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Spinning Wheel

Problems
Nowadays, the teaching and learning process in the classroom carried out by the
teacher are too teacher-centred strategy rather than pupil-centred strategy. The pupils
are required to follow the decisions made by the teacher and do not have any chance to
voice out their opinions make their own decisions. The pupils become passive learners
rather than active learners. The pupils just follow what the teacher asks them to do. As a
result, the values of creativity and innovative are not able to be instilled among the
pupils. Besides that, the teaching and learning activities are not interesting to be carried
out during the lesson in the classroom. The activities such as question-answer activity
and rote memorization activity are the examples of activity being carried out based on
teacher-centred strategy. As a result, the pupils become bored and do not pay attention
to the lesson in the classroom. They tend to play around and disturb their friends during
the lesson being carried out in the classroom. This indirectly causes difficulty for the
teacher to control the pupils discipline in the classroom.

Solution
Spinning wheel (shown in the picture above) is a type of teaching aid that can be
used to overcome the above problems. Teaching and learning activities become more
interesting through the use of spinning wheel. The spinning wheel has multiple functions
to make the activities more interesting. For example, during my lesson in the classroom,
the spinning wheel is being used as a tool to give rewards to the pupils. The numbers
range from 1 to 5 represents the marks and is pasted on the wheel board. If a pupil spins
the wheel and shows the number 3, then that pupil gains 3 marks. The marks are
collected and the pupils who have the highest marks are rewarded. As a result, the
pupils feel excited and do not feel bored to carry out the tasks provided. This kind of
method is in line with the application of behaviourist theory in enhancing the
effectiveness of teaching and learning process in the classroom. According to Mok Soon
Sang (2008), behaviourist theory states that providing reward as positive reinforcement
can motivate pupils to work harder in the future. Besides that, spinning wheel can also
be used to ask the pupils to spin the wheel to select types of task to be carried out
during the lesson. For example, there are three different types of meal pasted on the
wheel board, namely breakfast, lunch and dinner. If a pupil spins the wheel and it shows
the breakfast, then that pupil is required to list out the food he or she eat for breakfast. In
short, spinning wheel can make the teaching and learning activities more interesting so
that the pupils do not feel bored during the lesson in the classroom.

Objectives
This spinning wheel aims to make the teaching and learning activities to be more
interesting so that the pupils do not feel bored in carrying out the activities during the
lesson in the classroom. This teaching aid also engages the pupils in the teaching and
learning activities in the classroom.

Target group
The pupils from Year One to Year Six.

Process of implementation
1. First of all, I paste the word cards written with spin again, air pollution and water
pollution on the wheel board.
2. During the writing lesson, I ask the pupils to write down the answers first on a
sheet of white paper provided.
3. Then, teacher selects a pupil from each group to come out to spin the wheel. If
the wheel shows air pollution, then that pupil asks one of his or her group
members to present their answers. However, if the wheel shows two words spin
again then the pupils are required to spin the wheel again until it shows air
pollution or water pollution.
4. Step three is repeated for each group of pupils.

References
Sang, M.S. (2008). Learner and Learning Environment. Perak: Malaysia