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# Astronomy

## Name _____________________________________ Date __________________ Period ________

COSMIC CALENDAR
In this activity, we will try to gain a better understanding of the history and age of the universe.
Answer the following questions to the best of your ability before beginning the investigation.
Imagine that this one-year calendar represents the entire history of the universethe so-called Cosmic
Calendar first introduced by Carl Sagan in his book, The Dragons of Eden (1977). In such a calendar, the first
moment of January 1st represents the Big Bang, the cosmic event that marks the beginning of time. Today
is represented by the very last moment of December 31st.
On your own, guess where the following events fall on the Cosmic Calendar.
Formation of the Sun

___________________________

## Prehistoric fish crawl out of water

___________________________

## Appearance of first dinosaurs

___________________________

## Appearance of first humans (Homo sapiens)

___________________________

## Birth of the Roman Empire

___________________________

___________________________

Astronomy

## Cosmic Calendar Page 2 of 4

Your goal is to determine the "dates" that the following important events in the history of the universe
would occur on the cosmic calendar. Fill in the table with the calculated dates. You must research at least
Consider 2015 (calendar above), which is NOT a leap year. Carl Sagan based his cosmic calendar on universe
that was 15 billion years old. Today, astronomers have measured the age of the universe to be 13.8 billion years.
Use the space below for calculations.
First, figure out how many years are in each unit of time in our cosmic calendar year, and record below.

1 DAY on the cosmic calendar is worth ____________________ years in the history of the universe.

1 HOUR on the cosmic calendar is worth ____________________ years in the history of the universe.

1 MINUTE on the cosmic calendar is worth ____________________ years in the history of the universe.

1 SECOND on the cosmic calendar is worth ____________________ years in the history of the universe.

Astronomy

EVENT

# YEARS AGO

Big Bang

13.8 billion

~13 billion

~9 billion

4.6 billion

# DAYS AGO

"DATE"

Jan 1, 2015

~3.8 billion

~2 billion

500 million

400 million

240 million

200 million

150 million

65 million

~4 million

200,000

100,000

## Birth of the Roman Empire

Invention of the telescope

Now

Astronomy

Reflect