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PROBLEM 4.

3
A T-shaped bracket supports the four loads shown. Determine the
reactions at A and B (a) if a = 10 in., (b) if a = 7 in.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Fx = 0: Bx = 0
M B = 0: (40 lb)(6 in.) (30 lb)a (10 lb)(a + 8 in.) + (12 in.) A = 0

(40a 160)
12

A=

(1)

M A = 0: (40 lb)(6 in.) (50 lb)(12 in.) (30 lb)(a + 12 in.)


(10 lb)(a + 20 in.) + (12 in.) B y = 0
By =

Bx = 0, B =

Since
(a)

(b)

(1400 + 40a)
12
(1400 + 40a )
12

(2)

For a = 10 in.,

Eq. (1):

A=

(40 10 160)
= +20.0 lb
12

Eq. (2):

B=

(1400 + 40 10)
= +150.0 lb
12

B = 150.0 lb W

Eq. (1):

A=

(40 7 160)
= +10.00 lb
12

A = 10.00 lb W

Eq. (2):

B=

(1400 + 40 7)
= +140.0 lb
12

B = 140.0 lb W

A = 20.0 lb W

For a = 7 in.,

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347

PROBLEM 4.15
The bracket BCD is hinged at C and attached to a control
cable at B. For the loading shown, determine (a) the tension
in the cable, (b) the reaction at C.

SOLUTION

At B:

Ty
Tx

0.18 m
0.24 m

3
Ty = Tx
4

(a)

(1)

M C = 0: Tx (0.18 m) (240 N)(0.4 m) (240 N)(0.8 m) = 0


Tx = +1600 N

From Eq. (1):

Ty =

3
(1600 N) = 1200 N
4

T = Tx2 + Ty2 = 16002 + 12002 = 2000 N

(b)

T = 2.00 kN W

Fx = 0: Cx Tx = 0
Cx 1600 N = 0 C x = +1600 N

C x = 1600 N

Fy = 0: C y Ty 240 N 240 N = 0
C y 1200 N 480 N = 0
C y = +1680 N

C y = 1680 N

= 46.4
C = 2320 N

C = 2.32 kN

46.4 W

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359

PROBLEM 4.31
Neglecting friction, determine the tension in cable ABD and the
reaction at support C.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

M C = 0: T (0.25 m) T (0.1 m) (120 N)(0.1 m) = 0


Fx = 0: C x 80 N = 0

C x = +80 N

Fy = 0: C y 120 N + 80 N = 0

C y = +40 N

T = 80.0 N W
C x = 80.0 N
C y = 40.0 N
C = 89.4 N

26.6 W

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379

PROBLEM 4.38
A light rod AD is supported by frictionless pegs at B and C and
rests against a frictionless wall at A. A vertical 120-lb force is
applied at D. Determine the reactions at A, B, and C.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Fx = 0: A cos 30 (120 lb) cos 60 = 0


A = 69.28 lb

A = 69.3 lb

M B = 0: C (8 in.) (120 lb)(16 in.) cos 30


+ (69.28 lb)(8 in.)sin 30 = 0
C = 173.2 lb

C = 173.2 lb

60.0 W

B = 34.6 lb

60.0 W

M C = 0: B(8 in.) (120 lb)(8 in.) cos 30


+ (69.28 lb)(16 in.) sin 30 = 0
B = 34.6 lb

Check:

Fy = 0: 173.2 34.6 (69.28)sin 30 (120)sin 60 = 0


0 = 0 (check) 

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386

PROBLEM 4.1
Two crates, each of mass 350 kg, are placed as shown in the
bed of a 1400-kg pickup truck. Determine the reactions at each
of the two (a) rear wheels A, (b) front wheels B.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

W = (350 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 3.4335 kN


Wt = (1400 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 13.7340 kN

(a)

Rear wheels:

M B = 0: W (1.7 m + 2.05 m) + W (2.05 m) + Wt (1.2 m) 2 A(3 m) = 0

(3.4335 kN)(3.75 m) + (3.4335 kN)(2.05 m)


+ (13.7340 kN)(1.2 m) 2 A(3 m) = 0

A = +6.0659 kN

(b)

Front wheels:

A = 6.07 kN W

Fy = 0: W W Wt + 2 A + 2 B = 0
3.4335 kN 3.4335 kN 13.7340 kN + 2(6.0659 kN) + 2B = 0
B = +4.2346 kN

B = 4.23 kN W

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345

PROBLEM 4.5
A hand truck is used to move two kegs, each of mass 40 kg.
Neglecting the mass of the hand truck, determine (a) the vertical
force P that should be applied to the handle to maintain
equilibrium when = 35, (b) the corresponding reaction at each
of the two wheels.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:
W = mg = (40 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 ) = 392.40 N
a1 = (300 mm)sin (80 mm)cos
a2 = (430 mm)cos (300 mm)sin
b = (930 mm)cos

From free-body diagram of hand truck,


Dimensions in mm

M B = 0: P(b) W ( a2 ) + W (a1 ) = 0

(1)

Fy = 0: P 2W + 2 B = 0

(2)

= 35

For

a1 = 300sin 35 80 cos 35 = 106.541 mm


a2 = 430 cos 35 300sin 35 = 180.162 mm
b = 930cos 35 = 761.81 mm

(a)

From Equation (1):


P(761.81 mm) 392.40 N(180.162 mm) + 392.40 N(106.54 mm) = 0
P = 37.921 N

(b)

or P = 37.9 N W

From Equation (2):


37.921 N 2(392.40 N) + 2 B = 0

or B = 373 N W

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349

PROBLEM 4.11
Three loads are applied as shown to a light beam supported by
cables attached at B and D. Neglecting the weight of the beam,
determine the range of values of Q for which neither cable
becomes slack when P = 0.

SOLUTION

M B = 0: (3.00 kN)(0.500 m) + TD (2.25 m) Q (3.00 m) = 0


Q = 0.500 kN + (0.750) TD

(1)

M D = 0: (3.00 kN)(2.75 m) TB (2.25 m) Q(0.750 m) = 0


Q = 11.00 kN (3.00) TB

(2)

For cable B not to be slack, TB 0, and from Eq. (2),


Q 11.00 kN

For cable D not to be slack, TD 0, and from Eq. (1),


Q 0.500 kN

For neither cable to be slack,


0.500 kN Q 11.00 kN W

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355

PROBLEM 4.23
Determine the reactions at A and B when (a) h = 0,
(b) h = 200 mm.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

M A = 0: ( B cos 60)(0.5 m) ( B sin 60)h (150 N)(0.25 m) = 0


37.5
B=
0.25 0.866h

(a)

(1)

When h = 0,
B=

From Eq. (1):

37.5
= 150 N
0.25

B = 150.0 N

30.0 W

Fy = 0: Ax B sin 60 = 0
Ax = (150)sin 60 = 129.9 N

A x = 129.9 N

Fy = 0: Ay 150 + B cos 60 = 0
Ay = 150 (150) cos 60 = 75 N

A y = 75 N

= 30
A = 150.0 N

(b)

A = 150.0 N

30.0 W

When h = 200 mm = 0.2 m,


From Eq. (1):

B=

37.5
= 488.3 N
0.25 0.866(0.2)

B = 488 N

30.0 W

Fx = 0: Ax B sin 60 = 0
Ax = (488.3) sin 60 = 422.88 N

A x = 422.88 N

Fy = 0: Ay 150 + B cos 60 = 0
Ay = 150 (488.3) cos 60 = 94.15 N

A y = 94.15 N

= 12.55
A = 433.2 N

A = 433 N

12.55 W

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed,
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369

PROBLEM 4.35
A movable bracket is held at rest by a cable attached at C and by
frictionless rollers at A and B. For the loading shown, determine (a) the
tension in the cable, (b) the reactions at A and B.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

(a)

Fy = 0: T 600 N = 0
T = 600 N W

(b)

Fx = 0: B A = 0

B=A

Note that the forces shown form two couples.


M = 0: (600 N)(600 mm) A(90 mm) = 0
A = 4000 N
B = 4000 N
A = 4.00 kN

; B = 4.00 kN

W

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383

PROBLEM 4.46
A tension of 20 N is maintained in a tape as it passes through the
support system shown. Knowing that the radius of each pulley is
10 mm, determine the reaction at C.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Fx = 0: C x + (20 N) = 0

C x = 20 N

Fy = 0: C y (20 N) = 0

C y = +20 N

C = 28.3 N

45.0 W

M C = 0: M C + (20 N)(0.160 m) + (20 N) (0.055 m) = 0


M C = 4.30 N m

M C = 4.30 N m

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394

PROBLEM 4.54
Rod AB is acted upon by a couple M and two forces, each of magnitude P.
(a) Derive an equation in , P, M, and l that must be satisfied when the rod
is in equilibrium. (b) Determine the value of corresponding to equilibrium
when M = 150 N m, P = 200 N, and l = 600 mm.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

(a)

From free-body diagram of rod AB:


M C = 0: P(l cos ) + P(l sin ) M = 0
or sin + cos =

(b)

M
W
Pl

For M = 150 lb in., P = 20 lb, and l = 6 in.,


sin + cos =

150 lb in.
5
= = 1.25
(20 lb)(6 in.) 4
sin 2 + cos 2 = 1

Using identity

sin + (1 sin 2 )1/2 = 1.25


(1 sin 2 )1/2 = 1.25 sin
1 sin 2 = 1.5625 2.5sin + sin 2
2sin 2 2.5sin + 0.5625 = 0

Using quadratic formula


sin =
=

or

( 2.5) (625) 4(2)(0.5625)


2(2)
2.5 1.75
4

sin = 0.95572 and sin = 0.29428


= 72.886 and = 17.1144
or = 17.11 and = 72.9 W

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404

PROBLEM 4.56
A slender rod AB, of weight W, is attached to blocks A and B that
move freely in the guides shown. The constant of the spring is k,
and the spring is unstretched when = 0. (a) Neglecting the weight
of the blocks, derive an equation in W, k, l, and that must be
satisfied when the rod is in equilibrium. (b) Determine the value
of when W = 75 lb, l = 30 in., and k = 3 lb/in.

SOLUTION
Free-Body Diagram:

Spring force:

Fs = ks = k (l l cos ) = kl (1 cos )

M D = 0: Fs (l sin ) W cos = 0
2

(a)

kl (1 cos )l sin
kl (1 cos ) tan

(b)

For given values of

W
l cos = 0
2

W
=0
2

or (1 cos ) tan =

W
W
2kl

W = 75 lb
l = 30 in.
k = 3 lb/in.
(1 cos ) tan = tan sin
75 lb
=
2(3 lb/in.)(30 in.)
= 0.41667

Solving numerically,

= 49.710

or

= 49.7 W

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406

PROBLEM 4.58
A collar B of weight W can move freely along the vertical rod shown.
The constant of the spring is k, and the spring is unstretched when
= 0. (a) Derive an equation in , W, k, and l that must be satisfied
when the collar is in equilibrium. (b) Knowing that W = 300 N,
l = 500 mm, and k = 800 N/m, determine the value of corresponding
to equilibrium.

SOLUTION
First note:

T = ks

where

k = spring constant
s = elongation of spring
l
=
l
cos
l
(1 cos )
=
cos
kl
T=
(1 cos )
cos

(a)

From F.B.D. of collar B:


or

(b)

For

Fy = 0: T sin W = 0
kl
(1 cos )sin W = 0
cos

or tan sin =

W
W
kl

W = 3 lb
l = 6 in.
k = 8 lb/ft
6 in.
l=
= 0.5 ft
12 in./ft
tan sin =

Solving numerically,

3 lb
= 0.75
(8 lb/ft)(0.5 ft)

= 57.957

or

= 58.0 W

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409