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ArsenalF.C.
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

ArsenalFootballClubisaprofessionalfootballclub
basedinHolloway,London.Theclubplayinthe
PremierLeague,thetopflightofEnglishfootball.One
ofthemostdecoratedclubsinEnglishfootball,they
havewon41domesticandtwoEuropeantrophies,
including13FirstDivisionandPremierLeaguetitles
andarecord12FACups.
Arsenalwerefoundedin1886inWoolwichandin
1893becamethefirstclubfromthesouthofEngland
tojoinTheFootballLeague.In1913,theymoved
northacrossthecitytoArsenalStadiuminHighbury.
HerbertChapmanchangedtheirtraditionalredand
whitekitin1933toincludewhitesleeves.In2006,
theymovedtotheEmiratesStadiuminnearby
Holloway.ArsenalcontesttheNorthLondonderby
withrivalsTottenhamHotspur.
Theyhaveneverleftthetopflightsince1919the
ongoinglongestruninEnglishFootball.[2]Thishas
helpedthemaccumulatethesecondmosttopflight
winsandpoints,[3]andfinishthe20thcenturywiththe
highestaverageleagueposition.[4]Inthe1930s,they
wonfiveLeagueChampionshipsandtwoFACups,
andanotherFACupandtwoChampionshipsafterthe
war.In197071,theywontheirfirstLeagueandFA
CupDouble.GeorgeGrahamandArsneWengerthen
oversawfiveLeaguetitles,sevenFACups,twomore
Doubles,andaChampionsLeagueFinal.Under
Wenger,Arsenalalsosetthecurrenttopflightrecords
forlongestwinstreakandlongestunbeatenstreak,[5]
andcompleteda38matchseasonunbeaten,surpassing
PrestonNorthEndfrom115yearsbefore.

Arsenal

Fullname

ArsenalFootballClub

Nickname(s) TheGunners
Founded

1886asDialSquare

Ground

EmiratesStadium

Capacity

60,260[1]

Owner

ArsenalHoldingsplc

Chairman

SirChipsKeswick

Manager

ArsneWenger

League

PremierLeague

201415

PremierLeague,3rd

Website

Clubhomepage
(http://www.arsenal.com/)

Arsenalareoneoftheworld'smostsupportedclubs:
Deloittemeasurestheir2014/15socialmedia
followingasthefifthhighestintheworld.[6]Forbes
estimatestheywereworth$1.3billionin2015.[7]They
Homecolours
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Awaycolours

Thirdcolours
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earned435.5min2014/15,withtheEmirates
Stadiumprovidingthehighestrevenueinworldfootball.[6]

Contents
1 History
2 Crest
3 Colours
3.1 Kitmanufacturersandshirtsponsors
4 Stadiums
5 Supporters
6 Ownershipandfinances
7 Inpopularculture
8 Inthecommunity
9 Statisticsandrecords
10 Players
10.1 Firstteamsquad
10.2 Outonloan
10.3 UEFAReservesquad
10.4 Formerplayers
11 Currenttechnicalstaff
12 Managers
13 Honours
13.1 Domestic
13.2 European
13.3 Others
13.4 Doubles

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13.4 Doubles
14 ArsenalLadies
15 Footnotes
16 Furtherreading
17 Externallinks
17.1 Officialwebsites
17.2 Newssites
17.3 Other

History
ArsenalFootballClubwereformedasDialSquarein1886by
workersattheRoyalArsenalinWoolwich,southeastLondon,and
wererenamedRoyalArsenalshortlyafterwards.[8]Theclubwere
renamedagaintoWoolwichArsenalafterbecomingalimited
companyin1893.[9]Theclubbecamethefirstsouthernmemberof
theFootballLeaguein1893,startingoutintheSecondDivision,
andwonpromotiontotheFirstDivisionin1904.Theclub'srelative
geographicisolationresultedinlowerattendancesthanthoseof
otherclubs,whichledtotheclubbecomingmiredinfinancial
WoolwichArsenal(indarkshirts)
problemsandeffectivelybankruptby1910,whentheyweretaken
playingNewcastleUnited(instriped
shirts)inanFACupsemifinalthe
overbybusinessmenHenryNorrisandWilliamHall.[10]Norris
club'sfirsteverattheVictoria
soughttomovetheclubelsewhere,andin1913,soonafter
Ground,Stoke.
relegationbacktotheSecondDivision,Arsenalmovedtothenew
ArsenalStadiuminHighbury,northLondontheydropped
"Woolwich"fromtheirnamethefollowingyear.[11]Arsenalonlyfinishedinfifthplaceinthesecond
divisionduringthelastprewarcompetitiveseasonof191415,butwereneverthelesselectedtorejointhe
FirstDivisionwhencompetitivefootballresumedin191920,attheexpenseoflocalrivalsTottenham
Hotspur.Somebookshavereportedthatthiselectiontodivision1wasachievedbydubiousmeans.[12]
ArsenalappointedHerbertChapmanasmanagerin1925.Havingalreadywontheleaguetwicewith
HuddersfieldTownin192324and192425(seeSeasonsinEnglishfootball),ChapmanbroughtArsenal
theirfirstperiodofmajorsuccess.Hisrevolutionarytacticsandtraining,alongwiththesigningsofstar
playerssuchasAlexJamesandCliffBastin,laidthefoundationsoftheclub'sdominationofEnglish
footballinthe1930s.[13]UnderhisguidanceArsenalwontheirfirstmajortrophiesvictoryinthe1930FA
CupFinalprecededtwoLeagueChampionships,in193031and193233.Inaddition,Chapmanwas
behindthe1932renamingofthelocalLondonUndergroundstationfrom"GillespieRoad"to"Arsenal",
makingittheonlyTubestationtobenamedspecificallyafterafootballclub.[14]
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Chapmandiedsuddenlyofpneumoniainearly1934,leavingJoe
ShawandGeorgeAllisontocarryonhissuccessfulwork.Under
theirguidance,Arsenalwonthreemoretitles,in193334,193435
and193738,andthe1936FACupwhilealsobecomingknownas
the"BankofEnglandclub."Askeyplayersretired,Arsenalhad
startedtofadebythedecade'send,andthentheinterventionofthe
SecondWorldWarmeantcompetitiveprofessionalfootballin
Englandwassuspended.[15][16][17]

Chartshowingtheprogressof
Arsenal'sleaguefinishessincethe
189394season

Afterthewar,Arsenalenjoyedasecondperiodofsuccessunder
Allison'ssuccessorTomWhittaker,winningtheleaguein194748and195253,andtheFACupin1950.
Theirfortuneswanedthereafterunabletoattractplayersofthesamecalibreastheyhadinthe1930s,the
clubspentmostofthe1950sand1960sintrophylessmediocrity.EvenformerEnglandcaptainBilly
Wrightcouldnotbringtheclubanysuccessasmanager,inastintbetween1962and1966.[17][18][19]
ArsenalbeganwinningsilverwareagainwiththesurpriseappointmentofclubphysiotherapistBertieMee
asmanagerin1966.AfterlosingtwoLeagueCupfinals,theywontheirfirstEuropeantrophy,the196970
InterCitiesFairsCup.Thiswasfollowedbyanevengreatertriumph:theirfirstLeagueandFACupdouble
in197071.[20]ThismarkedaprematurehighpointofthedecadetheDoublewinningsidewassoon
brokenupandthefollowingdecadewascharacterisedbyaseriesofnearmisses,startingwithArsenal
finishingasFACuprunnersupin1972,andFirstDivisionrunnersupin197273.
TerryNeillwasrecruitedbytheArsenalboardtoreplaceBertieMeeon9July1976andattheageof34he
becametheyoungestArsenalmanagertodate.WithnewsigningslikeMalcolmMacdonaldandPat
Jennings,andacropoftalentinthesidesuchasLiamBradyandFrankStapleton,theclubenjoyedtheir
bestformsincethe1971double,reachingatrioofFACupfinals(1978,1979and1980),andlosingthe
1980EuropeanCupWinners'CupFinalonpenalties.Theclub'sonlysuccessduringthistimewasalast
minute32victoryoverManchesterUnitedinthe1979FACupFinal,widelyregardedasaclassic.[17][21]
ThereturnofformerplayerGeorgeGrahamasmanagerin1986broughtathirdperiodofglory.Arsenal
wontheLeagueCupin1987,Graham'sfirstseasonincharge.ThiswasfollowedbyaLeaguetitlewinin
198889,wonwithalastminutegoalinthefinalgameoftheseasonagainstfellowtitlechallengers
Liverpool.Graham'sArsenalwonanothertitlein199091,losingonlyonematch,wontheFACupand
LeagueCupdoublein1993,andasecondEuropeantrophy,theEuropeanCupWinners'Cup,in
1994.[17][22]Graham'sreputationwastarnishedwhenhewasfoundtohavetakenkickbacksfromagent
RuneHaugeforsigningcertainplayers,[23]andhewasdismissedin1995.Hisreplacement,BruceRioch,
lastedforonlyoneseason,leavingtheclubafteradisputewiththeboardofdirectors.[24]
Theclub'ssuccessinthelate1990sandfirstdecadeofthe21stcenturyowedagreatdealtothe1996
appointmentofArsneWengerasmanager.Wengerbroughtnewtactics,anewtrainingregimeandseveral
foreignplayerswhocomplementedtheexistingEnglishtalent.ArsenalwonasecondLeagueandCup
doublein199798andathirdin200102.Inaddition,theclubreachedthefinalofthe19992000UEFA
Cup(losingonpenaltiestoGalatasaray),werevictoriousinthe2003and2005FACups,andwonthe
PremierLeaguein200304withoutlosingasinglematch,anachievementwhichearnedthesidethe
nickname"TheInvincibles".[25]Thefeatcamewithinarunof49leaguematchesunbeatenfrom7May
2003to24October2004,anationalrecord.[26]
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Arsenalfinishedineitherfirstorsecondplaceintheleagueineight
ofWenger'sfirstelevenseasonsattheclub,althoughonnooccasion
weretheyabletoretainthetitle.[17]AsofJuly2013,theywereone
ofonlyfiveteams,theothersbeingManchesterUnited,Blackburn
Rovers,Chelsea,andManchesterCity,tohavewonthePremier
Leaguesinceitsformationin1992.[27]Arsenalhadneverprogressed
beyondthequarterfinalsoftheChampionsLeagueuntil200506
inthatseasontheybecamethefirstclubfromLondoninthe
competition'sfiftyyearhistorytoreachthefinal,inwhichtheywere
beaten21byBarcelona.[28]InJuly2006,theymovedintothe
EmiratesStadium,after93yearsatHighbury.[29]

Arsenal'splayersandfanscelebrate
their2004Leaguetitlewinwithan
opentopbusparade.

Arsenalreachedthefinalofthe2007and2011LeagueCups,losing
21toChelseaandBirminghamCityrespectively.Theclubhadnotgainedamajortrophysincethe2005
FACupuntil17May2014,whenArsenalbeatHullCityinthe2014FACupFinal,comingbackfroma2
0deficittowinthematch32.[30]Thisqualifiedthemforthe2014FACommunityShieldwherethey
wouldplayPremierLeaguechampionsManchesterCity.Theyrecordedaresounding30wininthegame,
winningtheirsecondtrophyinthreemonths.[31]NinemonthsaftertheirCommunityShieldtriumph,
ArsenalappearedintheFACupfinalforthesecondyearinarow,thrashingAstonVilla40inthefinal
andbecomingthemostsuccessfulclubinthetournament'shistorywith12titles.[32]On2August2015
ArsenalbeatChelsea10atWembleyStadiumtoretaintheCommunityShieldandearntheir14th
CommunityShieldtitle.[33]

Crest
Unveiledin1888,RoyalArsenal'sfirstcrestfeaturedthreecannon
viewedfromabove,pointingnorthwards,similartothecoatofarms
oftheMetropolitanBoroughofWoolwich(nowadaystransferredto
thecoatofarmsoftheRoyalBoroughofGreenwich).Thesecan
sometimesbemistakenforchimneys,butthepresenceofacarved
lion'sheadandacascabeloneachareclearindicatorsthattheyare
cannon.[34]ThiswasdroppedafterthemovetoHighburyin1913,
onlytobereinstatedin1922,whentheclubadoptedacrest
Arsenal'sfirstcrestfrom1888
featuringasinglecannon,pointingeastwards,withtheclub's
nickname,TheGunners,inscribedalongsideitthiscrestonlylasted
until1925,whenthecannonwasreversedtopointwestwardanditsbarrelslimmeddown.[34]
In1949,theclubunveiledamodernisedcrestfeaturingthesamestyleofcannonbelowtheclub'sname,set
inblackletter,andabovethecoatofarmsoftheMetropolitanBoroughofIslingtonandascrollinscribed
withtheclub'snewlyadoptedLatinmotto,VictoriaConcordiaCrescit"victorycomesfromharmony",
coinedbytheclub'sprogrammeeditorHarryHomer.[34]Forthefirsttime,thecrestwasrenderedincolour,
whichvariedslightlyoverthecrest'slifespan,finallybecomingred,goldandgreen.Becauseofthe
numerousrevisionsofthecrest,Arsenalwereunabletocopyrightit.Althoughtheclubhadmanagedto
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registerthecrestasatrademark,andhadfought(andeventuallywon)alonglegalbattlewithalocalstreet
traderwhosold"unofficial"Arsenalmerchandise,[35]Arsenaleventuallysoughtamorecomprehensive
legalprotection.Therefore,in2002theyintroducedanewcrestfeaturingmoremoderncurvedlinesanda
simplifiedstyle,whichwascopyrightable.[36]Thecannononceagainfaceseastandtheclub'snameis
writteninasansseriftypefaceabovethecannon.Greenwasreplacedbydarkblue.Thenewcrestwas
criticisedbysomesupporterstheArsenalIndependentSupporters'Associationclaimedthattheclubhad
ignoredmuchofArsenal'shistoryandtraditionwithsucharadicalmoderndesign,andthatfanshadnot
beenproperlyconsultedontheissue.[37]
Untilthe1960s,abadgewaswornontheplayingshirtonlyforhighprofilematchessuchasFACupfinals,
usuallyintheformofamonogramoftheclub'sinitialsinredonawhitebackground.[38]
ThemonogramthemewasdevelopedintoanArtDecostylebadgeonwhichthelettersAandCframeda
footballratherthantheletterF,thewholesetwithinahexagonalborder.Thisearlyexampleofacorporate
logo,introducedaspartofHerbertChapman'srebrandingoftheclubinthe1930s,wasusednotonlyon
CupFinalshirtsbutasadesignfeaturethroughoutHighburyStadium,includingabovethemainentrance
andinlaidinthefloors.[39]From1967,awhitecannonwasregularlywornontheshirts,untilreplacedby
theclubcrest,sometimeswiththeadditionofthenickname"TheGunners",inthe1990s.[38]
Inthe201112season,Arsenalcelebratedtheir125thyearanniversary.Thecelebrationsincludeda
modifiedversionofthecurrentcrestwornontheirjerseysfortheseason.Thecrestwasallwhite,
surroundedby15oakleavestotherightand15laurelleavestotheleft.Theoakleavesrepresentthe15
foundingmembersoftheclubwhometattheRoyalOakpub.The15laurelleavesrepresentthedesign
detailonthesixpencepiecespaidbythefoundingfatherstoestablishtheclub.Thelaurelleavesalso
representstrength.Tocompletethecrest,1886and2011areshownoneithersidesofthemotto"Forward"
atthebottomofthecrest.[40]

Colours
FormuchofArsenal'shistory,theirhomecolourshavebeenbrightredshirtswith
whitesleevesandwhiteshorts,thoughthishasnotalwaysbeenthecase.Thechoice
ofredisinrecognitionofacharitabledonationfromNottinghamForest,soonafter
Arsenal'sfoundationin1886.TwoofDialSquare'sfoundingmembers,Fred
BeardsleyandMorrisBates,wereformerForestplayerswhohadmovedto
Woolwichforwork.Astheyputtogetherthefirstteaminthearea,nokitcouldbe
found,soBeardsleyandBateswrotehomeforhelpandreceivedasetofkitanda
ball.[8]Theshirtwasredcurrant,adarkshadeofred,andwaswornwithwhite
shortsandsockswithblueandwhitehoops.[41][42]

Arsenal'soriginal
homecolours.The
teamworeasimilar
kit(butwith
redcurrantsocks)
duringthe200506
season.

In1933,HerbertChapman,wantinghisplayerstobemoredistinctlydressed,
updatedthekit,addingwhitesleevesandchangingtheshadetoabrighterpillarbox
red.Twopossibilitieshavebeensuggestedfortheoriginofthewhitesleeves.One
storyreportsthatChapmannoticedasupporterinthestandswearingared
sleevelesssweateroverawhiteshirtanotherwasthathewasinspiredbyasimilar
outfitwornbythecartoonistTomWebster,withwhomChapmanplayedgolf.[43]
Regardlessofwhichstoryistrue,theredandwhiteshirtshavecometodefineArsenalandtheteamhave
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wornthecombinationeversince,asidefromtwoseasons.Thefirstwas196667,whenArsenalworeall
redshirts[42]thisprovedunpopularandthewhitesleevesreturnedthefollowingseason.Thesecondwas
200506,thelastseasonthatArsenalplayedatHighbury,whentheteamworecommemorativeredcurrant
shirtssimilartothosewornin1913,theirfirstseasoninthestadiumtheclubrevertedtotheirnormal
coloursatthestartofthenextseason.[43]Inthe200809season,Arsenalreplacedthetraditionalallwhite
sleeveswithredsleeveswithabroadwhitestripe.[42]
Arsenal'shomecolourshavebeentheinspirationforatleastthreeotherclubs.In1909,SpartaPrague
adoptedadarkredkitliketheoneArsenalworeatthetime[43]in1938,Hibernianadoptedthedesignof
theArsenalshirtsleevesintheirowngreenandwhitestrip.[44]In1920,SportingClubedeBraga'smanager
returnedfromagameatHighburyandchangedhisteam'sgreenkittoaduplicateofArsenal'sredwith
whitesleevesandshorts,givingrisetotheteam'snicknameofOsArsenalistas.[45]Theseteamsstillwear
thosedesignstothisday.
FormanyyearsArsenal'sawaycolourswerewhiteshirtsandeitherblackorwhiteshorts.Inthe196970
season,Arsenalintroducedanawaykitofyellowshirtswithblueshorts.Thiskitwasworninthe1971FA
CupFinalasArsenalbeatLiverpooltosecurethedoubleforthefirsttimeintheirhistory.[46]Arsenal
reachedtheFACupfinalagainthefollowingyearwearingtheredandwhitehomestripandwerebeatenby
LeedsUnited.ArsenalthencompetedinthreeconsecutiveFACupfinalsbetween1978and1980wearing
their"lucky"yellowandbluestrip,[46]whichremainedtheclub'sawaystripuntilthereleaseofagreenand
navyawaykitin198283.Thefollowingseason,Arsenalreturnedtotheyellowandbluescheme,albeit
withadarkershadeofbluethanbefore.
WhenNiketookoverfromAdidasasArsenal'skitproviderin1994,Arsenal'sawaycolourswereagain
changedtotwotoneblueshirtsandshorts.Sincetheadventofthelucrativereplicakitmarket,theaway
kitshavebeenchangedregularly,withArsenalusuallyreleasingbothawayandthirdchoicekits.During
thisperiodthedesignshavebeeneitherallbluedesigns,orvariationsonthetraditionalyellowandblue,
suchasthemetallicgoldandnavystripusedinthe200102season,theyellowanddarkgreyusedfrom
2005to2007,andtheyellowandmaroonof2010to2013.[47]Asof2009,theawaykitischangedevery
season,andtheoutgoingawaykitbecomesthethirdchoicekitifanewhomekitisbeingintroducedinthe
sameyear.[48]

Kitmanufacturersandshirtsponsors
Arsenal'sshirtshavebeenmadebymanufacturersincludingBukta(fromthe1930suntiltheearly1970s),
Umbro(fromthe1970suntil1986),Adidas(19861994),Nike(19942014),andPuma(from2014).[49]
Likethoseofmostothermajorfootballclubs,Arsenal'sshirtshavefeaturedsponsors'logossincethe
1980ssponsorsincludeJVC(19821999),Sega(19992002),O2(20022006),andEmirates(from
2006).[42][43]

Stadiums
FormostoftheirtimeinsoutheastLondon,ArsenalplayedattheManorGroundinPlumstead,apartfrom
athreeyearperiodatthenearbyInvictaGroundbetween1890and1893.TheManorGroundwasinitially
justafield,untiltheclubinstalledstandsandterracingfortheirfirstFootballLeaguematchinSeptember
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1893.Theyplayedtheirhomegamesthereforthenexttwentyyears
(withtwoexceptionsinthe189495season),untilthemoveto
NorthLondonin1913.[50][51]

TheNorthBankStand,Arsenal
Stadium,Highbury

WidelyreferredtoasHighbury,ArsenalStadiumwastheclub's
homefromSeptember1913untilMay2006.Theoriginalstadium
wasdesignedbytherenownedfootballarchitectArchibaldLeitch,
andhadadesigncommontomanyfootballgroundsintheUKatthe
time,withasinglecoveredstandandthreeopenairbanksof
terracing.[52]Theentirestadiumwasgivenamassiveoverhaulinthe
1930s:newArtDecoWestandEaststandswereconstructed,
openingin1932and1936respectively,andaroofwasaddedtothe
NorthBankterrace,whichwasbombedduringtheSecondWorld

Warandnotrestoreduntil1954.[52]
Highburycouldholdmorethan60,000spectatorsatitspeak,andhadacapacityof57,000untiltheearly
1990s.TheTaylorReportandPremierLeagueregulationsobligedArsenaltoconvertHighburytoanall
seaterstadiumintimeforthe199394season,thusreducingthecapacityto38,419seatedspectators.[53]
ThiscapacityhadtobereducedfurtherduringChampionsLeaguematchestoaccommodateadditional
advertisingboards,somuchsothatfortwoseasons,from1998to2000,ArsenalplayedChampionsLeague
homematchesatWembley,whichcouldhousemorethan70,000spectators.[54]
ExpansionofHighburywasrestrictedbecausetheEastStandhad
beendesignatedasaGradeIIlistedbuildingandtheotherthree
standswereclosetoresidentialproperties.[52]Theselimitations
preventedtheclubfrommaximisingmatchdayrevenueduringthe
1990sandfirstdecadeofthe21stcentury,puttingthemindangerof
beingleftbehindinthefootballboomofthattime.[55]After
consideringvariousoptions,in2000Arsenalproposedbuildinga
new60,361capacitystadiumatAshburtonGrove,sincenamedthe
EmiratesStadium,about500metressouthwestofHighbury.[56]
TheEmiratesStadiumfillingupon
Theprojectwasinitiallydelayedbyredtapeandrisingcosts,[57]and
thedayofDennisBergkamp's
constructionwascompletedinJuly2006,intimeforthestartofthe
testimonial
200607season.[58]Thestadiumwasnamedafteritssponsors,the
airlinecompanyEmirates,withwhomtheclubsignedthelargest
sponsorshipdealinEnglishfootballhistory,wortharound100million[59]somefansreferredtothe
groundasAshburtonGrove,ortheGrove,astheydidnotagreewithcorporatesponsorshipofstadium
names.[60]ThestadiumwillbeofficiallyknownasEmiratesStadiumuntilatleast2028,andtheairlinewill
betheclub'sshirtsponsoruntiltheendofthe201819season.[61]Fromthestartofthe201011seasonon,
thestandsofthestadiumhavebeenofficiallyknownasNorthBank,EastStand,WestStandandClock
end.[62]
Arsenal'splayerstrainattheShenleyTrainingCentreinHertfordshire,apurposebuiltfacilitywhich
openedin1999.[63]BeforethattheclubusedfacilitiesonanearbysiteownedbytheUniversityCollegeof
LondonStudents'Union.Until1961theyhadtrainedatHighbury.[64]Arsenal'sAcademyunder18teams
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playtheirhomematchesatShenley,whilethereservesplaytheirgamesatMeadowPark,[65]whichisalso
thehomeofBorehamWoodF.C..

Supporters
Arsenalfansoftenrefertothemselvesas"Gooners",thename
derivedfromtheteam'snickname,"TheGunners".Thefanbaseis
largeandgenerallyloyal,andvirtuallyallhomematchesselloutin
200708ArsenalhadthesecondhighestaverageLeagueattendance
foranEnglishclub(60,070,whichwas99.5%ofavailable
capacity),[66]andasof2006,thefourthhighestalltimeaverage
attendance.[67]Arsenalhavetheseventhhighestaverageattendance
ofEuropeanfootballclubsonlybehindBorussiaDortmund,FC
Barcelona,ManchesterUnited,RealMadrid,BayernMunich,and
ArsenalagainstrivalsTottenham,
knownastheNorthLondonderby,in
Schalke.[68][69][70][71]Theclub'slocation,adjoiningwealthyareas
November2010.
suchasCanonburyandBarnsbury,mixedareassuchasIslington,
Holloway,Highbury,andtheadjacentLondonBoroughofCamden,
andlargelyworkingclassareassuchasFinsburyParkandStoke
Newington,hasmeantthatArsenal'ssupportershavecomefromavarietyofsocialclasses.
LikeallmajorEnglishfootballclubs,Arsenalhaveanumberof
domesticsupporters'clubs,includingtheArsenalFootball
Supporters'Club,whichworkscloselywiththeclub,andthe
ArsenalIndependentSupporters'Association,whichmaintainsa
moreindependentline.TheArsenalSupporters'Trustpromotes
greaterparticipationinownershipoftheclubbyfans.Theclub's
supportersalsopublishfanzinessuchasTheGooner,Gunflashand
thesatiricalUpTheArse!.InadditiontotheusualEnglishfootball
chants,supporterssing"OneNiltotheArsenal"(tothetuneof"Go
West")and"Boring,BoringArsenal",whichusedtobeacommon
tauntfromoppositionfansbutisnowsungironicallybyArsenal
supporterswhentheteamisplayingwell.[72]

Arsenalsupporters

TherehavealwaysbeenArsenalsupportersoutsideLondon,andsincetheadventofsatellitetelevision,a
supporter'sattachmenttoafootballclubhasbecomelessdependentongeography.Consequently,Arsenal
haveasignificantnumberoffansfrombeyondLondonandallovertheworldin2007,24UK,37Irishand
49otheroverseassupportersclubswereaffiliatedwiththeclub.[73]A2005reportbyGranadaVentures,
whichatthetimeowneda9.9%stakeintheclub,estimatedArsenal'sglobalfanbaseat27million.[74]
Arsenal'slongestrunninganddeepestrivalryiswiththeirnearestmajorneighbours,TottenhamHotspur
matchesbetweenthetwoarereferredtoasNorthLondonderbies.[75]OtherrivalrieswithinLondoninclude
thosewithChelsea,FulhamandWestHamUnited.Inaddition,ArsenalandManchesterUniteddeveloped
astrongonpitchrivalryinthelate1980s,whichintensifiedinrecentyearswhenbothclubswere

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competingforthePremierLeaguetitle[76]somuchsothata2003onlinepollbytheFootballFansCensus
listedManchesterUnitedasArsenal'sbiggestrivals,followedbyTottenhamandChelsea.[77]A2008poll
listedtheTottenhamrivalryasmoreimportant.[78]

Ownershipandfinances
Arsenal'sparentcompany,ArsenalHoldingsplc,operatesasanonquotedpubliclimitedcompany,whose
ownershipisconsiderablydifferentfromthatofotherfootballclubs.Only62,217sharesinArsenalhave
beenissued,[79][80]andtheyarenottradedonapublicexchangesuchastheFTSEorAIMinstead,theyare
tradedrelativelyinfrequentlyontheICAPSecuritiesandDerivativesExchange,aspecialistmarket.On6
November2014,asingleshareinArsenalhadamidpriceof14,500,whichsettheclub'smarket
capitalisationvalueatapproximately902.2m.[81]Theclubmadeapretaxoperatingprofit(excluding
playertransfers)of62.7mintheyearending31May2009,fromaturnoverof313.3m.[82]
ThelargestshareholderontheArsenalboardisAmericansportstycoonStanKroenke,wholaunchedabid
fortheclubin2007,[83]andinNovember2009increasedhisholdingto18,594shares(29.9%).[84]
ArivalbidtoKroenke'scamefromRed&WhiteSecurities,whichiscoownedbyRussianbillionaire
AlisherUsmanovandIranianLondonbasedfinancierFarhadMoshiri.[85]Red&Whitelauncheditsbidin
August2007,buyingthestakeheldbyformerArsenalvicechairmanDavidDein,andasofOctober2013
owned18,671shares(30%)intheclub.[86]ThisledtopressspeculationofabiddingwarbetweenKroenke
andUsmanov.[85]However,Kroenkeagreednottopurchasemorethan29.9%oftheclubuntilatleast
September2009,[87]whiletherestoftheboardhavefirstoptiononeachother'ssharesuntilOctober
2012.[88]
AsofOctober2011,Kroenkeowns41,574shares(66.82%)andRed&WhiteSecuritiesown18,261shares
(29.35%).[89]UndercompanylawKroenke,asmajorityshareholder,isobligedtomakeanofferforthe
remainingsharesintheclub.
IvanGazidishasbeentheclub'sChiefExecutivesince2009.[90]

Inpopularculture
Arsenalhaveappearedinanumberofmedia"firsts".On22January1927,theirmatchatHighburyagainst
SheffieldUnitedwasthefirstEnglishLeaguematchtobebroadcastliveonradio.[91][92]Adecadelater,on
16September1937,anexhibitionmatchbetweenArsenal'sfirstteamandthereserveswasthefirstfootball
matchintheworldtobetelevisedlive.[91][93]ArsenalalsofeaturedinthefirsteditionoftheBBC'sMatch
oftheDay,whichscreenedhighlightsoftheirmatchagainstLiverpoolatAnfieldon22August1964.[91][94]
BSkyB'scoverageofArsenal'sJanuary2010matchagainstManchesterUnitedwasthefirstlivepublic
broadcastofasportseventon3Dtelevision.[91][95]
Asoneofthemostsuccessfulteamsinthecountry,Arsenalhaveoftenfeaturedwhenfootballisdepictedin
theartsinBritain.Theyformedthebackdroptooneoftheearliestfootballrelatedfilms,TheArsenal
StadiumMystery(1939).[96]ThefilmcentresonafriendlymatchbetweenArsenalandanamateurside,one
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ofwhoseplayersispoisonedwhileplaying.ManyArsenalplayersappearedasthemselvesandmanager
GeorgeAllisonwasgivenaspeakingpart.[97]Morerecently,thebookFeverPitchbyNickHornbywasan
autobiographicalaccountofHornby'slifeandrelationshipwithfootballandArsenalinparticular.Published
in1992,itformedpartoftherevivalandrehabilitationoffootballinBritishsocietyduringthe1990s.[98]
Thebookwastwiceadaptedforthecinemathe1997BritishfilmfocusesonArsenal's198889title
win,[99]anda2005Americanversionfeaturesafanofbaseball'sBostonRedSox.[100]
Arsenalhaveoftenbeenstereotypedasadefensiveand"boring"side,especiallyduringthe1970sand
1980s[72][101]manycomedians,suchasEricMorecambe,madejokesaboutthisattheteam'sexpense.The
themewasrepeatedinthe1997filmTheFullMonty,inascenewheretheleadactorsmoveinalineand
raisetheirhands,deliberatelymimickingtheArsenaldefence'soffsidetrap,inanattempttocoordinate
theirstripteaseroutine.[97]Anotherfilmreferencetotheclub'sdefencecomesinthefilmPlunkett&
Macleane,inwhichtwocharactersarenamedDixonandWinterburnafterArsenal'slongservingfull
backstherightsidedLeeDixonandtheleftsidedNigelWinterburn.[97]
The1991televisioncomedysketchshowHarryEnfield&ChumsfeaturedasketchfromthecharactersMr
CholmondlyWarnerandGraysonwheretheArsenalteamof1933,featuringexaggeratedparodiesof
fictitiousamateurplayerstakeontheLiverpoolteamof1991.[102]

Inthecommunity
In1985,Arsenalfoundedacommunityscheme,"ArsenalintheCommunity",whichofferedsporting,
socialinclusion,educationalandcharitableprojects.Theclubsupportanumberofcharitablecauses
directlyandin1992establishedTheArsenalCharitableTrust,whichby2006hadraisedmorethan
2millionforlocalcauses.[103]Anexprofessionalandcelebrityfootballteamassociatedwiththeclubalso
raisedmoneybyplayingcharitymatches.[104]
Inthe200910seasonArsenalannouncedthattheyhadraisedarecordbreaking818,897fortheGreat
OrmondStreetHospitalChildren'sCharity.Theoriginaltargetwas500,000.[105]

Statisticsandrecords
Arsenal'stallyof13LeagueChampionshipsisthethirdhighestinEnglishfootball,afterManchesterUnited
(20)andLiverpool(18),[106]witharecordof12FACuptitles.[107]ArsenalhaveachievedthreeLeagueand
FACup"Doubles"(in1971,1998and2002),afeatonlypreviouslyachievedbyManchesterUnited(in
1994,1996and1999),[17][108]andin1993werethefirstsideinEnglishfootballtocompletetheFACup
andLeagueCupdouble.[109]ArsenalwerealsothefirstLondonclubtoreachthefinaloftheUEFA
ChampionsLeague,in2006,losingthefinal21toBarcelona.[110]
Arsenalhaveoneofthebesttopflightrecordsinhistory,havingfinishedbelowfourteenthonlyseven
times.Arsenalalsohavethehighestaverageleaguefinishingpositionforthe20thcentury,withanaverage
leagueplacingof8.5.[4]Inaddition,theyareoneofonlysixclubstohavewontheFACuptwicein

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succession,in2002and2003,and2014and2015.[111]Arsenalalsoholdthe
recordforthelongestunbeatenruninthePremierLeagueat49games,andare
theonlyteamtohavegoneanentirePremierLeagueseasonunbeatenin2003
04.[112]
DavidO'LearyholdstherecordforArsenalappearances,havingplayed722
firstteammatchesbetween1975and1993.Fellowcentrehalfandformer
captainTonyAdamscomessecond,havingplayed669times.Therecordfora
goalkeeperisheldbyDavidSeaman,with564appearances.[113]
ThierryHenryistheclub'stopgoalscorerwith228goalsinallcompetitions
between1999and2012,[114]havingsurpassedIanWright'stotalof185in
October2005.[115]Wright'srecordhadstoodsinceSeptember1997,whenhe
overtookthelongstandingtotalof178goalssetbywingerCliffBastinin
1939.[116]HenryalsoholdstheclubrecordforgoalsscoredintheLeague,with
175,[114]arecordthathadbeenheldbyBastinuntilFebruary2006.[117]

ThierryHenryis
Arsenal'srecord
goalscorer,with228
goalsinallcompetitions.

Arsenal'srecordhomeattendanceis73,707,foraUEFAChampionsLeague
matchagainstRCLenson25November1998atWembleyStadium,wherethe
clubformerlyplayedhomeEuropeanmatchesbecauseofthelimitson
Highbury'scapacity.TherecordattendanceforanArsenalmatchatHighbury
is73,295,fora00drawagainstSunderlandon9March1935,[113]whilethatatEmiratesStadiumis
60,161,fora22drawwithManchesterUnitedon3November2007.[118]

ArsenalhavealsosetrecordsinEnglishfootball,includingthemostconsecutiveseasonsspentinthetop
flight(90asof201516)andthelongestrunofunbeatenLeaguematches(49betweenMay2003and
October2004).[26]Thisincludedall38matchesoftheirtitlewinning200304season,whenArsenal
becameonlythesecondclubtofinishatopflightcampaignunbeaten,afterPrestonNorthEnd(whoplayed
only22matches)in188889.[25]
ArsenalalsosetaChampionsLeaguerecordduringthe200506seasonbygoingtenmatcheswithout
concedingagoal,beatingthepreviousbestofsevensetbyA.C.Milan.Theywentarecordtotalstretchof
995minuteswithoutlettinganopponentscorethestreakendedinthefinal,whenSamuelEto'oscoreda
76thminuteequaliserforBarcelona.[28]

Players
Firstteamsquad
Asof14January2016.[119]
Note:FlagsindicatenationalteamasdefinedunderFIFAeligibilityrules.PlayersmayholdmorethanonenonFIFA
nationality.

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ArsenalgoalkeepersDavidOspina
andPetrech,inJuly2015

No.
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Position
Player
DF KieranGibbs
DF PerMertesacker(vicecaptain)
DF Gabriel
DF LaurentKoscielny
MF TomRosick
MF MikelArteta(captain)
MF JackWilshere
MF Mesutzil
FW OlivierGiroud
GK DavidOspina
FW TheoWalcott
MF AlexOxladeChamberlain
MF AaronRamsey

No.
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
27
28
33
34
35

Position
Player
FW AlexisSnchez
DF NachoMonreal
MF SantiCazorla(3rdcaptain)
MF MathieuFlamini
DF CalumChambers
FW DannyWelbeck
DF HctorBellern
FW SergeGnabry
FW JoelCampbell
GK Petrech
MF FrancisCoquelin
MF MohamedElneny

Outonloan
Note:FlagsindicatenationalteamasdefinedunderFIFAeligibilityrules.PlayersmayholdmorethanonenonFIFA
nationality.

No.

Position

GK

DF

22

FW

25

DF

Player
WojciechSzczsny(onloanat
Romauntiltheendofthe2015
16season)[120]
MathieuDebuchy(onloanat
Bordeauxuntiltheendofthe
201516season)[121]
YayaSanogo(onloanat
CharltonAthleticuntiltheendof
the201516season)[122]
CarlJenkinson(onloanatWest
HamUniteduntiltheendofthe

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No.

Position

32

FW

42

DF

47

MF

MF

Player
ChubaAkpom(onloanatHull
Cityuntiltheendofthe201516
season)[124]
IsaacHayden(onloanatHull
Cityuntiltheendofthe201516
season)[125]
GlenKamara(onloanat
Southenduntiltheendofthe
201516season).[126]
GedionZelalem(onloanat
Rangersuntil2February2016)
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26

GK

201516season)[123]
EmilianoMartnez(onloanat
WolverhamptonWanderersuntil
theendofthe201516season)

UEFAReservesquad
Asof15October2015.[127][128]
Note:FlagsindicatenationalteamasdefinedunderFIFAeligibilityrules.PlayersmayholdmorethanonenonFIFA
nationality.

No.
36
37
43
44
45
46
49

Position
Player
MF IsmalBennacer
MF KrystianBielik
GK RyanHuddart
GK DejanIliev
FW AlexIwobi
DF ChioriJohnson
GK MattMacey

No.
50
51
52
53
54
55
59

Position
Player
FW StephyMavididi
DF TafariMoore
DF StefanO'Connor
DF JulioPleguezuelo
MF JeffReineAdlade
MF TyrellRobinson
FW ChrisWillock

Formerplayers

Currenttechnicalstaff
AsofAugust2014.[129]

ArsneWenger,whohas
beenmanagingArsenalsince
1996.

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Position

Name

Manager

ArsneWenger

Assistantmanager

SteveBould

Firstteamcoaches

BoroPrimorac
NeilBanfield

Goalkeepingcoach

GerryPeyton

Headofathleticperformanceenhancement

ShadForsythe

Fitnesscoach

TonyColbert

Headphysiotherapist

ColinLewin

Clubdoctor

GaryO'Driscoll

Kitmanager

VicAkers

Academydirector

AndriesJonker

Under21scoaches

SteveGatting
CarlLaraman

Under18scoach

FransdeKat

Under16scoach

JanvanLoon

Managers
TherehavebeeneighteenpermanentandfivecaretakermanagersofArsenalsincetheappointmentofthe
club'sfirstprofessionalmanager,ThomasMitchellin1897.[130]Theclub'slongestservingmanager,in
termsofbothlengthoftenureandnumberofgamesoverseen,isArsneWenger,whowasappointedin
1996.[131][132]WengerisalsoArsenal'sonlymanagerfromoutsidetheUnitedKingdom.[132]TwoArsenal
managershavediedinthejobHerbertChapmanandTomWhittaker.[133]

Honours
Domestic
FirstDivision(until1992)andPremierLeague[17][134][135][136][137]
Winners(13):193031,193233,193334,193435,193738,194748,195253,197071,1988
89,199091,199798,200102,200304
FACup[17][134][135][136]
Winners(12):192930,193536,194950,197071,197879,199293,199798,200102,2002
03,200405,201314,201415(record)
LeagueCup[17]
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Winners(2):198687,199293
FACommunityShield(FACharityShieldbefore2002)[134][135][136][138]
Winners(14):1930,1931,1933,1934,1938,1948,1953,1991(shared),1998,1999,2002,2004,
2014,2015
MercantileCreditCentenaryTrophy[139][140]
Winners(1):198889
LondonChallengeCup[134][135][141][142][143]
Winners(10):192122,192324,193031,193334,193536,195354,195758,196162,1962
63,196970(record)
SheriffofLondonCharityShield[134][135][136][144][145][146]
Winners(4):1931,1933,1965,1966(record)
SouthernProfessionalFloodlitCup[147][148]
Winners(1):195859
LondonSeniorCup[135][149][150]
Winners(1):189091
LondonCharityCup[135][151]
Winners(1):1890
KentSeniorCup[135][152]
Winners(1):1890

European
EuropeanCupWinners'Cup[17]
Winners(1):199394
InterCitiesFairsCup[17]
Winners(1):196970

Others
PremierLeagueAsiaTrophy
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Winners(1):2015

Doubles
197071:LeagueandFACup
199293:FACupandLeagueCup
199798:LeagueandFACup
200102:LeagueandFACup

ArsenalLadies
ArsenalLadiesarethewomen'sfootballclubaffiliatedtoArsenal.Foundedin1987,theyturnedsemi
professionalin2002andaremanagedbyClareWheatley.[153]ArsenalLadiesarethemostsuccessfulteam
inEnglishwomen'sfootball.Inthe200809season,theywonallthreemajorEnglishtrophiestheFA
Women'sPremierLeague,FAWomen'sCupandFAWomen'sPremierLeagueCup,[154]and,asof2009,
weretheonlyEnglishsidetohavewontheUEFAWomen'sCup,havingdonesointhe200607seasonas
partofauniquequadruple.[155]Themen'sandwomen'sclubsareformallyseparateentitiesbuthavequite
closetiesArsenalLadiesareentitledtoplayonceaseasonattheEmiratesStadium,thoughtheyusually
playtheirhomematchesatBorehamWood.[156]

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Furtherreading
Hayes,Dean(2007).Arsenal:TheFootballFacts.JohnBlake.ISBN9781844544332.
Hornby,Nick(1992).FeverPitch.Indigo.ISBN9780575400153.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenal_F.C.

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ArsenalF.C.Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Maidment,Jem(2006).TheOfficialArsenalEncyclopedia.Hamlyn.ISBN9780600615491.
Soar,Phil&Tyler,Martin(2000).TheOfficialIllustratedHistoryofArsenal.Hamlyn.ISBN9780
600601753.
Spurling,Jon(2004).RebelsfortheCause:TheAlternativeHistoryofArsenalFootballClub.
Mainstream.ISBN9781840189001.
Stammers,Steve(2008).Arsenal:TheOfficialBiographyTheCompellingStoryofanAmazing
Club.Hamlyn.ISBN9780600618928.

Externallinks
Officialwebsites
Officialwebsite(http://www.arsenal.com/)
Arsenal(http://www.premierleague.com/en
gb/clubs/profile.overview.html/arsenal)atthePremierLeague
officialwebsite
Arsenal

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(http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/a/arsenal/default.stm)Recentresults
(http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/a/arsenal/results/default.stm)Upcomingfixtures
(http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/a/arsenal/fixtures/default.stm)
Arsenalnews(http://www.skysports.com/football/teams/arsenal)fromSkySports
ArsenalNews(http://www.yourdailyarsenal.com/)

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