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PROBLEM 4.

3
A T-shaped bracket supports the four loads shown. Determine the
reactions at A and B (a) if a = 10 in., (b) if a = 7 in.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Fx = 0: Bx = 0
M B = 0: (40 lb)(6 in.) (30 lb)a (10 lb)(a + 8 in.) + (12 in.) A = 0

(40a 160)
12

A=

(1)

M A = 0: (40 lb)(6 in.) (50 lb)(12 in.) (30 lb)(a + 12 in.)

(10 lb)(a + 20 in.) + (12 in.) B y = 0
By =

Bx = 0, B =

Since
(a)

(b)

(1400 + 40a)
12
(1400 + 40a )
12

(2)

For a = 10 in.,

Eq. (1):

A=

(40 10 160)
= +20.0 lb
12

Eq. (2):

B=

(1400 + 40 10)
= +150.0 lb
12

B = 150.0 lb W

Eq. (1):

A=

(40 7 160)
= +10.00 lb
12

A = 10.00 lb W

Eq. (2):

B=

(1400 + 40 7)
= +140.0 lb
12

B = 140.0 lb W

A = 20.0 lb W

For a = 7 in.,

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347

PROBLEM 4.15
The bracket BCD is hinged at C and attached to a control
cable at B. For the loading shown, determine (a) the tension
in the cable, (b) the reaction at C.

SOLUTION

At B:

Ty
Tx

0.18 m
0.24 m

3
Ty = Tx
4

(a)

(1)

Tx = +1600 N

From Eq. (1):

Ty =

3
(1600 N) = 1200 N
4

T = Tx2 + Ty2 = 16002 + 12002 = 2000 N

(b)

T = 2.00 kN W

Fx = 0: Cx Tx = 0
Cx 1600 N = 0 C x = +1600 N

C x = 1600 N

Fy = 0: C y Ty 240 N 240 N = 0
C y 1200 N 480 N = 0
C y = +1680 N

C y = 1680 N

= 46.4
C = 2320 N

C = 2.32 kN

46.4 W

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359

PROBLEM 4.31
Neglecting friction, determine the tension in cable ABD and the
reaction at support C.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

M C = 0: T (0.25 m) T (0.1 m) (120 N)(0.1 m) = 0

Fx = 0: C x 80 N = 0

C x = +80 N

Fy = 0: C y 120 N + 80 N = 0

C y = +40 N

T = 80.0 N W
C x = 80.0 N
C y = 40.0 N
C = 89.4 N

26.6 W

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379

PROBLEM 4.38
A light rod AD is supported by frictionless pegs at B and C and
rests against a frictionless wall at A. A vertical 120-lb force is
applied at D. Determine the reactions at A, B, and C.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

A = 69.28 lb

A = 69.3 lb

M B = 0: C (8 in.) (120 lb)(16 in.) cos 30

+ (69.28 lb)(8 in.)sin 30 = 0
C = 173.2 lb

C = 173.2 lb

60.0 W

B = 34.6 lb

60.0 W

M C = 0: B(8 in.) (120 lb)(8 in.) cos 30

+ (69.28 lb)(16 in.) sin 30 = 0
B = 34.6 lb

Check:

Fy = 0: 173.2 34.6 (69.28)sin 30 (120)sin 60 = 0

0 = 0 (check) 

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386

PROBLEM 4.1
Two crates, each of mass 350 kg, are placed as shown in the
bed of a 1400-kg pickup truck. Determine the reactions at each
of the two (a) rear wheels A, (b) front wheels B.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

W = (350 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 3.4335 kN

Wt = (1400 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 13.7340 kN

(a)

Rear wheels:

(3.4335 kN)(3.75 m) + (3.4335 kN)(2.05 m)

+ (13.7340 kN)(1.2 m) 2 A(3 m) = 0

A = +6.0659 kN

(b)

Front wheels:

A = 6.07 kN W

Fy = 0: W W Wt + 2 A + 2 B = 0
3.4335 kN 3.4335 kN 13.7340 kN + 2(6.0659 kN) + 2B = 0
B = +4.2346 kN

B = 4.23 kN W

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345

PROBLEM 4.5
A hand truck is used to move two kegs, each of mass 40 kg.
Neglecting the mass of the hand truck, determine (a) the vertical
force P that should be applied to the handle to maintain
equilibrium when = 35, (b) the corresponding reaction at each
of the two wheels.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:
W = mg = (40 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 392.40 N
a1 = (300 mm)sin (80 mm)cos
a2 = (430 mm)cos (300 mm)sin
b = (930 mm)cos

From free-body diagram of hand truck,

Dimensions in mm

M B = 0: P(b) W ( a2 ) + W (a1 ) = 0

(1)

Fy = 0: P 2W + 2 B = 0

(2)

= 35

For

a1 = 300sin 35 80 cos 35 = 106.541 mm

a2 = 430 cos 35 300sin 35 = 180.162 mm
b = 930cos 35 = 761.81 mm

(a)

From Equation (1):

P(761.81 mm) 392.40 N(180.162 mm) + 392.40 N(106.54 mm) = 0
P = 37.921 N

(b)

or P = 37.9 N W

From Equation (2):

37.921 N 2(392.40 N) + 2 B = 0

or B = 373 N W

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349

PROBLEM 4.11
Three loads are applied as shown to a light beam supported by
cables attached at B and D. Neglecting the weight of the beam,
determine the range of values of Q for which neither cable
becomes slack when P = 0.

SOLUTION

M B = 0: (3.00 kN)(0.500 m) + TD (2.25 m) Q (3.00 m) = 0

Q = 0.500 kN + (0.750) TD

(1)

M D = 0: (3.00 kN)(2.75 m) TB (2.25 m) Q(0.750 m) = 0

Q = 11.00 kN (3.00) TB

(2)

Q 11.00 kN

Q 0.500 kN

For neither cable to be slack,

0.500 kN Q 11.00 kN W

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355

PROBLEM 4.23
Determine the reactions at A and B when (a) h = 0,
(b) h = 200 mm.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

37.5
B=
0.25 0.866h

(a)

(1)

When h = 0,
B=

From Eq. (1):

37.5
= 150 N
0.25

B = 150.0 N

30.0 W

Fy = 0: Ax B sin 60 = 0
Ax = (150)sin 60 = 129.9 N

A x = 129.9 N

Fy = 0: Ay 150 + B cos 60 = 0
Ay = 150 (150) cos 60 = 75 N

A y = 75 N

= 30
A = 150.0 N

(b)

A = 150.0 N

30.0 W

When h = 200 mm = 0.2 m,

From Eq. (1):

B=

37.5
= 488.3 N
0.25 0.866(0.2)

B = 488 N

30.0 W

Fx = 0: Ax B sin 60 = 0
Ax = (488.3) sin 60 = 422.88 N

A x = 422.88 N

Fy = 0: Ay 150 + B cos 60 = 0
Ay = 150 (488.3) cos 60 = 94.15 N

A y = 94.15 N

= 12.55
A = 433.2 N

A = 433 N

12.55 W

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed,
reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited
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369

PROBLEM 4.35
A movable bracket is held at rest by a cable attached at C and by
frictionless rollers at A and B. For the loading shown, determine (a) the
tension in the cable, (b) the reactions at A and B.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

(a)

Fy = 0: T 600 N = 0
T = 600 N W

(b)

Fx = 0: B A = 0

B=A

Note that the forces shown form two couples.

M = 0: (600 N)(600 mm) A(90 mm) = 0
A = 4000 N
B = 4000 N
A = 4.00 kN

; B = 4.00 kN

W

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383

PROBLEM 4.46
A tension of 20 N is maintained in a tape as it passes through the
support system shown. Knowing that the radius of each pulley is
10 mm, determine the reaction at C.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Fx = 0: C x + (20 N) = 0

C x = 20 N

Fy = 0: C y (20 N) = 0

C y = +20 N

C = 28.3 N

45.0 W

M C = 0: M C + (20 N)(0.160 m) + (20 N) (0.055 m) = 0

M C = 4.30 N m

M C = 4.30 N m

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394

PROBLEM 4.54
Rod AB is acted upon by a couple M and two forces, each of magnitude P.
(a) Derive an equation in , P, M, and l that must be satisfied when the rod
is in equilibrium. (b) Determine the value of corresponding to equilibrium
when M = 150 N m, P = 200 N, and l = 600 mm.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

(a)

From free-body diagram of rod AB:

M C = 0: P(l cos ) + P(l sin ) M = 0
or sin + cos =

(b)

M
W
Pl

For M = 150 lb in., P = 20 lb, and l = 6 in.,

sin + cos =

150 lb in.
5
= = 1.25
(20 lb)(6 in.) 4
sin 2 + cos 2 = 1

Using identity

sin + (1 sin 2 )1/2 = 1.25

(1 sin 2 )1/2 = 1.25 sin
1 sin 2 = 1.5625 2.5sin + sin 2
2sin 2 2.5sin + 0.5625 = 0

sin =
=

or

2(2)
2.5 1.75
4

sin = 0.95572 and sin = 0.29428

= 72.886 and = 17.1144
or = 17.11 and = 72.9 W

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404

PROBLEM 4.56
A slender rod AB, of weight W, is attached to blocks A and B that
move freely in the guides shown. The constant of the spring is k,
and the spring is unstretched when = 0. (a) Neglecting the weight
of the blocks, derive an equation in W, k, l, and that must be
satisfied when the rod is in equilibrium. (b) Determine the value
of when W = 75 lb, l = 30 in., and k = 3 lb/in.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Spring force:

Fs = ks = k (l l cos ) = kl (1 cos )

M D = 0: Fs (l sin ) W cos = 0
2

(a)

kl (1 cos )l sin
kl (1 cos ) tan

(b)

For given values of

W
l cos = 0
2

W
=0
2

or (1 cos ) tan =

W
W
2kl

W = 75 lb
l = 30 in.
k = 3 lb/in.
(1 cos ) tan = tan sin
75 lb
=
2(3 lb/in.)(30 in.)
= 0.41667

Solving numerically,

= 49.710

or

= 49.7 W

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406

PROBLEM 4.58
A collar B of weight W can move freely along the vertical rod shown.
The constant of the spring is k, and the spring is unstretched when
= 0. (a) Derive an equation in , W, k, and l that must be satisfied
when the collar is in equilibrium. (b) Knowing that W = 300 N,
l = 500 mm, and k = 800 N/m, determine the value of corresponding
to equilibrium.

SOLUTION
First note:

T = ks

where

k = spring constant
s = elongation of spring
l
=
l
cos
l
(1 cos )
=
cos
kl
T=
(1 cos )
cos

(a)

From F.B.D. of collar B:

or

(b)

For

Fy = 0: T sin W = 0
kl
(1 cos )sin W = 0
cos

or tan sin =

W
W
kl

W = 3 lb
l = 6 in.
k = 8 lb/ft
6 in.
l=
= 0.5 ft
12 in./ft
tan sin =

Solving numerically,

3 lb
= 0.75
(8 lb/ft)(0.5 ft)

= 57.957

or

= 58.0 W

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed,
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409