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ELECTRIC MOTOR

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy


into mechanical energy. In normal motoring mode, most electric motors operate
through the interaction between an electric motor's magnetic field and winding
currents to generate force within the motor . Electric motor can be found in
applications as diverse as industrial fans, blowers and pumps, machine tools,
household appliances, and compressor.
Electric motors may be classified by electric power source type, internal
construction, application, type of motion output, and so on. Electric motors can be
powered by direct current (DC) sources, such as from batteries and many more . DC
motors consists of a dc motors separately excited and dc motors self excited . Direct
Current Electric Motors can be a DC Generator or DC Electric Motors . DC
Generators is an electrical machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical
energy . A DC motors can be used as a generator or conversely . Electric motors can
be powered by alternating current (AC) sources, such as from the power grid,
inverters or generators . AC motors consists of a synchronous AC motors and
asynchronous AC motors . Three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors are widely
used in industrial drives because they are rugged, reliable and economical. Singlephase induction motors are used extensively for smaller loads, such as household
appliances like fans and pumps .
AC motors has two direction of rotation that is AC motors clockwise and
AC motors counter clock wise . Counter clock wise AC motors can be produced by
shifting one phase . So the electric motor is used to convert electrical energy into
mechanical energy , this change was made by converting electricity into magnetism
known as electro magnets , as we know that the poles of a magnet that will repel
namesake and poles are not namesake , attraction. Then we can get the movement if
we put a magnet on a rotatable shaft , and the other magnet in a fixed position .

Exercise 1
Decide whether the following statements are true or false by referring to the
information in the text .
1. Generator is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into
mechanical energy .

FALSE

2. Clock wise AC electric motors can be produced by shifting one phase.


FALSE
3. AC motors consists of a separately excited motors and self excited motors .
FALSE
4. AC motors can be used for generator .
FALSE
5. An electric motors is an electrical machine that converts mechanical energy
into electrical energy .

FALSE

6. Single-phase induction motors are used extensively for smaller loads, such as
household appliances like fans and pumps .

TRUE

7. Electric motor can be found in applications as diverse as machine tools .


TRUE
8. AC motors has two direction of rotation .
TRUE
9. Electric motors can be powered by alternating current (AC) sources such as
from the power grid .

TRUE

10. AC motors consists of a synchronous AC motors and asynchronous AC


motors .

TRUE

Exercise 2
Match the words with the appropriate synonims .
1. Repel

Reject

2. Generate

Raise

3. Convert

Transform

4. Shifting

Switching

5. Fixed

Permanent

6. Small

Little

7. Powered

Supplied

Exercise 3
Complete the following sentences with either is or are .
1. There .. a electric motor in the table . (is)
2. Generators .. an electrical machine that converts mechanical energy into
electrical energy . (is)
3. There .. two kinds of electric motors , direct current and alternating current .
(are)
4. It .. hard to learn electrical motors starter without knowing the background .
(is)
5. The students .. going to practice the electric motors starter tomorrow . (is)
6. There .. a lot of experiments about electric motors starter . (are)

Workshop and class activities .


1. Workshop activities .
- How to operate multimeter
- How to operate insulation tester
- How to connecting cable
- How to make a single phase lighting installation
- How to operate oscilloscope
- How to operate transformer single phase
- How to setting contactors
- How to setting thermal overload relay
- How to operate electric motor by using Y and connection
- How to operate electric motor by using starter DOL
- How to operate rectifier single phase and three phase
- How to operate transformer three phase by using many connection
- How to operate electric motor by using many starter
- How to make a three phase lighting installation
- How to make a three phase power installation by using electric motors and
many of electric motor starters
- How to make a distribution panel single phase and three phase
2. Class Activities
- Presentation
- Learn
- Study