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Exploration & Production Training Services Designing petroleum systems work programs Wiekert Visser
Exploration & Production Training Services
Exploration & Production Training Services

Designing petroleum systems

work programs

Wiekert Visser

Objective of this lecture

Objective of this lecture

Objective of this lecture

• To provide a “cook-bookfor designing a petroleum

systems analysis project

Approach Petroleum Systems study

Approach Petroleum Systems study

Approach Petroleum Systems study

Step 1

Framing the project (what are the questions & objectives?)

Data needed to be complemented, updated, reviewed

Resources needed

Cost issues

Step 2

Existing data inventory

Existing sample inventory

Previous work inventory and digestion

Step 3

Create detailed project execution plan

Secure availability of resources and budget

Step 4: execute and report

Exploration Work flow Petrophysical Well data evaluation Main data acquisition Facies & Create stratigraphic

Exploration Work flow

Petrophysical Well data evaluation Main data acquisition Facies & Create stratigraphic tools reservoir quality
Petrophysical
Well data
evaluation
Main data
acquisition
Facies &
Create stratigraphic
tools
reservoir quality
charts
layer maps
Plate tectonic
Create paleogeographic
layer maps
Play maps
framework
Economics
&
Risk Analysis
Basin
Determine
Grav/Mag
configuration
trap style
Ranked
Prospect
Prospect
Seismic data
Seismic data
Horizon mapping
prospect
mapping
ranking
portfolio
Construct
Palinspastic
Basin filling
Well data
Basin cross sections
reconstruction
history
Geochemistry
fluids & source rocks
Oil family
Kitchen
mapping
Burial & charge
history reconstruction
mapping
Basic Check list

Basic Check list

Basic Check list

What are the main questions & uncertainties?

Do you know which oil/gas families you have

Do you know the characteristics of your source rock

sequences

Detail allowing oil source rock correlations. Quality data for proper input in charge modelling software

Do you need more oil/source rock samples to be analysed?

Do you know which contractor labs are reliable?

Have you properly inventorised & reviewed all data present in your company & literature?

Basic Check list

Basic Check list

Basic Check list

Collect stratigraphic data

BHT/heat flow data. What is the quality?

Collect relevant cross section/maps

Collect and quality control calibration data (BHT, VR, RFT, Fluid composition)

• Etc, etc, etc, etc, …

Planning oil analysis

Planning oil analysis

Planning oil analysis

• Never ask for “Full oil analysis”. The bill will be

staggering, and you may still not receive the data you

need.

• First formulate: “what do I need to know?”, then

formulate “which analyses may help to answer my

questions?”

Proceed step-wise.

Cheap & simple analyses (Bulk properties, GC)

Then select samples for expensive but “standard” biomarker

analyses.

Then, if needed select special analyses.

Discuss the geological questions with the contractor

lab, and ask for advise on analyses options.

Cost issues exploration project

Cost issues exploration project

Cost issues exploration project

Source rock (Rock Eval, + Microscopy)

~$400/sample.

Simple analyses (bulk parameters, GC) will be less than $800/sample.

Biomarker work may easily run at $3000/sample.

Significant discounts can be negotiated for large sample batches.

Gas analyses are reasonably cheap. Complete analyses run at less $1500/sample.

Turn-around time varies widely. Urgent Rock Eval

samples can be done overnight. Full biomarker work

usually takes at least one month.

Samples size, shipment issues, Labs

Samples size, shipment issues, Labs

Samples size, shipment issues, Labs

Sample volume requirement is small. A 100 ml oil

sample is plenty for all analyses.

Shipment by air of oil samples is allowed if properly bottled.

Shipment by air of gas samples is more problematic,

but can be arranged. Pressurised cylinders have to be very small in volume.

There are quite a number of competing laboratories.

Some of these deliver very poor quality.

Set-up a set of “standard” samples (source rocks & oils) and have

these analysed frequently to do quality control.

Conclusions

Conclusions

Conclusions

Create a good plan, before you ask for funding

What will be the deliverable & impact on the companies work?

Make sure your client” (exploration team) understands what you can do for him/her.

Petroleum Systems Analysis is key to exploration

success and basin evaluation. Geochemical data are

essential input for such work.

> 90% of the work must be devoted to data mining

and quality control.