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Inorganic Salt Analysis - Pb(NO3)2

S.No

Experiment

Observation
Analysis Of Anions
Preliminary Test

Colour of the substance

Colorless

Appearance

Crystalline

Solubility:Take a little amount of


salt and dissolve it in distilled water
or dil Hcl or dil HNO3

Soluble

Action of Heat: A small amount of


the salt is taken in a dry test tube
and gently heated at first and then
strongly.

Reddish Brown Gas evolves.

Flame Test: A small amount of the


salt is made into paste with conc HCl
in a watch glass and introduced into No characteristic colored flame
the non luminous part of the bunsen
flame.

Ash Test: To the little of salt taken in


a test tube mixed with cobalt nitrate
and conc. HNO3,soak a filter paper
and brn it in non-luminous part of the
bunsen flame.

No characteristic colored ash

Identification Tests
1

Action of dil.HCl: A small amount


of salt is treated with dil HCl

No characteristic natural gas


evolved

Action of Dil.H2SO4: A small


amount of salt is rubbed with dil
H2SO4 in a watch glass

No characteristic observation

Concentrated H2SO4 Test: A small


Reddish Brown Vapour evolved
amount of slat is treated with conc
and solution turns brown.
H2SO4 in watch glass
Copper Turning Test: A small
amount of the salt is heted with
copper turnings and conc H2SO4

Reddish Brown Gas evolves.

Action of BaCl2: Some amount of


BaCl2 is added to the salt solution.

No characteristic observation

Confirmatory Tests

Carbonate: A small amout of the


salt is treated with dil HCl and the
colorless, odourless gas evolved is
passed through lime water taken in
another test tube.

No characteristic change

2(A)

Sulphide: To a few drops of salt


solution, a few drops of silver nitrate
solution is added.

No black precipitate is formed

2(B)

Sulphide: To a few drops of salt


solution, 2mL of Lead acetate
solution is added.

No black precipitate is formed

3(A)

Chloride: To a few drops of salt


solution, a few drops of dilute HNO3
and silver nitrate solution are added.

No curdy white precipitate is


formed.

3(B)

Chloride:- Chromyl Chloride Test:


To a small amount of salt, a pinch of
Potassium dichromate is added and
heated with a few drops of
conc.H2SO4.

No charcteristic observation

4(A)

Acetate: To a salt solution 1 or 2


drops of neutral ferric chloride
solution id added.

No characteristic observation

4(B)

Acetate: A mixture of salt and


ethanol is heated with conc. H2SO4 in
a test tube.it is then cooled and then
poured into excess of water.

No charateristic observation

5(A)

Nitrate:-Brown Ring Test: A few


drops of the salt solution is mixed
with an equal volume of freshly
prepared ferrous sulphate solution
and shaken well. To this conc.H2SO4
is added in drops along the walls of
the test tube.

A brown ring is formed at the


junction of the two layers .

5(B)

Nitrate: To the salt solution few


drops of diphenyl amine is added.

A deep blue colorisation is


obtained

5( C )

Nitrate: To the salt solution , NaOH


solution and aluminium powder or
zinc dust is addded and heated.

Evolution of colourless gas with


the smell of ammonia. Dense
white fumes are produced with
conc HCl

6(A)

Sulphate: To salt solution a little


lead acetate solution is added.

No charateristic change

6(B)

Sulphate: The above precipitate is


separated and heated with
ammonium acetate solution.

No charateristic change

Analysis Of Cations
1

Salt solution+NaOH+Nessler's
Reagent

No ppt is formed

Salt solution+dil HCl

White ppt soluble when boiled


with water is obtained

Salt Solution+dil hCl+H2S gas

***

Salt soultion+1mL NH4Cl+2mL


NH4OH

***

Salt soultion+1mL NH4Cl+2mL


NH4OH+H2S gas

***

Salt soultion+1mL NH4Cl+2mL


NH4OH+2mL (NH4)2CO3[saturated]

***

Salt soultion+1mL NH4Cl+2mL


NH4OH+2mL Na2HPO4

***

Confirmatory Tests-GP1(Pb)-(Lead)
1(A)

To a few drops of the salt solution,


potassium chromate solution is
added.

Yellow ppt is obtained.

1(B)

To a few drops of salt solution, 2mL


of potassium iodide solution is added

Yellow ppt soluble in hot wateris


obtained which reappears as
"Golden Yellow Spangles" on
cooling.
Result

Anion
NItrate

Cation
Lead

Inference

Absenceof copper and


manganese
Maybe chloride,sulphate,
nitrate
Maybe chloride,sulphate,
nitrate

Maybe nitrate is present

Absence of Barium,
Calcium and Copper.

Absence of Aluminium,
Zinc,Magnesium

Absence of carbonate and


sulphide

Absence of acetate

Presence of nitrate
identified.
Presence of nitrate
identified.

Absence of sulphate

Absence of carbonate is
confirmed.

Absence of sulphide is
confirmed.

Absence of sulphide is
confirmed.

Absence of chloride is
confirmed

Absence of chloride is
confirmed

Absence of acetate is
confirmed.

Absence of acetate is
confirmed.

Presence of nitrate is
confirmed.

Presence of nitrate is
confirmed.

Presence of nitrate is
confirmed.

Absence of sulphate is
confirmed.
Absence of sulphate is
confirmed.

Absence of Group 0
[Ammonium ion]
Presence of Group 1 is
identified.
***
***
***
***

***

Presence of Lead is
confirmed.

Presence of Lead is
confirmed.

Given Salt
Lead Nitrate