomics and occupational health psychology.

1.3 NEED AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


Health and safety measures are inevitable to any organisations where workers are
involved its an organisations responsibility to provide to its workers beyond the
payment of wages for their services. The workers health and safety on and off the job
within the organisation is a vital concern of the employer. The working environment in
a factory adversely affects the workers health and safety because of the excessive heat
or cold, noise, orders, fumes, dust and lack of sanitation and pure air etc which leads to
accident or injury or disablement or loss of life to the workers. Providing a health and
safer environment is a pre-requisite for any productive effort. There must be held in
check by providing regular health check-up, protective devices and compensatory
benefits to the workers. This research deals with the study of the effectiveness of health
and safety measures implemented in APOLLO TYRES LTD, KALAMASSERY.

1.4

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1. To identify the health and safety measures implemented in APOLLO TYRES LTD,
KALAMASSERY
2. To identify the health and safety problems in APOLLO TYRES
3. To study how far the company is complying the relevant acts and the rules of health
and safety in industry
4. To study the awareness of the workers about health and safety in the work place

5. Perspective of workers about the effectiveness of health and safety measures


implemented in the company

1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


Research is a systematic and objective search for the analysis of information relevant to
the identification and solution of the specific problem. Research is a science and a
systematic search for pertinent information on a particular topic. In fact research is an
act of scientific investigation.

RESEARCH DESIGN
A Research design is an arrangement of condition for collection and analysis of data in
a manner that aims to combine relevance to the research project with economy in
procedure. Fundamental to the success of any research project is the sound research
design. It specifies the method for data collection and analysis.

RESEARCH APPROACH
This research is done on a survey method and is conducted by meeting each and every
respondent and collected data from them.

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
Data relevant for the project is collected through questionnaire. The questionnaire is
structured one containing a list of questions.

RESEARCH PERIOD
Research period is the time taken for the data collection. The Research period of this
study is conducted from 8th Dec 2014-8th March 2015.

SAMPLING UNITS
The sampling unit consists of workers of APOLLO TYRES LTD, KALAMASSERY.

SAMPLING SIZE

Sampling was used for selecting from the total population. Sample size of the study is
60 that is above 10% of the population.

SOURCES OF DATA
PRIMARY DATA COLLECTION
There are fresh data which are collected for the first time. The present study used
primary data by conducting a survey among the workers of APOLLO TYRES LTD
using questionnaire. Data collection used for this study is Interview schedule
questionnaire. The data collected have analysed and interpreted using appropriate
statistical tools.

SECONDARY DATA COLLECTION


Secondary data consist of information that already exists somewhere and have been
collected for specific purpose in the study. The secondary data for this study are
newspapers, internet etc journals. Magazines published by the company.

1.6

SOPE OF THE STUDY


This study would give an overview of the Effectiveness of Health and Safety Measures
Implemented in APOLLO TYRES LTD, KALAMASSERY. Since health and safety are
two important elements essential for improving the productivity of an organization, a
study on the existing health and safety measures would help the organization to
perform better. This study would throw light on the perception of the works regarding
health and safety. This study would also help to analyse the satisfaction level of the
workers towards health and safety measures and suggest provisions to improve health
and safety.

1.7

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

a) All the limitations of secondary data are applicable to the study


b) Another limitation involves the biases that can come in to play as a result of survey
respondent who attempts to convey a favourable impression of their firm
c) Some of the workers are not well educated. So it was difficult to convey.

1.8

CHAPTERISATION

CHAPTER 1-INTRODUCTION
It include introduction of the study, Statement of problem, Background and definition
of the study, objectives of the study, Research methodology, Scope of the study.
Limitations of the study, Chapterisation

CHAPTER 2-LITERATURE REVIEW


This chapter deals with the literature review

CHAPTER 3- THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK


This chapter deals with the Topics, Importance and Objectives

CHAPTER 4-INDUSTRY AND COMPANY PROFILE


This chapter deals with profile of tyre industry, present status of the Industry, Company
profile; it includes History of the company, Vision, Mission, Management and Product
profile

CHAPTER 5-DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION


This chapter deals with the Analysis and Interpretation of the study

CHAPTER 6
It deals with the Findings, Conclusion and Suggestion

INDUSTRY PROFILE
Industry and structure and development
The Indian tyre industry, in comparison to its western counterparts, lags behinds in radial
trends. Use of radial tyres for passenger vehicle tyres are maintained at 98%, while for
commercial vehicle segment it was pegged at 22%-a significant growth was observed in last
year.
The top five players-Apollo, Birla, Ceat, JK tyres and MRF-command over 70%of the market
with product offerings across all major categories.India continues to be driven by the
commercial vehicle tyre segment ,where truck and bus tyres contribute as much as 55%of the

industrys revenue. The replacement market accounts for 70% of the revenues though the
original equipment segment continues to play a crucial role in terms of volume and product
acceptability in the consumers mind.
Among those who set up manufacturing units in the country were Bridgestone, JK tyres and
MRF. Bridgestones Rs 4.3 billion plant in central India was completed in July 2011.The unit
is geared to produce 12000 truck-bus radials and 120000 passenger cars radials every month.
Both JK tyres and MRF, like Apollo, chose the southern Indian state Tamil Nadu as their
preferred manufacturing location. JK tyres facility was completed in February 2012 with an
investment of Rs 10 billion, is equipped to manufacture around 208,000 passenger car radials
and 33,000 truckbus radials each month. MRFs facility, built with an investment of Rs 9
billion, has a capacity of 350,000 passenger car radials and 60,000 truckbus radials per
month.Ceat also ramped up capacity at its unit in western India with a radial capacity of 150
tonnes per day. The Michelin facility on Tamil Nadu with a capacity of 2 million truck-bus
radial per year, is currently under construction and expected to begin production later in the
year.
Salient features of Tyre Industry

Adaptability and Absorption


Exports
Innovation
Indigenous and ready availability
Technology Progression
Wide product range for diverse use

COMPANY PROFILE
Apollo Tyres

Apollo Tyres Limited

Type

Public company

Industry

Tyres

Founded

1976

Headquarters Gurgaon, Haryana, India[2]

Key people

Revenue

Onkar S Kanwar (Chairman & MD)


Neeraj R S Kanwar (Vice-Chairman
& MD)
127.5
billion(US$2.1 billion)

Apollo Tyres Ltd is the world's 17th biggest tyre manufacturer, with annual consolidated
revenues of Rs 121.5 billion (US$2.5 billion) in 2011. It was founded in 1976. Its first plant
was commissioned in Perambra, Kerala. The company now has four manufacturing units, one
in South Africa, two in Zimbabwe and 1 in Netherlands. It has a network of over 4,000
dealerships in India, of which over 2,500 are exclusive outlets.
It gets 62.6% of its revenues from India, 27.9% from Europe and 9.5% from Africa. Apollo
tyres was awarded the FICCI award among large industries category for the best Quality
systems.
It is planning to become the 10th biggest tyre manufacturer in the world with annual revenues
of $6 billion by 2016.
On 12 June 2013, it is reported that Apollo Tyres Ltd would buy US-based Cooper Tire &
Rubber Company for about $2.5 billion in a deal that would make it the world's seventhlargest tyre maker but the takeover collapsed after legal battles. Neeraj Kanwar explained that
Apollo will now focus on the European market.
History

1976 - Company conceived by Mathew T Marattukalam.


Apollo Tyres was registered
1977 - 1st plant established at Perambra, Kerala, India
1991 - 2nd plant at Limda, Gujarat, India
1994 - Started selling tyres for 2-wheelers
1995 - 3rd plant at Kalamassery, Kerala, India
2006 - Expanded operations outside India by acquiring Dunlop's Africa operations.
2008 - A new plant at Chennai Tamil Nadu, India
2009 - Apollo Tyres acquired the Netherlands-based tyre maker Vredestein Banden
B.V. (VBBV) for an undisclosed sum from Russia's bankrupt large NV.

2013 - Disposed of the Dunlop brand in Africa along with most of the South African
operation in a sale to Sumitomo Rubber Industries of Japan.
Apollo is set to acquire the US based Cooper Tire & Rubber Co. which is expected to
be completed at the end of the year.
The takeover collapses after a legal stand off and months of delays in December 2013.
European Operations
Apollo currently sells 30,000 tyres/month in Europe, which is a 250 million
tyres/year market. The company currently operates one tyre factory in Europe, in
the Netherlands, and will build a second factory in Hungary. This second
production facility will begin production in early 2017.
VISION:S
A significant player in the global tyre industry and a brand of choice, providing customer
delight and continuously enhancing stakeholder value
MISSION:
A Journey called passion in motion to be a US$6 billion company by the year 2016
VALUES:
The Core values of the company are

Customer First
Business Ethics
Care of Safety
Empowerment
Communicate Openly
One Family