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Consumer Energy Meter

(CEM)

Users Manual
(Document Ver- BGX 501-147 R02)

Premier Modbus

BGX 501-147 R02

Foreword

Table of Contents

Entity

Foreword
Concept
Basic Measurement Principle
General Description
External Features
Technical Features
Energy Registers
Maximum demand and MD Integration Period
Maximum demand reset
Maximum demand reset counter
Cumulative demand register
The Load Survey
Data Communication
Meter ID and Baud Rate configuration:
Interpretations of MODBUS registers in external units
Scaling information received from meter using MODBUS
protocol
Security
Tamper & fraud detection & logging
Calibration LED
Scroll Locking
Real Time Clock & Time Synchronization
LCD Description
Display Parameters Detail
Installation
Mounting
Connections
APPENDIX-A
Connection Diagrams
Safety Precautions
Calibration of Meter
Definitions
Company Note
Annexure: Display Parameters Details
Push Button Mode Displays

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Foreword

Though the operation of the METER is simple, we recommend a


thorough reading of this manual before you start any
operation, installation, testing or use. The METER is very
sturdy and will generally withstand the rough handling it
will encounter in the field. However, reasonable care in
handling will ensure a long trouble free service. Sufficient
care has been taken to provide all information regarding the
product. However Secure Meters Ltd. (SML) will not be
responsible for any wrong application, misuse, wrong
installation or any consequential damage.

Concept
The CEM energy meter is an all-electronic, solid state
polyphase energy meter which accurately measures all
parameters of the supply voltage, current, power factor,
active load, reactive load, apparent load etc., in addition
to active, reactive and apparent energies (As the case may
be). The CEM energy meter is designed around an Application
Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) based micro-controller
with its own programming language. It also has a high degree
of programmability to accommodate various types of
applications and tariffs.
The Secure energy metering system (SEMS) provides a total
solution to energy metering. It is not a meter alone, or
energy billing computer but an all-encompassing system that
covers all these aspects. It offers in one package a complete
system for the analysis of power and revenue.
From a systems perspective, there are three parts of "SEMS
CONCEPT"

The Consumer Energy Meter (CEM), an intelligent metering


device installed at the consumer's premises / large
electrical machines for metering i.e. an Electronic energy
meter in place of the age old Ferraris disc meter.

The METER READING INSTRUMENT (MRI), an instrument used by


the meter reader, for electronically collecting the meter
readings and other performance data from the CEM.
The BASE COMPUTER SYSTEM (BCS), computer system software
to interpret the readings and other data received from the
Meter Reading Instrument and present this vital
energy/demand related information in a user-friendly
format.
This document restricts itself to describing the CEM, which
is the Consumer Energy Meter.

BGX 501-147 R02

Foreword

Basic Measurement Principle

Entity

An analogue to digital converter is used to sample voltage


& current relative to incoming waveform.

High sampling rate gives exceptionally accurate results.

A very highly reliable non- volatile memory (NVM) can


retain the data up to a period of 10 years even if there
is no power.

The data from the non-volatile memory can either be


displayed on the LCD display or can be communicated via an
optical communication port on to a hand-held MRI.

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General Description

External Features
The front face of the projection type meter is as shown in
the above figure. The different parts visible are described
as under:
1. Rating Plate: This provides information on meter type,
accuracy class, voltage & current ratings, serial
number etc.
2. Digital Display: The meter shall use the LCD display
defined as follows:
Value - Seven large Seven segment characters,
with decimal points and colons
Text & Index - Five small twelve segment
alphabetic Characters
Annunciators - Twelve (12) assorted annunciators
which can indicate:
Direction - import, export, lag and lead
Quantity - W, Wh, VAR, VARh, VA, Vah, V, A
Multiplier - k, M or MK for representation
of Giga

BGX 501-147 R02

General Description

3. Terminal Block: This is a standard terminal block


compatible with conventional meter installation
methods. The voltage terminals and current terminal
are clearly marked and differentiated.
4. Optical port: It is used for communicating with Meter
Reading Instrument (MRI) or to any other external
devices like Remote Terminal Unit.
5. RH Push Button: The front face of the meter has two
push buttons. The one on the right hand side is used
to cycle through the display quantities in forward
direction. On pressing the button, the display can be
activated. While the display is activated, if the
button is pressed again, the display cycles to the
next quantity.
6. LH push button: This button is the left one of the two
buttons on the face of the meter. This button can be
used as either MD reset push button or reverse
scrolling of display parameters (Factory
Programmable).
7. Calibration LED: Calibration LED is used to test the
meter accuracy when all the currents are flowing in
one direction. For detail refer Technical features
clause Calibration LED.
8. Sealing screws: Sealing screws are provided to seal
the meter body. The screw has a transverse hole in its
head for providing sealing with the help of wire and
lead seal.
9. Terminal Block Cover: Transparent Extended Terminal
Cover covers both the meter mounting screws and the
leads coming into the meter. ETBC (Extended Terminal
Block Cover) is installed using two sealable screws.
Transparent ETBC enables easy inspection of
connections to meter.
10. Remote Power Unit (RPU): To enable meter reading
during power outage, this port can be used to power up
the meter for reading purpose. A Power Pack Unit when
inductively coupled with the meter through this port
can provide necessary power for meter reading &
display. This eliminates the need of permanent battery
backup.
11. RS 485 port: The meter TOP hat has RS 485 port (RJ 11
connecter) for online communication over Modbus. The
purpose of the PREMIER MODBUS communications protocol
is to allow measured data and setup information to be
efficiently transferred between a MODBUS Master
Station and PREMIER. This allows interrogation of all
data measured by PREMIER, which are exported via the
MODBUS Slave PREMIER Module.

Entity

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Technical Features
Energy Registers
The Meter is capable of measuring Active, Reactive, and
Apparent energies.

Maximum demand and MD Integration Period


The meter is programmed for a Maximum Demand (MD) integration
period of 30 minutes. The demand is monitored during each
demand interval set with 30 Minutes integration and the
maximum of these demands is stored as Maximum Demand.
Whenever the Maximum Demand is reset, the maximum demand
value so registered shall be stored along with date and time.
The meter is capable of registering maximum demand with the
date and time of its occurrence at BCS end. Meter can compute
MD for Active and Apparent load.
The Universal (0 24 Hours) Maximum Demand: A separate
register shall be present to record the maximum demand for 24
hours, since last reset known as universal demand register.
The TOD Maximum Demand: The meter contains provision for time
of day (TOD) demand computation whereby the user can define
up to 8 time zones in 24 hours cycle to cover morning and
evening peak and OFF peak periods separately. The timings of
these TOD registers are configurable through Tariff Change
Transaction with the help of MRI. Time Of Day Tariff Energy
Registers.
The meter contains provision for multiple tariffs metering
(time of day metering). The meter is capable of being set
into a maximum of eight non-overlapping time zones in 24-hour
cycle to cover morning and evening peak and OFF peak periods
separately. Presently meter has been programmed for five time
zones.
The timings of these rate registers are configurable through
Tariff Change Transaction with the help of MRI.

Maximum demand reset


Maximum Demand can be reset by one of the following
mechanisms. The supplied meter may have one or more options
given below1. Manually by operation of a button with a sealing
arrangement.
2. Through Meter Reading Instrument in the form of an
authenticated command.
3. Automatically at the end of certain period defined
as Bill Dates in the Meter.

BGX 501-147 R02

Technical Features

Maximum demand reset counter


Whenever the maximum demand is reset, this counter is
incremented by one and MD reset counter is maintained by
meter to keep track of MD reset operations.

Cumulative demand register


Cumulative demand (CMD) is the sum of all the 0-24 hrs
maximum demand which have been reset so far. This register
along with MD reset counter helps in detecting any
unauthorised MD Reset performed.

The Load Survey


Load survey is a database of load values during predefined
interval of time. Load survey contains database for different
types of parameters for predefined number of days & number of
parameters as per CEM configured at the time of manufacturing
based on customer requirement.
Load survey configured in meter for main energies and
instantaneous parameter with 30 minutes integration period.
The data can be read by MRI and dumped on the Base Computer
Software. This can be viewed in the graphical form and these
data can also be converted to a spreadsheet with the help of
BCS.

Data Communication
The meter has an infra-red coupled isolated serial
interface. Physical arrangement is such that it
ensures positive alignment of opto devices and it
can be sealed independently to prevent any
unauthorised communication.
The meter communicates with the Meter Reading
Instrument (MRI). By this facility user can take
reading of metering data, load survey and tamper
events. Also, if authorised from BCS, MD can be
reset, tariff and billing dates in meter can be
changed. For detailed operations of MRI, please
refer the MRI manual.
The meter has additional communication port in the
top hat i.e. RS 485 port (RJ 11 connecter) which
communicates over Modbus. The purpose of MODBUS
communication protocol is to get meter information,
instantaneous parameters, and cumulative energies
over serial communication and it is also an open
communication protocol.

Entity

Premier Modbus

Meter ID and Baud Rate configuration:


By default, Meter ID and its baud rate on MODBUS
network are 1 and @4800 respectively. They can be
configured through PACT port only, available on the
meter front cover, in one of the following ways:
o
o
o

Using MRI terminal mode,


Using BCS software Smart 2000, terminal mode,
Using Windows Hyper terminal.

User may change meter ID from 1 to 247 Number. Say


wish to keep the meter ID no 2 or 22 or 222 then
user need to give iD=2<CR>, iD=22<CR>, iD=222<CR>
respectively. Meter will reply &FC for correct query
and echo back for not accepting.
Similarly, User may change MODBUS baud rate BR from
1200 or 2400 or 4800 or 9600 or 19200. Say wish to
keep the meter BR at 1200 or 2400 or 4800 or 9600 or
19200 then user need to give bR=2 or 7<CR>,
bR=3<CR>, bR=4<CR>, bR=5<CR>, bR=6<CR>,
respectively. Here bR=2 and 7 are same for 1200
baud. Meter will reply &FC for correct query and
echo back for not accepting.
To read the Meter ID, simply type ID (block letters)
and press enter to get the set value. Similarly, for
Baud rate, type BR (block letters) and press enter
to read the set value.
Interpretations of MODBUS registers in external units
PREMIER doesnt measure smaller quantities of voltage,
current and power, which it needs to interpret as the large
quantities in the circuit. Commissioning sets up PREMIER so
that it interprets the values it measures as the values in
the circuit. Following calculations are required to get data
in external unit.
Different values of MF High (Meter Factor) and their
resolutions are as follows
Meter Factor
MF (High)
2D
2E
2F
30
31
32
33
34
35

Energy
Multiplier
1 Wh
0.01 kWh
0.1 kWh
1 kWh
0.01 MWh
0.1 MWh
1 MWh
0.01 GWh
0.01 GWh

NOTE: All values send by PREMIER in MODBUS registers are in


hexadecimal. Exponents and Divisors are occupies one nibble
i.e. four bits. All the exponents are signed, 2s complement
values. All divisors are unsigned values.

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BGX 501-147 R02

Technical Features

Scaling information received from meter using MODBUS protocol


VX
VX
in
IX
IX
PX
PX
MF

(Low) Voltage scaling (Exponent)


(High) Voltage scaling (Exponent) in the MS nibble & DI
the LS nibble
(High) Current scaling (Exponent)
(Low) Current scaling (Divisor)
(High) Power scaling (Exponent)
(Low) Power scaling (Divisor)
(High) Energy multiplier (Exponent)

Example
If PREMIER is commissioned at 11KV/110V and 100Amp/5Amp then
the above factor send by PREMIER will be as follows:
VX (High) = 0F = -1; DI =2; IX (High) = 0F = -1;
IX (Low) = 05 = 5; PX (High) = 01 = 1; PX (Low) = 05 = 5;
MF (High) = 30 = 0, MF (Low) = 10
Derive
IFAC =
PFAC =
VFAC =

following factor from above information


IX (High) = -1
MF (High) + 1 = 0+ 1 = 1
PFAC IFAC = 1 (-1) = 2

Note: If DI = 10 then PFAC = PFAC-1


Meter information
Meter Serial Number
Meter Serial number SrN and SfN will be in ASCII HEX (8
bytes)
Example
VALUE RETURNED 50 52 49 30 39 31 35 31 WILL BE
INTERPRETED AS PRI39151
Meter Software Name
Meter software name will be in ASCII HEX (1+7 bytes)
Example
Value returned 01 41 33 30 41 47 30 31 will be interpreted as
1st byte will be reading type which is 01 and remaining 7 will
be A30AG01.
Meter Real Time
Real time will be in unit of seconds since 1 JAN 1988
00:00:00 Hr. this will be treated as zero.
Example
Value returned 19 38 CF C5 will be interpreted as 14:42:04 hr
of 29th May 2001
Firmware Name Interpretation:
Firmware name will be in ASCII HEX (1+7 bytes)
Example
Value returned 50 52 45 30 30 30 30 31 will be interpreted as
PRE0001.
Protocol Version and Revision:
Value returned 03 00 will be interpreted as Version 03 and
Revision 00.

Entity

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Instantaneous Parameters
VOLTAGE VALUE = RECEIVED VALUE*10^ (VFAC-3) VOLTS
Example:
If Value received from MODBUS registers are 0001B90C. It
will interpret as follows:
Voltage value = (01B90C) * 10^ (2 3) = 11290.8 Volts =
11.2908 kilo Volts.
Line Current
CURRENT VALUE = ((RECEIVED VALUE/IX LOW)*10^ (IFAC-3))
AMPS
Example: If Value received from MODBUS registers are
0002952E. It will interpret as follows:
CURRENT VALUE = ((02952E/5)*10^ (-1-3)) =
((169262/5)*10^ (-4)) = 3.38524 AMPS
Instantaneous Power value
Power value = ((Received value/PX low)*10^ (PFAC-1)) Watts,
Example:
If Value received from MODBUS registers are 00046E84. It
will interpreted as follows
Power value = ((046E84/5)*10^ (1-1) = ((290436/5)*1) =
58087.2 = 58.0872 kWatts.
Power factor
Power factor value verification = (Value)/1000
Example:
Value received from MODBUS register is FC8C which will be
-0.883.
If power factor is leading then received values will be 2s
complement as illustrated in above example.
Phase angles
Phase Angle Value = ((Value * 360) / 65535)
Example:
Value received from MODBUS register is D543h= 54595d. It
will be interpreted as:
Phase Angle Value = ((54595 * 360) / 65535) = 299.9 DEGREE.
Frequency
Supply Frequency = (Value / 1000)
Example:
Value received from MODBUS register is C49C which will be
50.332 Hz.
Baudrate
BR (baudrate)

2,3,4,5 and 6

2
3
4
5
6

for
for
for
for
for

1200 baudrate
2400 baudrate
4800 baudrate
9600 baudrate*
19200 baudrate*

* Only if meter supports the baud rate.

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BGX 501-147 R02

Technical Features

Energy values
Energy value = (Received value * Meter Factor)
Example:
Value received from MODBUS register is 0000 0058h = 88d and
MF (High) = 30, from MF (high) table multiplier of energy
will be 1 kWh. This will give energy value = 88 kWh.

Security
An essential requirement of any equipment handling financial
transactions is security. Several security methods are
incorporated to prevent unauthorised access to the meter.
When the meter is security locked, it allows readings to be
taken and load surveys to be gathered but no changes can be
made which could affect the metering functions. The security
system virtually eliminates any fraud or tamper attempts on
the meter.

Tamper & fraud detection & logging


The special software in consumer energy meter detects &
reports conditions of tampers and fraud like missing
potential, CT polarity reversal, current missing, power
on/off etc. along with date and time.
a) Missing Potential: The meter is capable of recording
occurrences of missing potential phase wise. Missing
potential is checked only when load is above threshold value.
Tamper is restored whenever the condition normalises. All
such recordings are accompanied by date and time of
occurrence.
b) Missing Current: The meter is capable of recording
occurrences of missing current phase wise. Missing current is
checked only when phase voltage is present and phase current
is less than defined threshold value. Tamper is restored
whenever the condition normalises.
c) Current Circuit Open: The meter has the capability to
record opening of one or two Current circuits connected to
the meter along with date and time. (It is applicable for 3
phase 4 wire meters only).
d) Current Circuit bypassing: The meter has the capability to
record bypassing of one or two Current circuits connected to
the meter along with date and time. (It is applicable for 3
phase 4 wire meters only).
e) Current Unbalance: If there is unbalance in load
conditions above a particular threshold limit, meter will
detect this condition as Current unbalance and log this as a
tamper event.
f) Power On/Off: Meter detects this condition when all the
voltages goes below a particular level where meter stop
functioning.

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g) Magnetic Influence: The Meter has the capability of


detecting and recording of presence of abnormal magnetic
influence near the meter, if the magnetic influence
affects the meter functionality.
h) Voltage unbalance: If there is unbalance in voltage
conditions above a particular threshold limit, meter will
detect this condition as Voltage unbalance and log this as a
tamper event.
i) Neutral Disturbance: Meter will detect neutral
disturbance if any spurious signal is applied at the
meters neutral.
All the events log has been divided into different
compartments. The tamper information shall be logged on
first-in-first-out basis. Each compartment shall in itself
be of rollover type.
Note: The meter works accurately irrespective of phase
sequence of the supply

Calibration LED
It shall be possible to configure the meteorological output
(LED) between main energy registers (i.e.
active/reactive/apparent). This shall be done with display
scroll down/up push button. On power up, the meteorological
output shall be for active energy. The push button press
changes the meteorological output to the current unit
register being displayed. The meteorological output shall
then remain for the last current energy register displayed by
the push button. The auto display does not affect the
meteorological output.

Scroll Locking
CEM has the facility to continuous display of desired
parameter, which is available in the Push Button Display
Sequence to facilitate meter reading for particular
parameter. Following procedure should be adopted to scroll
lock a parameter:
1. With the RH button, select the desired parameter from
push button mode, which is to be locked continuously
for display.
2. Now press the RH button again and without releasing it
hold it pressed for another five seconds on the
desired parameter to be logged, as the button is
pressed on desired parameter the display will go on to
the next display, as soon as the long push is over
display will jump back to previous parameter giving
indication that parameter has been locked.
3. Under lock mode no Auto display sequence will be
running, but the manual displays will be enabled.
Under lock mode even in the case of power
Interruption, display will come to the locked
parameter after power up..
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BGX 501-147 R02

Real Time Clock & Time Synchronization

4. For releasing the lock press the same button for long
push on any parameter till the LCD test (first
parameter defined in manual display sequence) comes on
display, this will indicate that lock has been
released and the normal displays will be running now.

Real Time Clock &


Time
Synchronization
LCD Description

The clock enables the meter to keep track of real time and
calendar as features like TOD energy, TOD MD, and event log
are done on real time basis. The unavoidable drift in RTC
time is automatically taken care of whenever the meter is
read by MRI provided the drift falls with in prescribed
limits.

This section is provides you detail understanding of display


scheme used on LCD of meter. The LCD can be divided in five
major sections, which are used for indicating different
information about the meter. Following figure shows various
sections and their significance. Detail of these is as
follows:

Shows value of parameter


and other details with
seven segment seven digit
7 x 7-Segment Display

Status Indicator for


Import, Export, Lag and
Lead respectively

Entity

Shows display legends &


parameter index and other
details with five
alphanumeric characters
5 x 13-Segment Display

Phase
Status
Indicator

Unit Indicator
Shows unit of displayed
parameter with
combinations of M, K,
V, V, A, r & h

Seven Segment Seven digit Display: This section


consists of seven characters of seven-segment display.
In general, it is used for value/information of
display parameters.

Annunciations: This section is made of five twelve


segment characters. This section displays the
parameter legends analogues to the parameter available
on the meter display and parameter index.

Direction Indicator: This section indicates direction


of flow of energy import or export as well as lagging
or leading status as per the associated parameter
available on the meter display.

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Premier Modbus

Display Parameters
Detail

Phase Status Indicator: 1, 2 and 3 represent R, Y and


B phase voltage fed to the respective meter terminal.
These indicators will show the healthiness of phase
voltages. There are three different states of each
indicator: ON, OFF and Blinking. Each of this states
of a digit is used to represent different condition of
corresponding phase which are as follows:
ON:

Voltage condition of the corresponding


phase is healthy or voltage above the
define limit.

OFF:

Voltage condition of the corresponding


phase is unhealthy or voltage below the
define limit.

Blinking:

Any abnormal electrical condition persists


in the meter. It may be the possibility
that voltage angle of the meter is not
valid, current is below defining limit or
current reversal is persists in the meter.
Under this condition, review the meter
connection and make the correct connection
in the meter. Connection check display is
available in the meter display to know
actual indicators status with details.
Indicators will resume to normal mode if
all condition are OK.

We are furnishing here the ANNEXURE with the details


pertaining to the display parameters supported in CEM in auto
display as well as push button mode. Please refer ANNEXURE at
last in manual for display details.
However it may not be possible to have all display in one CEM
as displays configured in CEM depend upon hardware supported
and software configured in CEM.
Note: For connections, please refer to relevant connection
diagrams in Appendix-A.

Installation

Mounting
The meter has two mounting holes each 5.5 mm diameter in the
terminal block and one key slot on the back side of cover.
These holes are to be drilled in the panel as shown in the
figure. Make a M4 size tapping on the top hole and fix one
screw of M4 size keeping it out about 5 mm. The meter is
first supported on the screw by the key hole then it is
mounted using two screws and nuts each of M4 size on the
panel. Then tighten the nuts from the backside of panel.
Necessary mounting kit is provided with the meter.

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BGX 501-147 R02

Installation

Dimensions and Mounting details (All dimensions are in mm.)

Connections
Making connections to CEM is very simple and similar to
electromechanical meters. On removal of terminal block cover,
you get easy access to terminals. Wires shall be crimped on
to lugs & inserted into terminal block from bottom entry.
Ensure that all wires are firmly secured by two terminal
screws on terminals.
The connections shall be made as per the connection diagrams
shown in Appendix-A depending on meter type. A suitable
connection diagram label is also fixed on inside of terminal
block cover.
A changed phase sequence would not affect the functioning of
meter. After powering up the meter display can be checked in
the sequence as described earlier. The meter display goes off
during a power cut but the energy readings are stored in the
registers of the Non Volatile Memory. The readings can be
retrieved after power is restored.

WARNING: Proper voltages and currents to the meter as per


the rating plate details of meter are to be given for normal
operation.

Entity

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APPENDIX-A
Connection Diagrams
A) E3V TYPE METER:

Figure 1: Connection diagram of CT/PT Operated HT (3P3W) Meter (E3V)


B) E3M TYPE METER.

Figure 2: Connection Diagram of CT/PT operated HT (3P4W) Meter (E3M)

Figure 3: Connection diagram showing HT 3P 4W system used as 3P 3W system

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BGX 501-147 R02

Safety Precautions

C) E3T TYPE METER:

Figure 4: Connection diagram of the Meter With fourth CT in Neutral


Fourth CT connection should be made as shown in figure 2.
Note if 4th CT connection is not connected false CT
open/Bypass tamper will be detected by the meter.

Figure 5: Connection diagram of the Meter without neutral CT

Safety Precautions

The meter should be installed by trained personnel. Special


care should be taken while making CT connection, it is
recommended that CT connection's should be made when load is
off, however if it is connected on load then CT secondary
should be shorted on TTB terminal and in no case it should be
kept open circuited. In addition safety precautions
recommended for installation of electrical equipment should
be strictly adhered to.

Calibration of Meter

All meters are calibrated at the factory with the help of


reference source which have trace ability to National
Physical Laboratories (NPL), New Delhi. The standards and
equipment available at SML come from reputed manufacturers
who themselves maintain tractability to International
standardisation agencies.
The certified accuracy of our meters dispatched from factory
are sustained without any drift from the accuracy class over
a long period and do not require rectification

Entity

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Premier Modbus

Definitions

Active energy: Real energy


converted in to usable form.

consumed

by

load,

which

is

Reactive energy: Fictitious energy, which is not really


consumed but is a part of the energy that keeps flowing back
and forth between storage elements.
Apparent energy: For a given voltage and current amplitudes,
maximum power is drawn at Cos = 1, known as apparent power
and correspondingly apparent energy.
Import: To take energy from the system.
Export: To supply energy to the system
Forwarded energy: Energy will increment in forward direction
irrespective of any CT reversal. It is the absolute sum of
all the three-phase energy.
Net Energy: It is the algebraic sum of all the
individual phase energy. E.g. if
R-phase
Y-phase B-phase Net Energy
Forwarded
Energy
energy
energy
energy
1
1
1
3
3
-1
1
1
1
3
-1
-1
1
-1
3
-1
-1
-1
-3
3

three

Integration period: Instantaneous demand is averaged over


certain time period to get a better idea of the true load
conditions. This time period is known as integration period.
Maximum demand: Maximum of average demands drawn during a
given period.
Billing period: The time frame between two successive maximum
demand resets.
Time Of Day metering: to divide a certain period of time into
time slots with tariff rates arranged in such a way so as to
encourage the consumer of higher demand to reduce consumption
during high demand hours and shift it to lower demand ones.
Optical head: Interface between a standard RS 232C PC port
and meters optical interface.
MRI (Meter Reading Instrument): A device used for
communication with the meter.

Company Note

While every effort has been made in the development of


CEM and its associated documentation, there is every
chance that errors may have crept in.
Secure Meters undertakes to repair and correct any
errors and requests the users to provide Feed back.

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BGX 501-147 R02

Annexure: Display Parameter Details

Annexure: Display Parameters Details


Push Button Mode Displays
1. LAMP TEST
In this display, all the segments of the LCD are lighted up to confirm the proper working
of the display LCD. The user must ensure that all the segments are lighted up in this
display before watching any other display.

2. DATE
This display shows the Current Date in the meter (based on the real time maintained by
meter clock called RTC) in DD:MM:YY format. The example below shows how 01st Jan 2002
will be displayed.

3. REAL TIME
This display shows the Current Time in the meter (based on the real time maintained by
meter clock called RTC) in HH:MM:SS format. The example below shows how 12:08:06 hrs will
be displayed.

4. PHASE TO NEUTRAL VOLTAGES


This display shows the instantaneous value of phase to neutral voltage for individual
phases. (Denoted by 'P-N x' where x takes the value 1/2/3 for R-phase, Y-phase and Bphase respectively).The example below shows Phase 1-to- Neutral voltage.

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Premier Modbus

5. PHASE TO PHASE VOLTAGE


This display shows the instantaneous value of phase to phase voltages. (Denoted by 'P-P
x' where x takes the value 12/23/31 for R-Y, Y-B and B-R phase to phase combinations
respectively).The example below shows the R phase-to-Y phase voltage.

6. INSTANTANEOUS LINE CURRENTS


This display shows the instantaneous value of line current in individual phase. (Denoted
by 'LINE x' where x takes the value 1/2/3 for R-phase, Y-phase and B-phase
respectively.)The example below shows the instantaneous line current of Phase 1 i.e. RPhase.

7. VOLTAGE TO VOLTAGE ANGLES (R-R)


This display shows the angle (in degrees) between the R-phase voltage and the R-phase
voltage (identified by 'V-V 11' in the identifier).

8. SUPPLY FREQUENCY
This display shows the instantaneous supply frequency in resolution of 1/1000 Hz.

9. INSTANTANEOUS AVERAGE POWER FACTOR


The display shows the instantaneous value of average power factor with the direction of
active energy.

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Annexure: Display Parameter Details

10. INSTANTANEOUS PER PHASE POWER FACTOR


This display shows the Instantaneous power factor for individual phases (Denoted by PF x
where x takes values 1/2/3 for R Phase, Y Phase and B Phase respectively). The direction
of active energy is also shown. The example below shows the instantaneous power factor of
Phase 1 i.e. R-Phase.

11. INSTANTANEOUS ACTIVE LOAD


This display shows the instantaneous active power being measured by the meter.

12. INSTANTANEOUS REACTIVE LOAD


This display shows the instantaneous reactive power being measured by the meter.

13. INSTANTANEOUS APPARENT LOAD


This display shows the instantaneous apparent power being measured by the meter.

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Premier Modbus

14. PHASE SEQUENCE


This display shows the phase sequence of the voltages being fed to the meter. There are
three cases: Forward phase sequence i.e. RYB is identified by 'FOR' in the identifier.
Reverse phase sequence i.e. RBY is identified by 'REV' in the identifier. Invalid phase
sequence i.e. when angles between different voltage are not valid, is identified by 'INV'
in the identifier.

15. CONNECTION CHECK


This display shows if any of the following abnormal electrical conditions has occurred.
The priority is as per the sequence given below:
1. Voltage Miss: Identifier is PT Lo and the phase(s) whose voltage is missing is shown
in the data.
2. Invalid Voltage: Identifier is INV and the phase(s) whose angles are invalid are shown
in the data.
3. CT Miss: Identifier is CT Lo and the phase(s) whose current is missing is shown in the
data.
4. CT Reversal: Identifier is CTREV and the phase(s) whose current terminals are reversed
is/are shown in the data.
5. When none of the above conditions are existing, Circuit OK is displayed.

16. PRIMARY VOLTAGE


This display shows the value of Primary Voltage for which the meter has been
commissioned. The example below shows that the meter has been commissioned for primary
voltage of 230 Volts.

17. PRIMARY CURRENT


This display shows the value of Primary Current (in amperes) for which the meter has been
commissioned. The example below shows that the meter has been commissioned for primary
current of 5 Amperes.

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Annexure: Display Parameter Details

18. APPARENT RISING DEMAND


This display shows the Rising demand along with elapsed time in the current Demand
Integration Period (Time shown in mins. since start of the Integration Period in the
identifier) for apparent energy parameter.

19. CUMULATIVE POWER ON HOURS


This display shows the duration (in hours) between the present time and the time of meter
manufacturing for which the meter remained powered on.

20. CUMULATIVE POWER OFF HOURS


This display shows the duration (in hours) between the current time and the time of meter
manufacturing for which the meter remained powered off

21. CURRENT ACTIVE IMPORT ENERGY


This display shows the current value of Active Import Energy register.

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Premier Modbus

22. CURRENT ACTIVE EXPORT ENERGY


This display shows the current value of Active Export Energy register.

23. CURRENT REACTIVE LAG ENERGY


This display shows the current value of Reactive Lag Energy register.

24. CURRENT REACTIVE LEAD ENERGY


This display shows the current value of Reactive Lead Energy register.

25. CURRENT APPARENT ENERGY


This display shows the current value of Apparent Energy register.

26. HISTORICAL ACTIVE IMPORT ENERGY


This display shows the value of Active Import Energy register at individual billing
instants. The billing instants are identified by the digit after H i.e. H1 for history
no. 1, H2 for history no. 2 and so on.

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Annexure: Display Parameter Details

27. HISTORICAL ACTIVE EXPORT ENERGY


This display shows the value of Active Export Energy register at individual billing
instants. The billing instants are identified by the digit after H i.e. H1for history no.
1, H2 for history no. 2 and so on.

28. HISTORICAL REACTIVE LAG ENERGY


This display shows the value of Reactive Lag Energy register at individual billing
instants. The billing instants are identified by the digit after H i.e. H1 for history
no. 1, H2 for history no. 2 and so on.

29. HISTORICAL REACTIVE LEAD ENERGY


This display shows the value of Reactive Lead Energy register at individual billing
instants. The billing instants are identified by the digit after H i.e. H1 for history
no. 1, H2 for history no. 2 and so on.

30. HISTORICAL APPARENT ENERGY


This display shows the value of Apparent Energy register at individual billing instants.
The billing instants are identified by the digit after H i.e. H1 for history no. 1, H2
for history no. 2 and so on.

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Premier Modbus

31. CURRENT APPARENT UNIVERSAL MAXIMUM DEMAND


This display shows the value of current Universal (0-24 hrs.) Maximum Demand for Apparent
parameter.

32. CURRENT TOD APPARENT MAXIMUM DEMAND


This display shows the value of current Maximum Demand(MD) in individual TOD MD registers
for Apparent parameter.

33. CURRENT TOD ACTIVE IMPORT ENERGY


This display shows the current value of individual TOD Active Import Energy register. The
TOD no. is identified by the digit before C in the identifier i.e. 1C for 1st TOD, 2C for
2nd TOD and so on.

34. CURRENT TOD APPARENT ENERGY


This display shows the current value of individual TOD Apparent Energy register. The TOD
no. is identified by the digit before C in the identifier i.e. 1C for 1st TOD, 2C for 2nd
TOD and so on.

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35. CUMULATIVE APPARENT MAXIMUM DEMAND


This display shows Cumulative Maximum Demand (identifier Un CMD) for Apparent energy
parameter.

36. POTENTIAL CIRCUIT RELATED PRESENT TAMPER STATUS


This display shows the potential circuit related tamper(s) existing at the present
instant. The character allocation is as follows (from left to right): 'lU b y r' denoting
invalid voltage, voltage unbalance, B-phase PT miss, Y phase PT miss and R-phase PT miss
respectively. A blank at particular position shows that the corresponding tamper is not
supported while a '-' means particular tamper is not existing at present.

37. CURRENT CIRCUIT RELATED PRESENT TAMPER STATUS


This display shows the current circuit related tamper(s) existing at the present instant.
The character allocation is as follows: (from left to right) 'o l b O b y r '
representing over current, current imbalance, current bypass, current circuit open, BPhase CT reversal, Y-phase CT reversal and R-phase CT reversal tampers respectively.
A blank at corresponding position shows that the particular tamper is not supported while
a '-' means particular tamper is not existing at present.

38. PRESENT STATUS OF OTHER TAMPERS


This display shows the present status of tampers included in Other Tamper class. The
character allocation is as follows :( from left to right) 'b y r M n' denoting B-phase
current circuit missing, Y-phase current circuit missing, R-phase current circuit
missing, Magnetic Interference tamper. Neutral Disturbance tamper respectively. A blank
at particular position shows that the corresponding tamper is not supported while a '-'
means particular tamper is not existing at present.

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Premier Modbus

39. FIRST TAMPER OCCURRENCE IDENTIFICATION


This display shows the identity of the first ever tamper occurrence event recorded by the
meter. The nature of the tamper is denoted by PT or CT or OT representing potential
circuit related, current circuit related or other type in that order. The identity of
tamper for each of the above nature is same as that mentioned in present tamper status
displays. In the example below, it is shown that the first tamper recorded by the meter
was missing R phase in current circuit (included in OT group).

40. FIRST TAMPER OCCURRENCE DATE


This display shows the date of occurrence of the very first tamper event recorded by the
meter.

41. FIRST TAMPER OCCURRENCE TIME


This display shows the time of occurrence of very first tamper event recorded in the
meter.

42. LAST TAMPER RESTORATION IDENTIFICATION


This display shows the identity of the latest tamper restoration event recorded by the
meter. The nature of the tamper is denoted by PT or CT or OT representing potential
circuit related, current circuit related or other type in that order. The identity of
tamper for each of the above nature is same as that mentioned in present tamper status
displays. In the example below, it is shown that the last tamper recorded by the meter
was Y-phase reversal in current circuit (included in CT Type)

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Annexure: Display Parameter Details

43. LAST TAMPER RESTORATION DATE


This display shows the date of the latest tamper restoration event recorded by the meter.

44. LAST TAMPER RESTORATION TIME


This display shows the time of the latest tamper restoration event recorded by the meter.

45. CUMULATIVE TAMPER OCCURRENCE COUNT


This display shows the total number of tamper occurrence events (of all kinds) recorded
by the meter till any instant. The following display shows that 25 tamper events have
been recorded so far. 'CNTtr' denotes tamper counts.

46. R PHASE MISSING POTENTIAL TAMPER COUNTS


This display shows the count of R- Phase Potential circuit missing tamper occurrences
which have been recorded by the meter.

47. CURRENT ACTIVE IMPORT ENERGY CONSUMPTION


This display shows the consumption of Active Import Energy since the last billing
operation.

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Premier Modbus

48. CURRENT ACTIVE EXPORT ENERGY CONSUMPTION


This display shows the consumption of Active Export Energy since the last billing
operation.

49. CURRENT REACTIVE LAG ENERGY CONSUMPTION


This display shows the consumption of Reactive Lag Energy since the last billing
operation.

50. CURRENT REACTIVE LEAD ENERGY CONSUMPTION


This display shows the consumption of Reactive Lead Energy since the last billing
operation.

51. CURRENT APPARENT ENERGY CONSUMPTION


This display shows the consumption of Apparent Energy since the last billing operation.

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Secure Meters Limited


P.B. No. 30, E Class Industrial Area
Pratap Nagar, UDAIPUR - 313003, INDIA
Phone: ++91-294-2492300 to 2492304
Fax: ++91-294-2492310
Email: mktg@securemeters.com

Premier Modbus Manual: Copyright @ Secure Meters Ltd. 2004-2006


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